Crop Protection In Medieval Agriculture

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Crop Protection in Medieval Agriculture Studies in pre-modern organic agriculture

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Author by : Jan C. Zadoks
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 330
Isbn : 9088901872
Identifier : 9789088901874
Release : 2013-10-16
Publisher by : Sidestone Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Crop Protection In Medieval Agriculture by Jan C. Zadoks and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. mediterranean and west european pre-modern agriculture (agriculture before 1600) was by necessity ‘organic agriculture’. crop protection is part and parcel of this agriculture, with weed control in the forefront. crop protection is embedded in the medieval agronomy text books but specialised sections do occur. weeds, insects and diseases are described but identification in modern terms is not easy. the pre-modern ‘crop portfolio’ is well filled, certainly in the mediterranean area. the medieval ‘pest portfolio’ differs from the modern one because agriculture then was a low external input agriculture, and because the proportion of cultivated to non-cultivated land was drastically lower than today. the pre-modern ‘control portfolio’ is surprisingly rich, both in preventive and interventive measures. prevention was by risk management, intensive tillage, and careful storage. intervention was mechanical and chemical. chemical intervention used natural substances such as sulphur, pitch, and ‘botanicals’. some fifty plant species are mentioned in a crop protection context. though application methods look rather modern they are typically low-tech. among them are seed disinfection, spraying, dusting, fumigation, grease banding, wound care, and hand-picking but also scarification, now outdated. the reality of pest outbreaks and other damages is explored as to frequency, intensity, and extent. information on the practical use of the recommended treatments is scanty. if applied, their effectiveness remains enigmatic. three medieval agronomists are at the heart of this book, but historical developments in crop protection from early punic, greek, and roman authors to the first modern author are outlined. the readership of these writers was the privileged class of landowners but hints pointing to the exchange of ideas between them and the common peasant were found. consideration is given to the pre-modern reasoning in matters of crop protection. comparison of pre-modern crop protection and its counterpart in modern organic agriculture is difficult because of drastic changes in the relation between crop areas and non-crop areas, and because of the great difference in yield levels then and now, with several associated differences.

Neglected Crops 1492 from a Different Perspective

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Author by : J. Esteban Hernández Bermejo
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 341
Isbn : 9789251032176
Identifier : 9251032173
Release : 1994-01-01
Publisher by : Food & Agriculture Org.
Category : Crops
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Early Medieval Agriculture, Livestock and Cereal Production in Ireland, AD 400-1100

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Author by : Finbar McCormick
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 698
Isbn : 9781407312866
Identifier : 1407312863
Release : 2014
Publisher by : British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Early Medieval Agriculture Livestock And Cereal Production In Ireland Ad 400 1100 by Finbar McCormick and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book describes, collates and analyses the archaeological, zooarchaeological and palaeobotanical evidence for agriculture, livestock and cereal production in early medieval ireland, ad 400-1100, particularly as revealed through archaeological excavations in ireland since 1930. it is based on the research of the heritage council-funded early medieval archaeology project (emap), a collaborative research project between university college dublin and queens university belfast, supported by the irish government department of arts, heritage and the gaeltacht. providing a range of insights into farmsteads and field enclosures, livestock management (particularly of cattle) and crop cultivation, along with a series of datasets presented in tables and gazetteer descriptions, it is arguably amongst the most detailed, focused and comprehensive analyses of early agricultural practice in its social and economic contexts in europe, and the wider world.

Crop Protection and Sustainable Agriculture

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Author by : Derek J. Chadwick
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 0470514485
Identifier : 9780470514481
Release : 2008-04-30
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Crop Protection And Sustainable Agriculture by Derek J. Chadwick and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the increase in the world population and changes in welfare have led to an enormously expanding demand for food. in the industrialized world, food surpluses rather than shortages are a problem together with adverse environmental impacts from the overuse of chemicals and excessive exploitation of agricultural land. in the developing world, food production cannot keep up with population growth and the gap between demand and supply is growing. this book explores the theme of sustainable agricultural development in the developing world, with a particular focus on crop protection. includes chapters on the ecology of food production, on sustainable agriculture and crop protection methods, on the economics of food production and more.

Sustainable Agrochemistry A Compendium of Technologies

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Author by : Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 393
Isbn : 3030178919
Identifier : 9783030178918
Release : 2019
Publisher by : Springer
Category : SCIENCE
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Description : Read Now Sustainable Agrochemistry by Sílvio Vaz Jr. and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book presents a broad range of technologies for sustainable agrochemistry, e.g. semiochemicals for pest management, nanotechnology for release of eco-friendly agrochemicals, and green chemistry principles for agriculture. it provides a concise introduction to sustainable agrochemistry for a professional audience, and highlights the main scientific and technological approaches that can be applied to modern agrochemistry. it also discusses various available technologies for reducing the negative impacts of agrochemicals on the environment and human health.

History of the Italian Agricultural Landscape

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Author by : Emilio Sereni
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 436
Isbn : 1400864453
Identifier : 9781400864454
Release : 2014-07-14
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now History Of The Italian Agricultural Landscape by Emilio Sereni and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. emilio sereni's classic work is now available in an english language edition. history of the italian agricultural landscape is a synthesis of the agricultural history of italy in its economic, social, and ecological context, from antiquity to the mid-twentieth century. from his perspective in the italian tradition of cultural marxism, sereni guides the reader through the millennial changes that have affected the agriculture and ecology of the regions of italy, as well as through the successes and failures of farmers and technicians in antiquity, the middle ages, the renaissance, and the industrial revolution. in this sweeping historical survey, he describes attempts by successive generations to adapt italy's natural environment for the purposes of agriculture and to respond to its changing ecological problems. history of the italian agricultural landscape first appeared in 1961. at the time of its publication it was a pathbreaking work, parallel in its importance for italy to marc bloc's masterwork of 1931, the original characteristics of french rural history. sereni invented the concept of the historical "agricultural landscape": an interdisciplinary characterization of rural life involving economic and social history, linguistics, archeology, art history, and ecological studies. originally published in 1997. the princeton legacy library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of princeton university press. these editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. the goal of the princeton legacy library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by princeton university press since its founding in 1905.

Medieval Agriculture, the Southern French Countryside, and the Early Cistercians: A Study of Forty-three Monasteries

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Author by : Constance Berman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 179
Isbn : 9781422374498
Identifier : 1422374491
Release : 2007-12-01
Publisher by : American Philosophical Society
Category :
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Description : Read Now Medieval Agriculture The Southern French Countryside And The Early Cistercians A Study Of Forty Three Monasteries by Constance Berman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a study of medieval agriculture, of the rural world of southern france, & of the early corporate farms of the new religious order of citeaux, founded in burgundy in 1098 & imported into southern france in the mid-12th century. it also assesses the cistercians¿ contributions to southern-french economic development in the 12th & 13th centuries. the study shows that the cistercians in that region did not acquire lands for their huge, newly consolidated farms -- the granges -- through clearance & reclamation of unoccupied lands as traditional accounts suggest, but rather through the careful purchase & reorganization of holdings which had often had a long history of cultivation. illustrations.

Silicon in Agriculture From Theory to Practice

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Author by : Yongchao Liang
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 235
Isbn : 9401799784
Identifier : 9789401799782
Release : 2015-06-18
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Silicon In Agriculture by Yongchao Liang and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book mainly presents the current state of knowledge on the use of of silicon (si) in agriculture, including plants, soils and fertilizers. at the same time, it discusses the future interdisciplinary research that will be needed to further our knowledge and potential applications of si in agriculture and in the environmental sciences in general. as the second most abundant element both on the surface of the earth’s crust and in soils, si is an agronomically essential or quasi-essential element for improving the yield and quality of crops. addressing the use of si in agriculture in both theory and practice, the book is primarily intended for graduate students and researchers in various fields of the agricultural, biological, and environmental sciences, as well as for agronomic and fertilizer industry experts and advisors. dr. yongchao liang is a full professor at the college of environmental and resource sciences of the zhejiang university, hangzhou, china. dr. miroslav nikolic is a research professor at the institute for multidisciplinary research of the university of belgrade, serbia. dr. richard bélanger is a full professor at the department of plant pathology of the laval university, canada and holder of a canada research chair in plant protection. dr. haijun gong is a full professor at college of horticulture, northwest a&f university, china. dr. alin song is an associate professor at institute of agricultural resources and regional planning, chinese academy of agricultural sciences, beijing, china.

Crop protection and sustainable agriculture

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Author by : Derek Chadwick
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 285
Isbn : 9780471939443
Identifier : 0471939447
Release : 1993-10-19
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Crop Protection And Sustainable Agriculture by Derek Chadwick and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the increase in the world population and changes in welfare have led to an enormously expanding demand for food. in the industrialized world, food surpluses rather than shortages are a problem together with adverse environmental impacts from the overuse of chemicals and excessive exploitation of agricultural land. in the developing world, food production cannot keep up with population growth and the gap between demand and supply is growing. this book explores the theme of sustainable agricultural development in the developing world, with a particular focus on crop protection. includes chapters on the ecology of food production, on sustainable agriculture and crop protection methods, on the economics of food production and more.

Medieval Folk Astronomy and Agriculture in Arabia and the Yemen

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Author by : Daniel Martin Varisco
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 338
Isbn :
Identifier : IND:30000054516996
Release : 1997-01-01
Publisher by : Variorum Publishing
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Medieval Folk Astronomy And Agriculture In Arabia And The Yemen by Daniel Martin Varisco and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the strength of professor varisco's work lies in his combination of ethnographic fieldwork among highland yemeni farmers with an extensive study of medieval arabic manuscripts on folk astronomy and agriculture. the opening articles discuss the astronomical concept of the 'lunar stations' in pre-islamic arabia and as developed in arab astronomy and almanac lore; subsequent ones expand on the significance of this for an agricultural society, and examine a unique corpus of yemeni agricultural almanacs, dating from the rasulid period (13th-15th centuries) to the present. a further theme is that of traditional yemeni agriculture, with studies on irrigation practices, plough cultivation, sorghum production, and indigenous plant protection methods, as well as the use of star calendars for seasonal markers.

History of Agriculture in India, Up to C. 1200 A.D.

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Author by : Vinod Chandra Srivastava
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 912
Isbn : 9788180695216
Identifier : 8180695212
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Concept Publishing Company
Category : Agriculture
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Description : Read Now History Of Agriculture In India Up To C 1200 A D by Vinod Chandra Srivastava and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. history of agriculture in india (up to c.1200 ad), part 1, reconstructs the evolution of agriculture in india up to c.1200ad. it is a synthesis and summation of existing knowledge on the history of agriculture in ancient india on the combined bases of archaeological and literary sources against the backdrop of asian history in general. besides summing up the existing knowledge, it opens new vistas for further research on many debated issues in the history of agriculture in ancient india. the volume addresses the vexed and controversial questions on the origin, antiquity and sources of indian agricultural history. based on researches from sites of vindhya, ganga region, plant remains, agricultural tools, pots, dental pathology, and settlement remains, it is an informed and highly researched work on the origin and antiquity of cultivation in india. for a historical study of agriculture, pali, sangam. sanskrit and the graeco-roman literatures have been utilized. art and literary sources have also been used to reconstruct history.

On the Agricultural Community of the Middle Ages And Inclosures of the Sixteenth Century in England

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Author by : Erwin Nasse
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 100
Isbn :
Identifier : OXFORD:590711294
Release : 1872
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Inclosures
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