Culture Evolves

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Culture Evolves

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Author by : Andrew Whiten
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 454
Isbn : 0199608962
Identifier : 9780199608966
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Culture Evolves by Andrew Whiten and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. culture and cultural evolution are uniquely significant phenomena in evolutionary biology: they are products of biological evolution, yet they supplement genetic transmission with social transmission, thus achieving a certain independence from natural selection. however, cultural evolution nevertheless expresses key darwinian processes itself and also interacts with genetic evolution. just how culture fits into the grander framework of evolution is a big issuethough, yet one that has received relatively little scientific attention compared to, for example, genetic evolution. culture evolves is the outcome of a major interdisciplinarymeeting held by the royal society and the british academy which explored new discoveries and controversies regarding cultural evolution - from the roots of culture in the animal kingdom to investigations of the cognitive adaptations shaping our special cultural nature. the book contains papers writeen by leading experts from the fields of ethology, behavioural ecology, primatology, comparative psychology, archaeology, anthropology, evolutionary biology and developmental psychology.

The Importance of Small Decisions How Culture Evolves

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Author by : Michael J. O'Brien
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 160
Isbn : 9780262352536
Identifier : 0262352532
Release : 2019
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Decision making
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Description : Read Now The Importance Of Small Decisions by Michael J. O'Brien and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how people make decisions in an era of too much information and fake news. humans originally evolved in a world of few choices. prehistoric, preindustrial, and predigital eras required fewer decisions than today's all-access, always-on world of too much information. economists have largely discarded the idea that agents act rationally and the market follows suit. it seems that no matter how small or innocuous a decision might seem, there's almost no way to guess the effect it might have. the authors of the importance of small decisions view decisions and their outcomes from a different perspective: as key elements in the evolution of culture. in this trailblazing book, they examine different kinds of decisions and map the outcomes, both short- and long-term. drawing on this, they introduce a map of social behavior that captures the essential elements of human decision-making. the authors look at the new england patriots' decision in 2000 to draft an underachieving college quarterback named tom brady; they consider warren buffett's investment strategy; and they chart the 'dancing landscape' of a college applicant's decision-making environment. finally, they show that decisions can be ranked according to transparency of choice and social influence. when fake news seems indistinguishable from real news and when the internet offers a cacophony of voices, they warn, we can't afford to crowdsource our decisions.

Organizational Culture and Leadership

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Author by : Edgar H. Schein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 464
Isbn : 0787985058
Identifier : 9780787985059
Release : 2006-03-24
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Organizational Culture And Leadership by Edgar H. Schein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this third edition of his classic book, edgar schein shows how to transform the abstract concept of culture into a practical tool that managers and students can use to understand the dynamics of organizations and change. organizational pioneer schein updates his influential understanding of culture--what it is, how it is created, how it evolves, and how it can be changed. focusing on today's business realities, schein draws on a wide range of contemporary research to redefine culture, offers new information on the topic of occupational cultures, and demonstrates the crucial role leaders play in successfully applying the principles of culture to achieve organizational goals. he also tackles the complex question of how an existing culture can be changed--one of the toughest challenges of leadership. the result is a vital resource for understanding and practicing organizational effectiveness.

Successful Diversity Management Initiatives A Blueprint for Planning and Implementation

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Author by : Patricia Arredondo
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 228
Isbn : 9780803972919
Identifier : 0803972911
Release : 1996-05-21
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Successful Diversity Management Initiatives by Patricia Arredondo and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. successful diversity management initiatives presents the specific phases and steps to help plan, direct, and manage strategic organizational development, and serves as a developmental model for diversity-related change.

The Corporate Culture Survival Guide

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Author by : Edgar H. Schein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 9780470494837
Identifier : 0470494832
Release : 2009-08-13
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Corporate Culture Survival Guide by Edgar H. Schein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the father of the corporate culture field and pioneer in organizational psychology on today's changing corporate culture this is the definitive guide to corporate culture for practitioners. recognized expert edgar h. schein explains what culture is and why it's important, how to evaluate your organization's culture, and how to improve it, using straightforward, practical tools based on decades of research and real-world case studies. this new edition reflects the massive changes in the business world over the past ten years, exploring the influence of globalization, new technology, and mergers on culture and organization change. new case examples help illustrate the principals at work and bring focus to emerging issues in international, nonprofit, and government organizations as well as business. organized around the questions that change agents most often ask, this new edition of the classic book will help anyone from line managers to ceos assess their culture and make it more effective. offers a new edition of a classic work with a focus on practitioners includes new case examples and information on globalization, the effects of technology, and managerial competencies covers the basics on changing culture and includes a wealth of practical advice

Biosocial Becomings Integrating Social and Biological Anthropology

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Author by : Tim Ingold
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 281
Isbn : 110702563X
Identifier : 9781107025639
Release : 2013-06-13
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Biosocial Becomings by Tim Ingold and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. going beyond the division of nature and society, this unique book explores human life as a process of biosocial becoming.

Not By Genes Alone How Culture Transformed Human Evolution

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Author by : Peter J. Richerson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 342
Isbn : 9780226712130
Identifier : 0226712133
Release : 2008-06-20
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Not By Genes Alone by Peter J. Richerson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. humans are a striking anomaly in the natural world. while we are similar to other mammals in many ways, our behavior sets us apart. our unparalleled ability to adapt has allowed us to occupy virtually every habitat on earth using an incredible variety of tools and subsistence techniques. our societies are larger, more complex, and more cooperative than any other mammal's. in this stunning exploration of human adaptation, peter j. richerson and robert boyd argue that only a darwinian theory of cultural evolution can explain these unique characteristics. not by genes alone offers a radical interpretation of human evolution, arguing that our ecological dominance and our singular social systems stem from a psychology uniquely adapted to create complex culture. richerson and boyd illustrate here that culture is neither superorganic nor the handmaiden of the genes. rather, it is essential to human adaptation, as much a part of human biology as bipedal locomotion. drawing on work in the fields of anthropology, political science, sociology, and economics—and building their case with such fascinating examples as kayaks, corporations, clever knots, and yams that require twelve men to carry them—richerson and boyd convincingly demonstrate that culture and biology are inextricably linked, and they show us how to think about their interaction in a way that yields a richer understanding of human nature. in abandoning the nature-versus-nurture debate as fundamentally misconceived, not by genes alone is a truly original and groundbreaking theory of the role of culture in evolution and a book to be reckoned with for generations to come. “i continue to be surprised by the number of educated people (many of them biologists) who think that offering explanations for human behavior in terms of culture somehow disproves the suggestion that human behavior can be explained in darwinian evolutionary terms. fortunately, we now have a book to which they may be directed for enlightenment . . . . it is a book full of good sense and the kinds of intellectual rigor and clarity of writing that we have come to expect from the boyd/richerson stable.”—robin dunbar, nature “not by genes alone is a valuable and very readable synthesis of a still embryonic but very important subject straddling the sciences and humanities.”—e. o. wilson, harvard university

Learning to Write Differently Beginning Writers and Word Processing

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Author by : Marilyn Cochran-Smith
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 327
Isbn : 9780893917623
Identifier : 0893917621
Release : 1991-01
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Description : Read Now Learning To Write Differently by Marilyn Cochran-Smith and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume explores in detail the ways that working with word processing interacts with the social processes of classrooms to shape participants' theories and practices of writing. it offers an expanded image of the ways teachers construct writing curricula that includes word processing, and reveals an interactive, long-term relationship between the writing contexts teachers and children construct and the capacities and requirements of writing tools. the volume also builds an analytic framework for thinking and talking about teachers, students and technology, which captures the dynamic interrelationships over time of classroom cultures, teachers' interpretations and decisions, and uses of word processing. the authors argue that over time both teachers and children learned ways to write differently with word processing. that is, working with word processing shaped the ways teachers thought about teaching and learning writing, and also shaped the ways beginning writers understood and practiced the activity. this volume makes clear that word processing itself does not make children write better, prompt them to revise more, or teach them new writing strategies. but, when teachers and students work together with word processing, they often construct social contexts within which children have opportunities to learn new writing strategies, new ways to think about strategies they already have, and ways to execute those strategies efficiently.

Environment and Culture

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Author by : Irwin Altman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 9780306403675
Identifier : 0306403676
Release : 1980-04-30
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Environment And Culture by Irwin Altman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. following upon the first two volumes in this series, which dealt with a broad spectrum of topics in the environment and behavior field, ranging from theoretical to applied, and including disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and professionally oriented approaches, we have chosen to devote sub sequent volumes to more specifically defined topics. thus, volume three dealt with children and the environment, seen from the combined perspective of researchers in environmental and developmental psy chology. the present volume has a similarly topical coverage, dealing with the complex set of relationships between culture and the physical environment. it is broad and necessarily eclectic with respect to content, theory, methodology, and epistemological stance, and the contributors to it represent a wide variety of fields and disciplines, including psy chology, geography, anthropology, economics, and environmental de sign. we were fortunate to enlist the collaboration of amos rapoport in the organization and editing of this volume, as he brings to this task a particularly pertinent perspective that combines anthropology and ar chitecture. volume five of the series, presently in preparation, will cover the subject of behavioral science aspects of transportation. irwin altman joachim f. wohlwill ix contents introduction 1 chapter 1 cross-cultural aspects of environmental design amos rapoport introduction 7 culture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 environmental design 10 the relationship of culture and environmental design . . . . . . . . . 15 the variability of culture-environment relations 19 culture-specific environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 designing for culture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 implications for the future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 chapter 2 cross-cultural research methods: strategies, problems, applications richard w.

The City in Cultural Context

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Author by : John Agnew
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 1135667152
Identifier : 9781135667153
Release : 2013-02-01
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Reference
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Description : Read Now The City In Cultural Context by John Agnew and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. routledge library editions: the city reprints some of the most important works in urban studies published in the last century. for further information on this collection please email [email protected]

Encyclopedia of Consumer Culture

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Author by : Dale Southerton
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1596
Isbn : 0872896013
Identifier : 9780872896017
Release : 2011-09-15
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of Consumer Culture by Dale Southerton and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the three-volume encyclopedia of consumer culture covers consuming societies around the world, from the age of enlightenment to the present, and shows how consumption has become intrinsic to the world's social, economic, political, and cultural landscapes. offering an invaluable interdisciplinary approach, this reference work is a useful resource for researchers in sociology, political science, consumer science, global studies, comparative studies, business and management, human geography, economics, history, anthropology, and psychology. the first encyclopedia to outline the parameters of consumer culture, the encyclopedia provides a critical, scholarly resource on consumption and consumerism over time. key topics: theories and concepts socio-economic change socio-demographic change identity and social differentiation media style and taste mass consumptions ethical consumption civil society environment domestic consumption leisure technology work production markets institutions welfare urban life

Horizons of Anthropology

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Author by : Sol Tax
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 0202366464
Identifier : 9780202366463
Release :
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Horizons Of Anthropology by Sol Tax and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the scientific study of human evolution and culture is about a hundred years old. this volume surveys its achievements and methods. originally published more than forty years ago, the volume's contributors include people who have shaped anthropology's future. as gluckman says in his preface, the contributions "point to the horizons of increasing understanding of man, his evolution and his social setting, as seen by a rising generation of scholars." the book includes chapters on how man gradually became different from other primates--on the origin and nature of language and its contribution to our peculiarities as human beings. it surveys the long history of human culture and societies and the theories about their similarities and differences; it discusses human equality and inequality, and it considers, from the anthropologist's point of view, economics, politics, law, religion, medicine, and the arts. in recent decades the various branches of anthropology--physical, cultural, psychological, and social--have become more specialized, and each branch is increasingly linking itself to its appropriate cognate, biological, psychological, or social sciences. yet there remains a central common field to anthropology, as the science of man, for practitioners in all its branches. this book develops that common interest and deals with the specific problems of various parts of the field. the book brings out the basic nature of anthropology and the extraordinary fascination that lies in the systematic study of the exuberant variety of human societies and customs. sol tax (1907-1995) was professor emeritus of anthropology at the university of chicago. he was widely known as the founder of the journal current anthropology and for his work with native americans, particularly the fox and sauk indians. max gluckman (1911-1975) was head of the department of social anthropology and sociology at the university of manchester. he is well known for his many books and articles on the peoples of south and central africa and on social anthropology in general.