Climatic Cataclysm The Foreign Policy And National Security Implications Of Climate Change

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Climatic Cataclysm The Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Climate Change

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Author by : Kurt M. Campbell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 237
Isbn : 9780815701552
Identifier : 0815701551
Release : 2009-10-01
Publisher by : Brookings Institution Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Climatic Cataclysm by Kurt M. Campbell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. global climate change poses not only environmental hazards but profound risks to planetary peace and stability as well. climatic cataclysm gathers experts on climate science, oceanography, history, political science, foreign policy, and national security to take the measure of these risks. the contributors have developed three scenarios of what the future may hold. the expected scenario relies on current scientific models to project the effects of climate change over the next 30 years. the severe scenario, which posits a much stronger climate response to current levels of carbon loading, foresees profound and potentially destabilizing global effects over the next generation or more. finally, the catastrophic scenario is characterized by a devastating "tipping point" in the climate system, perhaps 50 or 100 years hence. in this future world, the land-based polar ice sheets have disappeared, global sea levels have risen dramatically, and the existing natural order has been destroyed beyond repair. the contributors analyze the security implications of these scenarios, which at a minimum include increased disease proliferation; tensions caused by large-scale migration; and conflict sparked by resource scarcity, particularly in africa. they consider what we can learn from the experience of early civilizations confronted with natural disaster, and they ask what the three largest emitters of greenhouse gases—the united states, the european union, and china—can do to reduce and manage future risks. in the coming decade, the united states faces an ominous set of foreign policy and national security challenges. global climate change will not only complicate these tasks, but as this sobering study reveals, it may also create new challenges that dwarf those of today. contributors include leon fuerth (george washington university), jay gulledge (pew center on global climate change), alexander t. j. lennon (center for strategic and international studies), j.r. mcneill (georgetown university), derek mix (center for strategic and international studies), peter ogden (center for american progress), john podesta (center for american progress), julianne smith (center for strategic and international studies), richard weitz (hudson institute), and r. james woolsey (booz allen hamilton).

A Changing Environment for Human Security Transformative Approaches to Research, Policy and Action

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Author by : Linda Sygna
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 496
Isbn : 1136272496
Identifier : 9781136272493
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now A Changing Environment For Human Security by Linda Sygna and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. environmental change presents a new context and new opportunities for transformational change. this timely book will inspire new ways of understanding the relationship between environmental change and human security. a changing environment for human security: transformative approaches to research, policy and action both supports and informs a call for new, transformative approaches to research, policy and action. the chapters in this book include critical analyses, case studies and reflections on contemporary environmental and social challenges, with a strong emphasis on those related to climate change. human thoughts and actions have contributed to an environment of insecurity, manifested as multiple interacting threats that now represent a serious challenge to humanity. yet humans also have the capacity to collectively transform the economic, political, social and cultural systems and structures that perpetuate human insecurities. these fresh perspectives on global environmental change from an interdisciplinary group of international experts will inspire readers – whether students, researchers, policy makers, or practitioners – to think differently about environmental issues and sustainability. the contributions show that in a changing environment, human security is not only a possibility, but a choice.

Great Powers and Strategic Stability in the 21st Century Competing Visions of World Order

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Author by : Graeme P. Herd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 1135233403
Identifier : 9781135233402
Release : 2010-02-25
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Great Powers And Strategic Stability In The 21st Century by Graeme P. Herd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book addresses the issue of grand strategic stability in the 21st century, and examines the role of the key centres of global power - us, eu, russia, china and india - in managing contemporary strategic threats. this edited volume examines the cooperative and conflictual capacity of great powers to manage increasingly interconnected strategic threats (not least, terrorism and political extremism, wmd proliferation, fragile states, regional crises and conflict and the energy-climate nexus) in the 21st century. the contributors question whether global order will increasingly be characterised by a predictable interdependent one-world system, as strategic threats create interest-based incentives and functional benefits. the work moves on to argue that the operational concept of world order is a concert of great powers directing a new institutional order, norms and regimes whose combination is strategic-threat specific, regionally sensitive, loosely organised, and inclusive of major states (not least brazil, turkey, south africa and indonesia). leadership can be singular, collective or coalition-based and this will characterise the nature of strategic stability and world order in the 21st century. this book will be of much interest to students of international security, grand strategy, foreign policy and ir. graeme p. herd is co-director of the international training course in security policy at the geneva centre for security policy (gcsp). he is co-author of several books and co-editor of the ideological war on terror: world wide strategies for counter terrorism (2007), soft security threats and european security (2005), security dynamics of the former soviet bloc (2003) and russia and the regions: strength through weakness (2003).

Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions

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Author by : Katherine Richardson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139496204
Identifier : 9781139496209
Release : 2011-03-03
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Climate Change Global Risks Challenges And Decisions by Katherine Richardson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. providing an up-to-date synthesis of all knowledge relevant to the climate change issue, this book ranges from the basic science documenting the need for policy action to the technologies, economic instruments and political strategies that can be employed in response to climate change. ethical and cultural issues constraining the societal response to climate change are also discussed. this book provides a handbook for those who want to understand and contribute to meeting this challenge. it covers a very wide range of disciplines - core biophysical sciences involved with climate change (geosciences, atmospheric sciences, ocean sciences, ecology/biology) as well as economics, political science, health sciences, institutions and governance, sociology, ethics and philosophy, and engineering. as such it will be invaluable for a wide range of researchers and professionals wanting a cutting-edge synthesis of climate change issues, and for advanced student courses on climate change.

Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict Challenges for Societal Stability

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Author by : Jürgen Scheffran
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 873
Isbn : 3642286267
Identifier : 9783642286261
Release : 2012-05-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Climate Change Human Security And Violent Conflict by Jürgen Scheffran and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. severe droughts, damaging floods and mass migration: climate change is becoming a focal point for security and conflict research and a challenge for the world’s governance structures. but how severe are the security risks and conflict potentials of climate change? could global warming trigger a sequence of events leading to economic decline, social unrest and political instability? what are the causal relationships between resource scarcity and violent conflict? this book brings together international experts to explore these questions using in-depth case studies from around the world. furthermore, the authors discuss strategies, institutions and cooperative approaches to stabilize the climate-society interaction.

Difficult Transitions Foreign Policy Troubles at the Outset of Presidential Power

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Author by : Kurt M. Campbell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 204
Isbn : 9780815701828
Identifier : 0815701829
Release : 2009-11-09
Publisher by : Brookings Institution Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Difficult Transitions by Kurt M. Campbell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. new presidents have no honeymoon when it comes to foreign policy. less than three months into his presidency, for example, john f. kennedy authorized the disastrous effort to overthrow fidel castro at the bay of pigs. more recently, george w. bush had been in office for less than eight months when he was faced with the attacks of september 11. how should an incoming president prepare for the foreign policy challenges that lie immediately ahead? that's the question kurt campbell and james steinberg tackle in this compelling book. drawing on their decades of government service—in the corridors of capitol hill, the intimate confines of the white house, the state department, and the bare-knuckles pentagon bureaucracy—campbell and steinberg identify the major foreign policy pitfalls that face a new presidential administration. they explain clearly and concisely what it takes to get foreign policy right from the start. the authors set the scene with a historical overview of presidential transitions and foreign policy including case studies of such prominent episodes as the "black hawk down" tragedy in somalia that shook the clinton administration in its first year and the bush administration's handling of the collision between a u.s. reconnaissance plane and a chinese fighter jet in the spring of 2001. they pinpoint the leading causes of foreign policy fiascos, including the tendency to write off the policies of the outgoing administration and the failure to appreciate the differences between campaign promises and policy realities. most important, they provide a road map to help the new administration steer clear of the land mines ahead. america's next president will confront critical foreign policy decisions from day one. dif ficult transitions provides essential guidance for getting those choices right.

Natural Resources and Social Conflict Towards Critical Environmental Security

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Author by : M. Schnurr
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 247
Isbn : 1137002468
Identifier : 9781137002464
Release : 2012-03-02
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Natural Resources And Social Conflict by M. Schnurr and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume brings together international scholars reflecting on the theory and practice of international security, human security, natural resources and environmental change. it contributes by 'centring the margins' and privileging alternative conceptions and understandings of environmental (in)security.

Climate Change and Conflict Prevention Lessons from Darfur

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Author by : J. Andrew Plowman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 172
Isbn : 9781523630097
Identifier : 1523630094
Release : 2016-01-22
Publisher by : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Category :
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Description : Read Now Climate Change And Conflict Prevention by J. Andrew Plowman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in "climate change and conflict prevention: lessons from darfur," j. andrew plowman uses the darfur conflict as a case study to examine how the effects of climate change might lead to future violent conflicts, and assesses the best way to prevent these conflicts. in his research, plowman reviews the environmental security literature and applies events from darfur to climate change models. this research suggests that climate change is likely to increase the potential for intrastate and communal conflicts, as populations adjust to changes in the environmental systems that support their livelihoods. ultimately, plowman's examination of the darfur conflict recommends a focus on structural conflict prevention through building adaptability to climate change and through the strengthening of institutions, particularly in fragile states.

Blinders, Blunders, and Wars What America and China Can Learn

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Author by : David C. Gompert
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 0833087789
Identifier : 9780833087782
Release : 2014-11-26
Publisher by : Rand Corporation
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Blinders Blunders And Wars by David C. Gompert and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the history of wars caused by misjudgments, from napoleon’s invasion of russia to america’s invasion of iraq, reveals that leaders relied on cognitive models that were seriously at odds with objective reality. blinders, blunders, and wars analyzes eight historical examples of strategic blunders regarding war and peace and four examples of decisions that turned out well, and then applies those lessons to the current sino-american case.

Evolution of the Cyber Domain The Implications for National and Global Security

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Author by : Eneken Tikk-Ringas
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 160
Isbn : 9781138654501
Identifier : 1138654507
Release : 2015-11
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now Evolution Of The Cyber Domain by Eneken Tikk-Ringas and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. cyber security has become a focal point for conflicting domestic and international interests, and increasingly for the projection of state power. the military utility of the cyber domain is linked to the economic and social potential of information and communications technologies (icts), while technologies with military and national-security applications have become essential to the conduct of modern life. in light of this, evolution of the cyber domainprovides a holistic review of the strategic, operational and technical issues at the centre of the international cyber-security debate. the dossier charts and contextualises the key developments and trends that have shaped the cyber domain since the 1950s. as well as tracking the events and decisions underlying the military potential of icts, it examines the issues and policies that affect global governance of the internet. the dossier analyses: * the geopolitics of international cyber security and technological development. * the challenges of creating methods for managing conflict within the cyber domain based on international law. * the tension between issues of privacy, freedom of information and national security. * intelligence as a state practice in peace and war. * the development and use of cyber military capabilities. the dossier is an important point of reference for further research and analysis on complex cyber-security issues, and it provides a series of insights into national positions, as well as regional and global agreements and policies. evolution of the cyber domain is a useful resource for readers who seek a comprehensive picture of cyber affairs, and who wish to understand the social, economic and politico-military challenges that have guided the development and use of icts in the past six decades. by summarising the ways in which governments are addressing these challenges at the strategic level, it helps prepare decision-makers and researchers involved in the formulation of cyber-security policy, strategy and analysis. the dossier also contains a glossary of the key terms and concepts in the cyber-security dialogue.

China's Dilemma Economic Growth, the Environment and Climate Change

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Author by : Ligang Song
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 428
Isbn : 1921536039
Identifier : 9781921536038
Release : 2008-07-01
Publisher by : ANU E Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now China S Dilemma by Ligang Song and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. china's dilemma - economic growth, the environment and climate change examines the challenges china will have to confront in order to maintain rapid growth while coping with the global financial turbulence, some rising socially destabilising tensions such as income inequality, an over-exploited environment and the long-term pressures of global warming. china's dilemma discusses key questions that will have an impact on china's growth path and offers some in-depth analyses as to how china could confront these challenges. the authors address the effect of the global credit crunch and financial shocks on china's economic growth; china's contribution to greenhouse gas emissions and emissions reduction schemes; the environmental consequences of foreign direct investment in china; the relationship between air pollution and mortality; the effect of climate change on agricultural output; the coal industry's compliance with tougher regulations; and the constraints water shortages may impose on china's economy. it also emphasises the importance of managing the rising demand for energy to moderate oil price increases and placating domestic and international concerns about global warming. in the thirty years since china started on the path of reform, it has emerged as one of the largest and most dynamic economies in the world. this carries with it the responsibility to balance the requirements of key industries that are driving its development with the need to ensure that its growth is both equitable and sustainable. china's dilemma highlights key lessons learned from the past thirty years of reform in order to pave the way for balanced and sustained growth in the future.

Climate Economics The State of the Art

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Author by : Frank Ackerman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 187
Isbn : 041563718X
Identifier : 9780415637183
Release : 2013
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Climate Economics by Frank Ackerman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. climate science paints a bleak picture: the continued growth of greenhouse gas emissions is increasingly likely to cause irreversible and catastrophic effects. urgent action is needed to prepare for the initial rounds of climatic change, which are already unstoppable. while the opportunity to avert all climate damage has now passed, well-designed mitigation and adaptation policies, if adopted quickly, could still greatly reduce the likelihood of the most tragic and far-reaching impacts of climate change. climate economics is the bridge between science and policy, translating scientific predictions about physical systems into projections about economic growth and human welfare that decision makers can most readily use but it has too often consisted of an overly technical, academic approach to the problem. getting climate economics right is not about publishing the cleverest article of the year but rather about helping solve the dilemma of the century. the tasks ahead are daunting, and failure, unfortunately, is quite possible. better approaches to climate economics will allow economists to be part of the solution rather than part of the problem. this book analyzes potential paths for improvement.