Darwin And Archaeology A Handbook Of Key Concepts

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Darwin and Archaeology A Handbook of Key Concepts

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Author by : John P. Hart
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 259
Isbn : 9780897898799
Identifier : 0897898796
Release : 2002
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Darwin And Archaeology by John P. Hart and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during the past two decades there has been a resurgence of interest in evolutionary approaches to the archaeological record, but these approaches are obscured by the different ways in which varying schools of thought define and use words and concepts derived from darwinian theory. this volume is designed to clarify major concepts and their key words with the goal of integrating different schools' approaches toward evolutionary archaeology.

Innovation in Cultural Systems Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

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Author by : Michael John O'Brien
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 0262013339
Identifier : 9780262013338
Release : 2010
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Innovation In Cultural Systems by Michael John O'Brien and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. leading scholars offer a range of perspectives on the roles played by innovation in the evolution of human culture. in recent years an interest in applying the principles of evolution to the study of culture emerged in the social sciences. archaeologists and anthropologists reconsidered the role of innovation in particular, and have moved toward characterizing innovation in cultural systems not only as a product but also as an evolutionary process. this distinction was familiar to biology but new to the social sciences; cultural evolutionists from the nineteenth to the twentieth century had tended to see innovation as a preprogrammed change that occurred when a cultural group "needed" to overcome environmental problems. in this volume, leading researchers from a variety of disciplines--including anthropology, archaeology, evolutionary biology, philosophy, and psychology--offer their perspectives on cultural innovation. the book provides not only a range of views but also an integrated account, with the chapters offering an orderly progression of thought. the contributors consider innovation in biological terms, discussing epistemology, animal studies, systematics and phylogeny, phenotypic plasticity and evolvability, and evo-devo; they discuss modern insights into innovation, including simulation, the random-copying model, diffusion, and demographic analysis; and they offer case studies of innovation from archaeological and ethnographic records, examining developmental, behavioral, and social patterns. contributors andré ariew, r. alexander bentley, werner callebaut, joseph henrich, anne kandler, kevin n. laland, daniel o. larson, alex mesoudi, michael j. o'brien, craig t. palmer, adam powell, simon m. reader, valentine roux, chet savage, michael brian schiffer, jeffrey h. schwartz, stephen j. shennan, james steele, mark g. thomas, todd l. vanpool

International Handbook of Historical Archaeology

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Author by : Teresita Majewski
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 698
Isbn : 9780387720715
Identifier : 0387720715
Release : 2009-06-07
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now International Handbook Of Historical Archaeology by Teresita Majewski and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in studying the past, archaeologists have focused on the material remains of our ancestors. prehistorians generally have only artifacts to study and rely on the diverse material record for their understanding of past societies and their behavior. those involved in studying historically documented cultures not only have extensive material remains but also contemporary texts, images, and a range of investigative technologies to enable them to build a broader and more reflexive picture of how past societies, communities, and individuals operated and behaved. increasingly, historical archaeology refers not to a particular period, place, or a method, but rather an approach that interrogates the tensions between artifacts and texts irrespective of context. in short, historical archaeology provides direct evidence for how humans have shaped the world we live in today. historical archaeology is a branch of global archaeology that has grown in the last 40 years from its north american base into an increasingly global community of archaeologists each studying their area of the world in a historical context. where historical archaeology started as part of the study of the post-columbian societies of the united states and canada, it has now expanded to interface with the post-medieval archaeologies of europe and the diverse post-imperial experiences of africa, latin america, and australasia. the 36 essays in the international handbook of historical archaeology have been specially commissioned from the leading researchers in their fields, creating a wide-ranging digest of the increasingly global field of historical archaeology. the volume is divided into two sections, the first reviewing the key themes, issues, and approaches of historical archaeology today, and the second containing a series of case studies charting the development and current state of historical archaeological practice around the world. this key reference work captures the energy and diversity of this global discipline today.

Evolutionary and Interpretive Archaeologies A Dialogue

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Author by : Ethan Cochrane
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 361
Isbn : 1598744275
Identifier : 9781598744279
Release : 2011-06-01
Publisher by : Left Coast Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary And Interpretive Archaeologies by Ethan Cochrane and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection of original articles compares various key archaeological topics—agency, violence, social groups, diffusion—from evolutionary and interpretive perspectives. these two strands represent the major current theoretical poles in the discipline. by comparing and contrasting the insights they provide into major archaeological themes, this volume demonstrates the importance of theoretical frameworks in archaeological interpretations. chapter authors discuss relevant darwinian or interpretive theory with short archaeological and anthropological case studies to illustrate the substantive conclusions produced. the book will advance debate and contribute to a better understanding of the goals and research strategies that comprise these distinct research traditions.

Differential Persistence of Variation in Prehistoric Milling Tools from the Middle Rio Puerco Valley, New Mexico

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Author by : Jesse B. Murrell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 85
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015070947976
Release : 2007
Publisher by : British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Differential Persistence Of Variation In Prehistoric Milling Tools From The Middle Rio Puerco Valley New Mexico by Jesse B. Murrell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. there is a long-standing interest in use efficiency and evolution in prehistoric ground stone tool research. a design and performance analysis conducted with replica tools examines a number of milling tool performance characteristics, including use efficiency, ease of manufacture, and ease of maintenance, as well as their interplay in the design process. this analysis shows that raw material and use surface area affect use efficiency. a paradigmatic artefact classification documents the variation in prehistoric manos from archaeological sites in the middle rio puerco valley of new mexico.

Exploring the Role of Analytical Scale in Archaeological Interpretation

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Author by : James R. Mathieu
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 108
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015061155613
Release : 2004
Publisher by : British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Exploring The Role Of Analytical Scale In Archaeological Interpretation by James R. Mathieu and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. these eight papers, plus an introduction and two final discussions, grew from a symposium held at the society for americal archaeology in philadelphia in 2000, which discussed the effect on analytical scale on the interpretation of the archaeological record. in other words, the contributors debate the validity of archaeologists' choices regarding the limits of their research area, such as geographical and temporal limitations, and the size of the material discussed, ranging from a complete castle or settlement to a few finds. the case studies are broad in their range, including early european farming, the mesolithic-neolithic transition, the uses of archaeometry, early anglo-saxon east anglia, late antique volterra and early medieval european cities.

American Book Publishing Record

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105111052911
Release : 2002
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Books
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Skeletons in Our Closet Revealing Our Past Through Bioarchaeology

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Author by : Clark Spencer Larsen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 272
Isbn : 9780691004907
Identifier : 0691004900
Release : 2002-03-03
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Skeletons In Our Closet by Clark Spencer Larsen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the dead tell no tales. or do they? this book shows that the dead can speak to us - about their lives, and ours - throught he remarkable insights of bioarchaeology, which reconstructs the lives and lifestyles of skeletal remains.

The SAA Archaeological Record

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105133487194
Release : 2006
Publisher by : no defined
Category : America
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Description : Read Now The Saa Archaeological Record by no defined and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the magazine of the society for american archaeology.

Handbook of Archaeological Theories

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Author by : R. Alexander Bentley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 590
Isbn : 9780759100336
Identifier : 0759100330
Release : 2009
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Archaeological Theories by R. Alexander Bentley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this handbook, a companion to the authoritative handbook of archaeological methods, gathers original, authoritative articles from leading archaeologists on all aspects of the latest thinking about archaeological theory. it is the definitive resource for understanding how to think about archaeology.

Contagious Ideas On Evolution, Culture, Archaeology, and Cultural Virus Theory

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Author by : Ben Sandford Cullen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 283
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105110655722
Release : 2000
Publisher by : Oxbow Books Limited
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Contagious Ideas by Ben Sandford Cullen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. neo-darwinism is becoming an increasingly important influence on archaeological theory, as a number of recently edited books on `darwinian archaeologies' make clear. however, many of these volumes are internationally inconsistent and reflect the muddled understanding many archaeologists have of the potential of darwin's thought for interpreting material culture. ben cullen's book starts by critiquing some recent neo-darwinist approaches, including cultural evolutionism and cultural sociobiology. he then presents a neo-darwinian paradigm of extreme power, which he has termed the cultural virus theory (cvt). this focuses on explaining the transmission of ideas by comparing cultural memes wit natural genes. in the final section he takes the important step of applying this theory to real materials; demonstrating how cvt can be used to understand the spread of megalithic monuments in prehistoric north-west europe, the diffusion of the renaissance in medieval europe and the basis of stylistic change in pottery. tragically this collection of brilliant thoughts is published posthumously. ben cullen was close to finishing a major book when he died suddenly in 1995 and his writings have been gathered into a consistent whole by james steele, richard cullen and christopher chippendale.

Handbook of Gender in Archaeology

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Author by : Sarah M. Nelson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 913
Isbn : 9780759106789
Identifier : 0759106789
Release : 2006
Publisher by : Rowman Altamira
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Gender In Archaeology by Sarah M. Nelson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. first reference work to explore the research on gender in archaeology.