Evolution In Health And Disease

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Evolution in Health and Disease

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Author by : Stephen C. Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 374
Isbn : 0199207453
Identifier : 9780199207459
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Evolution In Health And Disease by Stephen C. Stearns and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a fully revised edition of a volume written by the world's leading authorities on this subject. it discusses how the evolution of humans and their pathogens have generated important medical issues, covering both infectious and degenerative diseases. it presents important ideas that are not yet sufficiently appreciated in the medical community.

The Story of the Human Body Evolution, Health, and Disease

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Author by : Daniel Lieberman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 460
Isbn : 030774180X
Identifier : 9780307741806
Release : 2014
Publisher by : Vintage
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Story Of The Human Body by Daniel Lieberman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this book the author, a harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of stone age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. it illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. the author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the agricultural and industrial revolutions. while these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. the author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. and finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- from publisher's web site.

Evolution in Health and Disease

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Author by : Stephen C. Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 0198504454
Identifier : 9780198504450
Release : 1999
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution In Health And Disease by Stephen C. Stearns and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. have you ever wondered how the disparity between the life experiences of our ancestors and ourselves might affect our health? for the majority of our evolutionary history, humans lived in small hunter- gatherer groups whose diet, lifestyle, living conditions, and environmental pressures werevery different to the experiences of most humans today. the adaptations making us uniquely human - height, brain size, body proportions, metabolic rate, day range - were established during the pleistocene - some 200 times as long as our recent evolutionary history - and may not fit us as well atthe end of the 20th century. this fascinating book explores and analyses the ways in which our ancient genes contend with, and influence, human life in the space age. it offers the first broad, in-depth coverage of the many points of contact between evolutionary biology and medical science.evolutionary biology is not a standard part of medical education, but it offers many important insights into central problems of human health and disease. these include the evolution of antibiotic resistance, the evolution of pathogen virulence, the evolution of ageing, the design of vaccines, andpopulation- and genotype-specific reactions to drugs and susceptibility to disease. they also include new insights into mother-offspring conflict during pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, child abuse, homicide, depression, schizophrenia, and many chronic degenerative diseases, such as cancer andosteoporosis. this book, written by a team of world experts in evolutionary medicine, describes the state of the art, and provides easy, clear access to the primary literature. addressed to medical students, medical researchers, and evolutionary biologists, it provides compelling arguments for whythe tools of evolutionary biology - both its ideas and its methods - belong in every doctor's tool-kit.

Food and Western Disease Health and Nutrition from an Evolutionary Perspective

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Author by : Staffan Lindeberg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 9781405197717
Identifier : 1405197714
Release : 2010-01-11
Publisher by : Wiley-Blackwell
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Food And Western Disease by Staffan Lindeberg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. nutrition science is a highly fractionated, contentious field with rapidly changing viewpoints on both minor and major issues impacting on public health. with an evolutionary perspective as its basis, this exciting book provides a framework by which the discipline can finally be coherently explored. by looking at what we know of human evolution and disease in relation to the diets that humans enjoy now and prehistorically, the book allows the reader to begin to truly understand the link between diet and disease in the western world and move towards a greater knowledge of what can be defined as the optimal human diet. written by a leading expert covers all major diseases, including cancer, heart disease, obesity, stroke and dementia details the benefits and risks associated with the palaeolithic diet draws conclusions on key topics including sustainable nutrition and the question of healthy eating this important book provides an exciting and useful insight into this fascinating subject area and will be of great interest to nutritionists, dietitians and other members of the health professions. evolutionary biologists and anthropologists will also find much of interest within the book. all university and research establishments where nutritional sciences, medicine, food science and biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this title.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Alan Beedle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0199663920
Identifier : 9780199663927
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine by Alan Beedle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. this revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. it is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. the general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. the second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. the two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. the final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. a number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. this second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Evolution and Medicine

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Author by : Robert Perlman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn : 0199661715
Identifier : 9780199661718
Release : 2013-05-30
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution And Medicine by Robert Perlman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution and medicine provides an accessible introduction to the new field of evolutionary medicine. evolutionary concepts help explain why we remain vulnerable to disease, how pathogens and cancer cells evolve, and how the diseases that affected our evolutionary ancestors have shaped our biology.

Evolutionary medicine rethinking the origins of disease

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Author by : Marc Lappé
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 255
Isbn :
Identifier : UCSC:32106011001309
Release : 1994
Publisher by : Random House (NY)
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by Marc Lappé and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. offers a new perspective on the interaction of disease, human evolution, and modern medicine, and examines the common roots of the aids epidemic, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and autoimmune diseases

Health and Disease According to Darwinian Evolution

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Author by : Shahriar Khan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 9843361636
Identifier : 9789843361639
Release : 2015-02-01
Publisher by : Shahriar Khan
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Health And Disease According To Darwinian Evolution by Shahriar Khan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. we know much about the construction and functioning of the human body, but rarely ask how and why the human body came into existence. the evolution of the human body and mind provides answers to longstanding and hard-to-answer questions on human health, disease and treatment. the quantum theory gives the most fundamental explanation of the creation of atoms and molecules, organic compounds, dna and its replication, crossover during meiosis, etc. central is the theme that our bodies are made of the very product of primordial supernova explosions from billions of years ago. understanding the body may be the ultimate extension of quantum physics and evolution. man, his fellow animals, health, germs, and disease are a huge mystery novel, and it is for us to solve with evolution how it all happened. for thousands or millions of years, man s dna was programmed by natural selection from his life as a hunter gatherer or a farmer. our genetic makeup has been unable to keep pace with the rapid changes in diet, lifestyle and environment over the last few decades. much of today s health disorders arise from the dna s inability to cope with these rapid changes. the internal environment of the body contains at least hundreds of chemicals, organic and inorganic, detectable and undetectable, known and unknown. we can never hope to know all the chemicals and their reactions. a new concept is introduced about our hidden arms race with farm animals. this book is based on an understanding of evolution of human life, and life in general on the planet. it has a common-sense approach to immunity, and the ability of the body to heal itself. the approaches are not dramatic new discoveries, but an extension of well-established principles of anthropology and evolution. the language does not require specialized knowledge, and may be read by anyone with an interest in health and disease.

Evolving Health The Origins of Illness and How the Modern World Is Making Us Sick

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Author by : Noel T. Boaz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 9780471212997
Identifier : 0471212997
Release : 2002-10-01
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Evolving Health by Noel T. Boaz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. human illnesses can be understood as damage to those adaptationsthat we took on at various stages in our evolution from pre-lifemolecules to modern homo sapiens. preventing these illnessesentails avoiding what causes the damage-- which too frequently arethe everyday hazards of twenty-first-century life, as the chartbelow shows: level of evolution cause of adaptive failure resulting disease or problem pre-life environmental poisons certain birth defects single cell (bacteria and amoeba-like) viral infection colds/flu/hiv morula (sponge-like) cellular stress cancer chordate physical stress back pain fish excess dietary salt hypertension/heart disease amphibian tobacco smoke lung cancer/emphysema lower primate excess dietary sugar diabetes mellitus higher primate vitamin c deficiency scurvy ape excess dietary protein gout homo sapiens reduced dietary variety nutritionaldiseases/food allergies

Neuroradiology Spectrum and Evolution of Disease

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Author by : Juan Small
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 600
Isbn : 0323447252
Identifier : 9780323447256
Release : 2018-08-10
Publisher by : Elsevier Health Sciences
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Neuroradiology by Juan Small and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. acquire a better understanding of disease evolution and treatment response with neuroradiology spectrum and evolution of disease. the unique format includes carefully chosen clinical images that depict the pathologic evolution of disease from initial presentation across the continuum of progression. colorful graphics plot characteristic changes, helping you visualize how normal and abnormal variations alter over time. extensive illustrations and concise descriptions distill complex concepts, making this first-of-its-kind resource an excellent tool for imaging interpretation and clinical problem solving. presents neurologic disease from a novel imaging perspective, emphasizing evolutionary development and pointing out patterns to recognize. provides a state-of-the-art understanding of image interpretation based on early, middle, and late imaging characteristics; typical and atypical variants; and pre-treatment, post-treatment, progression, and regression characteristics. guides you through the progression of disease with chronological indicators, additional clinical images and descriptions, and annotations that highlight atypical findings – for an easy-to-digest, visually memorable presentation. helps you correctly interpret specific imaging characteristics you have never seen, even when the disease process is one you are familiar with.

Genomic Elements in Health, Disease and Evolution Junk DNA

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Author by : Kyriacos Felekkis
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 315
Isbn : 1493930702
Identifier : 9781493930708
Release : 2015-09-30
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Genomic Elements In Health Disease And Evolution by Kyriacos Felekkis and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over 98% of the human genome contains non-coding dna sequences. for many years molecular biologists referred to this component of the genome as the “junk” dna since it does not code for any “useful” protein product. over the last years this notion changed significantly as scientists discovered that a large part of this dna contains various genomic elements that have important roles in cell physiology. genomic elements such as non-coding rnas, transposons, splicing rnas, dna repeats and others were shown to play a significant role in regulating gene expression. in addition, all these elements were implicated to contribute in the pathogenesis or progression of various human diseases. in this book, the editor will attempt to describe all these genomic elements that constitute the junk dna of the genome. for every genomic element, the physiologic role in the organism, its role in evolution and any possible involvement in human diseases will be discussed. additionally, interaction between these elements in normal or pathologic condition will be discussed. since a large amount of new knowledge is generated daily in regards to these genomic elements, this book will attempt to combine all the information in a single publication that can serve as a reference for future studies. the first part will discuss rna elements such as micrornas, long non-coding rnas, pirnas and splicing rnas. the second part of the book will deal with transposons, retrotransposons and dna transposons. finally the third part of the book will discuss dna elements that include dna repeats, conserved non-coding sequences, distal genomic elements, introns, pseudogenes, cpg islands and telomeres. for mirnas and cnvs a separate chapter will be dedicated to their role in human diseases since an extensive amount of information exists about these two elements.

Human Fatigue Evolution, Health and Disease

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Author by : Frank Marino
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 9781138939738
Identifier : 1138939730
Release : 2019-01-07
Publisher by : Routledge
Category :
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Description : Read Now Human Fatigue by Frank Marino and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. fatigue is a condition spanning the breadth of human functioning in health and disease and is a central concern in sport and exercise. even so we are yet to fully understand its causes. one reason for this lack of understanding is that we seldom consider fatigue from an evolutionary perspective - as an adaptation that provided reproductive success. this ground-breaking book outlines the evidence that fatigue is a result of adaptations distinctive to humans. it argues that humans developed adaptations which led to enhanced fatigue resistance compared with other mammals and discusses the implications in the context of exercise, health and performance. highly illustrated throughout, it covers topics such as defining and measuring fatigue, the emotional aspect of fatigue, how thermoregulation affects the human capacity to resist fatigue, and fatigue in disease. human fatigue is essential reading for all exercise scientists as well as graduate and undergraduate students in the broad field of physiology and exercise physiology.