Evidence Based Evolutionary Medicine

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Evidence-Based Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : John S. Torday
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 1118838335
Identifier : 9781118838334
Release : 2018-05-03
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evidence Based Evolutionary Medicine by John S. Torday and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a groundbreaking, evidence-based text to the growing field of evolutionary medicine evidence-based evolutionary medicine offers a comprehensive review of the burgeoning field of evolutionary medicine and explores vital topics such as evolution, ecology, and aging as they relate to mainstream medicine. the text integrates darwinian principles and evidence-based medicine in order to offer a clear picture of the underlying principles that reflect how and why organisms have evolved on a cellular level. the authors—noted authorities in their respective fields—address evolutionary medicine from a developmental cell-molecular perspective. they explore the first principles of physiology that explain the generation of existing tissues, organs, and organ systems. the text offers an understanding of the overall biology as a vertically integrated whole, from unicellular to multicellular organisms. in addition, it addresses clinical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, both traditional and cell-homeostatic. this groundbreaking text: • offers a much-needed, logical, and fundamental approach to biology and medicine • provides a clear explanation of complex physiology and pathophysiology • integrates topics like evolution, ecology and aging into mainstream medicine, making them more relevant • contains the first evidence-based text on evolutionary medicine written for medical and graduate students in biology, physiology, anatomy, endocrinology, reproductive biology, medicine, pathology, systems biology, this vital resource offers a unique text of both biology as an integrated whole with universal properties; and of medicine seeing the individual as a whole, not an inventory of parts and diseases.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Alan Beedle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0199663920
Identifier : 9780199663927
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine by Alan Beedle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. this revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. it is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. the general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. the second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. the two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. the final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. a number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. this second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Evolutionary Medicine and Health New Perspectives

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 544
Isbn : 9780195307054
Identifier : 0195307054
Release : 2009-03-26
Publisher by : OUP USA
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine And Health by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. building on the success of their groundbreaking anthology evolutionary medicine (oup, 1999), wenda r. trevathan, e. o. smith, and james j. mckenna provide an up-to-date and thought-provoking introduction to the field with this new collection of essays. ideal for courses in evolutionary medicine, medical anthropology, and the evolution of human disease, evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives presents twenty-three original articles that examine how human evolution relates to a broad range of contemporary health problems including infectious, chronic, nutritional, and mental diseases and disorders. topics covered include disease susceptibility in cultural context, substance abuse and addiction, sleep disorders, preeclampsia, altitude-related hypoxia, the biological context of menstruation, and the role of stress in modern life. an international team of preeminent scholars in biological anthropology, medicine, biology, psychology, and geography contributed the selections. together they represent a uniquely integrative and multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the dialogue between biology and culture as it relates to understanding, treating, and preventing disease. a common theme throughout is the description of cases in which biological human development conflicts with culturally based individual behaviors that determine health outcomes. detailed, evidence-based arguments make the case that all aspects of the human condition covered in the volume have an evolutionary basis, while theoretical discussions using other empirical evidence critique the gaps that still remain in evolutionary approaches to health. evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives features an introductory overview that covers the field's diverse array of topics, questions, lines of evidence, and perspectives. in addition, the editors provide introductions to each essay and an extensive bibliography that represents a state-of-the-art survey of the literature. a companionwebsite at www.oup.com/us/evolmed offers a full bibliography and links to source articles, reports, and databases. written in an engaging style that is accessible to students, professionals, and general readers, this book offers a unique look at how an evolutionary perspective has become increasingly relevant to the health field and medical practice.

Medicine and Evolution Current Applications, Future Prospects

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Author by : Sarah Elton
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 9781420051377
Identifier : 1420051377
Release : 2008-06-02
Publisher by : CRC Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Medicine And Evolution by Sarah Elton and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. can an evolutionary perspective be integrated in day-to-day practice and is it of value in medical education and training? if so, when and how? highlighting exciting areas of research into the evolutionary basis of health and disease, medicine and evolution: current applications and future prospects answers these questions and more. it draws on work from anthropologists, life scientists, and clinicians to provide a multidisciplinary perspective. contributors emphasize practical applications and address how their work may inform clinical practice and medical education. they consider when evolutionary viewpoints might and might not be useful and conduct critical debates on controversial areas such as race-based pharmaceuticals. presenting new data and weighing relevant evidence, the book introduces novel viewpoints on nutrition, diabetes, fertility, pediatrics, immune response, and psychiatry. the book brings anthropologically sophisticated, evidence-based discussions to common beliefs such as the role decreased parasite load plays in increasing vulnerability to certain diseases, variations in human environments and human adaptability, daily protein requirements, reasons for early pregnancy loss, and optimal mother-infant sleeping arrangements, as well as fresh ideas about syndromes as diverse as delusions and polycystic ovary syndrome. a critical assessment of evolutionary medicine and its potential to unlock the mysteries behind some of today’s most baffling chronic diseases, this book provides physicians with a more accurate view of the body and a better ability to assess health and disease.

Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 496
Isbn : 9780195356007
Identifier : 0195356004
Release : 1999-06-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution is the single most important idea in modern biology, shedding light on virtually every biological question, from the shape of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species across the planet. until recently, however, the theory has had little impact on medical research or practice. evolutionary medicine shows how this is beginning to change. collecting work from leaders in the field, this volume describes an array of new and innovative approaches to human health that are based on an appreciation of our long evolutionary history. for example, it shows how evolution helps to explain the complex relationship between our immune systems and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. it also shows how comparisons between how we live today and how our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived thousands of years ago illuminate a variety of contemporary ills, including obesity, lower-back pain, and insomnia. evolutionary medicine covers issues at every stage of life, from infancy (colic, jaundice, sids, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, asthma) to adulthood (sexually transmitted diseases, depression, overeating, addictions, child abuse, cardiovascular disease, breast and ovarian cancer) to old age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). written for a wide range of students and researchers in medicine, anthropology, and psychology, it is an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field.

Body by Darwin How Evolution Shapes Our Health and Transforms Medicine

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Author by : Jeremy Taylor
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 260
Isbn : 022605988X
Identifier : 9780226059884
Release : 2015-10-22
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Body By Darwin by Jeremy Taylor and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the natural world is rich with elegant evolutionary designs, but ask any patient who wakes daily with sciatica, or the many septuagenarians in need of cataract surgery, not to mention any woman who has given birth, and evolution might seem more dismal than divine. the human body is a wonderful example of evolutionary compromise and adaptations. our eyes were not designed for the arc of our current lifespan, with upright walking the spine had to shift and years of gravitational pull then take their toll. and the sheer size of our heads coupled with the shape of a woman's pelvis make birth the biological equivalent of a rube goldberg machine, with many extra moving parts just to make sure the basics can be done. while the human body may not be as elegant in form and function as those of other species, when explored from an evolutionary perspective, human medicine can be wonderfully illuminated. and this darwinian view of body function and failure can in turn lead to innovative treatment and health care. this book takes some of the most fascinating and acute medical issues today--from high rate of autoimmune diseases to the high number of heart transplants needed--and explores them through an evolutionary prism. evolutionary medicine prescribes new tools for understanding the origins of diseases and new kinds of research on possible treatments, of exactly the sort that this book so vividly describes.

Cancer The Evolutionary Legacy

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Author by : Mel Greaves
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 276
Isbn : 9780192628343
Identifier : 0192628348
Release : 2001
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Cancer by Mel Greaves and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this lucid and entertaining book, mel greaves argues that evolutionary biology offers a new perspective that can help us unravel the riddle of cancer. why, for example, have women always had such a raw deal in the cancer stakes? and why are some cancers, such as prostate cancer, increasing in incidence? greaves argues that darwinian selection millions of years ago has endowed our genes and cells with inherently cancerous credentials, and this is exacerbated by our rapid social evolution and exotic behavioural traits that outpace genetic adaptation. the book is full of novel insights, the latest scientific discoveries, and wonderful historical anecdotes. it provides a unique portrait of cancer, past, present, and future.

Evolution, the Logic of Biology

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Author by : John S. Torday
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 1118729285
Identifier : 9781118729281
Release : 2017-06-08
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution The Logic Of Biology by John S. Torday and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. by focusing on the cellular mechanisms that underlie ontogeny, phylogeny and regeneration of complex physiologic traits, evolution, the logic of biology demonstrates the use of homeostasis, the fundamental principle of physiology and medicine, as the unifying mechanism for evolution as all of biology. the homeostasis principle can be used to understand how environmental stressors have affected physiologic mechanisms to generate condition-specific novelty through cellular mechanisms. evolution, the logic of biology allows the reader to understand the vertebrate life-cycle as an intergenerational continuum in support of effective, on-going environmental adaptation. by understanding the principles of physiology from their fundamental unicellular origins, culminating in modern-day metazoans, the reader as student, researcher or practitioner will be encouraged to think in terms of the prevention of disease, rather than in the treatment of disease as the eradication of symptoms. by tracing the ontogeny and phylogeny of this and other phenotypic homologies, one can perceive and understand how complex physiologic traits have mechanistically evolved from their simpler ancestral and developmental origins as cellular structures and functions, providing a logic of biology for the first time. evolution, the logic of biology will be an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers studying evolutionary development, medicine and biology, anthropology, comparative and developmental biology, genetics and genomics, and physiology.

Human Evolution

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Author by : John L. Bradshaw
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 235
Isbn : 1317715888
Identifier : 9781317715887
Release : 2014-01-02
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Human Evolution by John L. Bradshaw and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the last decade has seen an explosive burst of new information about human origins and our evolutionary status with respect to other species. we have long been considered unique as upright, bipedal creatures endowed with language, the ability to use tools, to think and introspect. we now know that other creatures may be more or less capable of similar behaviour, and that these human capacities in many cases have long evolutionary trajectories. our information about such matters comes from a diverse variety of disciplines, including experimental and neuropsychology, primatology, ethology, archaeology, palaeontology, comparative linguistics and molecular biology. it is the interdisciplinary nature of the newly-emerging information which bears upon one of the profoundest scientific human questions - our origin and place in the animal kingdom, whether unique or otherwise - which makes the general topic so fascinating to layperson, student, and expert alike. the book attempts to integrate across a wide range of disciplines an evolutionary view of human psychology, with particular reference to language, praxis and aesthetics. a chapter on evolution, from the appearance of life to the earliest mammals, is followed by one which examines the appearance of primates, hominids and the advent of bipedalism. there follows a more detailed account of the various species of homo, the morphology and origin of modern h. sapiens sapiens as seen from the archaeological/palaeontological and molecular-biological perspectives. the origins of art and an aesthetic sense in the acheulian and mousterian through to the upper palaeolithic are seen in the context of the psychology of art. two chapters on language address its nature and realization centrally and peripherally, the prehistory and neuropsychology of speech, and evidence for speech and/or language in our hominid ancestors. a chapter on tool use and praxis examines such behaviour in other species, primate and non-primate, the neurology of praxis and its possible relation to language. encephalization and the growth of the brain, phylogenetically and ontogenetically, and its relationship to intellectual capacity leads on finally to a consideration of intelligence, social intelligence, consciousness and self awareness. a final chapter reviews the issues covered. the book, of around 70.000 words of text, includes over 500 references over half of which date from 1994 or later.

Thinking Evolutionarily Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 110
Isbn : 0309256925
Identifier : 9780309256926
Release : 2012-05-31
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Education
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Description : Read Now Thinking Evolutionarily by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution is the central unifying theme of biology. yet today, more than a century and a half after charles darwin proposed the idea of evolution through natural selection, the topic is often relegated to a handful of chapters in textbooks and a few class sessions in introductory biology courses, if covered at all. in recent years, a movement has been gaining momentum that is aimed at radically changing this situation. on october 25-26, 2011, the board on life sciences of the national research council and the national academy of sciences held a national convocation in washington, dc, to explore the many issues associated with teaching evolution across the curriculum. thinking evolutionarily: evolution education across the life sciences: summary of a convocation summarizes the goals, presentations, and discussions of the convocation. the goals were to articulate issues, showcase resources that are currently available or under development, and begin to develop a strategic plan for engaging all of the sectors represented at the convocation in future work to make evolution a central focus of all courses in the life sciences, and especially into introductory biology courses at the college and high school levels, though participants also discussed learning in earlier grades and life-long learning. thinking evolutionarily: evolution education across the life sciences: summary of a convocation covers the broader issues associated with learning about the nature, processes, and limits of science, since understanding evolutionary science requires a more general appreciation of how science works. this report explains the major themes that recurred throughout the convocation, including the structure and content of curricula, the processes of teaching and learning about evolution, the tensions that can arise in the classroom, and the target audiences for evolution education.

Evolution in Health and Disease

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Author by : Stephen C. Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 374
Isbn : 0199207453
Identifier : 9780199207459
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Evolution In Health And Disease by Stephen C. Stearns and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a fully revised edition of a volume written by the world's leading authorities on this subject. it discusses how the evolution of humans and their pathogens have generated important medical issues, covering both infectious and degenerative diseases. it presents important ideas that are not yet sufficiently appreciated in the medical community.

Science, Evolution, and Creationism

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Author by : Institute of Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 88
Isbn : 9780309105866
Identifier : 0309105862
Release : 2008-01-28
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Science Evolution And Creationism by Institute of Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how did life evolve on earth? the answer to this question can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. although evolution provides credible and reliable answers, polls show that many people turn away from science, seeking other explanations with which they are more comfortable. in the book science, evolution, and creationism, a group of experts assembled by the national academy of sciences and the institute of medicine explain the fundamental methods of science, document the overwhelming evidence in support of biological evolution, and evaluate the alternative perspectives offered by advocates of various kinds of creationism, including "intelligent design." the book explores the many fascinating inquiries being pursued that put the science of evolution to work in preventing and treating human disease, developing new agricultural products, and fostering industrial innovations. the book also presents the scientific and legal reasons for not teaching creationist ideas in public school science classes. mindful of school board battles and recent court decisions, science, evolution, and creationism shows that science and religion should be viewed as different ways of understanding the world rather than as frameworks that are in conflict with each other and that the evidence for evolution can be fully compatible with religious faith. for educators, students, teachers, community leaders, legislators, policy makers, and parents who seek to understand the basis of evolutionary science, this publication will be an essential resource.