Euphemism And Dysphemism

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Euphemism and Dysphemism Language Used As Shield and Weapon

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Author by : Keith Allan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 276
Isbn : 9780735102880
Identifier : 0735102880
Release : 2001-06-01
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 5209655
Total Read : 5175183
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Description : Read Now Euphemism And Dysphemism by Keith Allan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. provides a study of euphemism and dysphemism in the early dutch and english languages

Euphemism & dysphemism language used as shield and weapon

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Author by : Keith Allan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 263
Isbn : 9780195066227
Identifier : 0195066227
Release : 1991-06-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 8912940
Total Read : 1537760
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Description : Read Now Euphemism Dysphemism by Keith Allan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. we all use euphemisms. we ask for directions to the "ladies room" or convey the news that someone has recently "passed away." in fact, euphemisms have existed throughout recorded history: they are used by preliterate peoples, and have probably been around since human language first developed. and the same is true of offensive language, or "dysphemisms"--words used as weapons against others, or as release valves for anger and frustration. in this fascinating study, keith allan and kate burridge examine the linguistic, social, and psychological aspects of this intriguing universal practice. they cover the many shapes euphemism can take, from circumlocution and acronym to hyperbole and understatement, metaphor, and even technical jargon (many medical terms ultimately derive from euphemisms--stool, for instance, comes from "go to the stool," and diabetes comes from a greek word meaning "to go a lot," since people with diabetes urinate frequently). they discuss the many euphemisms and dysphemisms for tabooed body parts (there are, the authors point out, at least 1,200 terms for vagina and 1,000 for penis), bodily functions, death, and disease. they describe euphemisms used to avoid religious blasphemy, from the archaic "egad" and "zounds" and "gadzooks" to the modern equivalents, such as "jiminy cricket" and "golly" or "gosh." they even discuss the political use of euphemism; for instance, when at war, to shield the public from upsetting details (or shield politicians from the voter), concentration camps become "pacification centers," bombing raids become "surgical strikes," and bombs dropped on our own troops become "friendly fire." (president reagan, a master of euphemism, insisted that the attack on grenada was not an "invasion," but rather a "rescue mission.") along the way, the authors provide illuminating discussions of word origins, the use of bawdy language in shakespeare, and many other fascinating topics. with thousands of examples drawn from speech, literature, newspapers, television, and film, allan and burridge invite us all to ponder and enjoy the creative products of the human mind as it confronts the problem of talking in different contexts about sex, lust, disapproval, anger, disease, death, fear, and god.

Sex in Language Euphemistic and Dysphemistic Metaphors in Internet Forums

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Author by : Eliecer Crespo-Fern?ndez
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 1350024260
Identifier : 9781350024267
Release : 2017-02-23
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 6948435
Total Read : 2686338
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Description : Read Now Sex In Language by Eliecer Crespo-Fern?ndez and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. metaphor has long provided a rich way to speak about the unspeakable, to refer to delicate issues. sex is one such area. this book follows a cognitive-linguistic and relevance-theoretic approach to the language of sex, considering metaphor as a bridge that brings together mind and language. it does this through the analysis of the antithetical mechanisms of verbal mitigation and offence. these two mechanisms are (more commonly know as) euphemism and (its lesser known companion term) dysphemism. the volume reflects on the social and communicative functions that sexual metaphors perform in a sample of almost two hundred postings taken from internet forums. how do people think about sex? how do people avoid talking about sex? how do people paraphrase sexual topics? it offers an account of how real language users understand sexual taboo in present-day english and also a great grounding in manual corpus work on a qualitative level.

Forbidden Words Taboo and the Censoring of Language

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Author by : Keith Allan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139457608
Identifier : 9781139457606
Release : 2006-10-05
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 2510767
Total Read : 5254667
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Description : Read Now Forbidden Words by Keith Allan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many words and expressions are viewed as 'taboo', such as those used to describe sex, our bodies and their functions, and those used to insult other people. this 2006 book provides a fascinating insight into taboo language and its role in everyday life. it looks at the ways we use language to be polite or impolite, politically correct or offensive, depending on whether we are 'sweet-talking', 'straight-talking' or being deliberately rude. using a range of colourful examples, it shows how we use language playfully and figuratively in order to swear, to insult, and also to be politically correct, and what our motivations are for doing so. it goes on to examine the differences between institutionalized censorship and the ways individuals censor their own language. lively and revealing, forbidden words will fascinate anyone who is interested in how and why we use and avoid taboos in daily conversation.

Understanding Tropes At the Crossroads Between Pragmatics and Cognition

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Author by : Javier Herrero Ruiz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 290
Isbn : 9783631592625
Identifier : 3631592620
Release : 2009
Publisher by : Peter Lang
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 7791362
Total Read : 4556821
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Description : Read Now Understanding Tropes by Javier Herrero Ruiz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book attempts to analyse irony, paradox, oxymoron, overstatement, understatement, euphemism, and dysphemism from the point of view of both cognitive linguistics and pragmatics. in order to do so, we have regarded each trope as a cognitive model, and observed that the various icms that resulted from this approach had in common an essential feature: they were all constructed around the creation of contrasts. also, we have developed a common processing model for these icms, which shows that these so-called figures of speech can be fully considered conceptual mechanisms of meaning creation and derivation. apart from determining which specific pragmatic implications these models bring about and studying their underlying cognitive operations, we have argued that they should be described in terms of the contextual effects they produce. therefore, a new classification and definition of these tropes is provided.

Fair of speech the uses of euphemism

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Author by : Dennis Joseph Enright
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 222
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015011021097
Release : 1985
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 5988690
Total Read : 3942426
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Description : Read Now Fair Of Speech by Dennis Joseph Enright and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. sixteen original essays by leading writers, including joseph epstein, diane johnson, robert nisbet, and robert burchfield, ruminate on the role of euphemism in general and in specific areas, such as sex, politics, medicine, religion, and death

Bullshit and Philosophy Guaranteed to Get Perfect Results Every Time

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Author by : Gary L. Hardcastle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 0812697847
Identifier : 9780812697841
Release : 2011-09-30
Publisher by : Open Court
Category : Philosophy
Total Download : 9936067
Total Read : 9533062
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Description : Read Now Bullshit And Philosophy by Gary L. Hardcastle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. popular interest in bullshit — and its near relative, truthiness — is at an all-time high, but the subject has a rich philosophical history, with hobbes, locke, hume, and kant all weighing in on the matter. here, contemporary philosophers reflect on bullshit from epistemological, ethical, metaphysical, historical, and political points of view. tackling questions including what is bullshit, what does it do, is it a passing fad, and can it ever be eliminated, the book is a guide and resource for the many who find bullshit worth pondering.

Hard Thinking The Reintroduction of Logic Into Everyday Life

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Author by : John D. Mullen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 295
Isbn : 9780847680030
Identifier : 0847680037
Release : 1995
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 7652256
Total Read : 7045074
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Description : Read Now Hard Thinking by John D. Mullen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ideally a logic text should encourage not only criticism of thinking, but critical thinking itself. to its great credit, ard thinking does both. -s nicholas rescher, university of pittsburgh mullen effectively combines logic, epistemology, and good old fashioned common sense. the dialogues and examples are telling; the explanations clear and to the point. the book articulates, defends, and exemplifies all the important features of 'hard thinking'. many texts purport to aid in the teaching of thinking; this one will clearly succeed. -s harvey siegel, university of miami not only does mullen's text challenge students to do some hard thinking, but it explains why they should and it shows them how....[t]he text includes strong chapters on both traditional and modern formal logic. as a result, this book should prove suitable for a wide variety of courses. -s bruce umbaugh, webster university

Linguistic Taboo Revisited Novel Insights from Cognitive Perspectives

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Author by : Andrea Pizarro Pedraza
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 346
Isbn : 3110580519
Identifier : 9783110580518
Release : 2018-05-22
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 9175475
Total Read : 418404
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Description : Read Now Linguistic Taboo Revisited by Andrea Pizarro Pedraza and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. linguistic taboo has been relegated for a long time to a peripheral position within linguistics, due to its social stigmatization and inherent linguistic complexity. recently, though, there has been a renewed interest in revisiting the phenomenon, especially from cognitive frameworks. this volume is the first collection of papers dealing with linguistic taboo from that perspective. the volume gathers 15 chapters, which provide novel insights into a broad range of taboo phenomena (euphemism, dysphemism, swearing, political correctness, coprolalia, etc.) from the fields of sexuality, diseases, death, war, ageing or religion. with a special focus on lexical semantics, the authors in the volume work within cognitive linguistics frameworks such as conceptual metaphor and metonymy, cultural conceptualization or cognitive sociolinguistics, but also at the interface of pragmatics, discourse analysis, applied linguistics, cognitive science or psychiatry. this volume provides theoretical reflections and case studies based on new methods and data from varied languages (english, spanish, polish, dutch, persian, gikũyũ and egyptian arabic). as such, it moves towards a new generation of linguistic taboo studies.

Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society

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Author by : Alessandro Capone
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 990
Isbn : 3319126164
Identifier : 9783319126166
Release : 2015-07-31
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 4059075
Total Read : 9062616
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Description : Read Now Interdisciplinary Studies In Pragmatics Culture And Society by Alessandro Capone and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume is part of the series ‘pragmatics, philosophy and psychology’, edited for springer by alessandro capone. it is intended for an audience of undergraduate and graduate students, as well as postgraduate and advanced researchers. this volume focuses on societal pragmatics. one of the main concerns of societal pragmatics is the world of language users. we are interested in the investigation of linguistic practices in the context of societal practices (‘praxis’, to use a term used in the wittgensteinian and other traditions). it is clear that the world of users, including their practices, their culture, and their social aims has to be taken into account and seriously investigated when we deal with the pragmatics of language. it is not enough to discuss principles of language use solely in the guise of abstract theoretical tools. consequently, the present volume focuses explicitly on the interplay of abstract, theoretical principles and the necessities imposed by societal contexts often requiring a more flexible use of such theoretical tools. the volume includes articles on pragmemes, politeness and anti-politeness, dialogue, joint utterances, discourse markers, pragmatics and the law, institutional discourse, critical discourse analysis, pragmatics and culture, cultural scripts, argumentation theory, connectives and argumentation, language games and psychotherapy, slurs, the analysis of funerary rites, as well as an authoritative chapter by jacob l. mey on societal pragmatics.

The Elephant in the Room Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

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Author by : Eviatar Zerubavel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn : 0199884846
Identifier : 9780199884841
Release : 2006-04-01
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 5505223
Total Read : 914975
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Description : Read Now The Elephant In The Room by Eviatar Zerubavel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the fable of the emperor's new clothes is a classic example of a conspiracy of silence, a situation where everyone refuses to acknowledge an obvious truth. but the denial of social realities--whether incest, alcoholism, corruption, or even genocide-is no fairy tale. in the elephant in the room, eviatar zerubavel sheds new light on the social and political underpinnings of silence and denial-the keeping of "open secrets." the author shows that conspiracies of silence exist at every level of society, ranging from small groups to large corporations, from personal friendships to politics. zerubavel shows how such conspiracies evolve, illuminating the social pressures that cause people to deny what is right before their eyes. we see how each conspirator's denial is symbiotically complemented by the others', and we learn that silence is usually more intense when there are more people conspiring-and especially when there are significant power differences among them. he concludes by showing that the longer we ignore "elephants," the larger they loom in our minds, as each avoidance triggers an even greater spiral of denial. drawing on examples from newspapers and comedy shows to novels, children's stories, and film, the book travels back and forth across different levels of social life, and from everyday moments to large-scale historical events. at its core, the elephant in the room helps us understand why we ignore truths that are known to all of us.

Encyclopedia of language & linguistics

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Author by : E. K. Brown
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9780080442990
Identifier : 0080442994
Release : 2006
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 919200
Total Read : 6259503
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of Language Linguistics by E. K. Brown and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.