Cell Biology Of Plant Nematode Parasitism

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Cell Biology of Plant Nematode Parasitism

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Author by : R. Howard Berg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 273
Isbn : 3540852158
Identifier : 9783540852155
Release : 2008-12-18
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Cell Biology Of Plant Nematode Parasitism by R. Howard Berg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. plant-parasitic nematodes are among the most destructive plant pathogens, causing enormous losses to agronomic crops worldwide. this book provides an up-to-date review of research related to two of the most important nematode pests, root-knot and cyst nematodes. chapters cover early plant-nematode interactions, identification of nematode proteins important in the establishment of nematode feeding sites, and classification of biochemical and signaling pathways significant in the development of specialized feeding sites in the host. the cellular and subcellular structures essential for the parasitic interaction are examined by light and electron microscopy. modern techniques of gene expression analyses and genomic sequencing are poised to provide an even greater wealth of information to researchers, enabling them to develop and examine natural and manmade mechanisms of resistance to this important plant pest.

Genomics and Molecular Genetics of Plant-Nematode Interactions

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Author by : John Jones
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 557
Isbn : 9789400704343
Identifier : 9400704348
Release : 2011-04-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Genomics And Molecular Genetics Of Plant Nematode Interactions by John Jones and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book reviews developments in the molecular biology of plant-nematode interactions that have been driven by the application of genomics tools. the book will be of interest to postgraduate students and to researchers with an interest in plant nematology and/or plant pathology more generally. a series of introductory chapters provide a biological context for the detailed reviews of all areas of plant-nematode interactions that follow and ensure that the bulk of the book is accessible to the non-specialist. a final section aims to show how these fundamental studies have provided outputs of practical relevance.

Plant Parasitic Nematodes

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Author by : Bert Zuckerman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 528
Isbn : 0323147038
Identifier : 9780323147033
Release : 2012-12-02
Publisher by : Elsevier
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Plant Parasitic Nematodes by Bert Zuckerman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. plant parasitic nematodes, volume iii provides a comprehensive discussion of the different advances in plant nematology. this includes biochemical techniques to taxonomy and innovation in transmission and scanning electron microscopy technology. it explains a broadened basis for understanding nematode physiology and behavior and the sensory mechanisms that govern nematode actions and plant host-nematode interactions. the book discusses the development of modern approaches to the evaluation and reduction of crop losses. the emphasis of this volume is on plant parasites and insights gained through research on other nematodes. in particular, the book explains the anatomical, developmental, behavioral, and genetic studies on the free-living nematode cenorhabditis elegans, which is a widely used laboratory model for examining various biological problems. the information provided by various researches on c. elegans increases our understanding about the relevance of nematodes to general biological processes in higher organisms, including man. the book is divided into 19 chapters which cover the following concepts of plant nematology: biochemistry, cytochemistry, and genetics; morphology and function; host-parasite relations; and evaluation and control of crop losses. the present volume is an excellent reference for students, lecturers, and research professionals in plant parasitology and related fields.

Electron Microscopy of Plant Pathogens

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Author by : Kurt Mendgen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 3642758185
Identifier : 9783642758188
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Electron Microscopy Of Plant Pathogens by Kurt Mendgen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. plants, fungi, and viruses were among the first biological objects studied with an electron microscope. one of the two first instruments built by siemens was used by helmut ruska, a brother of ernst ruska, the pioneer in constructing electron microscopes. h. ruska published numerous papers on different biological objects in 1939. in one of these, the pictures by g. a. kausche, e. pfankuch, and h. ruska of tobacco mosaic virus opened a new age in microscopy. the main problem was then as it still is today, to obtain an appropriate preparation of the specimen for observation in the electron microscope. beam damage and specimen thickness were the first obstacles to be met. l. marton in brussels not only built his own instrument, but also made considerable progress in specimen preparation by introducing the impregnation of samples with heavy metals to obtain useful contrast. his pictures of the bird nest orchid root impregnated with osmium were revolutionary when published in 1934. it is not the place here to recall the different techniques which were developed in the subsequent years to attain the modern knowledge on the fine structure of plant cells and of different plant pathogens. the tremendous progress obtained with tobacco mosaic virus is reflected in the chapter by m. wurtz on the fine structure of viruses in this volume. new cytochemical and immunological techniques considerably surpass the morphological information obtained from the pathogens, especially at the host-parasite interface.

The Biology of Nematodes

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Author by : Donald L Lee
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 635
Isbn : 0415272114
Identifier : 9780415272117
Release : 2002-01-10
Publisher by : CRC Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Biology Of Nematodes by Donald L Lee and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the biology of nematodes synthesizes knowledge of the biology of free-living, plant-parasitic, and animal-parasitic nematodes. contributed works by recognized researchers apply groundbreaking molecular techniques, many of which resulted from work on caenorhabditis elegans, toward new approaches to the study of nematode worms. topics covered include: ̈ systematics and phylogeny ̈ neuromuscular physiology ̈ locomotion ̈ sense organs ̈ behavior ̈ aging ̈ the nematode genome ̈ survival strategies ̈ immunology ̈ epidemiology ̈ structure and organization ̈ gametes and fertilization ̈ development ̈ feeding, digestion, and metabolism

Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Plant-Nematode Interactions

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Author by : C. Fenoll
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 287
Isbn : 9401155968
Identifier : 9789401155960
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Cellular And Molecular Aspects Of Plant Nematode Interactions by C. Fenoll and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in 1992 a concerted action programme (cap) was initiated by peter sijmons with the purpose of intensifying collaborations between 16 european laboratories working on plant-parasitic nematodes. the four-year programme entitled `resistance mechanisms against plant-parasitic nematodes' focused on molecular aspects of the interaction between sedentary nematodes and plants on the model system arabidopsis and on novel resistance strategies. funding was provided mainly for exchange visits between collaborating laboratories and for the organization of annual meetings. during the last annual meeting which was held in may 1996 in toledo, spain, carmen fenoll initiated the production of this volume. the book presents a series of up-to-date reviews, each written by one of the participating laboratories, which include the scientific progress achieved in the frame of this cap but are by no means limited in scope to this work.

The Biology of Plant Parasitic Nematodes

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Author by : H. R. Wallace
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn :
Identifier : CORNELL:31924003403940
Release : 1963
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Parasites
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Description : Read Now The Biology Of Plant Parasitic Nematodes by H. R. Wallace and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. reproduction, development and growth; the soil environment; the influence of the environment; movement; some aspects of behaviour; distribution; host-parasite relations; populations; control.

Parasitic Nematodes Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, and Immunology

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Author by : Malcolm W. Kennedy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 496
Isbn : 9780851997858
Identifier : 0851997856
Release : 2001-04-26
Publisher by : CABI
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Parasitic Nematodes by Malcolm W. Kennedy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. currently more than one third of the world's population are infected with parasitic nematodes, and infection of domestic animals and crop plants remains a substantial drain on human wellbeing and economies. an understanding of the structure and function of genes, membrane and antigens of parasitic nematodes will help develop strategies to eliminate them or reduce their impact.colour plates available to view online figure 13.4 comparison of h. contortus gut-derived cysteine protease (hmcp1) with human cathepsin b. figure 16.2 site of production of npas in c. elegans. figure 16.4 the structure of as-p18. figure 20.1 confocal images of whole mounts of the ovijector region of a. suum stained with phalloidin-teramethylrhodamine isothiocyanate (tritc) to show muscle and with an anti-rfamide antiserum coupled to fluorescein isothiocyanate (fitc) to show farpergic nerves. figure 20.2 confocal images of sections of the head region of a. suum stained with phalloidin-tritc for muscle and with an anti-rfamide antiserum-fitc conjugate to show farpergic nerves. p, pharynx. corrected version of figure 9.2 cuticle collagen and morphological mutants of c. elegans .

Parasitic Nematodes Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Immunology

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Author by : Malcolm W. Kennedy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 423
Isbn : 1845937597
Identifier : 9781845937591
Release : 2013
Publisher by : CABI
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Parasitic Nematodes by Malcolm W. Kennedy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. covering a wide range of rapidly-developing fields of research into parasitic nematodes, this comprehensive volume discusses the genetics, biochemistry and immunology of nematode parasites of humans as well as domestic animals and plants. this fully-updated edition also covers new advances including horizontal gene transfer, immune expulsion mechanisms, genetics of susceptibility in humans, nematode protein structures, role of bacterial symbionts, intrinsic immune response, host immune system modulation, modulation of allergic and autoimmune diseases and the use of parasitic nematodes or their products as therapeutics.

Transfer Cells

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Author by : David McCurdy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 2889194744
Identifier : 9782889194742
Release : 2015-05-18
Publisher by : Frontiers Media SA
Category :
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Description : Read Now Transfer Cells by David McCurdy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. transfer cells are anatomically specialized cells optimized to support high levels of nutrient transport in plants. these cells trans-differentiate from existing cell types by developing extensive and localized wall ingrowth labyrinths to amplify plasma membrane surface area which in turn supports high densities of membrane transporters. unsurprisingly, therefore, transfer cells are found at key anatomical sites for nutrient acquisition, distribution and exchange. transfer cells are involved in delivery of nutrients between generations and in the development of reproductive organs and also facilitate the exchange of nutrients that characterize symbiotic associations. transfer cells occur across all taxonomic groups in higher plants and also in algae and fungi. deposition of wall ingrowth-like structures are also seen in “syncytia” and “giant cells” which function as feeding sites for cyst and root-knot nematodes, respectively, following their infection of roots. consequently, the formation of highly localized wall ingrowth structures in diverse cell types appears to be an ancient anatomical adaption to facilitate enhanced rates of apoplasmic transport of nutrients in plants. in some systems a role for transfer cells in the formation of an anti-pathogen protective barrier at these symplastic discontinuities has been inferred. remarkably, the extent of cell wall ingrowth development at a particular site can show high plasticity, suggesting that transfer cell differentiation might be a dynamic process adapted to the transport requirements of each physiological condition. recent studies exploiting different experimental systems to investigate transfer cell biology have identified signaling pathways inducing transfer cell development and genes/gene networks that define transfer cell identity and/or are involved in building the wall ingrowth labyrinths themselves. further studies have defined the structure and composition of wall ingrowths in different systems, leading in many instances to the conclusion that this process may involve previously uncharacterized mechanisms for localized wall deposition in plants. since transfer cells play important roles in plant development and productivity, the latter being relevant to crop yield, especially so in major agricultural species such as wheat, barley, soybean and maize, understanding the molecular and cellular events leading to wall ingrowth deposition holds exciting promise to develop new strategies to improve plant performance, a key imperative in addressing global food security. this research topic presents a timely and comprehensive treatise on transfer cell biology to help define critical questions for future research and thereby generating a deeper understanding of these fascinating and important cells in plant biology.

Biocontrol Agents of Phytonematodes

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Author by : Tarique Hassan Askary
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 480
Isbn : 1780643756
Identifier : 9781780643755
Release : 2015-06-29
Publisher by : CABI
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Biocontrol Agents Of Phytonematodes by Tarique Hassan Askary and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. highlighting the use of biocontrol agents as an alternative to chemical pesticides in the management of plant parasitic nematodes, this book reviews the current progress and developments in the field. tactful and successful exploitation of each biocontrol agent, i.e. nematophagous fungi, parasitic bacteria, predaceous mites, rhizobacteria, mycorrhiza and predaceous nematodes, has been described separately. the contributors are 23 eminent nematologists and their information has been compiled in 19 chapters.

Biological Control of Plant-parasitic Nematodes, 2nd Edition Soil Ecosystem Management in Sustainable Agriculture

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Author by : Graham R Stirling
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 536
Isbn : 1780644159
Identifier : 9781780644158
Release : 2014-05-14
Publisher by : CABI
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Biological Control Of Plant Parasitic Nematodes 2nd Edition by Graham R Stirling and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. plant-parasitic nematodes are one of multiple causes of soil-related sub-optimal crop performance. this book integrates soil health and sustainable agriculture with nematode ecology and suppressive services provided by the soil food web to provide holistic solutions. biological control is an important component of all nematode management programmes, and with a particular focus on integrated soil biology management, this book describes tools available to farmers to enhance the activity of natural enemies, and utilize soil biological processes to reduce losses from nematodes.