Connectionism

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Connectionism Theory and Practice

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Author by : Steven Davis
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 9780195360356
Identifier : 0195360354
Release : 1992-08-20
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Computers
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Music and Connectionism

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Author by : Peter M. Todd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 268
Isbn : 9780262200813
Identifier : 0262200813
Release : 1991
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Music
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Description : Read Now Music And Connectionism by Peter M. Todd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as one of our highest expressions of thought and creativity, music has always been a difficult realm to capture, model, and understand. the connectionist paradigm, now beginning to provide insights into many realms of human behavior, offers a new and unified viewpoint from which to investigate the subtleties of musical experience. music and connectionism provides a fresh approach to both fields, using the techniques of connectionism and parallel distributed processing to look at a wide range of topics in music research, from pitch perception to chord fingering to composition.the contributors, leading researchers in both music psychology and neural networks, address the challenges and opportunities of musical applications of network models. the result is a current and thorough survey of the field that advances understanding of musical phenomena encompassing perception, cognition, composition, and performance, and in methods for network design and analysis.peter m. todd is a doctoral candidate in the pdp research group of the psychology department at stanford university. gareth loy is an award-winning composer, a lecturer in the music department of the university of california, san diego, and a member of the technical staff of frox inc.contributors. jamshed j. bharucha. peter desain. mark dolson. robert gjerclingen. henkjan honing. b. keith jenkins. jacqueline jons. douglas h. keefe. tuevo kohonen. bernice laden. pauli laine. otto laske. marc leman. j. p. lewis. christoph lischka. d. gareth loy. ben miller. michael mozer. samir i. sayegh. hajime sano. todd soukup. don scarborough. kalev tiits. peter m. todd. kari torkkola.

Philosophy and Connectionist Theory

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Author by : William Ramsey
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1134755090
Identifier : 9781134755097
Release : 2013-06-17
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Philosophy And Connectionist Theory by William Ramsey and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the philosophy of cognitive science has recently become one of the most exciting and fastest growing domains of philosophical inquiry and analysis. until the early 1980s, nearly all of the models developed treated cognitive processes -- like problem solving, language comprehension, memory, and higher visual processing -- as rule-governed symbol manipulation. however, this situation has changed dramatically over the last half dozen years. in that period there has been an enormous shift of attention toward connectionist models of cognition that are inspired by the network-like architecture of the brain. because of their unique architecture and style of processing, connectionist systems are generally regarded as radically different from the more traditional symbol manipulation models. this collection was designed to provide philosophers who have been working in the area of cognitive science with a forum for expressing their views on these recent developments. because the symbol-manipulating paradigm has been so important to the work of contemporary philosophers, many have watched the emergence of connectionism with considerable interest. the contributors take very different stands toward connectionism, but all agree that the potential exists for a radical shift in the way many philosophers think of various aspects of cognition. exploring this potential and other philosophical dimensions of connectionist research is the aim of this volume.

Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology The Legacy of Alan Turing

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Author by : Millican Clark
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 281
Isbn : 9780198235941
Identifier : 0198235941
Release : 1996-11-28
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Connectionism Concepts And Folk Psychology by Millican Clark and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this is the second of two volumes of essays in commemoration of alan turing, who pioneered computing theory in the middle of this century. a distinguished international cast of contributors offer original investigations of key theories in contemporary philosophy of mind and cognitive science, celebrating turing's intellectual legacy in these fields. all essays are specially written for this volume.

Connectionism A Hands-on Approach

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Author by : Michael R. W. Dawson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 1405143894
Identifier : 9781405143899
Release : 2008-04-15
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Connectionism by Michael R. W. Dawson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. connectionism is a “hands on” introduction toconnectionist modeling through practical exercises in differenttypes of connectionist architectures. explores three different types of connectionist architectures– distributed associative memory, perceptron, and multilayerperceptron provides a brief overview of each architecture, a detailedintroduction on how to use a program to explore this network, and aseries of practical exercises that are designed to highlight theadvantages, and disadvantages, of each accompanied by a website athttp://www.bcp.psych.ualberta.ca/~mike/book3/ that includespractice exercises and software, as well as the files and blankexercise sheets required for performing the exercises designed to be used as a stand-alone volume or alongsideminds and machines: connectionism and psychological modeling(by michael r.w. dawson, blackwell 2004)

Connectionism and the Philosophy of Psychology

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Author by : Terence Horgan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 207
Isbn : 9780262082488
Identifier : 0262082489
Release : 1996
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And The Philosophy Of Psychology by Terence Horgan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "horgan and tienson's connectionism and the philosophy of psychology develops an outline of a truly original theory of cognition. no one interested in the theory of cognitive architecture can afford to ignore this book." -- brian p. mclaughlin, professor of philosophy, rutgers university "a fascinating read. the book is original and thought-provoking. horgan and tienson has staked out a new and sophisticated position on cognition, which is likely to find a very wide audience indeed in both philosophy and cognitive science." -- michael tye, professor of philosophy, temple university; visiting professor of philosophy, king's college, london human cognition is soft. it is too flexible, too rich, and too open-ended to be captured by hard (precise, exceptionless) rules of the sort that can constitute a computer program. in connectionism and the philosophy of psychology, horgan and tienson articulate and defend a new view of cognition. in place of the classical paradigm that take the mind to be a computer (or a group of linked computers), they propose that the mind is best understood as a dynamical system realized in a neural network. although horgan and tienson assert that cognition cannot be understood in classical terms of the algorithm-governed manipulation of symbols, they don't abandon syntax. instead, they insist that human cognition is symbolic, and that cognitive processes are sensitive to the structure of symbols in the brain: the very richness of cognition requires a system of mental representations within which there are syntactically complex symbols and structure-sensitive processing. however, syntactic constituentsneed not be parts of complex representations, and structure sensitive processes need not conform to algorithms. cognition requires a language of thought, but a language of thought implicated in processes that are not governed by hard rules. instead, symbols are generated and transformed in response to interacting cognitive forces, which are determined by multiple, simultaneous, (robustly) soft constraints. thus, cognitive processes conform to soft (ceteris paribus) laws, rather than to hard laws. cognitive forces are subserved by, but not identical with, physical forces in a network; the organization and the interaction of cognitive forces are best understood in terms of the mathematical theory of dynamical systems. the concluding chapter elaborates the authors' proposed dynamical cognition framework. "a bradford book"

Connectionism and the Philosophy of Mind

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Author by : T. Horgan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 473
Isbn : 940113524X
Identifier : 9789401135245
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And The Philosophy Of Mind by T. Horgan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this series will include monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, information and data processing systems of all kinds, no matter whether human, (other) animal, or machine. its scope is intended to span the full range of interests from classical problems in the philosophy of mind and philosophical psychology through issues in cognitive psychology and sociobiology (concerning the mental capabilities of other species) to ideas related to artificial intelligence and to computer science. while primary emphasis will be placed upon theoretical, conceptual and epistemological aspects of these problems and domains, empirical, experimental and methodological studies will also appear from time to time. one of the most, if not the most, exciting developments within cognitive science has been the emergence of connectionism as an alternative to the computational conception of the mind that tends to dominate the discipline. in this volume, john tienson and terence horgan have brought together a fine collection of stimulating studies on connectionism and its significance. as the introduction explains, the most pressing questions concern whether or not connectionism can provide a new conception of the nature of mentality. by focusing on the similarities and differences between connectionism and other approaches to cognitive science, the chapters of this book supply valuable resources that advance our understanding of these difficult issues. j.h.f.

Philosophy and Memory Traces Descartes to Connectionism

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Author by : John Sutton
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 372
Isbn : 9780521591942
Identifier : 0521591945
Release : 1998-03-05
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Philosophy And Memory Traces by John Sutton and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this study offers interpretations of theories of memory and the body from descartes to coleridge.

Connectionism and Psychology A Psychological Perspective on New Connectionist Research

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Author by : Philip T. Quinlan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 293
Isbn : 9780226699608
Identifier : 0226699609
Release : 1991
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Connectionism And Psychology by Philip T. Quinlan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the rapid growth of neural network research has led to a major reappraisal of many fundamental assumptions in cognitive and perceptual psychology. this text—aimed at the advanced undergraduate and beginning postgraduate student—is an in-depth guide to those aspects of neural network research that are of direct relevance to human information processing. examples of new connectionist models of learning, vision, language and thought are described in detail. both neurological and psychological considerations are used in assessing its theoretical contributions. the status of the basic predicates like exclusive-or is examined, the limitations of perceptrons are explained and properties of multi-layer networks are described in terms of many examples of psychological processes. the history of neural networks is discussed from a psychological perspective which examines why certain issues have become important. the book ends with a general critique of the new connectionist approach. it is clear that new connectionism work provides a distinctive framework for thinking about central questions in cognition and perception. this new textbook provides a clear and useful introduction to its theories and applications.

Current Trends in Connectionism Proceedings of the 1995 Swedish Conference on Connectionism

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Author by : Lars F. Niklasson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 392
Isbn : 1134796250
Identifier : 9781134796250
Release : 2013-07-04
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Current Trends In Connectionism by Lars F. Niklasson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in order to build "intelligent" machines, many researchers have turned to the only naturally occurring intelligent system: the brain. for quite a while now, both the function and architecture of the brain have served as inspiration to philosophers, psychologists, computer scientists, neurobiologists, physicists and others in their quest for solving problems that seem to require intelligence in their own particular domain. the progress in the field of connectionism -- or artificial neural networks -- has had its ups and downs during its maturing years. advocates of the field pointed out the virtues of connectionist systems, dealing with low-level cognitive tasks such as visual recognition and pattern completion, and inherent properties such as generalization, fault tolerance and parallel processing. however, research in the field virtually came to a halt at the end of the 1960s when minsky and papert published their critical analysis of connectionist systems, perceptrons. in the beginning of the 1980s, the field was reborn with the appearance of new powerful learning methods which overcame many of the computational problems identified by minsky and papert. this volume is characterized by a number of different research directions distinguished by their perspectives on systems comprising interconnected sets of simple processing elements. scientists who have strong backgrounds in neurobiology concentrate on the issues involved when modelling natural systems. researchers with philosophical and psychological backgrounds stress other aspects which might not always be intuitively relevant to biology but instead are concerned with the mind and its higher-order cognitive capabilities. on the other hand, many researchers and engineers in industry take advantage of the wide applicability and mathematical properties of connectionist systems in order to solve practical problems, sacrificing even more of the principles underlying the basic idea of mimicking the function and architecture of the brain. none of these directions are right or wrong, but there has perhaps been too little exchange of knowledge and experience between them. the main purpose for organizing this conference was to bring together researchers with different backgrounds to exchange ideas and visions in the broad field of connectionism -- providing means for new insights that may push this area to another major breakthrough.

New Perspectives on Cybernetics Self-Organization, Autonomy and Connectionism

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Author by : G. Vijver
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 252
Isbn : 9780792315193
Identifier : 0792315197
Release : 1992
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Description : Read Now New Perspectives On Cybernetics by G. Vijver and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. gertrudis van de vijver· seminar of logic and epistemology university of ghent before being classified under the fashionable denominators of complexity and chaos, self-organization and autonomy were intensely inquired into in the cybernetic tradition. despite all rejections that cybernetics has gone through in the second half of this century, today its importance is more and more recognized. its decisive influence for connectionist theories, autopoietic and constructivist theories, for different forms of applied or experimental epistemology, is being more and more understood and generally accepted. it is mainly due to the success of connectionist models that we observe today a revival of interest for cybernetics. the 1943 article by mcculloch and pitts is evidently a founding article. cybernetics has however a much broader interest than the one linked to technical-mathematical details relevant to the construction of networks. for instance, the evolution from first to second order cybernetics, the ways of approaching biological and cognitive phenomena in the latter and the limits that were formulated there, are particularly meaningful to understand current developments and divergences in connectionism. a nuanced picture of cybernetic's history and its present state is therefore clearly epistemologically essential.

Turing’s Connectionism An Investigation of Neural Network Architectures

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Author by : Christof Teuscher
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 1447101618
Identifier : 9781447101611
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Turing S Connectionism by Christof Teuscher and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. christof teuscher revives, analyzes, and simulates turing's ideas, applying them to different types of problems, and building and training turing's machines using evolutionary algorithms. in a little known paper entitled 'intelligent machinery' turing investigated connectionist networks, but his work was dismissed as a 'schoolboy essay'and it was left unpublished until 1968, 14 years after his death. this is not a book about today's (classical) neural networks, but about the neuron network-like structures proposed by turing. one of its novel features is that it actually goes beyond turing's ideas by proposing new machines. the book also contains a foreward by b. jack copeland and d. proudfoot.