Great American City Chicago And The Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 552
Isbn : 0226733882
Identifier : 9780226733883
Release : 2012-03-25
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fates regardless of our surroundings, while other theories place us at the mercy of global forces beyond our control. these two perspectives dominate contemporary views of society, but by rejecting the importance of place they are both deeply flawed. based on one of the most ambitious studies in the history of social science, great american city argues that communities still matter because life is decisively shaped by where you live. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring impact of place, robert j. sampson presents here the fruits of over a decade’s research in chicago combined with his own unique personal observations about life in the city, from cabrini green to trump tower and millennium park to the robert taylor homes. he discovers that neighborhoods influence a remarkably wide variety of social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement, home foreclosures, teen births, altruism, leadership networks, and immigration. even national crises cannot halt the impact of place, sampson finds, as he analyzes the consequences of the great recession and its aftermath, bringing his magisterial study up to the fall of 2010. following in the influential tradition of the chicago school of urban studies but updated for the twenty-first century, great american city is at once a landmark research project, a commanding argument for a new theory of social life, and the story of an iconic city.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 552
Isbn : 9780226055688
Identifier : 022605568X
Release : 2013-06-14
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fates regardless of our surroundings, while other theories place us at the mercy of global forces beyond our control. these two perspectives dominate contemporary views of society, but by rejecting the importance of place they are both deeply flawed. based on one of the most ambitious studies in the history of social science, great american city argues that communities still matter because life is decisively shaped by where you live. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring impact of place, robert j. sampson presents here the fruits of over a decade’s research in chicago combined with his own unique personal observations about life in the city, from cabrini green to trump tower and millennium park to the robert taylor homes. he discovers that neighborhoods influence a remarkably wide variety of social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement, home foreclosures, teen births, altruism, leadership networks, and immigration. even national crises cannot halt the impact of place, sampson finds, as he analyzes the consequences of the great recession and its aftermath, bringing his magisterial study up to the fall of 2010. following in the influential tradition of the chicago school of urban studies but updated for the twenty-first century, great american city is at once a landmark research project, a commanding argument for a new theory of social life, and the story of an iconic city.

Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs A Historical Guide

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Author by : Ann Durkin Keating
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 329
Isbn : 0226428834
Identifier : 9780226428833
Release : 2008-11-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Chicago Neighborhoods And Suburbs by Ann Durkin Keating and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a historian sheds new light on twenty-first century chicago by providing a captivating yet compact guide to the midwest's largest city and charts chicago's evolution with comprehensive, cross-referenced entries on all seventy-seven community areas along with many suburbs and neighborhoods. original.

Stuck in Place Urban Neighborhoods and the End of Progress toward Racial Equality

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Author by : Patrick Sharkey
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0226924262
Identifier : 9780226924267
Release : 2013-05-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Stuck In Place by Patrick Sharkey and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the 1960s, many believed that the civil rights movement’s successes would foster a new era of racial equality in america. four decades later, the degree of racial inequality has barely changed. to understand what went wrong, patrick sharkey argues that we have to understand what has happened to african american communities over the last several decades. in stuck in place, sharkey describes how political decisions and social policies have led to severe disinvestment from black neighborhoods, persistent segregation, declining economic opportunities, and a growing link between african american communities and the criminal justice system. as a result, neighborhood inequality that existed in the 1970s has been passed down to the current generation of african americans. some of the most persistent forms of racial inequality, such as gaps in income and test scores, can only be explained by considering the neighborhoods in which black and white families have lived over multiple generations. this multigenerational nature of neighborhood inequality also means that a new kind of urban policy is necessary for our nation’s cities. sharkey argues for urban policies that have the potential to create transformative and sustained changes in urban communities and the families that live within them, and he outlines a durable urban policy agenda to move in that direction.

Pockets of Crime Broken Windows, Collective Efficacy, and the Criminal Point of View

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Author by : Peter K. B. St. Jean
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 0226775003
Identifier : 9780226775005
Release : 2008-09-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Pockets Of Crime by Peter K. B. St. Jean and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why, even in the same high-crime neighborhoods, do robbery, drug dealing, and assault occur much more frequently on some blocks than on others? one popular theory is that a weak sense of community among neighbors can create conditions more hospitable for criminals, and another proposes that neighborhood disorder—such as broken windows and boarded-up buildings—makes crime more likely. but in his innovative new study, peter k. b. st. jean argues that we cannot fully understand the impact of these factors without considering that, because urban space is unevenly developed, different kinds of crimes occur most often in locations that offer their perpetrators specific advantages. drawing on chicago police department statistics and extensive interviews with both law-abiding citizens and criminals in one of the city’s highest-crime areas, st. jean demonstrates that drug dealers and robbers, for example, are primarily attracted to locations with businesses like liquor stores, fast food restaurants, and check-cashing outlets. by accounting for these important factors of spatial positioning, he expands upon previous research to provide the most comprehensive explanation available of why crime occurs where it does.

Moving to Opportunity The Story of an American Experiment to Fight Ghetto Poverty

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Author by : Xavier de Souza Briggs
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 305
Isbn : 0195393716
Identifier : 9780195393712
Release : 2010-03-31
Publisher by : OUP USA
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Moving To Opportunity by Xavier de Souza Briggs and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. moving to opportunity provides a unique account of one of the largest housing experiments in history and its effects on lives of the children and families who participated. as the authors make clear, mto is a uniquely american experiment, and this book brings home its lessons for advocates, scholars, students, journalists, and all who share a deep concern for opportunity and inequality in a changing nation.

Crime in the Making Pathways and Turning Points Through Life

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 309
Isbn : 9780674176058
Identifier : 0674176057
Release : 1995
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Crime In The Making by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. dult social factors have little relevance.

Divergent Social Worlds Neighborhood Crime and the Racial-Spatial Divide

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Author by : Ruth D. Peterson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 184
Isbn : 1610446771
Identifier : 9781610446778
Release : 2010-07-07
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Divergent Social Worlds by Ruth D. Peterson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. more than half a century after the first jim crow laws were dismantled, the majority of urban neighborhoods in the united states remain segregated by race. the degree of social and economic advantage or disadvantage that each community experiences—particularly its crime rate—is most often a reflection of which group is in the majority. as ruth peterson and lauren krivo note in divergent social worlds, “race, place, and crime are still inextricably linked in the minds of the public.” this book broadens the scope of single-city, black/white studies by using national data to compare local crime patterns in five racially distinct types of neighborhoods. peterson and krivo meticulously demonstrate how residential segregation creates and maintains inequality in neighborhood crime rates. based on the authors’ groundbreaking national neighborhood crime study (nncs), divergent social worlds provides a more complete picture of the social conditions underlying neighborhood crime patterns than has ever before been drawn. the study includes economic, social, and local investment data for nearly nine thousand neighborhoods in eighty-seven cities, and the findings reveal a pattern across neighborhoods of racialized separation among unequal groups. residential segregation reproduces existing privilege or disadvantage in neighborhoods—such as adequate or inadequate schools, political representation, and local business—increasing the potential for crime and instability in impoverished non-white areas yet providing few opportunities for residents to improve conditions or leave. and the numbers bear this out. among urban residents, more than two-thirds of all whites, half of all african americans, and one-third of latinos live in segregated local neighborhoods. more than 90 percent of white neighborhoods have low poverty, but this is only true for one quarter of black, latino, and minority areas. of the five types of neighborhoods studied, african american communities experience violent crime on average at a rate five times that of their white counterparts, with violence rates for latino, minority, and integrated neighborhoods falling between the two extremes. divergent social worlds lays to rest the popular misconception that persistently high crime rates in impoverished, non-white neighborhoods are merely the result of individual pathologies or, worse, inherent group criminality. yet peterson and krivo also show that the reality of crime inequality in urban neighborhoods is no less alarming. separate, the book emphasizes, is inherently unequal. divergent social worlds lays the groundwork for closing the gap—and for next steps among organizers, policymakers, and future researchers. a volume in the american sociological association’s rose series in sociology

Chicago, city of neighborhoods histories & tours

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Author by : Dominic A. Pacyga
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 582
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015058017370
Release : 1986
Publisher by : Loyola Press
Category : History
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Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives

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Author by : John H. LAUB
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 350
Isbn : 9780674039971
Identifier : 0674039971
Release : 2009-06-30
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Shared Beginnings Divergent Lives by John H. LAUB and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book analyzes newly collected data on crime and social development up to age 70 for 500 men who were remanded to reform school in the 1940s. born in boston in the late 1920s and early 1930s, these men were the subjects of the classic study unraveling juvenile delinquency by sheldon and eleanor glueck (1950). updating their lives at the close of the twentieth century, and connecting their adult experiences to childhood, this book is arguably the longest longitudinal study of age, crime, and the life course to date. john laub and robert sampson's long-term data, combined with in-depth interviews, defy the conventional wisdom that links individual traits such as poor verbal skills, limited self-control, and difficult temperament to long-term trajectories of offending. the authors reject the idea of categorizing offenders to reveal etiologies of offending--rather, they connect variability in behavior to social context. they find that men who desisted from crime were rooted in structural routines and had strong social ties to family and community. by uniting life-history narratives with rigorous data analysis, the authors shed new light on long-term trajectories of crime and current policies of crime control. table of contents: acknowledgments 1. diverging pathways of troubled boys 2. persistence or desistance? 3. explaining the life course of crime 4. finding the men 5. long-term trajectories of crime 6. why some offenders stop 7. why some offenders persist 8. zigzag criminal careers 9. modeling change in crime 10. rethinking lives in and out of crime notes references index the accounts of individuals are quite riveting, and the book can be recommended strongly purely for the stories provided about diverse lives. however, the book is much, much more than that in terms of the serious challenge that the authors' findings and ideas present to some of the leading contemporary theories of both crime and development. a highly original and scholarly contribution of the highest quality. --sir michael rutter, institute of psychiatry, king's college london ttitleshared beginnings, divergent lives is an extraordinary work which shows the deep insights gained by studying the whole life course, beginning in childhood and ending in later life. with access to a rare data archive, the authors provide compelling evidence on the remarkably varied adult lives of teenage delinquents who grew up in low-income areas of boston (born 1925-1935). the story behind these varied life paths and their consequences inspires fresh thinking about crime over the life course through models of life trajectories and vivid narratives that reveal the complexity of lives. --glen h. elder, jr., university of north carolina at chapel hill this book redraws the landscape of developmental criminology that laub and sampson already have done so much to define, setting new standards and benchmarks along the way. the authors both provide new evidence for earlier conclusions and challenge prevailing assumptions and assertions, thereby reshaping the criminological research agenda for years to come. --john hagan, northwestern university

Not in My Neighborhood How Bigotry Shaped a Great American City

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781566639002
Identifier : 156663900X
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category :
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