Health And Disease According To Darwinian Evolution

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Health and Disease According to Darwinian Evolution

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Author by : Shahriar Khan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 9843361636
Identifier : 9789843361639
Release : 2015-02-01
Publisher by : Shahriar Khan
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Health And Disease According To Darwinian Evolution by Shahriar Khan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. we know much about the construction and functioning of the human body, but rarely ask how and why the human body came into existence. the evolution of the human body and mind provides answers to longstanding and hard-to-answer questions on human health, disease and treatment. the quantum theory gives the most fundamental explanation of the creation of atoms and molecules, organic compounds, dna and its replication, crossover during meiosis, etc. central is the theme that our bodies are made of the very product of primordial supernova explosions from billions of years ago. understanding the body may be the ultimate extension of quantum physics and evolution. man, his fellow animals, health, germs, and disease are a huge mystery novel, and it is for us to solve with evolution how it all happened. for thousands or millions of years, man s dna was programmed by natural selection from his life as a hunter gatherer or a farmer. our genetic makeup has been unable to keep pace with the rapid changes in diet, lifestyle and environment over the last few decades. much of today s health disorders arise from the dna s inability to cope with these rapid changes. the internal environment of the body contains at least hundreds of chemicals, organic and inorganic, detectable and undetectable, known and unknown. we can never hope to know all the chemicals and their reactions. a new concept is introduced about our hidden arms race with farm animals. this book is based on an understanding of evolution of human life, and life in general on the planet. it has a common-sense approach to immunity, and the ability of the body to heal itself. the approaches are not dramatic new discoveries, but an extension of well-established principles of anthropology and evolution. the language does not require specialized knowledge, and may be read by anyone with an interest in health and disease.

Evolution in Health and Disease

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Author by : Stephen C. Stearns
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 374
Isbn : 0199207453
Identifier : 9780199207459
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Evolution In Health And Disease by Stephen C. Stearns and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a fully revised edition of a volume written by the world's leading authorities on this subject. it discusses how the evolution of humans and their pathogens have generated important medical issues, covering both infectious and degenerative diseases. it presents important ideas that are not yet sufficiently appreciated in the medical community.

Body by Darwin How Evolution Shapes Our Health and Transforms Medicine

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Author by : Jeremy Taylor
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 260
Isbn : 022605988X
Identifier : 9780226059884
Release : 2015-10-22
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Body By Darwin by Jeremy Taylor and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the natural world is rich with elegant evolutionary designs, but ask any patient who wakes daily with sciatica, or the many septuagenarians in need of cataract surgery, not to mention any woman who has given birth, and evolution might seem more dismal than divine. the human body is a wonderful example of evolutionary compromise and adaptations. our eyes were not designed for the arc of our current lifespan, with upright walking the spine had to shift and years of gravitational pull then take their toll. and the sheer size of our heads coupled with the shape of a woman's pelvis make birth the biological equivalent of a rube goldberg machine, with many extra moving parts just to make sure the basics can be done. while the human body may not be as elegant in form and function as those of other species, when explored from an evolutionary perspective, human medicine can be wonderfully illuminated. and this darwinian view of body function and failure can in turn lead to innovative treatment and health care. this book takes some of the most fascinating and acute medical issues today--from high rate of autoimmune diseases to the high number of heart transplants needed--and explores them through an evolutionary prism. evolutionary medicine prescribes new tools for understanding the origins of diseases and new kinds of research on possible treatments, of exactly the sort that this book so vividly describes.

Why We Get Sick The New Science of Darwinian Medicine

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Author by : Randolph M. Nesse
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0307816001
Identifier : 9780307816009
Release : 2012-02-08
Publisher by : Vintage
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Why We Get Sick by Randolph M. Nesse and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the next time you get sick, consider this before picking up the aspirin: your body may be doing exactly what it's supposed to. in this ground-breaking book, two pioneers of the science of darwinian medicine argue that illness as well as the factors that predispose us toward it are subject to the same laws of natural selection that otherwise make our bodies such miracles of design. among the concerns they raise: when may a fever be beneficial? why do pregnant women get morning sickness? how do certain viruses "manipulate" their hosts into infecting others? what evolutionary factors may be responsible for depression and panic disorder? deftly summarizing research on disorders ranging from allergies to alzheimer's, and form cancer to huntington's chorea, why we get sick, answers these questions and more. the result is a book that will revolutionize our attitudes toward illness and will intrigue and instruct lay person and medical practitioners alike. from the trade paperback edition.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Alan Beedle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0199663920
Identifier : 9780199663927
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine by Alan Beedle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. this revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. it is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. the general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. the second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. the two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. the final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. a number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. this second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Evolution and Medicine

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Author by : Robert Perlman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn : 0199661715
Identifier : 9780199661718
Release : 2013-05-30
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution And Medicine by Robert Perlman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolution and medicine provides an accessible introduction to the new field of evolutionary medicine. evolutionary concepts help explain why we remain vulnerable to disease, how pathogens and cancer cells evolve, and how the diseases that affected our evolutionary ancestors have shaped our biology.

The Story of the Human Body Evolution, Health, and Disease

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Author by : Daniel Lieberman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 460
Isbn : 030774180X
Identifier : 9780307741806
Release : 2014
Publisher by : Vintage
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Story Of The Human Body by Daniel Lieberman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this book the author, a harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of stone age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. it illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. the author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the agricultural and industrial revolutions. while these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. the author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. and finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- from publisher's web site.

Evolving Health The Origins of Illness and How the Modern World Is Making Us Sick

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Author by : Noel T. Boaz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 9780471212997
Identifier : 0471212997
Release : 2002-10-01
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now Evolving Health by Noel T. Boaz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. human illnesses can be understood as damage to those adaptationsthat we took on at various stages in our evolution from pre-lifemolecules to modern homo sapiens. preventing these illnessesentails avoiding what causes the damage-- which too frequently arethe everyday hazards of twenty-first-century life, as the chartbelow shows: level of evolution cause of adaptive failure resulting disease or problem pre-life environmental poisons certain birth defects single cell (bacteria and amoeba-like) viral infection colds/flu/hiv morula (sponge-like) cellular stress cancer chordate physical stress back pain fish excess dietary salt hypertension/heart disease amphibian tobacco smoke lung cancer/emphysema lower primate excess dietary sugar diabetes mellitus higher primate vitamin c deficiency scurvy ape excess dietary protein gout homo sapiens reduced dietary variety nutritionaldiseases/food allergies

Evolution of Infectious Disease

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Author by : Paul W. Ewald
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 019987901X
Identifier : 9780199879014
Release : 1994-01-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution Of Infectious Disease by Paul W. Ewald and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. findings from the field of evolutionary biology are yielding dramatic insights for health scientists, especially those involved in the fight against infectious diseases. this book is the first in-depth presentation of these insights. in detailing why the pathogens that cause malaria, smallpox, tuberculosis, and aids have their special kinds of deadliness, the book shows how efforts to control virtually all diseases would benefit from a more thorough application of evolutionary principles. when viewed from a darwinian perspective, a pathogen is not simply a disease-causing agent, it is a self-replicating organism driven by evolutionary pressures to pass on as many copies of itself as possible. in this context, so-called "cultural vectors"--those aspects of human behavior and the human environment that allow spread of disease from immobilized people--become more important than ever. interventions to control diseases don't simply hinder their spread but can cause pathogens and the diseases they engender to evolve into more benign forms. in fact, the union of health science with evolutionary biology offers an entirely new dimension to policy making, as the possibility of determining the future course of many diseases becomes a reality. by presenting the first detailed explanation of an evolutionary perspective on infectious disease, the author has achieved a genuine milestone in the synthesis of health science, epidemiology, and evolutionary biology. written in a clear, accessible style, it is intended for a wide readership among professionals in these fields and general readers interested in science and health.

Evolutionary Medicine and Health New Perspectives

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Author by : Wenda R. Trevathan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 544
Isbn : 9780195307054
Identifier : 0195307054
Release : 2009-03-26
Publisher by : OUP USA
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Medicine And Health by Wenda R. Trevathan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. building on the success of their groundbreaking anthology evolutionary medicine (oup, 1999), wenda r. trevathan, e. o. smith, and james j. mckenna provide an up-to-date and thought-provoking introduction to the field with this new collection of essays. ideal for courses in evolutionary medicine, medical anthropology, and the evolution of human disease, evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives presents twenty-three original articles that examine how human evolution relates to a broad range of contemporary health problems including infectious, chronic, nutritional, and mental diseases and disorders. topics covered include disease susceptibility in cultural context, substance abuse and addiction, sleep disorders, preeclampsia, altitude-related hypoxia, the biological context of menstruation, and the role of stress in modern life. an international team of preeminent scholars in biological anthropology, medicine, biology, psychology, and geography contributed the selections. together they represent a uniquely integrative and multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the dialogue between biology and culture as it relates to understanding, treating, and preventing disease. a common theme throughout is the description of cases in which biological human development conflicts with culturally based individual behaviors that determine health outcomes. detailed, evidence-based arguments make the case that all aspects of the human condition covered in the volume have an evolutionary basis, while theoretical discussions using other empirical evidence critique the gaps that still remain in evolutionary approaches to health. evolutionary medicine and health: new perspectives features an introductory overview that covers the field's diverse array of topics, questions, lines of evidence, and perspectives. in addition, the editors provide introductions to each essay and an extensive bibliography that represents a state-of-the-art survey of the literature. a companionwebsite at www.oup.com/us/evolmed offers a full bibliography and links to source articles, reports, and databases. written in an engaging style that is accessible to students, professionals, and general readers, this book offers a unique look at how an evolutionary perspective has become increasingly relevant to the health field and medical practice.

What Darwin Got Wrong

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Author by : Jerry Fodor
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 262
Isbn : 1847651909
Identifier : 9781847651907
Release : 2011-02-24
Publisher by : Profile Books
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now What Darwin Got Wrong by Jerry Fodor and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. jerry fodor and massimo piatelli-palmarini, a distinguished philosopher and scientist working in tandem, reveal major flaws at the heart of darwinian evolutionary theory. they do not deny darwin's status as an outstanding scientist but question the inferences he drew from his observations. combining the results of cutting-edge work in experimental biology with crystal-clear philosophical argument they mount a devastating critique of the central tenets of darwin's account of the origin of species. the logic underlying natural selection is the survival of the fittest under changing environmental pressure. this logic, they argue, is mistaken. they back up the claim with evidence of what actually happens in nature. this is a rare achievement - the short book that is likely to make a great deal of difference to a very large subject. what darwin got wrong will be controversial. the authors' arguments will reverberate through the scientific world. at the very least they will transform the debate about evolution.

Cancer The Evolutionary Legacy

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Author by : Mel Greaves
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 276
Isbn : 9780192628343
Identifier : 0192628348
Release : 2001
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Cancer by Mel Greaves and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this lucid and entertaining book, mel greaves argues that evolutionary biology offers a new perspective that can help us unravel the riddle of cancer. why, for example, have women always had such a raw deal in the cancer stakes? and why are some cancers, such as prostate cancer, increasing in incidence? greaves argues that darwinian selection millions of years ago has endowed our genes and cells with inherently cancerous credentials, and this is exacerbated by our rapid social evolution and exotic behavioural traits that outpace genetic adaptation. the book is full of novel insights, the latest scientific discoveries, and wonderful historical anecdotes. it provides a unique portrait of cancer, past, present, and future.