Global Burden Of Disease And Risk Factors

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Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

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Author by : Alan D. Lopez
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 475
Isbn : 0821362631
Identifier : 9780821362631
Release : 2006-04-02
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Global Burden Of Disease And Risk Factors by Alan D. Lopez and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. strategic health planning, the cornerstone of initiatives designed to achieve health improvement goals around the world, requires an understanding of the comparative burden of diseases and injuries, their corresponding risk factors and the likely effects of invervention options. the global burden of disease framework, originally published in 1990, has been widely adopted as the preferred method for health accounting and has become the standard to guide the setting of health research priorities. this publication sets out an updated assessment of the situation, with an analysis of trends observed since 1990 and a chapter on the sensitivity of gbd estimates to various sources of uncertainty in methods and data.

Author by : Christopher J. L. Murray
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9780674354487
Identifier : 0674354486
Release : 1996
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 1) Essential Surgery

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Author by : Haile T. Debas
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 442
Isbn : 1464803676
Identifier : 9781464803673
Release : 2015-03-23
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 1 by Haile T. Debas and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. essential surgery is part of a nine volume series for disease control priorities which focuses on health interventions intended to reduce morbidity and mortality. the essential surgery volume focuses on four key aspects including global financial responsibility, emergency procedures, essential services organization and cost analysis.

Global Health Risks Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks

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Author by : World Health Organization
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 62
Isbn : 9241563877
Identifier : 9789241563871
Release : 2009
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Global Health Risks by World Health Organization and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this publication is a comprehensive assessment of leading risks to global health. it provides detailed global and regional estimates of premature mortality, disability and loss of health attributable to 24 global risk factors.--publisher's description.

Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Sexual and reproductive health

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Author by : Majid Ezzati
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 2248
Isbn : 9241580313
Identifier : 9789241580311
Release : 2004
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Comparative Quantification Of Health Risks Sexual And Reproductive Health by Majid Ezzati and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this publication gives a comprehensive assessment of scientific evidence about risk factors linked to diseases and human health hazards, which has important implications for public health policies. topics discussed include: childhood and maternal undernutrition; nutritional and physiological risk factors; addictive substances; sexual and reproductive health; environmental and occupational risks, including air pollution, unsafe water and sanitation, and climate change; the distribution of risk factors by poverty; data analysis and results; multiple risk factor assessments; and future research. this publication comprises of three volumes: two volumes in hardcopy with a third volume containing annex tables in an accompanying cd-rom.

An Integrative Metaregression Framework for Descriptive Epidemiology

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Author by : Abraham D. Flaxman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 250
Isbn : 9780295991849
Identifier : 0295991844
Release : 2015
Publisher by : Publications on Global Health, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now An Integrative Metaregression Framework For Descriptive Epidemiology by Abraham D. Flaxman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to provide the tools and knowledge needed in efforts to improve the health of the world's populations, researchers collaborated on the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2010. the study produced comprehensive estimates of over 200 diseases and health risk factors in 187 countries over two decades, results that will be used by governments and non-governmental agencies to inform priorities for global health research, policies, and funding. integrated meta-regression framework for descriptive epidemiology is the first book-length treatment of model-based meta-analytic methods for descriptive epidemiology used in the global burden of disease study 2010. in addition to collecting the prior work on compartmental modeling of disease, this book significantly extends the model, by formally connecting the system dynamics model of disease progression to a statistical model of epidemiological rates and demonstrates how the two models were combined to allow researchers to integrate relevant data. practical applications of the model to meta-analysis of more than a dozen different diseases complement the theoretical foundations of the integrative systems modeling of disease in populations. the book concludes with a detailed description of the future directions for research in model-based meta-analysis of descriptive epidemiological data. abraham flaxman is assistant professor of global health in the institute for health metrics and evaluation at the university of washington.

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health

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Author by : Roger Detels
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1728
Isbn : 019881013X
Identifier : 9780198810131
Release : 2017-09-28
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Epidemiology
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Description : Read Now Oxford Textbook Of Global Public Health by Roger Detels and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. sixth edition of the hugely successful, internationally recognised textbook on global public health and epidemiology, with 3 volumes comprehensively covering the scope, methods, and practice of the discipline.

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments A Global Assessment of the Burden of Disease from Environmental Risks

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Author by : Annette Prüss-Üstün
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 147
Isbn : 9241565195
Identifier : 9789241565196
Release : 2016
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments by Annette Prüss-Üstün and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "the main message emerging from this new comprehensive global assessment is that premature death and disease can be prevented through healthier environments--and to a significant degree. analysing the latest data on the environment-disease nexus and the devastating impact of environmental hazards and risks on global health, backed up by expert opinion, this report covers more than 130 diseases and injuries. the analysis shows that 23% of global deaths (and 26% of deaths among children under five) are due to modifiable environmental factors--and therefore can be prevented. stroke, ischaemic heart disease, diarrhoea and cancers head the list. people in low-income countries bear the greatest disease burden, with the exception of noncommunicable diseases. the report's unequivocal evidence should add impetus to coordinating global efforts to promote healthy environments--often through well-established, cost-effective interventions. this analysis will inform those who want to better understand the transformational spirit of the sustainable development goals agreed by heads of state in september 2015. the results of the analysis underscore the pressing importance of stronger intersectoral action to create healthier environments that will contribute to sustainably improving the lives of millions around the world."--page 4 of cover.

Encyclopedia of Public Health Volume 1: A - H Volume 2: I - Z

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Author by : Wilhelm Kirch
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1601
Isbn : 1402056133
Identifier : 9781402056130
Release : 2008-06-13
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of Public Health by Wilhelm Kirch and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the encyclopedic reference of public health presents the most important definitions, principles and general perspectives of public health, written by experts of the different fields. the work includes more than 2,500 alphabetical entries. entries comprise review-style articles, detailed essays and short definitions. numerous figures and tables enhance understanding of this little-understood topic. solidly structured and inclusive, this two-volume reference is an invaluable tool for clinical scientists and practitioners in academia, health care and industry, as well as students, teachers and interested laypersons.

Global, Regional, and National Comparative Risk Assessment of 79 Behavioural, Environmental and Occupational, and Metabolic Risks Or Clusters of Risks in 188 Countries, 1990–2013: a Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : OCLC:1052034397
Release : 2015
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now Global Regional And National Comparative Risk Assessment Of 79 Behavioural Environmental And Occupational And Metabolic Risks Or Clusters Of Risks In 188 Countries 1990 2013 A Systematic Analysis For The Global Burden Of Disease Study 2013 by no defined and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. background: the global burden of disease, injuries, and risk factor study 2013 (gbd 2013) is the first of a series of annual updates of the gbd. risk factor quantification, particularly of modifiable risk factors, can help to identify emerging threats to population health and opportunities for prevention. the gbd 2013 provides a timely opportunity to update the comparative risk assessment with new data for exposure, relative risks, and evidence on the appropriate counterfactual risk distribution. methods: attributable deaths, years of life lost, years lived with disability, and disability-adjusted life-years (dalys) have been estimated for 79 risks or clusters of risks using the gbd 2010 methods. risk–outcome pairs meeting explicit evidence criteria were assessed for 188 countries for the period 1990–2013 by age and sex using three inputs: risk exposure, relative risks, and the theoretical minimum risk exposure level (tmrel). risks are organised into a hierarchy with blocks of behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks at the first level of the hierarchy. the next level in the hierarchy includes nine clusters of related risks and two individual risks, with more detail provided at levels 3 and 4 of the hierarchy. compared with gbd 2010, six new risk factors have been added: handwashing practices, occupational exposure to trichloroethylene, childhood wasting, childhood stunting, unsafe sex, and low glomerular filtration rate. for most risks, data for exposure were synthesised with a bayesian meta-regression method, dismod-mr 2.0, or spatial-temporal gaussian process regression. relative risks were based on meta-regressions of published cohort and intervention studies. attributable burden for clusters of risks and all risks combined took into account evidence on the mediation of some risks such as high body-mass index (bmi) through other risks such as high systolic blood pressure and high cholesterol. findings: all risks combined account for 57·2% (95% uncertainty interval [ui] 55·8–58·5) of deaths and 41·6% (40·1–43·0) of dalys. risks quantified account for 87·9% (86·5–89·3) of cardiovascular disease dalys, ranging to a low of 0% for neonatal disorders and neglected tropical diseases and malaria. in terms of global dalys in 2013, six risks or clusters of risks each caused more than 5% of dalys: dietary risks accounting for 11·3 million deaths and 241·4 million dalys, high systolic blood pressure for 10·4 million deaths and 208·1 million dalys, child and maternal malnutrition for 1·7 million deaths and 176·9 million dalys, tobacco smoke for 6·1 million deaths and 143·5 million dalys, air pollution for 5·5 million deaths and 141·5 million dalys, and high bmi for 4·4 million deaths and 134·0 million dalys. risk factor patterns vary across regions and countries and with time. in sub-saharan africa, the leading risk factors are child and maternal malnutrition, unsafe sex, and unsafe water, sanitation, and handwashing. in women, in nearly all countries in the americas, north africa, and the middle east, and in many other high-income countries, high bmi is the leading risk factor, with high systolic blood pressure as the leading risk in most of central and eastern europe and south and east asia. for men, high systolic blood pressure or tobacco use are the leading risks in nearly all high-income countries, in north africa and the middle east, europe, and asia. for men and women, unsafe sex is the leading risk in a corridor from kenya to south africa. interpretation: behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks can explain half of global mortality and more than one-third of global dalys providing many opportunities for prevention. of the larger risks, the attributable burden of high bmi has increased in the past 23 years. in view of the prominence of behavioural risk factors, behavioural and social science research on interventions for these risks should be strengthened. many prevention and primary care policy options are available now to act on key risks. funding: bill & melinda gates foundation.

Summary Measures of Population Health Concepts, Ethics, Measurement and Applications

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Author by : Organisation mondiale de la santé
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 770
Isbn : 9789241545518
Identifier : 9241545518
Release : 2002
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Summary Measures Of Population Health by Organisation mondiale de la santé and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as life expectancy rates continue to increase in many countries around the world, comparative health assessments based on mortality rates alone give an increasingly inadequate picture of public health. this publication addresses a wide range of key issues regarding the measurement of population health using comprehensive indices which combine data on mortality and ill-health. it considers the various uses of such summary measures, as well as an appropriate measurement framework and specific ethical and social value choices involved. the contributors to this book include leading experts in epidemiological methods, ethics, health economics, health status measurement and the valuation of health states.

The Global Burden of Disease 2004 Update

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Author by : Colin Mathers
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 146
Isbn : 9241563710
Identifier : 9789241563710
Release : 2008
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now The Global Burden Of Disease by Colin Mathers and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the global burden of disease: 2004 update is a comprehensive assessment of the health of the world's population. it provides detailed global and regional estimates of premature mortality, disability and loss of health for 135 causes by age and sex, drawing on extensive who databases and on information provided by member states.--publisher description.