Evolutionary Thinking In Medicine

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Evolutionary Thinking in Medicine From Research to Policy and Practice

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Author by : Alexandra Alvergne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 382
Isbn : 3319297163
Identifier : 9783319297163
Release : 2016-05-13
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Thinking In Medicine by Alexandra Alvergne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the aim of this edited book is to provide health professionals, across a wide variety of specialisms, with a targeted access to evolutionary medicine. throughout the book, the views of both medical and evolutionary scientists on the latest relevant research is presented with a focus on practical implications. the inclusion of boxes explaining the theoretical background as well as both a glossary for technical terms and a lay summary for non- specialists enable medical researchers, public health professionals, policy makers, physicians, students, scholars and the public alike to quickly and easily access appropriate information. this edited volume is thus relevant to anyone keen on finding out how evolutionary medicine can improve the health and well-being of people.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Alan Beedle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0199663920
Identifier : 9780199663927
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine by Alan Beedle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. this revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. it is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. the general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. the second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. the two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. the final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. a number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. this second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Evolutionary Psychiatry A new beginning

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Author by : Anthony Stevens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 1317580486
Identifier : 9781317580485
Release : 2015-12-14
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychiatry by Anthony Stevens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. this ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. a comprehensive introduction to the science of darwinian psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. anthony stevens and john price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. particularly important are the theories stevens and price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, evolutionary psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.? this classic edition of the book includes a new preface by anthony stevens and a foreword by paul gilbert.

Pragmatic Evolution Applications of Evolutionary Theory

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Author by : Aldo Poiani
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139502255
Identifier : 9781139502252
Release : 2011-11-10
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Pragmatic Evolution by Aldo Poiani and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. of what use is evolutionary science to society? can evolutionary thinking provide us with the tools to better understand and even make positive changes to the world? addressing key questions about the development of evolutionary thinking, this book explores the interaction between evolutionary theory and its practical applications. featuring contributions from leading specialists, pragmatic evolution highlights the diverse and interdisciplinary applications of evolutionary thinking: their potential and limitations. the fields covered range from palaeontology, genetics, ecology, agriculture, fisheries, medicine, neurobiology, psychology and animal behaviour; to information technology, education, anthropology and philosophy. detailed examples of useful and current evolutionary applications are provided throughout. an ideal source of information to promote a better understanding of contemporary evolutionary science and its applications, this book also encourages the continued development of new opportunities for constructive evolutionary applications across a range of fields.

Maladapting Minds Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory

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Author by : Pieter R. Adriaens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0199558663
Identifier : 9780199558667
Release : 2011-03-10
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Maladapting Minds by Pieter R. Adriaens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ever since darwin, psychiatrists have been tempted to put evolutionary theory to use in their efforts to understand and explain mental disorders. varying in success, scope and scientific rigour, these attempts have often caught the attention of philosophers. there are many studies about how the philosophy of psychiatry has been informed by twentieth-century 'continental' philosophy (in focusing on topics such as embodiment, narrativity and gender) as well as 'analytic' philosophy (in focusing on more conceptual issues). thus far, however, there are simply no studies about how philosophical issues in psychiatric theory and practice can be, and have been informed by evolutionary theory. maladapting minds explores the relationship between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. in particular, it discusses a number of reasons why philosophers of psychiatry should take an interest in evolutionary explanations of mental disorders, and, more generally, in evolutionarythinking. the many chapters deal with evolutionary accounts of various mental disorders, including phobias, fetishism, developmental disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. written by both world-class philosophers, psychologists and evolutionary psychiatrists, this volume illustrates that many debates in contemporary philosophy of psychiatry are profoundly influenced by evolutionary approaches to mental disorders. in doing so, it represents the very first attempts to critically explore the interface between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. it is important reading for psychiatrists, philosophers of mind, and evolutionary psychologists.

Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences

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Author by : Thomas Heams
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 910
Isbn : 9401790140
Identifier : 9789401790147
Release : 2014-11-23
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Evolutionary Thinking In The Sciences by Thomas Heams and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and this book presents the details of the core of modern darwinism and its latest developmental directions. the authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life. the second part of this book scrutinizes darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. the final section addresses anti-darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools. the reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. this work examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits. scholars interested in modern darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find this book an excellent read, and those considering how darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable. originally produced in french (les mondes darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of the book have led to the production of this english text, to reach a wider audience. this book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by francophone scholars into the world of darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades. alex rosenberg, r. taylor cole professor of philosophy, duke university until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves. tim lewens, university of cambridge

Evolution in Health and Disease

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Author by : Stephen C. Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 374
Isbn : 0199207453
Identifier : 9780199207459
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Evolution In Health And Disease by Stephen C. Stearns and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a fully revised edition of a volume written by the world's leading authorities on this subject. it discusses how the evolution of humans and their pathogens have generated important medical issues, covering both infectious and degenerative diseases. it presents important ideas that are not yet sufficiently appreciated in the medical community.

Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 496
Isbn : 9780195356007
Identifier : 0195356004
Release : 1999-06-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution is the single most important idea in modern biology, shedding light on virtually every biological question, from the shape of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species across the planet. until recently, however, the theory has had little impact on medical research or practice. evolutionary medicine shows how this is beginning to change. collecting work from leaders in the field, this volume describes an array of new and innovative approaches to human health that are based on an appreciation of our long evolutionary history. for example, it shows how evolution helps to explain the complex relationship between our immune systems and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. it also shows how comparisons between how we live today and how our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived thousands of years ago illuminate a variety of contemporary ills, including obesity, lower-back pain, and insomnia. evolutionary medicine covers issues at every stage of life, from infancy (colic, jaundice, sids, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, asthma) to adulthood (sexually transmitted diseases, depression, overeating, addictions, child abuse, cardiovascular disease, breast and ovarian cancer) to old age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). written for a wide range of students and researchers in medicine, anthropology, and psychology, it is an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field.

Evolutionary Medicine and Health New Perspectives

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 544
Isbn : 9780195307054
Identifier : 0195307054
Release : 2009-03-26
Publisher by : OUP USA
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine And Health by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. building on the success of their groundbreaking anthology evolutionary medicine (oup, 1999), wenda r. trevathan, e. o. smith, and james j. mckenna provide an up-to-date and thought-provoking introduction to the field with this new collection of essays. ideal for courses in evolutionary medicine, medical anthropology, and the evolution of human disease, evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives presents twenty-three original articles that examine how human evolution relates to a broad range of contemporary health problems including infectious, chronic, nutritional, and mental diseases and disorders. topics covered include disease susceptibility in cultural context, substance abuse and addiction, sleep disorders, preeclampsia, altitude-related hypoxia, the biological context of menstruation, and the role of stress in modern life. an international team of preeminent scholars in biological anthropology, medicine, biology, psychology, and geography contributed the selections. together they represent a uniquely integrative and multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the dialogue between biology and culture as it relates to understanding, treating, and preventing disease. a common theme throughout is the description of cases in which biological human development conflicts with culturally based individual behaviors that determine health outcomes. detailed, evidence-based arguments make the case that all aspects of the human condition covered in the volume have an evolutionary basis, while theoretical discussions using other empirical evidence critique the gaps that still remain in evolutionary approaches to health. evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives features an introductory overview that covers the field's diverse array of topics, questions, lines of evidence, and perspectives. in addition, the editors provide introductions to each essay and an extensive bibliography that represents a state-of-the-art survey of the literature. a companionwebsite at www.oup.com/us/evolmed offers a full bibliography and links to source articles, reports, and databases. written in an engaging style that is accessible to students, professionals, and general readers, this book offers a unique look at how an evolutionary perspective has become increasingly relevant to the health field and medical practice.

Evolution and Medicine

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Author by : Robert Perlman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn : 0199661715
Identifier : 9780199661718
Release : 2013-05-30
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution And Medicine by Robert Perlman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution and medicine provides an accessible introduction to the new field of evolutionary medicine. evolutionary concepts help explain why we remain vulnerable to disease, how pathogens and cancer cells evolve, and how the diseases that affected our evolutionary ancestors have shaped our biology.

Into Africa A Transnational History of Catholic Medical Missions and Social Change

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Author by : Barbra Mann Wall
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 224
Isbn : 0813566231
Identifier : 9780813566238
Release : 2015-09-23
Publisher by : Rutgers University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Into Africa by Barbra Mann Wall and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. winner of the 2016 lavinia dock award from the american association for the history of nursing awarded first place in the 2016 american journal of nursing book of the year award in the history and public policy category the most dramatic growth of christianity in the late twentieth century has occurred in africa, where catholic missions have played major roles. but these missions did more than simply convert africans. catholic sisters became heavily involved in the church’s health services and eventually in relief and social justice efforts. in into africa, barbra mann wall offers a transnational history that reveals how catholic medical and nursing sisters established relationships between local and international groups, sparking an exchange of ideas that crossed national, religious, gender, and political boundaries. both a nurse and a historian, wall explores this intersection of religion, medicine, gender, race, and politics in sub-saharan africa, focusing on the years following world war ii, a period when european colonial rule was ending and africans were building new governments, health care institutions, and education systems. she focuses specifically on hospitals, clinics, and schools of nursing in ghana and uganda run by the medical mission sisters of philadelphia; in nigeria and uganda by the irish medical missionaries of mary; in tanzania by the maryknoll sisters of new york; and in nigeria by a local nigerian congregation. wall shows how, although initially somewhat ethnocentric, the sisters gradually developed a deeper understanding of the diverse populations they served. in the process, their medical and nursing work intersected with critical social, political, and cultural debates that continue in africa today: debates about the role of women in their local societies, the relationship of women to the nursing and medical professions and to the catholic church, the obligations countries have to provide care for their citizens, and the role of women in human rights. a groundbreaking contribution to the study of globalization and medicine, into africa highlights the importance of transnational partnerships, using the stories of these nuns to enhance the understanding of medical mission work and global change.

Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : S C Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781605352602
Identifier : 1605352608
Release : 2015-08-01
Publisher by : Sinauer Associates
Category : Diseases
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine by S C Stearns and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.