Anthropologists In The Stock Exchange A Financial History Of Victorian Science

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Anthropologists in the Stock Exchange A Financial History of Victorian Science

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Author by : Marc Flandreau
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 421
Isbn : 022636044X
Identifier : 9780226360447
Release : 2016-09-19
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Anthropologists In The Stock Exchange by Marc Flandreau and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. beginning with the discovery of a curious plot wherein science became the handmaiden of white-collar crime, "anthropology and the stock exchange "by economic historian marc flandreau tracks a group of victorian gentlemen-swindlers as they shuffled between the corridors of the london stock exchange and the meeting rooms of learned societies. it explores how the commodification of scientific truth became every bit as integral as financial engineering to the profitability of foreign investment and speculation in foreign government debt. flandreau underscores the crucial role of finance (what he calls the stock exchange modality ) in shaping the contours of human knowledge and vice versa in an age of mercantile expansion. he further argues that a new brand of imperialism, born under benjamin disraeli s first term as british premier, built on the multiple covert links between the birth of social sciences and novel mechanisms of financial revenue creation and extraction. as anthropologists advocated the study of miskito indians or stated their views on a jamaican rebellion or abyssinian expedition, for example, they responded and catered to the impulses of the stock exchange. the marriage between anthropological science and finance, flandreau asserts, formed the foundational structures of late 19th century british imperialism, which in turn produced essential technologies of globalization."

Far Afield French Anthropology between Science and Literature

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Author by : Vincent Debaene
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 022610723X
Identifier : 9780226107233
Release : 2014-04-04
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Far Afield by Vincent Debaene and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. anthropology has long had a vexed relationship with literature, and nowhere has this been more acutely felt than in france, where most ethnographers, upon returning from the field, write not one book, but two: a scientific monograph and a literary account. in far afield—brought to english-language readers here for the first time—vincent debaene puzzles out this phenomenon, tracing the contours of anthropology and literature’s mutual fascination and the ground upon which they meet in the works of thinkers from marcel mauss and georges bataille to claude lévi-strauss and roland barthes. the relationship between anthropology and literature in france is one of careful curiosity. literary writers are wary about anthropologists’ scientific austerity but intrigued by the objects they collect and the issues they raise, while anthropologists claim to be scientists but at the same time are deeply concerned with writing and representational practices. debaene elucidates the richness that this curiosity fosters and the diverse range of writings it has produced, from proustian memoirs to proto-surrealist diaries. in the end he offers a fascinating intellectual history, one that is itself located precisely where science and literature meet.

Men Among the Mammoths

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Author by : A. Bowdoin Van Riper
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 267
Isbn : 9780226849911
Identifier : 0226849910
Release : 1993-12-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Men Among The Mammoths by A. Bowdoin Van Riper and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. van riper recreates scientists' first arguments for human antiquity, placing these debates within the context of victorian science. using field notes, scientific reports, and previously unpublished letters, he shows also how the study of human prehistory brought together geologists, archeologists, and anthropologists in their first interdisciplinary scientific effort. a vivid account of how the discovery of human antiquity forced victorians to redefine their assumptions about human evolution and the relationship of science to christianity.

Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency

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Author by : John D. Kelly
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 408
Isbn : 0226429954
Identifier : 9780226429953
Release : 2010-04-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Anthropology And Global Counterinsurgency by John D. Kelly and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. global events of the early twenty-first century have placed new stress on the relationship among anthropology, governance, and war. facing prolonged insurgency, segments of the u.s. military have taken a new interest in anthropology, prompting intense ethical and scholarly debate. inspired by these issues, the essays in anthropology and global counterinsurgency consider how anthropologists can, should, and do respond to military overtures, and they articulate anthropological perspectives on global war and power relations. this book investigates the shifting boundaries between military and civil state violence; perceptions and effects of american power around the globe; the history of counterinsurgency doctrine and practice; and debate over culture, knowledge, and conscience in counterinsurgency. these wide-ranging essays shed new light on the fraught world of pax americana and on the ethical and political dilemmas faced by anthropologists and military personnel alike when attempting to understand and intervene in our world.

The Evolution of Central Banking: Theory and History

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Author by : Stefano Ugolini
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 330
Isbn : 1137485256
Identifier : 9781137485250
Release : 2017-11-20
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Evolution Of Central Banking Theory And History by Stefano Ugolini and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book is the first complete survey of the evolution of monetary institutions and practices in western countries from the middle ages to today. it radically rethinks previous attempts at a history of monetary institutions by avoiding institutional approach and shifting the focus away from the anglo-american experience. previous histories have been hamstrung by the linear, teleological assessment of the evolution of central banks. free from such assumptions, ugolini’s work offers bankers and policymakers valuable and profound insights into their institutions. using a functional approach, ugolini charts an historical trajectory longer and broader than any other attempted on the subject. moving away from the anglo-american perspective, the book allows for a richer (and less biased) analysis of long-term trends. the book is ideal for researchers looking to better understand the evolution of the institutions that underlie the global economy.

The Power of the Between An Anthropological Odyssey

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Author by : Paul Stoller
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 216
Isbn : 0226775364
Identifier : 9780226775364
Release : 2009-05-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now The Power Of The Between by Paul Stoller and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it is the anthropologist’s fate to always be between things: countries, languages, cultures, even realities. but rather than lament this, anthropologist paul stoller here celebrates the creative power of the between, showing how it can transform us, changing our conceptions of who we are, what we know, and how we live in the world. beginning with his early days with the peace corps in africa and culminating with a recent bout with cancer, the power of the between is an evocative account of the circuitous path stoller’s life has taken, offering a fascinating depiction of how a career is shaped over decades of reading and research. stoller imparts his accumulated wisdom not through grandiose pronouncements but by drawing on his gift for storytelling. tales of his apprenticeship to a sorcerer in niger, his studies with claude lévi-strauss in paris, and his friendships with west african street vendors in new york city accompany philosophical reflections on love, memory, power, courage, health, and illness. graced with stoller’s trademark humor and narrative elegance, the power of the between is both the story of a distinguished career and a profound meditation on coming to terms with the impermanence of all things.

Race, Culture, and Evolution Essays in the History of Anthropology

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Author by : George W. Stocking, Jr
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 380
Isbn : 9780226774947
Identifier : 0226774945
Release : 1982-04-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Race Culture And Evolution by George W. Stocking, Jr and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. essays in the history of anthropology cover such topics as the image of primitive man in evolutionary anthology and a historical analysis of the scientific reaction against cultural anthropology in the early twentieth century.

Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

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Author by : Andrew Zimmerman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 372
Isbn : 9780226983462
Identifier : 0226983463
Release : 2010-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Anthropology And Antihumanism In Imperial Germany by Andrew Zimmerman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. with the rise of imperialism, the centuries-old european tradition of humanist scholarship as the key to understanding the world was jeopardized. nowhere was this more true than in nineteenth-century germany. it was there, andrew zimmerman argues, that the battle lines of today's "culture wars" were first drawn when anthropology challenged humanism as a basis for human scientific knowledge. drawing on sources ranging from scientific papers and government correspondence to photographs, pamphlets, and police reports of "freak shows," zimmerman demonstrates how german imperialism opened the door to antihumanism. as germans interacted more frequently with peoples and objects from far-flung cultures, they were forced to reevaluate not just those peoples, but also the construction of german identity itself. anthropologists successfully argued that their discipline addressed these issues more productively—and more accessibly—than humanistic studies. scholars of anthropology, european and intellectual history, museum studies, the history of science, popular culture, and colonial studies will welcome this book.

Culture and Anomie Ethnographic Imagination in the Nineteenth Century

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Author by : Christopher Herbert
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 364
Isbn : 9780226327389
Identifier : 0226327388
Release : 1991-10-18
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Culture And Anomie by Christopher Herbert and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. few ideas are as important and pervasive in the discourse of the twentieth century as the idea of culture. yet culture, christopher herbert contends, is an idea laden from its inception with ambiguity and contradiction. in culture and anomie, christopher herbert conducts an inquiry into the historical emergence of the modern idea of culture that is at the same time an extended critical analysis of the perplexities and suppressed associations underlying our own exploitation of this term. making wide reference to twentieth-century anthropologists from malinowski and benedict to evans-pritchard, geertz, and lévi-strauss as well as to nineteenth-century social theorists like tylor, spencer, mill, and arnold, herbert stresses the philosophically dubious, unstable character that has clung to the "culture" idea and embarrassed its exponents even as it was developing into a central principle of interpretation. in a series of detailed studies ranging from political economy to missionary ethnography, mayhew, and trollope's fiction, herbert then focuses on the intellectual and historical circumstances that gave to "culture" the appearance of a secure category of scientific analysis despite its apparent logical incoherence. what he describes is an intimate relationship between the idea of culture and its antithesis, the myth or fantasy of a state of boundless human desire—a conception that binds into a single tradition of thought such seemingly incompatible writers as john wesley, who called this state original sin, and durkheim, who gave it its technical name in sociology: anomie. methodologically provocative and rich in unorthodox conclusions, culture and anomie will be of interest not only to specialists in nineteenth-century literature and intellectual history, but also to readers across the wide range of fields in which the concept of culture plays a determining role.

The People's Peking Man Popular Science and Human Identity in Twentieth-Century China

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Author by : Sigrid Schmalzer
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 0226738612
Identifier : 9780226738611
Release : 2009-05-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The People S Peking Man by Sigrid Schmalzer and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the 1920s an international team of scientists and miners unearthed the richest evidence of human evolution the world had ever seen: peking man. after the communist revolution of 1949, peking man became a prominent figure in the movement to bring science to the people. in a new state with twin goals of crushing “superstition” and establishing a socialist society, the story of human evolution was the first lesson in marxist philosophy offered to the masses. at the same time, even mao’s populist commitment to mass participation in science failed to account for the power of popular culture—represented most strikingly in legends about the bigfoot-like wild man—to reshape ideas about human nature. the people’s peking man is a skilled social history of twentieth-century chinese paleoanthropology and a compelling cultural—and at times comparative—history of assumptions and debates about what it means to be human. by focusing on issues that push against the boundaries of science and politics, the people’s peking man offers an innovative approach to modern chinese history and the history of science.

Improvising Theory Process and Temporality in Ethnographic Fieldwork

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Author by : Allaine Cerwonka
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 224
Isbn : 0226100286
Identifier : 9780226100289
Release : 2008-11-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Improvising Theory by Allaine Cerwonka and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. scholars have long recognized that ethnographic method is bound up with the construction of theory in ways that are difficult to teach. the reason, allaine cerwonka and liisa h. malkki argue, is that ethnographic theorization is essentially improvisatory in nature, conducted in real time and in necessarily unpredictable social situations. in a unique account of, and critical reflection on, the process of theoretical improvisation in ethnographic research, they demonstrate how both objects of analysis, and our ways of knowing and explaining them, are created and discovered in the give and take of real life, in all its unpredictability and immediacy. improvising theory centers on the year-long correspondence between cerwonka, then a graduate student in political science conducting research in australia, and her anthropologist mentor, malkki. through regular e-mail exchanges, malkki attempted to teach cerwonka, then new to the discipline, the basic tools and subtle intuition needed for anthropological fieldwork. the result is a strikingly original dissection of the processual ethics and politics of method in ethnography.

Anthropological Demography Toward a New Synthesis

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Author by : David I. Kertzer
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 294
Isbn : 9780226431963
Identifier : 0226431967
Release : 1997-07-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Anthropological Demography by David I. Kertzer and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. although in its early years anthropology often used demographic research and showed interest in demographic issues, anthropology and demography have more recently grown to distrust each other's guiding assumptions and methods. demographers have stressed universal causal models and standardized survey methods, while sociocultural anthropologists have increasingly focused on the uniqueness of different peoples and their cultures. showing that the two disciplines have much to offer each other, this book bridges the demography/anthropology divide. the editors begin the volume with an in-depth historical account of the relations between the fields. eminent contributors from both disciplines then examine the major issues and controversies in anthropological demography, including the demographic implications of differing family and kinship systems; the influence of new developments in cultural, gender, and identity theory on population study; the limits of quantitative approaches in demographic study; and demographers' views of the limits of anthropological methods.