Costs Of Sprawl

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Costs of Sprawl--2000

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Author by : Robert W. Burchell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 605
Isbn :
Identifier : UVA:X004612130
Release : 2002
Publisher by : Transportation Research Board
Category : Reference
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Description : Read Now Costs Of Sprawl 2000 by Robert W. Burchell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. describes urban sprawl and its effects. the report begins with background historical information and then analyzes the impact of sprawl on resources, including land conversion, water and sewer infrastructure, local road infrastructure, local public-service costs, and real estate development costs. personal costs of sprawl are then described in terms of travel miles, travel costs, and quality of life. the report ends with a discussion of the benefits of sprawl and ways to reduce the negative effects.

Author by : Real Estate Research Corporation
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : MINN:319510028133779
Release : 1974
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Externalities (Economics)
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The Costs of Sprawl Executive Summary

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Author by : Council on Environmental Quality (U.S.)
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 15
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105130072767
Release : 1974
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Costs of Sprawl

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Author by : Reid Ewing
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 170
Isbn : 1317240030
Identifier : 9781317240037
Release : 2017-06-26
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now Costs Of Sprawl by Reid Ewing and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. across the nation, the debate over metropolitan sprawl and its impact has become pivotal to urban planning. a decade and a half ago, smart growth america and the u.s. environmental protection agency sought to raise the level of the debate by sponsoring groundbreaking research to quantitatively measure sprawl and its quality-of-life impacts. the resulting measures are widely used in urban research and public health. costs of sprawl provides a panoramic guide to urban form in america, measures sprawl for metropolitan areas, urbanized areas, and counties, and studies the relationship between sprawl and quality-of-life outcomes. from this preliminary investigation, it looks like the costs of sprawl are varied and substantial, and the alternative of compact development is far superior. an essential read for researchers, planners, urban designers, policy makers, and smart growth advocates in the u.s. and abroad, this book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of one of the most critical issues in planning today.

Author by : Real Estate Research Corporation
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : IND:30000102101874
Release : 1974
Publisher by : no defined
Category : City planning and redevelopment law
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Sprawl Costs Economic Impacts of Unchecked Development

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Author by : Robert Burchell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 9781597262507
Identifier : 1597262501
Release : 2005-06-29
Publisher by : Island Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Sprawl Costs by Robert Burchell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the environmental impacts of sprawling development have been well documented, but few comprehensive studies have examined its economic costs. in 1996, a team of experts undertook a multi-year study designed to provide quantitative measures of the costs and benefits of different forms of growth. sprawl costs presents a concise and readable summary of the results of that study. the authors analyze the extent of sprawl, define an alternative, more compact form of growth, project the magnitude and location of future growth, and compare what the total costs of those two forms of growth would be if each was applied throughout the nation. they analyze the likely effects of continued sprawl, consider policy options, and discuss examples of how more compact growth would compare with sprawl in particular regions. finally, they evaluate whether compact growth is likely to produce the benefits claimed by its advocates. the book represents a comprehensive and objective analysis of the costs and benefits of different approaches to growth, and gives decision-makers and others concerned with planning and land use realistic and useful data on the implications of various options and policies.

The Costs of Sprawl--revisited

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Author by : Robert W. Burchell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 268
Isbn :
Identifier : UVA:X004263163
Release : 1998
Publisher by : Transportation Research Board
Category : Automobile driving
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Description : Read Now The Costs Of Sprawl Revisited by Robert W. Burchell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. provides a working definition of sprawl and its associated costs, then provides historical discussion, dating back to the early 1920s when zoning acts were initially developed, and to the 1950s when the term sprawl entered the planning literature. it also systematically presents the literature on sprawl in chapters that focus on the following major areas of impact: public/private capital and operating costs; transportation and travel costs; land/natural habitat preservation; quality of life; and social issues. finally, the report presents annotations of studies, organized in chapters that focus on the same five major impact areas as section ii.

The Costs of Sprawl: Literature review and bibliography

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Author by : Real Estate Research Corporation
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015057711924
Release : 1974
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Externalities (Economics)
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From Sprawl to Sustainability Smart Growth, New Urbanism, Green Development, and Renewable Energy

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Author by : Robert H. Freilich
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 9781604428124
Identifier : 1604428120
Release : 2010
Publisher by : American Bar Association
Category : City planning and redevelopment law
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The Costs of Urban Sprawl on Portuguese Municipalities in 2011

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Author by : Marcos Correia
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : OCLC:950948033
Release : 2015
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Costs Of Urban Sprawl On Portuguese Municipalities In 2011 by Marcos Correia and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. urban sprawl is a type of urban growth which is generally considered as mainly negative that entails a series of negative impacts. one specific negative impact is the higher municipal direct monetary costs associated with it, when compared with other types of urban growth, e.g. compact city (1). municipal monetary costs are related with the construction, management, operation and maintenance of infrastructures, such as roads, sewerage, water supply, communications and energy; and services such as garbage collection, recycling, postal service and transportation (including school transport). usually, these costs are, directly and indirectly, supported by the municipal government (2). the association between sprawl and higher municipal costs is related with the over extension of infra-structures and services to serve a fragmented low density urban space. nevertheless there is a paradox at work here, since sprawled urban development could act as a source of revenues to a municipality (e.g. urbanization and construction licenses and tax revenues), but in the long term the costs to maintain such paradigm will be higher than the revenues obtained (2). the objective of this work is to assess and associate the aforementioned costs to higher levels of and to different manifestations of sprawl. for that we collected data on a sample of 60 municipalities, which are classified as medium cities in portugal. for this assessment, a dataset composed by each municipality?s census subsections of 2011, containing demographic information, and developed on arcgis ®, will be developed. sprawl indicators will be built focusing on the following dimensions: population density, building densities and type of urban space, to account for fragmentation and dispersions patterns; and the irregularity of urban forms; correlation analysis and regression models will be built between the sprawl indicators and the monetary costs of the municipalities, to assess if sprawl is correlated or not with higher costs, while controlling for other aspect like municipality size, region administrative and political structure. these costs are to be extracted from municipal annual budgets, and it will include the budget lines related with the development and maintenance of municipalities infrastructures and services, namely: roads; sewerages; water supply; garbage and recycle recollection; transportation; green spaces; and cultural and sports facilities. the obtained results are discussed both in terms of its accordance with previous findings in the literature as well as its policy implications. 1 carruthers, j.i. & ulfarsson, g.f., 2003. urban sprawl and the cost of public services. environment and planning b-planning & design, 30, pp. 503?522. 2 carter, n. & silva, f.n. da, 2001. recent changes in territorial planning and the system for controling urban development in portugal. transportation research part a-policy and practice, 3, pp. 341?370.

The Limitless City A Primer on the Urban Sprawl Debate

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Author by : Oliver Gillham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 9781597263498
Identifier : 1597263494
Release : 2002-03
Publisher by : Island Press
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now The Limitless City by Oliver Gillham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. one of the great debates of our time concerns the predominant form of land use in america today -- the all too familiar pattern of commercial and residential development known as sprawl. but what do we really know about sprawl? do we know what it is? where did it come from? is it really so bad? if so, what are the alternatives? can anything be done to make it better? the limitless city offers an accessible examination of those and related questions. oliver gillham, an architect and planner with more than twenty-five years of experience in the field, considers the history and development of sprawl and examines current debates about the issue. the book: offers a comprehensive definition of sprawl in america traces the roots of sprawl and considers the factors that led to its preeminence as an urban and suburban form reviews both its negative impacts (loss of open space, increased pollution, gridlock) as well as its positive aspects (economic development, personal freedom, privacy) considers responses to sprawl including "smart growth," urban growth boundaries, regional planning, and the new urbanism looks at what can be done to improve and counterbalance sprawl the author argues that whether we like it or not, sprawl is here to stay, and only by understanding where it came from and why it developed will we be able to successfully address the problems it has created and is likely to create in the future. the limitless city is the first book to provide a realistic look at sprawl, with a frank recognition of its status as the predominant urban form in america, now and into the near future. rather than railing against it, gillham charts its probable future course while describing critical efforts that can be undertaken to improve the future of sprawl and our existing urban core areas.

Sprawl A Compact History

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Author by : Robert Bruegmann
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 306
Isbn : 9780226076973
Identifier : 0226076970
Release : 2008-09-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Sprawl by Robert Bruegmann and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as anyone who has flown into los angeles at dusk or houston at midday knows, urban areas today defy traditional notions of what a city is. our old definitions of urban, suburban, and rural fail to capture the complexity of these vast regions with their superhighways, subdivisions, industrial areas, office parks, and resort areas pushing far out into the countryside. detractors call it sprawl and assert that it is economically inefficient, socially inequitable, environmentally irresponsible, and aesthetically ugly. robert bruegmann calls it a logical consequence of economic growth and the democratization of society, with benefits that urban planners have failed to recognize. in his incisive history of the expanded city, bruegmann overturns every assumption we have about sprawl. taking a long view of urban development, he demonstrates that sprawl is neither recent nor particularly american but as old as cities themselves, just as characteristic of ancient rome and eighteenth-century paris as it is of atlanta or los angeles. nor is sprawl the disaster claimed by many contemporary observers. although sprawl, like any settlement pattern, has undoubtedly produced problems that must be addressed, it has also provided millions of people with the kinds of mobility, privacy, and choice that were once the exclusive prerogatives of the rich and powerful. the first major book to strip urban sprawl of its pejorative connotations, sprawl offers a completely new vision of the city and its growth. bruegmann leads readers to the powerful conclusion that "in its immense complexity and constant change, the city-whether dense and concentrated at its core, looser and more sprawling in suburbia, or in the vast tracts of exurban penumbra that extend dozens, even hundreds, of miles-is the grandest and most marvelous work of mankind." “largely missing from this debate [over sprawl] has been a sound and reasoned history of this pattern of living. with robert bruegmann’s sprawl: a compact history, we now have one. what a pleasure it is: well-written, accessible and eager to challenge the current cant about sprawl.”—joel kotkin, the wall street journal “there are scores of books offering ‘solutions’ to sprawl. their authors would do well to read this book.”—witold rybczynski, slate