Body By Darwin How Evolution Shapes Our Health And Transforms Medicine

Download Body By Darwin How Evolution Shapes Our Health And Transforms Medicine Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File with Free Account at yesterdays we have And The Legend of Charlemagne in the Middle Ages Power, Faith, and Crusade And The Lavender Scare The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government And Harley Merlin and the Secret Coven

Body by Darwin How Evolution Shapes Our Health and Transforms Medicine

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Author by : Jeremy Taylor
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 260
Isbn : 022605988X
Identifier : 9780226059884
Release : 2015-10-22
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Body By Darwin by Jeremy Taylor and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the natural world is rich with elegant evolutionary designs, but ask any patient who wakes daily with sciatica, or the many septuagenarians in need of cataract surgery, not to mention any woman who has given birth, and evolution might seem more dismal than divine. the human body is a wonderful example of evolutionary compromise and adaptations. our eyes were not designed for the arc of our current lifespan, with upright walking the spine had to shift and years of gravitational pull then take their toll. and the sheer size of our heads coupled with the shape of a woman's pelvis make birth the biological equivalent of a rube goldberg machine, with many extra moving parts just to make sure the basics can be done. while the human body may not be as elegant in form and function as those of other species, when explored from an evolutionary perspective, human medicine can be wonderfully illuminated. and this darwinian view of body function and failure can in turn lead to innovative treatment and health care. this book takes some of the most fascinating and acute medical issues today--from high rate of autoimmune diseases to the high number of heart transplants needed--and explores them through an evolutionary prism. evolutionary medicine prescribes new tools for understanding the origins of diseases and new kinds of research on possible treatments, of exactly the sort that this book so vividly describes.

Evolution and Medicine

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Author by : Robert Perlman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn : 0199661715
Identifier : 9780199661718
Release : 2013-05-30
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution And Medicine by Robert Perlman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution and medicine provides an accessible introduction to the new field of evolutionary medicine. evolutionary concepts help explain why we remain vulnerable to disease, how pathogens and cancer cells evolve, and how the diseases that affected our evolutionary ancestors have shaped our biology.

Costly and Cute Helpless Infants and Human Evolution

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 0826357466
Identifier : 9780826357465
Release : 2016-11-01
Publisher by : University of New Mexico Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Costly And Cute by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the contributors to this volume propose that the “helpless infant” has played a role in human evolution equal in importance to those of “man the hunter” and “woman the gatherer.”

Unnatural Selection How We Are Changing Life, Gene by Gene

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Author by : Emily Monosson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 1610914996
Identifier : 9781610914994
Release : 2016-03-29
Publisher by : Island Press
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Unnatural Selection by Emily Monosson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. gonorrhea. bed bugs. weeds. salamanders. people. all are evolving, some surprisingly rapidly, in response to our chemical age. in unnatural selection, emily monosson shows how our drugs, pesticides, and pollution are exerting intense selection pressure on all manner of species. and we humans might not like the result. monosson reveals that the very code of life is more fluid than once imagined. when our powerful chemicals put the pressure on to evolve or die, beneficial traits can sweep rapidly through a population. species with explosive population growth--the bugs, bacteria, and weeds--tend to thrive, while bigger, slower-to-reproduce creatures, like ourselves, are more likely to succumb. unnatural selection is eye-opening and more than a little disquieting. but it also suggests how we might lessen our impact: manage pests without creating super bugs; protect individuals from disease without inviting epidemics; and benefit from technology without threatening the health of our children.

Great Transformations in Vertebrate Evolution

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Author by : Kenneth P. Dial
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 022626825X
Identifier : 9780226268255
Release : 2015-07-20
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Great Transformations In Vertebrate Evolution by Kenneth P. Dial and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how did flying birds evolve from running dinosaurs, terrestrial trotting tetrapods from swimming fish, and whales return to swim in the sea? these are some of the great transformations in the history of life; events that have captured the imagination of scientists and the general public alike. at first glance, these major evolutionary events seem utterly impossible. the before and after look so fundamentally different that the great transformations of the history of life not only seem impossible, but unknowable. the 500 million year history of vertebrates is filled with change and, as a consequence, every living species contains within its structure, dna, and fossil record, a narrative of them. a battery of new techniques and approaches, from diverse fields of inquiry, are now being marshaled to explore classic questions of evolution. these approaches span multiple levels of biological organization, from dna sequences, to organs, to the physiology and ecology of whole organisms. analysis of developmental systems reveals deep homologies of the mechanisms that pattern organs as different as bird wings and fish fins. whales with legs are one of a number of creatures that tell us of the great transformations in the history of life. expeditions have discovered worms with a kind of head, fishes with elbows, wrists, and necks; feathered dinosaurs, and human precursors to name only a few. indeed, in the last 20 years, paleontologists have discovered more creatures informative of evolutionary transitions than in the previous millennium. the great transformations captures the excitement of these new discoveries by bringing diverse teams of renowned scientists together to attack particular transformations, and to do so in a contents organized by body part--head, neck, fins, limbs, and then the entire bauplan. it is a work that will transform evolutionary biology and paleontology.

Where People Fly and Water Runs Uphill Using Dreams to Tap the Wisdom of the Unconscious

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Author by : Jeremy Taylor
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 292
Isbn : 9780446394628
Identifier : 0446394629
Release : 1993-02-01
Publisher by : Grand Central Publishing
Category : Self-Help
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Description : Read Now Where People Fly And Water Runs Uphill by Jeremy Taylor and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. based on intensive study and thousands of case histories, this remarkable guide opens up the world of dreams by showing readers how to remember and interpret dreams, establish a dream group, learn the universal symbolism of dreaming, and change their lives using their dreams.

The Story of the Human Body Evolution, Health, and Disease

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Author by : Daniel Lieberman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 460
Isbn : 030774180X
Identifier : 9780307741806
Release : 2014
Publisher by : Vintage
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Story Of The Human Body by Daniel Lieberman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this book the author, a harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of stone age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. it illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. the author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the agricultural and industrial revolutions. while these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. the author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. and finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- from publisher's web site.

Not a Chimp The hunt to find the genes that make us human

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Author by : Jeremy Taylor
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 0191613584
Identifier : 9780191613586
Release : 2010-05-27
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Not A Chimp by Jeremy Taylor and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. humans are primates, and our closest relatives are the other african apes - chimpanzees closest of all. with the mapping of the human genome, and that of the chimp, a direct comparison of the differences between the two, letter by letter along the billions of as, gs, cs, and ts of the dna code, has led to the widely vaunted claim that we differ from chimps by a mere 1.6% of our genetic code. a mere hair's breadth genetically! to a rather older tradition of anthropomorphizing chimps, trying to get them to speak, dressing them up for 'tea parties', was added the stamp of genetic confirmation. it also began an international race to find that handful of genes that make up the difference - the genes that make us uniquely human. but what does that 1.6% really mean? and should it really lead us to consider extending limited human rights to chimps, as some have suggested? are we, after all, just chimps with a few genetic tweaks? is our language and our technology just an extension of the grunts and ant-collecting sticks of chimps? in this book, jeremy taylor sketches the picture that is emerging from cutting edge research in genetics, animal behaviour, and other fields. the indications are that the so-called 1.6% is much larger and leads to profound differences between the two species. we shared a common ancestor with chimps some 6-7 million years ago, but we humans have been racing away ever since. one in ten of our genes, says taylor, has undergone evolution in the past 40,000 years! some of the changes that happened since we split from chimpanzees are to genes that control the way whole orchestras of other genes are switched on and off, and where. taylor shows, using studies of certain genes now associated with speech and with brain development and activity, that the story looks to be much more complicated than we first thought. this rapidly changing and exciting field has recently discovered a host of genetic mechanisms that make us different from other apes. as taylor points out, for too long we have let our sentimentality for chimps get in the way of our understanding. chimps use tools, but so do crows. certainly chimps are our closest genetic relatives. but relatively small differences in genetic code can lead to profound differences in cognition and behaviour. our abilities give us the responsibility to protect and preserve the natural world, including endangered primates. but for the purposes of human society and human concepts such as rights, let's not pretend that chimps are humans uneducated and undressed. we've changed a lot in those 12 million years.

Tending Adam's Garden Evolving the Cognitive Immune Self

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Author by : Irun R. Cohen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9780080542331
Identifier : 0080542336
Release : 2000-01-28
Publisher by : Elsevier
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Tending Adam S Garden by Irun R. Cohen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. tending adam's garden describes and explains the way in which our immune system works from a novel perspective. the book uses metaphors and examples to bring the immune system to life and explores the fundamental miracle of nature. written in plain language for a broad audience, this book encompasses much more than just immunology, exploring more fundamental matters such as causality, information, energy, evolution, cognition and individuality, as well as the strategy of the immune system and its role in health and disease. provides a unique perspective on the immune system from one of the keenest scientific and philosophical brains in the world uses metaphors and case histories to explore themes in an accessible manner written in plain language requiring no specialized vocabulary or specific scientific background in the subject

Michelangelo's Medicine How Redefining the Human Body Will Transform Health and Healthcare

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Author by : Anoop Kumar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9780997339604
Identifier : 0997339608
Release : 2017-04-04
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now Michelangelo S Medicine by Anoop Kumar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. your body is much more than a collection of organs. it is a masterpiece, waiting to be discovered. over the course of his career as an emergency physician, dr. anoop kumar has come to recognize that what we have learned about the human body is remarkably incomplete and outdated. in these pages, he offers insights into: > why reconsidering what we've been told about our bodies is essential to healing and well-being. > what the complete anatomy of a human being looks like. > how a new framework for understanding the human body will help create a more inclusive and complete health care system. > what you can do now to start experiencing well-being . personal and profound, these pages take us inside the mind of an emergency physician as he realizes that honoring his patients and his profession requires challenging the dogma of medical science and offering a unifying vision for well-being and health care.

Medical Anthropology A Biocultural Approach

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Author by : Andrea S. Wiley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 459
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105131653920
Release : 2009
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Medical Anthropology by Andrea S. Wiley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "an ideal core text for introductory courses, medical anthropology: a biocultural approach, second edition, offers an accessible and contemporary overview of this rapidly expanding field. for each health issue examined in the text, the authors first present basic biological information on specific conditions and then expand their analysis to include evolutionary, historical, and cross-cultural perspectives on how these issues are understood. medical anthropology considers how a biocultural approach can be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts and underscores medical anthropology's potential to improve health around the world."--publisher's website.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Alan Beedle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0199663920
Identifier : 9780199663927
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine by Alan Beedle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. this revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. it is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. the general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. the second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. the two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. the final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. a number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. this second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.