Encountering Development The Making And Unmaking Of The Third World

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Encountering Development The Making and Unmaking of the Third World

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Author by : Arturo Escobar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 290
Isbn : 0691150451
Identifier : 9780691150451
Release : 2011-10-30
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Encountering Development by Arturo Escobar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. originally published: 1995. paperback reissue, with a new preface by the author.

Encountering Development The Making and Unmaking of the Third World

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Author by : Arturo Escobar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 1400839920
Identifier : 9781400839926
Release : 2011-10-10
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Encountering Development by Arturo Escobar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how did the industrialized nations of north america and europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-world war ii societies in asia, africa, and latin america? how did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called third world? and what will happen when development ideology collapses? to answer these questions, arturo escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. the development apparatus generated categories powerful enough to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. "development" was not even partially "deconstructed" until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific "third world" cases. here escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era. escobar emphasizes the role of economists in development discourse--his case study of colombia demonstrates that the economization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. to depict the production of knowledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of knowledge and targets of power under the "gaze of experts." in a substantial new introduction, escobar reviews debates on globalization and postdevelopment since the book's original publication in 1995 and argues that the concept of postdevelopment needs to be redefined to meet today's significantly new conditions. he then calls for the development of a field of "pluriversal studies," which he illustrates with examples from recent latin american movements.

Encountering Development The Making and Unmaking of the Third World

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Author by : Arturo Escobar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 1400821460
Identifier : 9781400821464
Release : 2001-02-15
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Encountering Development by Arturo Escobar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how did the industrialized nations of north america and europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-world war ii societies in asia, africa, and latin america? how did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called third world? and what will happen when development ideology collapses? to answer these questions, arturo escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. the development apparatus generated categories powerful enough to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. "development" was not even partially "deconstructed" until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific "third world" cases. here escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era. escobar emphasizes the role of economists in development discourse--his case study of colombia demonstrates that the economization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. to depict the production of knowledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of knowledge and targets of power under the "gaze of experts."

Territories of Difference Place, Movements, Life, Redes

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Author by : Arturo Escobar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 455
Isbn : 0822389436
Identifier : 9780822389439
Release : 2008-11-05
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Territories Of Difference by Arturo Escobar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in territories of difference, arturo escobar, author of the widely debated book encountering development, analyzes the politics of difference enacted by specific place-based ethnic and environmental movements in the context of neoliberal globalization. his analysis is based on his many years of engagement with a group of afro-colombian activists of colombia’s pacific rainforest region, the proceso de comunidades negras (pcn). escobar offers a detailed ethnographic account of pcn’s visions, strategies, and practices, and he chronicles and analyzes the movement’s struggles for autonomy, territory, justice, and cultural recognition. yet he also does much more. consistently emphasizing the value of local activist knowledge for both understanding and social action and drawing on multiple strands of critical scholarship, escobar proposes new ways for scholars and activists to examine and apprehend the momentous, complex processes engulfing regions such as the colombian pacific today. escobar illuminates many interrelated dynamics, including the colombian government’s policies of development and pluralism that created conditions for the emergence of black and indigenous social movements and those movements’ efforts to steer the region in particular directions. he examines attempts by capitalists to appropriate the rainforest and extract resources, by developers to set the region on the path of modernist progress, and by biologists and others to defend this incredibly rich biodiversity “hot-spot” from the most predatory activities of capitalists and developers. he also looks at the attempts of academics, activists, and intellectuals to understand all of these complicated processes. territories of difference is escobar’s effort to think with afro-colombian intellectual-activists who aim to move beyond the limits of eurocentric paradigms as they confront the ravages of neoliberal globalization and seek to defend their place-based cultures and territories.

About Arturo Escobar: "Encountering Development"

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Author by : Ronny Röwert
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 8
Isbn : 3656066779
Identifier : 9783656066774
Release : 2011-11-24
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now About Arturo Escobar Encountering Development by Ronny Röwert and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. literature review from the year 2011 in the subject politics - international politics - topic: development politics, grade: 1,7, university of auckland (centre for development studies), course: contemporary theories of international development, language: english, abstract: the field of development studies has seen an endless coming and going of various new paradigms in the latter half of the 20th century. they all claimed to be highly innovative, stirring hope that, after all the dissatisfactory experiences prior to their emergence, the big problems of developing countries can finally be solved. a vast body of major theory on development emerged since the 1940s, such as modernisation theory, dependency theory, world-systems theory, and neoliberalism with its strucural adjustment programms (chant & mcilwaine, 2009). in the early to mid-1990s, an outraged collection of texts, highly critical of all those conventional development approaches, emerged. in contrast to former controversies, these writings were novel in the way that they casted “a serious doubt not only on the feasibility but on the very desirability of development” itself (escobar, 2000, p. 11), making use of newly revised poststructuralist and discursive approaches. this way of criticism became known as post-development. according to mcgregor (2009, p.2), the “most influential and widely read text however” was escobar’s (1995) encountering development: the naking and unmaking of the third world. this article aims to review this book and is divided into three parts. the first section provides a brief summary of the text, followed by an analysis dealing with major potential contradictions and their relative insignificance, closing with the final part by highlighting the huge and unique impact the book had in the field of development studies and especially in the branch of post-development theory.

The Will to Improve Governmentality, Development, and the Practice of Politics

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Author by : Tania Murray Li
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 0822389789
Identifier : 9780822389781
Release : 2007-04-25
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now The Will To Improve by Tania Murray Li and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the will to improve is a remarkable account of development in action. focusing on attempts to improve landscapes and livelihoods in indonesia, tania murray li carefully exposes the practices that enable experts to diagnose problems and devise interventions, and the agency of people whose conduct is targeted for reform. deftly integrating theory, ethnography, and history, she illuminates the work of colonial officials and missionaries; specialists in agriculture, hygiene, and credit; and political activists with their own schemes for guiding villagers toward better ways of life. she examines donor-funded initiatives that seek to integrate conservation with development through the participation of communities, and a one-billion-dollar program designed by the world bank to optimize the social capital of villagers, inculcate new habits of competition and choice, and remake society from the bottom up. demonstrating that the “will to improve” has a long and troubled history, li identifies enduring continuities from the colonial period to the present. she explores the tools experts have used to set the conditions for reform—tools that combine the reshaping of desires with applications of force. attending in detail to the highlands of sulawesi, she shows how a series of interventions entangled with one another and tracks their results, ranging from wealth to famine, from compliance to political mobilization, and from new solidarities to oppositional identities and violent attack. the will to improve is an engaging read—conceptually innovative, empirically rich, and alive with the actions and reflections of the targets of improvement, people with their own critical analyses of the problems that beset them.

Pluriversal Politics The Real and the Possible

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Author by : Arturo Escobar
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 9781478007937
Identifier : 1478007931
Release : 2020-04-24
Publisher by : Duke University Press Books
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Pluriversal Politics by Arturo Escobar and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in pluriversal politics arturo escobar engages with the politics of the possible and how established notions of what is real and attainable preclude the emergence of radically alternative visions of the future. reflecting on the experience, philosophy, and practice of indigenous and afro-descendant activist-intellectuals and on current latin american theoretical-political debates, escobar chronicles the social movements mobilizing to defend their territories from large-scale extractive operations in the region. he shows how these movements engage in an ontological politics aimed at bringing about the pluriverse—a world consisting of many worlds, each with its own ontological and epistemic grounding. such a politics, escobar contends, is key to crafting myriad world-making stories telling of different possible futures that could bring about the profound social transformations that are needed to address planetary crises. both a call to action and a theoretical provocation, pluriversal politics finds escobar at his critically incisive best.

Anthropology and Development Culture, Morality and Politics in a Globalised World

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Author by : Emma Crewe
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 1107005922
Identifier : 9781107005921
Release : 2012-10-18
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Anthropology And Development by Emma Crewe and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "in recent decades international development has grown into a world-shaping industry. but how do aid agencies work and what do they achieve? how does aid appear to those who receive it? and why has there been so little improvement in the position of the poor? viewing aid and development from anthropological perspectives gives illuminating answers to questions such as these. this essential textbook reveals anthropologists' often surprising findings and details ethnographic case studies on the cultures of development. the authors use a fertile literature to examine the socio-political organisation of aid communities, agencies and networks as well as the judgements they make about each other. exploring the spaces between policy and practice, success and failure, the future and the past, this book provides a rounded understanding of development work that suggests new moral and political possibilities for an increasingly globalised world"--

Women and the Politics of Place

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Author by : Wendy Harcourt
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015063654761
Release : 2005
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Women And The Politics Of Place by Wendy Harcourt and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "this book analyzes the mobilization of women's economic and social justice movements by challenging traditional views"--provided by publisher.

Social Bodies Science, Reproduction, and Italian Modernity

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Author by : David G. Horn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 9781400821457
Identifier : 1400821452
Release : 1994-11-14
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Social Bodies by David G. Horn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. using as his example post-world war i italy and the government's interest in the size, growth rate, and "vitality" of its national population, david horn suggests a genealogy for our present understanding of procreation as a site for technological intervention and political contestation. social bodies looks at how population and reproductive bodies came to be the objects of new sciences, technologies, and government policies during this period. it examines the linked scientific constructions of italian society as a body threatened by the "disease" of infertility, and of women and men as social bodies--located neither in nature nor in the private sphere, but in that modern domain of knowledge and intervention carved out by statistics, sociology, social hygiene, and social work. situated at the intersection of anthropology, cultural studies, and feminist studies of science, the book explores the interrelated factors that produced the practices of reason we call social science and social planning. david horn draws on many sources to analyze the discourses and practices of "social experts," the resistance these encountered, and the often unintended effects of the new objectification of bodies and populations. he shows how science, while affirming that maternity was part of woman's "nature," also worked to remove reproduction from the domain of the natural, making it an object of technological intervention. this reconstitution of bodies through the sciences and technologies of the social, horn argues, continues to have material consequences for women and men throughout the west.

Adventures in Aidland The Anthropology of Professionals in International Development

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Author by : David Mosse
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 9780857451118
Identifier : 0857451111
Release : 2011-04-30
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Adventures In Aidland by David Mosse and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. anthropological interest in new subjects of research and contemporary knowledge practices has turned ethnographic attention to a wide ranging variety of professional fields. among these the encounter with international development has perhaps been longer and more intimate than any of the others. anthropologists have drawn critical attention to the interfaces and social effects of development's discursive regimes but, oddly enough, have paid scant attention to knowledge producers themselves, despite anthropologists being among them. this is the focus of this volume. it concerns the construction and transmission of knowledge about global poverty and its reduction but is equally interested in the social life of development professionals, in the capacity of ideas to mediate relationships, in networks of experts and communities of aid workers, and in the dilemmas of maintaining professional identities. going well beyond obsolete debates about 'pure' and 'applied' anthropology, the book examines the transformations that occur as social scientific concepts and practices cross and re-cross the boundary between anthropological and policy making knowledge.

Trade Is War The West's War Against the World

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Author by : Yash Tandon
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 222
Isbn : 1939293820
Identifier : 9781939293824
Release : 2015-06-04
Publisher by : OR Books
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Trade Is War by Yash Tandon and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "this impressive study focuses on africa, which has suffered hideous crimes. yash tandon’s case is a powerful one, and can be extended: the global class war that is institutionalized in the misnamed 'free trade agreements' is also a war against the traditional victims of class war at home. the resistance, in africa and elsewhere, which tandon describes here, is a source of hope for the future." —noam chomsky "a necessary and timely contribution which goes to the roots of the deep crises we face as humanity." —vandana shiva "... understand that 'trade is war' as yash tandon beautifully explains in this important book." —samir amin globalization has reduced many aspects of modern life to little more than commodities controlled by multinational corporations. everything, from land and water to health and human rights, is today intimately linked to the issue of free trade. conventional wisdom presents this development as benign, the sole path to progress. yash tandon, drawing on decades of on-the-ground experience as a high level negotiator in bodies such as the world trade organization (wto), here challenges this prevailing orthodoxy. he insists that, for the vast majority of people, and especially those in the poorer regions of the world, free trade not only hinders development – it visits relentless waves of violence and impoverishment on their lives. trade is war shows how the wto and the economic partnership agreements like the eu-africa epa and the transatlantic trade and investment partnership (ttip) are camouflaged in a rhetoric that hides their primary function as the servants of global business. their actions are inflaming a crisis that extends beyond the realm of the economic, creating hot wars for markets and resources, fought between proxies in africa, asia, latin america, the middle east and now even in europe. in these pages tandon suggests an alternative vision to this devastation, one based on self-sustaining, non-violent communities engaging in trade based on the real value of goods and services and the introduction of alternative currencies.