Cholas And Pishtacos Stories Of Race And Sex In The Andes

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Cholas and Pishtacos Stories of Race and Sex in the Andes

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Author by : Mary Weismantel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 326
Isbn : 9780226891545
Identifier : 0226891542
Release : 2001-12-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Cholas And Pishtacos by Mary Weismantel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. winner of the 2003 senior book prize from the american ethnological society. cholas and pishtacos are two provocative characters from south american popular culture—a sensual mixed-race woman and a horrifying white killerwho show up in everything from horror stories and dirty jokes to romantic novels and travel posters. in this elegantly written book, these two figures become vehicles for an exploration of race, sex, and violence that pulls the reader into the vivid landscapes and lively cities of the andes. weismantel's theory of race and sex begins not with individual identity but with three forms of social and economic interaction: estrangement, exchange, and accumulation. she maps the barriers that separate white and indian, male and female-barriers that exist not in order to prevent exchange, but rather to exacerbate its inequality. weismantel weaves together sources ranging from her own fieldwork and the words of potato sellers, hotel maids, and tourists to classic works by photographer martin chambi and novelist josé maría arguedas. cholas and pishtacos is also an enjoyable and informative introduction to a relatively unknown region of the americas.

Intimate Indigeneities Race, Sex, and History in the Small Spaces of Andean Life

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Author by : Andrew Canessa
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 325
Isbn : 0822352672
Identifier : 9780822352679
Release : 2012-11-26
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Intimate Indigeneities by Andrew Canessa and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. analyzing the nuances of identity formation in rural andean culture, andrew canessa draws on two decades of ethnographic research in a remote indigenous community in bolivia's highlands.

Food, Gender, and Poverty in the Ecuadorian Andes

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Author by : Mary J. Weismantel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 234
Isbn : 9781577660293
Identifier : 1577660293
Release : 1998
Publisher by : Waveland PressInc
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Food Gender And Poverty In The Ecuadorian Andes by Mary J. Weismantel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the author uses four different facets of the social life of food--diet, cuisine, discourse, & practice--to draw a richly detailed & compelling portrait of one south american community.

Moon, Sun, and Witches Gender Ideologies and Class in Inca and Colonial Peru

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Author by : Irene Marsha Silverblatt
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 266
Isbn : 9780691022581
Identifier : 0691022585
Release : 1987-05-21
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Moon Sun And Witches by Irene Marsha Silverblatt and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "the myths and cosmologies of non-western peoples are not just histories, relating the world as it once was, nor are they pseudo-histories, justifying the world as it has come to be. instead, they are tools of struggle: ideologies both producing and produced by the effort to create society in someone's image. on them are written the memories and hopes of forgotten people, yearning for power over their - and others' - lives. such is irene silverblatt's argument as she documents religious/ideological struggle in pre- and post-conquest peru. heavily influenced by marxist anthropology and by debates about the social construction of gender, she examines religious and gender ideologies in the andes prior to the inca conquest, during their short reign (1450-1532), and after the coming of the spanish. though the pre-inca period is relatively opaque silverblatt argues that the sexes were relatively equal. men's and women's work, men's and women's religion each upheld a portion of the universe. women inherited from women, worshipped female gods and directed their cults; men inherited from men, and ruled cults whose gods were male. gender was the dominant screen through which these people viewed life - and both sides could play. the incas shared this gender-defined worldview, but used it to justify their conquest and control. they worshipped viracocha, whom they claimed as the an-drogynous pro-genitor of sun and moon, respectively the ancestors of men and women."--www.jstor.org (nov. 9, 2010).

Intimate Enemies Violence and Reconciliation in Peru

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Author by : Kimberly Theidon
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 480
Isbn : 0812206614
Identifier : 9780812206616
Release : 2012-10-29
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Intimate Enemies by Kimberly Theidon and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the aftermath of a civil war, former enemies are left living side by side—and often the enemy is a son-in-law, a godfather, an old schoolmate, or the community that lies just across the valley. though the internal conflict in peru at the end of the twentieth century was incited and organized by insurgent senderistas, the violence and destruction were carried out not only by peruvian armed forces but also by civilians. in the wake of war, any given peruvian community may consist of ex-senderistas, current sympathizers, widows, orphans, army veterans—a volatile social landscape. these survivors, though fully aware of the potential danger posed by their neighbors, must nonetheless endeavor to live and labor alongside their intimate enemies. drawing on years of research with communities in the highlands of ayacucho, kimberly theidon explores how peruvians are rebuilding both individual lives and collective existence following twenty years of armed conflict. intimate enemies recounts the stories and dialogues of peruvian peasants and theidon's own experiences to encompass the broad and varied range of conciliatory practices: customary law before and after the war, the practice of arrepentimiento (publicly confessing one's actions and requesting pardon from one's peers), a differentiation between forgiveness and reconciliation, and the importance of storytelling to make sense of the past and recreate moral order. the micropolitics of reconciliation in these communities present an example of postwar coexistence that deeply complicates the way we understand transitional justice, moral sensibilities, and social life in the aftermath of war. any effort to understand postconflict reconstruction must be attuned to devastation as well as to human tenacity for life.

Sexual Violence during War and Peace Gender, Power, and Post-Conflict Justice in Peru

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Author by : J. Boesten
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 231
Isbn : 1137383453
Identifier : 9781137383457
Release : 2014-04-16
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Sexual Violence During War And Peace by J. Boesten and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. using the peruvian internal armed conflict as a case study, this book examines wartime rape and how it reproduces and reinforces existing hierarchies. jelke boesten argues that effective responses to sexual violence in wartime are conditional upon profound changes in legal frameworks and practices, institutions, and society at large.

Indians and Leftists in the Making of Ecuador’s Modern Indigenous Movements

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Author by : Marc Becker
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 330
Isbn : 0822381451
Identifier : 9780822381457
Release : 2008-07-28
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Indians And Leftists In The Making Of Ecuador S Modern Indigenous Movements by Marc Becker and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in june 1990, indigenous peoples shocked ecuadorian elites with a powerful uprising that paralyzed the country for a week. militants insisted that the government address indigenous demands for land ownership, education, and economic development. this uprising was a milestone in the history of ecuador’s social justice movements, and it inspired popular organizing efforts across latin america. while the insurrection seemed to come out of nowhere, marc becker demonstrates that it emerged out of years of organizing and developing strategies to advance indigenous rights. in this richly documented account, he chronicles a long history of indigenous political activism in ecuador, from the creation of the first local agricultural syndicates in the 1920s through the galvanizing protests of 1990. in so doing, he reveals the central role of women in indigenous movements and the history of productive collaborations between rural indigenous activists and urban leftist intellectuals. becker explains how rural laborers and urban activists worked together in ecuador, merging ethnic and class-based struggles for social justice. socialists were often the first to defend indigenous languages, cultures, and social organizations. they introduced rural activists to new tactics, including demonstrations and strikes. drawing on leftist influences, indigenous peoples became adept at reacting to immediate, local forms of exploitation while at the same time addressing broader underlying structural inequities. through an examination of strike activity in the 1930s, the establishment of a national-level ecuadorian federation of indians in 1944, and agitation for agrarian reform in the 1960s, becker shows that the history of indigenous mobilizations in ecuador is longer and deeper than many contemporary observers have recognized.

Domination and Cultural Resistance Authority and Power Among an Andean People

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Author by : Roger Neil Rasnake
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 321
Isbn : 9780822308096
Identifier : 0822308096
Release : 1988-08-22
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Domination And Cultural Resistance by Roger Neil Rasnake and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. domination and cultural resistance examines the social life of the yura, a quechua-speaking andean ethnic group of central bolivia, and focuses especially on their indigenous authorities, the kuraqkuna or elders. combining ethnohistorical research with contemporary fieldwork, roger neil rasnake traces the evolution of leadership roles within the changing composition of the native andean social groupings, the ayllus&—from the consolidation of pre-hispanic aymara polities, through the pressures of the spanish colonial regime and the increasing fragmentation of the republican era, to the present.

Life in Oil Cofán Survival in the Petroleum Fields of Amazonia

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Author by : Michael L. Cepek
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 147731508X
Identifier : 9781477315088
Release : 2018-04-02
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Life In Oil by Michael L. Cepek and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. oil is one of the world’s most important commodities, but few people know how its extraction affects the residents of petroleum-producing regions. in the 1960s, the texaco corporation discovered crude in the territory of ecuador’s indigenous cofán nation. within a decade, ecuador had become a member of opec, and the cofán watched as their forests fell, their rivers ran black, and their bodies succumbed to new illnesses. in 1993, they became plaintiffs in a multibillion-dollar lawsuit that aims to compensate them for the losses they have suffered. yet even in the midst of a tragic toxic disaster, the cofán have refused to be destroyed. while seeking reparations for oil’s assault on their lives, they remain committed to the survival of their language, culture, and rainforest homeland. life in oil presents the compelling, nuanced story of how the cofán manage to endure at the center of ecuadorian petroleum extraction. michael l. cepek has lived and worked with cofán people for more than twenty years. in this highly accessible book, he goes well beyond popular and academic accounts of their suffering to share the largely unknown stories that cofán people themselves create—the ones they tell in their own language, in their own communities, and to one another and the few outsiders they know and trust. their words reveal that life in oil is a form of slow, confusing violence for some of the earth’s most marginalized, yet resilient, inhabitants.

Masculinities and Femininities in Latin America’s Uneven Development

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Author by : Susan Paulson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 172
Isbn : 1317548949
Identifier : 9781317548942
Release : 2015-08-20
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Masculinities And Femininities In Latin America S Uneven Development by Susan Paulson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book forges a new approach to historical and geographical change by asking how gender arrangements and dynamics influence the evolution of institutions and environments. this new theoretical approach is applied via mixed methods and a multi-scale framework to bring together unusually diverse phenomena. regional trends demonstrated with quantitative data include the massive incorporation of women into paid work, demographic masculinization of the countryside and feminization of cities, rapidly increasing gaps that favor women over men in education and life expectancy, and extraordinarily high levels of violence against men. case studies in mexico, chile and bolivia explore changes influenced by gender practices and expectations that involve men in different ways than women; they also highlight dissimilarities and power relations between differently positioned masculine groups. ethnographic studies of culturally diverse arrangements, together with particular attention to subordinate versus dominant masculinities, complicate the gender binaries that circumscribe so much research and policy. drawing attention to imbalances and conflicts generated by inappropriate models and uneven developments, the book points to opportunities for experimenting with and adapting the sociocultural institutions that govern relations among humans and between humans and their environment.

Intimate Indigeneities Race, Sex, and History in the Small Spaces of Andean Life

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Author by : Andrew Canessa
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 325
Isbn : 0822352672
Identifier : 9780822352679
Release : 2012-11-26
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Intimate Indigeneities by Andrew Canessa and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. analyzing the nuances of identity formation in rural andean culture, andrew canessa draws on two decades of ethnographic research in a remote indigenous community in bolivia's highlands.

Indigenism Ethnic Politics in Brazil

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Author by : Alcida Rita Ramos
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 326
Isbn : 9780299160449
Identifier : 0299160440
Release : 1998
Publisher by : Univ of Wisconsin Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Indigenism by Alcida Rita Ramos and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. indigenous people comprise only 0.2% of brazil's population, yet occupy a prominent role in the nation's consciousness. in her important and passionate new book, anthropologist alcida ramos explains this irony, exploring indian and non-indian attitudes about interethnic relations. ramos contends that imagery about indigenous people reflects an ambivalence brazil has about itself as a nation, for indians reveal brazilians' contradiction between their pride in ethnic pluralism and desire for national homogeneity. based on her more than thirty years of fieldwork and activism on behalf of the yanomami indians, ramos explains the complex ideology called indigenism. she evaluates its meaning through the relations of brazilian indians with religious and lay institutions, non-governmental organizations, official agencies such as the national indian foundation as well as the very discipline of anthropology. ramos not only examines the imagery created by brazilians of european descent--members of the catholic church, government officials, the army and the state agency for indian affairs--she also scrutinizes indians' own self portrayals used in defending their ethnic rights against the brazilian state. ramos' thoughtful and complete analysis of the relation between indigenous people of brazil and the state will be of great interest to lawmakers and political theorists, environmental and civil rights activists, developmental specialists and policymakers, and those concerned with human rights in latin america.