Evolutionary Medicine

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The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 992
Isbn : 019250679X
Identifier : 9780192506795
Release : 2019-01-31
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now The Oxford Handbook Of Evolutionary Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. medicine is grounded in the natural sciences, among which biology stands out with regard to the understanding of human physiology and conditions that cause dysfunction. ironically though, evolutionary biology is a relatively disregarded field. one reason for this omission is that evolution is deemed a slow process. indeed, macroanatomical features of our species have changed very little in the last 300,000 years. a more detailed look, however, reveals that novel ecological contingencies, partly in relation to cultural evolution, have brought about subtle changes pertaining to metabolism and immunology, including adaptations to dietary innovations, as well as adaptations to the exposure to novel pathogens. rapid pathogen evolution and evolution of cancer cells cause major problems for the immune system to find adequate responses. in addition, many adaptations to past ecologies have turned into risk factors for somatic disease and psychological disorder in our modern worlds (i.e. mismatch), among which epidemics of autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and obesity, as well as several forms of cancer stand out. in addition, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric conditions add to the list. the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine is a compilation of cutting edge insights into the evolutionary history of ourselves as a species, and how and why our evolved design may convey vulnerability to disease. written in a classic textbook style emphasising physiology and pathophysiology of all major organ systems, the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine will be valuable for students as well as scholars in the fields of medicine, biology, anthropology and psychology.

Evolutionary Medicine and Health New Perspectives

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 544
Isbn : 9780195307061
Identifier : 0195307062
Release : 2008-09-04
Publisher by : OUP USA
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine And Health by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. building on the success of their groundbreaking anthology evolutionary medicine (oup, 1999), wenda r. trevathan, e. o. smith, and james j. mckenna provide an up-to-date and thought-provoking introduction to the field with this new collection of essays. ideal for courses in evolutionary medicine, medical anthropology, and the evolution of human disease, evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives presents twenty-three original articles that examine how human evolution relates to a broad range of contemporary health problems including infectious, chronic, nutritional, and mental diseases and disorders. topics covered include disease susceptibility in cultural context, substance abuse and addiction, sleep disorders, preeclampsia, altitude-related hypoxia, the biological context of menstruation, and the role of stress in modern life. an international team of preeminent scholars in biological anthropology, medicine, biology, psychology, and geography contributed the selections. together they represent a uniquely integrative and multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the dialogue between biology and culture as it relates to understanding, treating, and preventing disease. a common theme throughout is the description of cases in which biological human development conflicts with culturally based individual behaviors that determine health outcomes. detailed, evidence-based arguments make the case that all aspects of the human condition covered in the volume have an evolutionary basis, while theoretical discussions using other empirical evidence critique the gaps that still remain in evolutionary approaches to health. evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives features an introductory overview that covers the field's diverse array of topics, questions, lines of evidence, and perspectives. in addition, the editors provide introductions to each essay and an extensive bibliography that represents a state-of-the-art survey of the literature. a companion website at www.oup.com/us/evolmed offers a full bibliography and links to source articles, reports, and databases. written in an engaging style that is accessible to students, professionals, and general readers, this book offers a unique look at how an evolutionary perspective has become increasingly relevant to the health field and medical practice.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Alan Beedle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0199663920
Identifier : 9780199663927
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine by Alan Beedle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. this revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. it is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. the general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. the second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. the two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. the final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. a number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. this second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 496
Isbn : 9780195356007
Identifier : 0195356004
Release : 1999-06-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution is the single most important idea in modern biology, shedding light on virtually every biological question, from the shape of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species across the planet. until recently, however, the theory has had little impact on medical research or practice. evolutionary medicine shows how this is beginning to change. collecting work from leaders in the field, this volume describes an array of new and innovative approaches to human health that are based on an appreciation of our long evolutionary history. for example, it shows how evolution helps to explain the complex relationship between our immune systems and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. it also shows how comparisons between how we live today and how our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived thousands of years ago illuminate a variety of contemporary ills, including obesity, lower-back pain, and insomnia. evolutionary medicine covers issues at every stage of life, from infancy (colic, jaundice, sids, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, asthma) to adulthood (sexually transmitted diseases, depression, overeating, addictions, child abuse, cardiovascular disease, breast and ovarian cancer) to old age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). written for a wide range of students and researchers in medicine, anthropology, and psychology, it is an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field.

Why We Get Sick The New Science of Darwinian Medicine

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Author by : Randolph M. Nesse
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0307816001
Identifier : 9780307816009
Release : 2012-02-08
Publisher by : Vintage
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Why We Get Sick by Randolph M. Nesse and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the next time you get sick, consider this before picking up the aspirin: your body may be doing exactly what it's supposed to. in this ground-breaking book, two pioneers of the science of darwinian medicine argue that illness as well as the factors that predispose us toward it are subject to the same laws of natural selection that otherwise make our bodies such miracles of design. among the concerns they raise: when may a fever be beneficial? why do pregnant women get morning sickness? how do certain viruses "manipulate" their hosts into infecting others? what evolutionary factors may be responsible for depression and panic disorder? deftly summarizing research on disorders ranging from allergies to alzheimer's, and form cancer to huntington's chorea, why we get sick, answers these questions and more. the result is a book that will revolutionize our attitudes toward illness and will intrigue and instruct lay person and medical practitioners alike. from the trade paperback edition.

Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : S C Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781605352602
Identifier : 1605352608
Release : 2015-08-01
Publisher by : Sinauer Associates
Category : Diseases
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Evidence-Based Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : John S. Torday
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 1118838378
Identifier : 9781118838372
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evidence Based Evolutionary Medicine by John S. Torday and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a groundbreaking, evidence-based text to the growing field of evolutionary medicine evidence-based evolutionary medicine offers a comprehensive review of the burgeoning field of evolutionary medicine and explores vital topics such as evolution, ecology, and aging as they relate to mainstream medicine. the text integrates darwinian principles and evidence-based medicine in order to offer a clear picture of the underlying principles that reflect how and why organisms have evolved on a cellular level. the authors—noted authorities in their respective fields—address evolutionary medicine from a developmental cell-molecular perspective. they explore the first principles of physiology that explain the generation of existing tissues, organs, and organ systems. the text offers an understanding of the overall biology as a vertically integrated whole, from unicellular to multicellular organisms. in addition, it addresses clinical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, both traditional and cell-homeostatic. this groundbreaking text: • offers a much-needed, logical, and fundamental approach to biology and medicine • provides a clear explanation of complex physiology and pathophysiology • integrates topics like evolution, ecology and aging into mainstream medicine, making them more relevant • contains the first evidence-based text on evolutionary medicine written for medical and graduate students in biology, physiology, anatomy, endocrinology, reproductive biology, medicine, pathology, systems biology, this vital resource offers a unique text of both biology as an integrated whole with universal properties; and of medicine seeing the individual as a whole, not an inventory of parts and diseases.

Evolutionary medicine rethinking the origins of disease

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Author by : Marc Lappé
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 255
Isbn :
Identifier : UCSC:32106011001309
Release : 1994
Publisher by : Random House (NY)
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by Marc Lappé and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. offers a new perspective on the interaction of disease, human evolution, and modern medicine, and examines the common roots of the aids epidemic, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and autoimmune diseases

Evolutionary Thinking in Medicine From Research to Policy and Practice

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Author by : Alexandra Alvergne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 382
Isbn : 3319297163
Identifier : 9783319297163
Release : 2016-05-13
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Thinking In Medicine by Alexandra Alvergne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the aim of this edited book is to provide health professionals, across a wide variety of specialisms, with a targeted access to evolutionary medicine. throughout the book, the views of both medical and evolutionary scientists on the latest relevant research is presented with a focus on practical implications. the inclusion of boxes explaining the theoretical background as well as both a glossary for technical terms and a lay summary for non- specialists enable medical researchers, public health professionals, policy makers, physicians, students, scholars and the public alike to quickly and easily access appropriate information. this edited volume is thus relevant to anyone keen on finding out how evolutionary medicine can improve the health and well-being of people.

Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 496
Isbn : 9780195356007
Identifier : 0195356004
Release : 1999-06-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution is the single most important idea in modern biology, shedding light on virtually every biological question, from the shape of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species across the planet. until recently, however, the theory has had little impact on medical research or practice. evolutionary medicine shows how this is beginning to change. collecting work from leaders in the field, this volume describes an array of new and innovative approaches to human health that are based on an appreciation of our long evolutionary history. for example, it shows how evolution helps to explain the complex relationship between our immune systems and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. it also shows how comparisons between how we live today and how our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived thousands of years ago illuminate a variety of contemporary ills, including obesity, lower-back pain, and insomnia. evolutionary medicine covers issues at every stage of life, from infancy (colic, jaundice, sids, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, asthma) to adulthood (sexually transmitted diseases, depression, overeating, addictions, child abuse, cardiovascular disease, breast and ovarian cancer) to old age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). written for a wide range of students and researchers in medicine, anthropology, and psychology, it is an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field.

Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics

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Author by : Derek A. Roff
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 494
Isbn : 1461540801
Identifier : 9781461540809
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics by Derek A. Roff and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the impetus for this book arose out of my previous book, the evolution of life histories (roff, 1992). in that book i presented a single chapter on quanti tative genetic theory. however, as the book was concerned with the evolution of life histories and traits connected to this, the presence of quantitative genetic variation was an underlying theme throughout. much of the focus was placed on optimality theory, for it is this approach that has proven to be extremely successful in the analysis of life history variation. but quantitative genetics cannot be ig nored, because there are some questions for which optimality approaches are inappropriate; for example, although optimality modeling can address the ques tion of the maintenance of phenotypic variation, it cannot say anything about genetic variation, on which further evolution clearly depends. the present book is, thus, a natural extension of the first. i have approached the problem not from the point of view of an animal or plant breeder but from that of one interested in understanding the evolution of quantitative traits in wild populations. the subject is large with a considerable body of theory: i generally present the assumptions underlying the analysis and the results, giving the relevant references for those interested in the intervening mathematics. my interest is in what quantitative genetics tells me about evolutionary processes; therefore, i have concentrated on areas of research most relevant to field studies.

Cancer The Evolutionary Legacy

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Author by : Mel Greaves
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 276
Isbn : 9780192628343
Identifier : 0192628348
Release : 2001
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Cancer by Mel Greaves and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this lucid and entertaining book, mel greaves argues that evolutionary biology offers a new perspective that can help us unravel the riddle of cancer. why, for example, have women always had such a raw deal in the cancer stakes? and why are some cancers, such as prostate cancer, increasing in incidence? greaves argues that darwinian selection millions of years ago has endowed our genes and cells with inherently cancerous credentials, and this is exacerbated by our rapid social evolution and exotic behavioural traits that outpace genetic adaptation. the book is full of novel insights, the latest scientific discoveries, and wonderful historical anecdotes. it provides a unique portrait of cancer, past, present, and future.