Combating Malnutrition In Ethiopia

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Combating Malnutrition in Ethiopia An Evidence-Based Approach for Sustained Results

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Author by : Andrew Sunil Rajkumar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 222
Isbn : 0821387669
Identifier : 9780821387665
Release : 2011-12-22
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Combating Malnutrition In Ethiopia by Andrew Sunil Rajkumar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite recent progress, malnutrition remains a severe problem in ethiopia. this report provides the findings from an in-depth data-based analysis of malnutrition in ethiopia and its causes.

Ethiopia Social Sector Report

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 137
Isbn : 9780821343142
Identifier : 0821343149
Release : 1998-01-01
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Ethiopia by no defined and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. after being immersed in almost three decades of civil conflict, the prevailing peace and political stability in ethiopia allowed its government to focus on rebuilding its economy. as an integral part of this undertaking, the federal democratic republic of ethiopia is seeking to overhaul the landscape of human capital development in the country. this report discusses the situation and trends in education, health, nutrition, and population. it also examines the barriers to improvement from the points of view of ethiopian households and public and private suppliers of services. it also attempts to identify the means by which the government can use public resources more effectively.

Nourishing millions: Stories of change in nutrition: Synopsis

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Author by : Yosef, Sivan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 4
Isbn : 0896299902
Identifier : 9780896299900
Release : 2016-06-29
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Nourishing Millions Stories Of Change In Nutrition Synopsis by Yosef, Sivan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in recent years, the world has seen unprecedented attention and political commitment to addressing malnutrition. milestones such as the scaling up nutrition (sun) movement, the lancet maternal and child nutrition series, and the second international conference on nutrition (icn2) have marked the rapid rise of nutrition on the global policy and research agenda. these developments reverse years of relative neglect for nutrition. undernutrition is a global challenge with huge social and economic costs. it kills millions of young children annually, stunts growth, erodes child development, reduces the amount of schooling children attain, and increases the likelihood of their being poor as adults, if they survive. stunting persists through a lifetime and beyond—underweight mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight children, perpetuating undernutrition across generations. undernutrition reduces global gross domestic product by us$1.4–$2.1 trillion a year—the size of the total economy of africa south of the sahara.

Food and Nutrition Problems in Ethiopia Strategies for the Alleviation of Malnutrition

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Author by : ʻKetsela Mengistu
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 242
Isbn :
Identifier : CORNELL:31924001696321
Release : 1980
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Diet
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Global Nutrition Report 2016 From Promise to Impact: Ending Malnutrition by 2030

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Author by : International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 182
Isbn : 0896295842
Identifier : 9780896295841
Release : 2016-06-14
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Global Nutrition Report 2016 by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects 1 in 3 people. malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development; as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection; as those who are carrying too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat, or cholesterol; or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals. malnutrition and diet are by far the biggest risk factors for the global burden of disease: every country is facing a serious public health challenge from malnutrition. the economic consequences represent losses of 11 percent of gross domestic product (gdp) every year in africa and asia, whereas preventing malnutrion delivers $16 in returns on investment for every $1 spent. the world’s countries have agreed on targets for nutrition, but despite some progress in recent years the world is off track to reach those targets. this third stocktaking of the state of the world’s nutrition points to ways to reverse this trend and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030.

Enhancing the Contribution of Maize to Food Security in Ethiopia Proceedings of the Second National Maize Workshop of Ethiopia : 12-16 November 2001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Author by : Mandefro Nigussie
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 9291461008
Identifier : 9789291461004
Release : 2002
Publisher by : CIMMYT
Category : Corn
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Food and Agriculture in Ethiopia Progress and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Paul Dorosh
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 346
Isbn : 0812245296
Identifier : 9780812245295
Release : 2012
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Food And Agriculture In Ethiopia by Paul Dorosh and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this volume, policy experts provide empirical evidence to shed light on the complexities of agricultural and food policy in today's ethiopia, highlight major policies and interventions of the past decade, and provide insights into building resilience to natural disasters and food crises.

What Can We Learn from Nutrition Impact Evaluations? Lessons from a Review of Interventions to Reduce Child Malnutrition in Developing Countries

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Author by : The World Bank
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 168
Isbn : 9780821384077
Identifier : 0821384074
Release : 2010-08-27
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now What Can We Learn From Nutrition Impact Evaluations? by The World Bank and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evaluation summary what can we learn from nutrition impact evaluations? high levels of child malnutrition in developing countries contribute to mortality and have long-term consequences for children s cognitive development and earnings as adults. recent impact evaluations show that many different interventions have had an impact on children s anthropometric outcomes (height, weight, and birth weight), but there is no simple answer to the question what works? to address the problem. similar interventions have widely different results in different settings, owing to differences in local context, the causes and severity of malnutrition, and the capacity for program implementation. impact evaluations of programs supported by the bank, which are generally large-scale, complex inter-ventions in low-capacity settings, show equally variable results. the findings confirm that it should not be assumed that an intervention found effective in a randomized medical setting will have the same effects when implemented under field conditions. there are many robust experimental and quasi-experimental methods for assessing impact under difficult circumstances often found in field settings. the relevance and impact of nutrition impact evaluations could be enhanced by collecting data on service delivery, demand-side behavioral outcomes, and implementation processes to better understand the causal chain and what part of the chain is weak, in parallel with impact evaluations. it is also important to understand better the distribution of impacts, particularly among the poor, and to document better the costs and effectiveness of interventions. high levels of child malnutrition in developing countries are contributing to mortality and present long-term consequences for the survivors. an estimated 178 million children under age 5 in developing countries are stunted (low height for age) and 55 million are wasted (low weight for height). malnutrition makes children more susceptible to illness and strongly affects child mortality. beyond the mortality risk in the short run, the developmental delays caused by undernutrition affect children s cognitive outcomes and productive potential as adults. micronutrient deficiencies vitamin a, iron, zinc, iodine, for example are also common and have significant consequences. progress in reducing malnutrition has been slow: more than half of countries are not on track to achieve the millennium development goal of halving the share of children who are malnou-rished (low weight for age) by 2015. the food price and financial crises are making achievement of this goal even more elusive. the world bank has recently taken steps to ex-pand its support for nutrition in response to the underlying need and the increased urgency due to the crises. what do we know about reducing malnutrition? the increased interest and resources focused on the problem of high and potentially increasing rates of undernutrition raises the question, what do we know about the causes of malnutrition and the in-terventions most likely to reduce it? the medical literature points to the need to inter-vene during gestation and the first two years of life to prevent child malnutrition and its consequences. it suggests that investments in interventions during this window of opportunity among children under 2 are likely to have the greatest benefits. recently published meta-analyses of the impact evaluation literature point to several interventions found effective for reducing undernutrition in spe-cific settings. however, there are limitations to the generalizability of those reviews findings, particularly in the context of large-scale government programs most likely to be supported by the world bank. the reviews tend to disproportionately draw on the findings of smaller, controlled experiments; there are few examples of evaluations of large-scale programs, over which there is less control in implementation. in reviewing a large number of studies, interventions, and outcomes, they tend to focus on average impacts. they generally do not explain the magnitude or variability of impacts across or within studies. very few address the programmatic reasons why some interventions work or don t work, nor do they assess the cost-effectiveness of interventions. objectives of the review this paper reviews recent impact evaluations of interventions and programs to improve child anth-ropometric outcomes height, weight, and birth weight with an emphasis on both the findings and limitations of the literature and on understanding what might happen in a non-research setting. it further reviews in greater detail the experience and lessons from evaluations of the impact of world bank-supported programs on nutrition outcomes. specifically, the review addresses four questions. first, what can be said about the impact of different interventions on children s anthropometric outcomes? second, how do these findings vary across settings and within target groups, and what accounts for this variability? third, what is the evidence of the cost-effectiveness of these interventions? finally, what have been the lessons from implementing impact evaluations of bank-supported programs with anthropometric impacts? while there are different dimensions of child nutri-tion that could be explored, the report focuses on child anthropometric outcomes -- weight, height, and birth weight. these are the most common nutrition outcome indicators in the literature and the most frequently monitored by national nutrition programs supported by the world bank. low weight for age (underweight) is also the indicator for one of the mdgs. methodology and scope forty-six nutrition impact evaluations published since 2000 were systematically reviewed. these evaluations assessed the impact of diverse interven-tions community nutrition programs, conditional and unconditional cash transfers, early child devel-opment programs, food aid, integrated health and nutrition services, and de-worming. all of the evaluations used research designs that compared the outcomes among those affected by the project to the counterfactual that is, what would have happened to a similar group of people in the absence of the intervention. about half used randomized assignment to create treatment and control groups, while the remainder used matching and various econometric techniques to construct a counterfactual. among the 46 evaluations, twelve assessed the im-pact of world bank-supported programs on nutri-tion outcomes in eight countries. while the broader review relies on the analysis of the published impact evaluations as the main source of data, for these twelve evaluations project documents and research outputs were reviewed and world bank staff, country officials and the evaluators and re-searchers who conducted the studies were interviewed. findings a wide range of interventions had a positive impact on indicators related to height, weight, wasting, and low birth weight. there were a total of 10 different outcome indica-tors for the four main anthropometric outcomes. a little more than half of the evaluations addressing a height-related indicator found program impacts on at least one group of children, and this was true for about the same share of interventions aimed at improving weight-related and wasting (low weight for height)-related indicators. about three-quarters of the 11 evaluations of interventions that aimed at improving birth weight indicators registered an impact in at least one specification, including five out of seven micronutrient interven-tions. there was no clear pattern of impacts across interventions in every intervention group there were examples of programs that did and did not have an impact on a given indicator, and with varying magnitude. evaluations of the nutritional impact of programs supported by the world bank, which are generally large-scale, complex, and implemented in low-capacity settings, show equally variable results. even controlling for the specific outcome indicator, studies often targeted children of different age groups that might be more or less susceptible to the interventions. it is thus difficult to point to inter-ventions that are systematically more effective than others in reducing malnutrition across diverse set-tings and age groups. differences in local context, variation in the age of the children studied, the length of exposure to the intervention, and differing methodologies of the studies account for much of the variability in results. context includes factors like the level and local determinants of malnutrition, differences in the characteristics of beneficiaries (including their age), the availability of service infrastructure, and the implementation capacity of government. outside of a research setting in the context of a large government program there are many things that can go wrong in either service delivery or the demand response that can compromise impact. beyond this, there are social factors like the status of women or the presence of civil unrest that can affect outcomes. these findings underscore the conclusion that it should not be assumed that an intervention found effective in a randomized controlled trial in a re-search setting will have the same effects when im-plemented under field conditions in a different set-ting. they also point to the need to understand the prevailing underlying causes of malnutrition in a given setting and the age groups most likely to benefit in selecting an intervention. further, impact evaluations need to supplement data measuring impact with data on service delivery and demand-side behavioral outcomes to demonstrate the plausibility of the findings, to understand what part of a program works, and to address weak links in the results chain to improve performance. there is scant evidence on the distribution of nutrition impacts who is benefiting and who is not or on the cost-effectiveness of interventions just because malnutrition is more common among the poor does not mean that they will disproportio-nately benefit from an intervention, particularly if acting on new knowledge or different incentives relies on access to education or quality services. only a third of the 46 evaluations looked at the distribution of impacts by gender, mother s education, poverty status, or availability of complementary health services. only nine assessed the impacts on nutritional outcomes of the poor compared with the non-poor. among the evaluations that did examine variation in results, several found that the children of more educated mothers or in better-off communities are be-nefitting the most. bank-supported cash transfers, community nutrition, and early child development programs in six of eight countries had some impact on child anthropometric outcomes. of the 12 impact evaluations of bank support, all but one were of large-scale government programs with multiple interventions and a long results chain. three-quarters found a positive impact on anthro-pometric outcomes of children in at least one age group, although the magnitude was in some cases not large or applied to a narrow age group. most of the impact evaluations involved assessment of completely new programs and involved world bank researchers. most used quasi-experimental evaluation designs and two-thirds assessed impact after at most 3 years of program implementation. only half of the evaluations documented the distribution of impacts and only a third presented information on the costs of the intervention (falling short of cost-effectiveness analysis). in two of the countries (colombia and the philippines) the evaluations likely had an impact on government policy or programs. lessons a number of lessons for development practi-tioners and evaluators arose from the review of impact evaluations of world bank nutrition support. for task managers: impact evaluations of interventions that are clearly beyond the means of the government to sustain are of limited relevance. the complexity, costs, and fiscal sustainability of the intervention should figure into the decision as to whether an impact evaluation is warranted. impact evaluations are often launched for the purpose of evaluating completely new pro-grams, but they may be equally or even more useful in improving the effectiveness of ongo-ing programs. there are methods for obtaining reliable impact evaluation results when randomized assignment of interventions is not possible for political, ethical, or practical reasons. for evaluators: in light of the challenges of evaluating large-scale programs with a long results chain, it is well worth the effort to assess the risks to disruption of the impact evaluation ahead of time and identify mitigation measures. the design and analysis of nutrition impact evaluations need to take into account the likely sensitivity of children of different ages to the intervention. for the purposes of correctly gauging im-pact, it is important to know exactly when delivery of an intervention took place in the field (as opposed to the official start of the program). evaluations need to be designed to provide evidence for timely decision-making, but with sufficient elapsed time for a plausible impact to have occurred. the relevance of impact evaluations for po-licymakers would be greatly enhanced if im-pact evaluations were to document both the

Synopsis: Global Nutrition Report 2015 Actions and accountability to advance nutrition and sustainable development

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Author by : International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 12
Isbn : 0896298876
Identifier : 9780896298873
Release : 2015-09-15
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Synopsis Global Nutrition Report 2015 by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as we move into the post-2015 era of the sustainable development goals (sdgs), the world faces many seemingly intractable problems. malnutrition should not be one of them. countries that are determined to make rapid advances in malnutrition reduction can do so, and the incentives to improve nutrition are strong. good nutrition provides a vital foundation for human development, central to meeting our full potential. when nutrition status improves, it leads to a host of positive outcomes for individuals and families. many more children will live to see their fifth birthdays, their growth will be less disrupted, and they will gain in height and weight. they will learn more in school because their brain function is not impaired. as a result of this positive early environment, as adults they will have better jobs and get ill less often. older adults will age more healthily and live longer.

Hidden Hunger: Strategies to Improve Nutrition Quality

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Author by : H.K. Biesalski
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 3318062537
Identifier : 9783318062533
Release : 2018-04-17
Publisher by : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Hidden Hunger Strategies To Improve Nutrition Quality by H.K. Biesalski and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. hidden hunger has long been an overlooked problem. vitamin and mineral deficiencies have to be remedied and the availability of calories needs to be increased. as a matter of fact, the number of people who do not have access to a balanced diet has multiplied in rich and poor countries, with lasting consequences for health and well-being. hidden hunger not only affects childhood growth and cognitive development, but also reduces productivity and well-being later in life, thus keeping the affected population trapped in a circle of poverty and malnutrition. this book illustrates the global fight against hunger by national governments and international organizations. presented at the third hidden hunger conference held at the university of hohenheim in stuttgart, germany, it presents a range of strategies being implemented in various regions of the world to improve nutrition quality and combat this international crisis.

Maternal and Child Nutrition The First 1,000 Days

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Author by : Jatinder Bhatia
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 238
Isbn : 3318023876
Identifier : 9783318023879
Release : 2013
Publisher by : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Maternal And Child Nutrition by Jatinder Bhatia and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how to prevent and manage low birth weight growth and nutrition during the fetal period and the first 24 months after birth are important determinants of development in early childhood. optimal nutrition and health care of both the mother and infant during these first 1000 days of an infant's life are closely linked to growth, learning potential and neurodevelopment, in turn affecting long-term outcomes. children with low birth weight do not only include premature babies, but also those with intrauterine growth restrictions who consequently have a very high risk of developing metabolic syndrome in the future. epidemiology, epigenetic programming, the correct nutrition strategy and monitoring of outcomes are thus looked at carefully in this book. more specifically, two important nutritional issues are dealt with in depth: the first being the prevention of low birth weight, starting with the health of adolescent girls, through the pre-pregnancy and pregnancy stages and ending with lactation. the second point of focus concerns the nutritional follow-up and feeding opportunities in relation to dietary requirements of children with low birth weight.

Highlights of recent IFPRI food policy research in Ethiopia 2014

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Author by : International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 16
Isbn :
Identifier :
Release :
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category : Social Science
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