Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Assessment And Risk Analysis

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Environmental Impact Assessment, Technology Assessment, and Risk Analysis Contributions from the Psychological and Decision Sciences

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Author by : Vincent T. Covello
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1070
Isbn : 3642706347
Identifier : 9783642706349
Release : 2013-06-29
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Assessment And Risk Analysis by Vincent T. Covello and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume is the outcome of a recent nato advanced study institute (asi) on "technology assessment. environmental impact assessment. and risk analysis: contributions from the psychological and decision sciences." the institute was held in les arcs. france and functioned as a high level teaching activity during which scientific research results were presented in detail by eminent lecturers. support for the institute was provided by grants from the nato division of scientific affairs. the u.s. office of naval research. and the russell sage foundation. the institute covered several areas of research. including quantitative studies on decision and judgmental processes. studies on human intellectual limitations. studies on risk attitudes and perceptions. studies on factors contributing to conflicts and disputes about hazardous technologies and activities. studies on factors influencing forecasts and judgments by experts. studies on public preferences for decisionmaking processes. studies on public responses to technological hazards. and case studies applying principles and methods from the psychological and decision sciences in specific settings.

Environmental Impact Assessment Theory and Practice

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Author by : Peter Wathern
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 1134897715
Identifier : 9781134897711
Release : 2013-02-01
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Environmental Impact Assessment by Peter Wathern and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this comprehensive treatment of environmental impact assessment (eia) provides an authoritative contemporary review of theory and practice over the past ten years. eia is viewed as both science and art, reflecting the concern both with technical aspects of appraisal and the effects of eia on the decision-making process. adopted in many countries, with different degrees of enthusiasm, since its inception in the early 1970's, eia is established as a major procedure for assessing the environmental implications of legislation, the implementation of policy and plans and the initiation of development projects. eia is increasingly an essential part of environmental management

Environmental Impact Assessment A Methodological Approach

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Author by : Richard K. Morgan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 308
Isbn : 9780412730009
Identifier : 0412730006
Release : 1999-05-31
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Environmental Impact Assessment by Richard K. Morgan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. environmental impact assessment (eia) is one of the most important tools employed in contemporary environmental management. presenting the component activities of eia within a coherent methodological framework, environmental impact assessment: a methodological approach provides students and practitioners alike with a rigorous grounding in eia theory, including biophysical, social, strategic and cumulative assessment activities, and examines the crucial role, and limitations, of the science of eia. deliberately designed to be relevant world-wide, the author focuses on the common skills and generic aspects of eia that underpin all impact assessment work, independent of country or jurisdiction, such as screening and scoping, impact identification, public involvement, prediction and monitoring, evaluation, and quality control. the variety of approaches are identified along with their associated strengths and weaknesses, enabling potential, new and experienced practitioners to make informed choices and to improve their working practices through a better understanding of eia activity. the ultimate aim of this book is to move from the notion of eia as a technical procedure towards a concept of eia as a particular form of problem-solving with varied methodological requirements.

Environmental Impact Assessment

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Author by : R R Barthwal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 354
Isbn : 9788122413571
Identifier : 8122413579
Release : 2002-01-01
Publisher by : New Age International
Category : Environmental impact analysis
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Description : Read Now Environmental Impact Assessment by R R Barthwal and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. metals and metalloids are ubiquitous environmental constituent and cannot be broken down to non-toxic forms by the biological system. once the ecosystem is contaminated with them, they remain as a potential hazard to human health for many years. heavy metals are particularly important in this respect. this book, which is a part of man and environment series, discusses diverse issues relating to heavy metals and environmental and human health problems.

Gene Therapy: Prospective Technology assessment in its societal context

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Author by : Jörg Niewöhner
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 274
Isbn : 9780080470931
Identifier : 0080470939
Release : 2011-08-19
Publisher by : Elsevier
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Gene Therapy Prospective Technology Assessment In Its Societal Context by Jörg Niewöhner and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book presents work that has been conducted as part of the research project "discourse on ethical questions of biomedicine" of the interdisciplinary working group bioethics and science communication at the max-delbrueck-center for molecular medicine (mdc)in berlin-buch, germany. this book offers ground-breaking ideas on how the daily interworking of cutting-edge biomedical research assess the broader social context and its communication to stakeholders and the public. editors cover three aspects: scientific, ethical and legal, and perception and communication. this work establishes an international and interdisciplinary network of excellent researchers at the beginning of their careers, who brilliantly integrate their work into the different perspectives on gene therapy from the natural and social sciences, as well as the humanities and law. * discusses biological and cellular barriers limiting the clinical application of nonviral gene delivery systems * addresses such questions as: does patent granting hinder the development of gene therapy products? * offers insight in the future of public perception of gene therapy in europe * provides details on how to communicate risks in gene therapy

Environmental Impact Assessment of Recycled Wastes on Surface and Ground Waters Risk Analysis

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Author by : Tarek A. Kassim
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9783540235873
Identifier : 3540235876
Release : 2005-07-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Environmental Impact Assessment Of Recycled Wastes On Surface And Ground Waters by Tarek A. Kassim and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. volume 2: risk analysis. this 3-volume reference presents the latest findings in impact assessment of recycled hazardous waste materials on surface and ground waters. topics covered include chemodynamics, toxicology, modeling and information systems. the book serves as a practical guide for the monitoring, design, management, or conduct of environmental impact assessment. each volume contains the table of contents of all volumes.

Decision Science and Social Risk Management A Comparative Evaluation of Cost-Benefit Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Other Formal Decision-Aiding Approaches

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Author by : M.W Merkhofer
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 330
Isbn : 9400946988
Identifier : 9789400946989
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Decision Science And Social Risk Management by M.W Merkhofer and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. economists, decision analysts, management scientists, and others have long argued that government should take a more scientific approach to decision making. pointing to various theories for prescribing and rational izing choices, they have maintained that social goals could be achieved more effectively and at lower costs if government decisions were routinely subjected to analysis. now, government policy makers are putting decision science to the test. recent government actions encourage and in some cases require government decisions to be evaluated using formally defined principles 01' rationality. will decision science pass tbis test? the answer depends on whether analysts can quickly and successfully translate their theories into practical approaches and whether these approaches promote the solution of the complex, highly uncertain, and politically sensitive problems that are of greatest concern to government decision makers. the future of decision science, perhaps even the nation's well-being, depends on the outcome. a major difficulty for the analysts who are being called upon by government to apply decision-aiding approaches is that decision science has not yet evolved a universally accepted methodology for analyzing social decisions involving risk. numerous approaches have been proposed, including variations of cost-benefit analysis, decision analysis, and applied social welfare theory. each of these, however, has its limitations and deficiencies and none has a proven track record for application to govern ment decisions involving risk. cost-benefit approaches have been exten sively applied by the government, but most applications have been for decisions that were largely risk-free.

Risk Evaluation and Management

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Author by : V.T. Covello
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 556
Isbn : 1461321034
Identifier : 9781461321033
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Risk Evaluation And Management by V.T. Covello and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. public attention has focused in recent years on an array of technological risks to health, safety, and the environment. at the same time, responsibilities for technological risk as sessment, evaluation, and management have grown in both the public and private sectors because of a perceived need to anticipate, prevent, or reduce the risks inherent in modem society. in attempting to meet these responsibilities, legislative, judicial, regulatory, and private sector institutions have had to deal with the extraordinarily complex problems of assessing and balancing risks, costs, and benefits. the need to help society cope with technological risks has given rise to a new intellectual endeavor: the social and behavioral study of issues in risk evaluation and risk management. the scope and complexity of these analyses require a high degree of cooperative effort on the part of specialists from many fields. analyzing social and behavioral issues requires the efforts of political scientists, sociologists, decision analysts, management scientists, econ omists, psychologists, philosophers, and policy analysts, among others.

Social Decision Methodology for Technological Projects

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Author by : C.A. Vlek
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 340
Isbn : 9400924259
Identifier : 9789400924253
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Social Decision Methodology For Technological Projects by C.A. Vlek and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book grew out of the conviction that the preparation and management of large-scale technological projects can be substantially improved. we have witnessed the often unhappy course of societal and political decision making concerning projects such as hazardous chemical installations, novel types of electric power plant or storage sites for solid wastes. this has led us to believe that probabilistic risk analysis, technical reliability analysis and environm,ental impact analysis are necessary but insufficient for making acceptable, and justifiable, social decisions about such projects. there is more to socio-technical decision making than applying acceptance rules based on neglige ably low accident probabilities or on maximum credible accidents. consideration must also be given to psychological, social and political issues and methods of decision making. our conviction initially gave rise to an international experts' workshop titled 'social decision methodology for technological projects' (sdmtp) and held in may 1986 at the university of groningen, the netherlands, at a time when cvetkovich spent a sabbatical there. the work shop - aimed at surveying the issues and listing the methods to address them - was the first part of an effort whose second part was directed at the production of this volume. plans called for the book to deal systematically with the main problems of socio-technical decision making; it was to list a number of useful approaches and methods; and it was to present a number of integrative conclusions and recommendations for both policy makers and methodologists.

Communicating Risks to the Public International Perspectives

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Author by : R.E Kasperson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 482
Isbn : 9400919522
Identifier : 9789400919525
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Communicating Risks To The Public by R.E Kasperson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. risk communication: the evolution of attempts risk communication is at once a very new and a very old field of interest. risk analysis, as krimsky and plough (1988:2) point out, dates back at least to the babylonians in 3200 bc. cultures have traditionally utilized a host of mecha nisms for anticipating, responding to, and communicating about hazards - as in food avoidance, taboos, stigma of persons and places, myths, migration, etc. throughout history, trade between places has necessitated labelling of containers to indicate their contents. seals at sites of the ninth century bc harappan civilization of south asia record the owner and/or contents of the containers (hadden, 1986:3). the pure food and drug act, the first labelling law with national scope in the united states, was passed in 1906. common law covering the workplace in a number of countries has traditionally required that employers notify workers about significant dangers that they encounter on the job, an obligation formally extended to chronic hazards in the osha's hazard communication regulation of 1983 in the united states. in this sense, risk communication is probably the oldest way of risk manage ment. however, it is only until recently that risk communication has attracted the attention of regulators as an explicit alternative to the by now more common and formal approaches of standard setting, insuring etc. (baram, 1982).

Environment and Behavior Studies Emergence of Intellectual Traditions

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Author by : Irwin Altman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 392
Isbn : 146847944X
Identifier : 9781468479447
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Environment And Behavior Studies by Irwin Altman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this eleventh volume in the series departs from the pattern of earlier volumes. some of those volumes addressed research, design, and policy topics in terms of environmental settings, for example, homes, communities, neighborhoods, and public places. others focused on environmental users, for example, chil dren and the elderly. the present volume examines the field of environment and behavior studies itself in the form of intellectual histories of some of its most productive and still visible senior participants. in so doing we hope to provide readers with a grand sweep of the field-its research and design content, methodology, institutions, and past and future trajectories-through the experiences and intellectual histories of its participants. why intellectual histories? several factors led to the decision to launch this project. for one, 1989 was an anniversary and commemorative year for the environmental design research association, perhaps the major and most long-standing interdisciplinary organization of environment and behavior re searchers and practitioners. established in 1969, this organization has been the vehicle for generations of researchers and practitioners from many disciplines to come together annually to exchange ideas, present papers, and develop professional and personal relationships. it held its first and twentieth meetings in north carolina, with the twentieth conference substantially devoted to dis cussions of the past, present, and future of the field-a taking stock, so to speak. thus it seemed appropriate to launch a volume on intellectual histories at this significant juncture in the life of the field.

Technical Workbook on Environmental Management Tools for Decision Analysis Technical Reference and Workbook

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 238
Isbn : 9789280718140
Identifier : 9280718142
Release : 2000
Publisher by : Incumbent
Category : Business & Economics
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