Connectionism

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Music and Connectionism

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Author by : Peter M. Todd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 268
Isbn : 9780262200813
Identifier : 0262200813
Release : 1991
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Music
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Description : Read Now Music And Connectionism by Peter M. Todd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as one of our highest expressions of thought and creativity, music has always been a difficult realm to capture, model, and understand. the connectionist paradigm, now beginning to provide insights into many realms of human behavior, offers a new and unified viewpoint from which to investigate the subtleties of musical experience. music and connectionism provides a fresh approach to both fields, using the techniques of connectionism and parallel distributed processing to look at a wide range of topics in music research, from pitch perception to chord fingering to composition.the contributors, leading researchers in both music psychology and neural networks, address the challenges and opportunities of musical applications of network models. the result is a current and thorough survey of the field that advances understanding of musical phenomena encompassing perception, cognition, composition, and performance, and in methods for network design and analysis.peter m. todd is a doctoral candidate in the pdp research group of the psychology department at stanford university. gareth loy is an award-winning composer, a lecturer in the music department of the university of california, san diego, and a member of the technical staff of frox inc.contributors. jamshed j. bharucha. peter desain. mark dolson. robert gjerclingen. henkjan honing. b. keith jenkins. jacqueline jons. douglas h. keefe. tuevo kohonen. bernice laden. pauli laine. otto laske. marc leman. j. p. lewis. christoph lischka. d. gareth loy. ben miller. michael mozer. samir i. sayegh. hajime sano. todd soukup. don scarborough. kalev tiits. peter m. todd. kari torkkola.

Philosophy and Connectionist Theory

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Author by : William Ramsey
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1134755090
Identifier : 9781134755097
Release : 2013-06-17
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Philosophy And Connectionist Theory by William Ramsey and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the philosophy of cognitive science has recently become one of the most exciting and fastest growing domains of philosophical inquiry and analysis. until the early 1980s, nearly all of the models developed treated cognitive processes -- like problem solving, language comprehension, memory, and higher visual processing -- as rule-governed symbol manipulation. however, this situation has changed dramatically over the last half dozen years. in that period there has been an enormous shift of attention toward connectionist models of cognition that are inspired by the network-like architecture of the brain. because of their unique architecture and style of processing, connectionist systems are generally regarded as radically different from the more traditional symbol manipulation models. this collection was designed to provide philosophers who have been working in the area of cognitive science with a forum for expressing their views on these recent developments. because the symbol-manipulating paradigm has been so important to the work of contemporary philosophers, many have watched the emergence of connectionism with considerable interest. the contributors take very different stands toward connectionism, but all agree that the potential exists for a radical shift in the way many philosophers think of various aspects of cognition. exploring this potential and other philosophical dimensions of connectionist research is the aim of this volume.

Connectionism Theory and Practice

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Author by : Steven Davis
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 9780195360356
Identifier : 0195360354
Release : 1992-08-20
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Computers
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Connectionism and the Philosophy of Mind

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Author by : T. Horgan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 472
Isbn : 9780792314820
Identifier : 0792314824
Release : 1991-10-31
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And The Philosophy Of Mind by T. Horgan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this series will include monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, information and data processing systems of all kinds, no matter whether human, (other) animal, or machine. its scope is intended to span the full range of interests from classical problems in the philosophy of mind and philosophical psychology through issues in cognitive psychology and sociobiology (concerning the mental capabilities of other species) to ideas related to artificial intelligence and to computer science. while primary emphasis will be placed upon theoretical, conceptual and epistemological aspects of these problems and domains, empirical, experimental and methodological studies will also appear from time to time. one of the most, if not the most, exciting developments within cognitive science has been the emergence of connectionism as an alternative to the computational conception of the mind that tends to dominate the discipline. in this volume, john tienson and terence horgan have brought together a fine collection of stimulating studies on connectionism and its significance. as the introduction explains, the most pressing questions concern whether or not connectionism can provide a new conception of the nature of mentality. by focusing on the similarities and differences between connectionism and other approaches to cognitive science, the chapters of this book supply valuable resources that advance our understanding of these difficult issues. j.h.f.

Current Trends in Connectionism Proceedings of the 1995 Swedish Conference on Connectionism

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Author by : Lars F. Niklasson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 392
Isbn : 1134796250
Identifier : 9781134796250
Release : 2013-07-04
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Current Trends In Connectionism by Lars F. Niklasson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in order to build "intelligent" machines, many researchers have turned to the only naturally occurring intelligent system: the brain. for quite a while now, both the function and architecture of the brain have served as inspiration to philosophers, psychologists, computer scientists, neurobiologists, physicists and others in their quest for solving problems that seem to require intelligence in their own particular domain. the progress in the field of connectionism -- or artificial neural networks -- has had its ups and downs during its maturing years. advocates of the field pointed out the virtues of connectionist systems, dealing with low-level cognitive tasks such as visual recognition and pattern completion, and inherent properties such as generalization, fault tolerance and parallel processing. however, research in the field virtually came to a halt at the end of the 1960s when minsky and papert published their critical analysis of connectionist systems, perceptrons. in the beginning of the 1980s, the field was reborn with the appearance of new powerful learning methods which overcame many of the computational problems identified by minsky and papert. this volume is characterized by a number of different research directions distinguished by their perspectives on systems comprising interconnected sets of simple processing elements. scientists who have strong backgrounds in neurobiology concentrate on the issues involved when modelling natural systems. researchers with philosophical and psychological backgrounds stress other aspects which might not always be intuitively relevant to biology but instead are concerned with the mind and its higher-order cognitive capabilities. on the other hand, many researchers and engineers in industry take advantage of the wide applicability and mathematical properties of connectionist systems in order to solve practical problems, sacrificing even more of the principles underlying the basic idea of mimicking the function and architecture of the brain. none of these directions are right or wrong, but there has perhaps been too little exchange of knowledge and experience between them. the main purpose for organizing this conference was to bring together researchers with different backgrounds to exchange ideas and visions in the broad field of connectionism -- providing means for new insights that may push this area to another major breakthrough.

Connectionism and Meaning From Truth Conditions to Weight Representations

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Author by : Stuart A. Jackson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 360
Isbn : 9781567501582
Identifier : 1567501583
Release : 1996
Publisher by : Intellect Books
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And Meaning by Stuart A. Jackson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book is a theoretical investigation into meaning - computationally driven, philosophically inspired and psychologically motivated. concepts from formal and psychological semantics, the philosophy of mind and computational theory are examined and combined within the burgeoning new framework of connectionist cognitive science.

Connectionism and the Philosophy of Psychology

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Author by : Terence Horgan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 207
Isbn : 9780262082488
Identifier : 0262082489
Release : 1996
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And The Philosophy Of Psychology by Terence Horgan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "horgan and tienson's connectionism and the philosophy of psychology develops an outline of a truly original theory of cognition. no one interested in the theory of cognitive architecture can afford to ignore this book." -- brian p. mclaughlin, professor of philosophy, rutgers university "a fascinating read. the book is original and thought-provoking. horgan and tienson has staked out a new and sophisticated position on cognition, which is likely to find a very wide audience indeed in both philosophy and cognitive science." -- michael tye, professor of philosophy, temple university; visiting professor of philosophy, king's college, london human cognition is soft. it is too flexible, too rich, and too open-ended to be captured by hard (precise, exceptionless) rules of the sort that can constitute a computer program. in connectionism and the philosophy of psychology, horgan and tienson articulate and defend a new view of cognition. in place of the classical paradigm that take the mind to be a computer (or a group of linked computers), they propose that the mind is best understood as a dynamical system realized in a neural network. although horgan and tienson assert that cognition cannot be understood in classical terms of the algorithm-governed manipulation of symbols, they don't abandon syntax. instead, they insist that human cognition is symbolic, and that cognitive processes are sensitive to the structure of symbols in the brain: the very richness of cognition requires a system of mental representations within which there are syntactically complex symbols and structure-sensitive processing. however, syntactic constituentsneed not be parts of complex representations, and structure sensitive processes need not conform to algorithms. cognition requires a language of thought, but a language of thought implicated in processes that are not governed by hard rules. instead, symbols are generated and transformed in response to interacting cognitive forces, which are determined by multiple, simultaneous, (robustly) soft constraints. thus, cognitive processes conform to soft (ceteris paribus) laws, rather than to hard laws. cognitive forces are subserved by, but not identical with, physical forces in a network; the organization and the interaction of cognitive forces are best understood in terms of the mathematical theory of dynamical systems. the concluding chapter elaborates the authors' proposed dynamical cognition framework. "a bradford book"

Connectionism A Hands-on Approach

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Author by : Michael R. W. Dawson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 1405143894
Identifier : 9781405143899
Release : 2008-04-15
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Connectionism by Michael R. W. Dawson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. connectionism is a “hands on” introduction toconnectionist modeling through practical exercises in differenttypes of connectionist architectures. explores three different types of connectionist architectures– distributed associative memory, perceptron, and multilayerperceptron provides a brief overview of each architecture, a detailedintroduction on how to use a program to explore this network, and aseries of practical exercises that are designed to highlight theadvantages, and disadvantages, of each accompanied by a website athttp://www.bcp.psych.ualberta.ca/~mike/book3/ that includespractice exercises and software, as well as the files and blankexercise sheets required for performing the exercises designed to be used as a stand-alone volume or alongsideminds and machines: connectionism and psychological modeling(by michael r.w. dawson, blackwell 2004)

Turing’s Connectionism An Investigation of Neural Network Architectures

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Author by : Christof Teuscher
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 1447101618
Identifier : 9781447101611
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Turing S Connectionism by Christof Teuscher and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. christof teuscher revives, analyzes, and simulates turing's ideas, applying them to different types of problems, and building and training turing's machines using evolutionary algorithms. in a little known paper entitled 'intelligent machinery' turing investigated connectionist networks, but his work was dismissed as a 'schoolboy essay'and it was left unpublished until 1968, 14 years after his death. this is not a book about today's (classical) neural networks, but about the neuron network-like structures proposed by turing. one of its novel features is that it actually goes beyond turing's ideas by proposing new machines. the book also contains a foreward by b. jack copeland and d. proudfoot.

Social Connectionism A Reader and Handbook for Simulations

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Author by : Frank Van Overwalle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 536
Isbn : 1134956134
Identifier : 9781134956135
Release : 2013-03-07
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Social Connectionism by Frank Van Overwalle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many of our thoughts and decisions occur without us being conscious of them taking place; connectionism attempts to reveal the internal hidden dynamics that drive the thoughts and actions of both individuals and groups. connectionist modeling is a radically innovative approach to theorising in psychology, and more recently in the field of social psychology. the connectionist perspective interprets human cognition as a dynamic and adaptive system that learns from its own direct experiences or through indirect communication from others. social connectionism offers an overview of the most recent theoretical developments of connectionist models in social psychology. the volume is divided into four sections, beginning with an introduction and overview of social connectionism. this is followed by chapters on causal attribution, person and group impression formation, and attitudes. each chapter is followed by simulation exercises that can be carried out using the fit simulation program; these guided exercises allow the reader to reproduce published results. social connectionism will be invaluable to graduate students and researchers primarily in the field of social psychology, but also in cognitive psychology and connectionist modeling.

Connectionism and the Mind

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Author by : William Bechtel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 349
Isbn : 9780631165774
Identifier : 0631165770
Release : 1991-09-02
Publisher by : Wiley-Blackwell
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And The Mind by William Bechtel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. something remarkable is happening in the cognitive sciences. after a quarter of a century of cognitive models that were inspired by the metaphor of the digital computer, the newest cognitive models are inspired by the properties of the brain itself. variously referred to as connectionist, parallel distributed processing, or neutral network models, they explore the idea that complex intellectual operations can be carried out by large networks of simple, neuron-like units. the units themselves are identical, very low-level and 'stupid'. intelligent performance is derived from the pattern of connection strengths between units, and the fundamental cognitive activity is pattern recognition and completion. connectionism and the mind provides an introduction to this newly emerging approach to understanding the mind. the first few chapters focus on network architecture, offering accessible treatment of the equations that describe learning and the propagation of activation (including a glossary for reference). furthermore, the reader is walked step-by-step through the activities of networks engaged in pattern recognition, learning, and cognitive tasks such as memory retrieval and prototype formation. the remainder of the book addresses the implications of connectionism for theories of the mind, both philosophical and psychological. foe example: what role is played by pattern recognition and completion as basic as cognitive functions? connectionist models have particular strength in learning and pattern recognition; should they be limited to those functions, or can they provide an overall account of cognitive functioning? in particular, can connectionist models provide an adequate account of the ability to employ linguistic and other symbol systems, or must an adequate system incorporate symbol processing as a basic cognitive capacity? finally, connectionism and the mind examines the relation of connectionist models to philosophical accounts of propositional attitudes, and to a variety of other inquiries in cognitive psychology, linguistics, developmental psychology, artificial intelligence and neuroscience.

Author by : Jose Mira
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 848
Isbn : 3540422374
Identifier : 9783540422372
Release : 2001-06-05
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Bio Inspired Applications Of Connectionism by Jose Mira and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book constitutes, together with its companion lncs 2084, the refereed proceedings of the 6th international work-conference on artificial and natural neural networks, iwann 2001, held in granada, spain in june 2001. the 200 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. the papers are organized in sections on foundations of connectionism, biophysical models of neurons, structural and functional models of neurons, learning and other plasticity phenomena, complex systems dynamics, artificial intelligence and cognitive processes, methodology for nets design, nets simulation and implementation, bio-inspired systems and engineering, and other applications in a variety of fields.