Great American City Chicago And The Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 552
Isbn : 0226733882
Identifier : 9780226733883
Release : 2012-03-25
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 508886
Total Read : 2500499
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fates regardless of our surroundings, while other theories place us at the mercy of global forces beyond our control. these two perspectives dominate contemporary views of society, but by rejecting the importance of place they are both deeply flawed. based on one of the most ambitious studies in the history of social science, great american city argues that communities still matter because life is decisively shaped by where you live. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring impact of place, robert j. sampson presents here the fruits of over a decade’s research in chicago combined with his own unique personal observations about life in the city, from cabrini green to trump tower and millennium park to the robert taylor homes. he discovers that neighborhoods influence a remarkably wide variety of social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement, home foreclosures, teen births, altruism, leadership networks, and immigration. even national crises cannot halt the impact of place, sampson finds, as he analyzes the consequences of the great recession and its aftermath, bringing his magisterial study up to the fall of 2010. following in the influential tradition of the chicago school of urban studies but updated for the twenty-first century, great american city is at once a landmark research project, a commanding argument for a new theory of social life, and the story of an iconic city.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 3368276
Total Read : 7723676
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 552
Isbn : 9780226055688
Identifier : 022605568X
Release : 2013-06-14
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 184085
Total Read : 4604267
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fates regardless of our surroundings, while other theories place us at the mercy of global forces beyond our control. these two perspectives dominate contemporary views of society, but by rejecting the importance of place they are both deeply flawed. based on one of the most ambitious studies in the history of social science, great american city argues that communities still matter because life is decisively shaped by where you live. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring impact of place, robert j. sampson presents here the fruits of over a decade’s research in chicago combined with his own unique personal observations about life in the city, from cabrini green to trump tower and millennium park to the robert taylor homes. he discovers that neighborhoods influence a remarkably wide variety of social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement, home foreclosures, teen births, altruism, leadership networks, and immigration. even national crises cannot halt the impact of place, sampson finds, as he analyzes the consequences of the great recession and its aftermath, bringing his magisterial study up to the fall of 2010. following in the influential tradition of the chicago school of urban studies but updated for the twenty-first century, great american city is at once a landmark research project, a commanding argument for a new theory of social life, and the story of an iconic city.

Stuck in Place Urban Neighborhoods and the End of Progress toward Racial Equality

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Author by : Patrick Sharkey
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0226924262
Identifier : 9780226924267
Release : 2013-05-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 7239884
Total Read : 4734279
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Description : Read Now Stuck In Place by Patrick Sharkey and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the 1960s, many believed that the civil rights movement’s successes would foster a new era of racial equality in america. four decades later, the degree of racial inequality has barely changed. to understand what went wrong, patrick sharkey argues that we have to understand what has happened to african american communities over the last several decades. in stuck in place, sharkey describes how political decisions and social policies have led to severe disinvestment from black neighborhoods, persistent segregation, declining economic opportunities, and a growing link between african american communities and the criminal justice system. as a result, neighborhood inequality that existed in the 1970s has been passed down to the current generation of african americans. some of the most persistent forms of racial inequality, such as gaps in income and test scores, can only be explained by considering the neighborhoods in which black and white families have lived over multiple generations. this multigenerational nature of neighborhood inequality also means that a new kind of urban policy is necessary for our nation’s cities. sharkey argues for urban policies that have the potential to create transformative and sustained changes in urban communities and the families that live within them, and he outlines a durable urban policy agenda to move in that direction.

Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs A Historical Guide

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Author by : Ann Durkin Keating
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 329
Isbn : 0226428834
Identifier : 9780226428833
Release : 2008-11-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : History
Total Download : 3662684
Total Read : 2061607
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Description : Read Now Chicago Neighborhoods And Suburbs by Ann Durkin Keating and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a historian sheds new light on twenty-first century chicago by providing a captivating yet compact guide to the midwest's largest city and charts chicago's evolution with comprehensive, cross-referenced entries on all seventy-seven community areas along with many suburbs and neighborhoods. original.

Black on the Block The Politics of Race and Class in the City

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Author by : Mary Pattillo
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0226649334
Identifier : 9780226649337
Release : 2008-07-18
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 8896099
Total Read : 1035339
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Description : Read Now Black On The Block by Mary Pattillo and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in black on the block, mary pattillo—a newsweek woman of the 21st century—uses the historic rise, alarming fall, and equally dramatic renewal of chicago’s north kenwood–oakland neighborhood to explore the politics of race and class in contemporary urban america. there was a time when north kenwood–oakland was plagued by gangs, drugs, violence, and the font of poverty from which they sprang. but in the late 1980s, activists rose up to tackle the social problems that had plagued the area for decades. black on the block tells the remarkable story of how these residents laid the groundwork for a revitalized and self-consciously black neighborhood that continues to flourish today. but theirs is not a tale of easy consensus and political unity, and here pattillo teases out the divergent class interests that have come to define black communities like north kenwood–oakland. she explores the often heated battles between haves and have-nots, home owners and apartment dwellers, and newcomers and old-timers as they clash over the social implications of gentrification. along the way, pattillo highlights the conflicted but crucial role that middle-class blacks play in transforming such districts as they negotiate between established centers of white economic and political power and the needs of their less fortunate black neighbors. “a century from now, when today's sociologists and journalists are dust and their books are too, those who want to understand what the hell happened to chicago will be finding the answer in this one.”—chicago reader “to see how diversity creates strange and sometimes awkward bedfellows . . . turn to mary pattillo's black on the block.”—boston globe

Moving to Opportunity The Story of an American Experiment to Fight Ghetto Poverty

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Author by : Xavier de Souza Briggs, Susan J. Popkin, John Goering
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 305
Isbn : 0195393716
Identifier : 9780195393712
Release : 2010-03-31
Publisher by : OUP USA
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 7852222
Total Read : 8543347
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Description : Read Now Moving To Opportunity by Xavier de Souza Briggs, Susan J. Popkin, John Goering and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. moving to opportunity provides a unique account of one of the largest housing experiments in history and its effects on lives of the children and families who participated. as the authors make clear, mto is a uniquely american experiment, and this book brings home its lessons for advocates, scholars, students, journalists, and all who share a deep concern for opportunity and inequality in a changing nation.

Pockets of Crime Broken Windows, Collective Efficacy, and the Criminal Point of View

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Author by : Peter K. B. St. Jean
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 0226775003
Identifier : 9780226775005
Release : 2008-09-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 5909573
Total Read : 6107941
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Description : Read Now Pockets Of Crime by Peter K. B. St. Jean and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why, even in the same high-crime neighborhoods, do robbery, drug dealing, and assault occur much more frequently on some blocks than on others? one popular theory is that a weak sense of community among neighbors can create conditions more hospitable for criminals, and another proposes that neighborhood disorder—such as broken windows and boarded-up buildings—makes crime more likely. but in his innovative new study, peter k. b. st. jean argues that we cannot fully understand the impact of these factors without considering that, because urban space is unevenly developed, different kinds of crimes occur most often in locations that offer their perpetrators specific advantages. drawing on chicago police department statistics and extensive interviews with both law-abiding citizens and criminals in one of the city’s highest-crime areas, st. jean demonstrates that drug dealers and robbers, for example, are primarily attracted to locations with businesses like liquor stores, fast food restaurants, and check-cashing outlets. by accounting for these important factors of spatial positioning, he expands upon previous research to provide the most comprehensive explanation available of why crime occurs where it does.

Crime in the Making Pathways and Turning Points Through Life

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson, John H. Laub
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 309
Isbn : 9780674176058
Identifier : 0674176057
Release : 1995
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 7477702
Total Read : 5462459
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Description : Read Now Crime In The Making by Robert J. Sampson, John H. Laub and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. dult social factors have little relevance.

Divergent Social Worlds Neighborhood Crime and the Racial-Spatial Divide

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Author by : Ruth D. Peterson, Lauren J. Krivo
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 184
Isbn : 1610446771
Identifier : 9781610446778
Release : 2010-07-07
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 6136250
Total Read : 8819627
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Description : Read Now Divergent Social Worlds by Ruth D. Peterson, Lauren J. Krivo and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. more than half a century after the first jim crow laws were dismantled, the majority of urban neighborhoods in the united states remain segregated by race. the degree of social and economic advantage or disadvantage that each community experiences—particularly its crime rate—is most often a reflection of which group is in the majority. as ruth peterson and lauren krivo note in divergent social worlds, “race, place, and crime are still inextricably linked in the minds of the public.” this book broadens the scope of single-city, black/white studies by using national data to compare local crime patterns in five racially distinct types of neighborhoods. peterson and krivo meticulously demonstrate how residential segregation creates and maintains inequality in neighborhood crime rates. based on the authors’ groundbreaking national neighborhood crime study (nncs), divergent social worlds provides a more complete picture of the social conditions underlying neighborhood crime patterns than has ever before been drawn. the study includes economic, social, and local investment data for nearly nine thousand neighborhoods in eighty-seven cities, and the findings reveal a pattern across neighborhoods of racialized separation among unequal groups. residential segregation reproduces existing privilege or disadvantage in neighborhoods—such as adequate or inadequate schools, political representation, and local business—increasing the potential for crime and instability in impoverished non-white areas yet providing few opportunities for residents to improve conditions or leave. and the numbers bear this out. among urban residents, more than two-thirds of all whites, half of all african americans, and one-third of latinos live in segregated local neighborhoods. more than 90 percent of white neighborhoods have low poverty, but this is only true for one quarter of black, latino, and minority areas. of the five types of neighborhoods studied, african american communities experience violent crime on average at a rate five times that of their white counterparts, with violence rates for latino, minority, and integrated neighborhoods falling between the two extremes. divergent social worlds lays to rest the popular misconception that persistently high crime rates in impoverished, non-white neighborhoods are merely the result of individual pathologies or, worse, inherent group criminality. yet peterson and krivo also show that the reality of crime inequality in urban neighborhoods is no less alarming. separate, the book emphasizes, is inherently unequal. divergent social worlds lays the groundwork for closing the gap—and for next steps among organizers, policymakers, and future researchers. a volume in the american sociological association’s rose series in sociology

Making Cities Work Prospects and Policies for Urban America

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Author by : Robert P. Inman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 432
Isbn : 9781400833153
Identifier : 1400833159
Release : 2009-01-05
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 9964094
Total Read : 2946597
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Description : Read Now Making Cities Work by Robert P. Inman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. making cities work brings together leading writers and scholars on urban america to offer critical perspectives on how to sustain prosperous, livable cities in today's fast-evolving economy. successful cities provide jobs, quality schools, safe and clean neighborhoods, effective transportation, and welcoming spaces for all residents. but cities must be managed well if they are to remain attractive places to work, relax, and raise a family; otherwise residents, firms, and workers will leave and the social and economic advantages of city living will be lost. drawing on cutting-edge research in the social sciences, the contributors explore optimal ways to manage the modern city and propose solutions to today's most pressing urban problems. topics include the urban economy, transportation, housing and open space, immigration, race, the impacts of poverty on children, education, crime, and financing and managing services. the contributors show how to make cities work for diverse urban constituencies, and why we still need cities despite the many challenges they pose. making cities work brings the latest findings in urban economics to policymakers, researchers, and students, as well as anyone interested in urban affairs. in addition to the editor, the contributors are david card, philip j. cook, janet currie, edward l. glaeser, joseph gyourko, richard j. murnane, witold rybczynski, kenneth a. small, and jacob l. vigdor.

Sharing America's Neighborhoods The Prospects for Stable Racial Integration

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Author by : Ingrid Gould ELLEN, Ingrid Gould Ellen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 240
Isbn : 0674036409
Identifier : 9780674036406
Release : 2009-06-30
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 866520
Total Read : 5483012
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Description : Read Now Sharing America S Neighborhoods by Ingrid Gould ELLEN, Ingrid Gould Ellen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the first part of this book presents a fresh and encouraging report on the state of racial integration in america's neighborhoods. it shows that while the majority are indeed racially segregated, a substantial and growing number are integrated, and remain so for years. still, many integrated neighborhoods do unravel quickly, and the second part of the book explores the root causes. instead of panic and white flight causing the rapid breakdown of racially integrated neighborhoods, the author argues, contemporary racial change is driven primarily by the decision of white households not to move into integrated neighborhoods when they are moving for reasons unrelated to race. such white avoidance is largely based on the assumptions that integrated neighborhoods quickly become all black and that the quality of life in them declines as a result. the author concludes that while this explanation may be less troubling than the more common focus on racial hatred and white flight, there is still a good case for modest government intervention to promote the stability of racially integrated neighborhoods. the final chapter offers some guidelines for policymakers to follow in crafting effective policies.

Wounded City Violent Turf Wars in a Chicago Barrio

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Author by : Robert Vargas
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 0190245913
Identifier : 9780190245917
Release : 2016-04-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Ethnic neighborhoods
Total Download : 8573922
Total Read : 692622
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Description : Read Now Wounded City by Robert Vargas and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in 2009, chicago spent millions of dollars to create programs to prevent gang violence in some of its most disadvantaged neighborhoods. yet in spite of the programs, violence has grown worse in some of the very neighborhoods that the violence prevention programs were intented to help. while public officials and social scientists often attribute the violence - and the failure of the programs - to a lack of community in poor neighborhoods, closer study reveals another source of community division: local politics. through an ethnographic case study of chicago's little village neighborhood, wounded city dispells the popular belief that a lack of community is the primary source of violence, arguing that competition for political power and state resources often undermine efforts to reduce gang violence. robert vargas argues that the state, through the way it governs, can contribute to distrust and division among community members, thereby undermining social cohesion. the strategic actions taken by police officers, politicians, nonprofit organizations, and gangs to collaborate or compete for power and resources can vary block by block, triggering violence on some blocks while successfully preventing it on others. a rich blend of urban politics, sociology, and criminology, wounded city offers a cautionary tale for elected officials, state agencies, and community based organizations involved with poor neighborhoods.

Chicago, city of neighborhoods histories & tours

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Author by : Dominic A. Pacyga
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 582
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015058017370
Release : 1986
Publisher by : Loyola Press
Category : History
Total Download : 2220780
Total Read : 5795552
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Description : Read Now Chicago City Of Neighborhoods by Dominic A. Pacyga and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Not in My Neighborhood How Bigotry Shaped a Great American City

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Author by :
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn : 9781566639002
Identifier : 156663900X
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category :
Total Download : 9640572
Total Read : 199258
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There Goes the Neighborhood Racial, Ethnic, and Class Tensions in Four Chicago Neighborhoods and Their Meani ng for America

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Author by : William Julius Wilson, Richard P. Taub
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 240
Isbn : 0307794709
Identifier : 9780307794703
Release : 2011-06-15
Publisher by : Vintage
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 8308910
Total Read : 7140369
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Description : Read Now There Goes The Neighborhood by William Julius Wilson, Richard P. Taub and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. from one of america’s most admired sociologists and urban policy advisers, there goes the neighborhood is a long-awaited look at how race, class, and ethnicity influence one of americans’ most personal choices—where we choose to live. the result of a three-year study of four working- and lower-middle class neighborhoods in chicago, these riveting first-person narratives and the meticulous research which accompanies them reveal honest yet disturbing realities—ones that remind us why the elusive american dream of integrated neighborhoods remains a priority of race relations in our time. from the trade paperback edition.