Human Rights And Humanitarian Intervention

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Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention Legitimizing the Use of Force since the 1970s

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Author by : Norbert Frei
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 3835340875
Identifier : 9783835340879
Release : 2017-08-28
Publisher by : Wallstein Verlag
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Human Rights And Humanitarian Intervention by Norbert Frei and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. wie menschenrechte zu einer legitimationsgrundlage für militärische interventionen wurden. die balkankriege der neunziger jahre, der völkermord in ruanda und die darfur-krise dienten als katalysatoren einer debatte, die die koordinaten internationaler politik und des völkerrechts nachhaltig verändert hat: der verweis auf humanitäre notlagen und menschenrechtsverletzungen wurde zu einem der zugkräftigsten argumente, um eingriffe einzelner staaten oder staatenbündnisse auf fremdem territorium zu legitimieren. die dadurch angestoßene neuverhandlung internationaler normen ging einher mit einer relativierung des souveränitätsprinzips und des gewaltverbots. der aufstieg des sogenannten »new humanitarianism" während der neunziger jahre war nicht zuletzt das resultat politischer und kultureller wandlungsprozesse, deren wurzeln in der zeit vor dem ende der bipolaren weltordnung lagen. die aushöhlung des unparteilichkeitsgebots humanitärer akteure, der aktivismus einer neuen linken und die entstehung einer neuen ethik der dringlichkeit haben die formen und ziele des humanitarismus grundlegend verändert. der band nimmt gleichermaßen die rolle von regierungen, suprastaatliche und nichtstaatliche akteure wie ngos, medien und sozialwissenschaften in den blick.

Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect Security and Human Rights

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Author by : Cristina Gabriela Badescu
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 224
Isbn : 113685021X
Identifier : 9781136850219
Release : 2010-11-23
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Humanitarian Intervention And The Responsibility To Protect by Cristina Gabriela Badescu and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book explores attempts to develop a more acceptable account of the principles and mechanisms associated with humanitarian intervention, which has become known as the ‘responsibility to protect’ (r2p). cases of genocide and mass violence have raised endless debates about the theory and practice of humanitarian intervention to save innocent lives. since the humanitarian tragedies in rwanda, burundi, bosnia, kosovo and elsewhere, states have begun advocating a right to undertake interventions to stop mass violations of human rights from occurring. their central concern rests with whether the un’s current regulations on the use of force meet the challenges of the post-cold war world, and in particular the demands of addressing humanitarian emergencies. international actors tend to agree that killing civilians as a necessary part of state formation is no longer acceptable, nor is standing by idly in the face of massive violations of human rights. and yet, respect for the sovereign rights of states remains central among the ordering principles of the international community. how can populations affected by egregious human rights violations be protected? how can the legal constraints on the use of force and respect for state sovereignty be reconciled with the international community’s willingness and readiness to take action in such instances? and more importantly, how can protection be offered when the security council, which is responsible for authorizing the use of force when threats to international peace and security occur, is paralyzed? the author addresses these issues, arguing that r2p is the best framework available at present to move the humanitarian intervention debate forward. this book will be of interest to students of the responsibility to protect, war and conflict studies, human security, international organisations, security studies and ir in general.

Reading Humanitarian Intervention Human Rights and the Use of Force in International Law

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Author by : Anne Orford
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781139435710
Identifier : 113943571X
Release : 2003-06-26
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Reading Humanitarian Intervention by Anne Orford and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during the 1990s, humanitarian intervention seemed to promise a world in which democracy, self-determination and human rights would be privileged over national interests or imperial ambitions. orford provides critical readings of the narratives that accompanied such interventions and shaped legal justifications for the use of force by the international community. through a close reading of legal texts and institutional practice, she argues that a far more circumscribed, exploitative and conservative interpretation of the ends of intervention was adopted during this period. the book draws on a wide range of sources, including critical legal theory, feminist and postcolonial theory, psychoanalytic theory and critical geography, to develop ways of reading directed at thinking through the cultural and economic effects of militarized humanitarianism. the book concludes by asking what, if anything, has been lost in the move from the era of humanitarian intervention to an international relations dominated by wars on terror.

Human Rights and Humanitarian Norms, Strategic Framing, and Intervention Lessons for the Responsibility to Protect

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Author by : Melissa Labonte
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 217
Isbn : 0415621607
Identifier : 9780415621601
Release : 2013
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Human Rights And Humanitarian Norms Strategic Framing And Intervention by Melissa Labonte and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the human rights and humanitarian landscape of the modern era has been littered with acts that have shocked the moral conscience of mankind, and there has been wide variation in whether, how, and to what degree states respond to mass atrocity crimes, even when they share similar characteristics. in many cases concerned states responded, either through moral suasion; gentle or coercive diplomacy; or other non-forcible measures, to prevent or halt the indiscriminate human rights violations that were occurring. in others, states simply turned away and left the vulnerable to their fate. and still yet in other cases, states responded robustly, using military force to stop the atrocities and save lives. this book seeks to examine the effects of strategic framing in u.s. and un policy arenas to draw conclusions regarding whether and how the human rights and humanitarian norms embedded within such frames resonated with decision-makers and, in turn, how they shaped variation in levels of political will concerning humanitarian intervention in three cases that today would qualify as responsibility to protect (r2p) cases: somalia, rwanda, and sierra leone. labonte concludes that in order for humanitarian interventions to stand a higher likelihood of being effective, states advocating in support of such actions must find a way to persuade policymakers by appealing to both the logic of consequences (which rely on material and pragmatic considerations) and logic of appropriateness (which rely on normatively appropriate considerations) - and strategic framing may be one path to achieve this outcome. offering a detailed and examination of three key cases and providing some an original and important contribution to the field this work will be of great interest to students and scholars alike.

Human rights and international security Humanitarian intervention and international law

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Author by : Stefan Kirchner
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 69
Isbn : 3640192966
Identifier : 9783640192960
Release : 2008-10-21
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Human Rights And International Security by Stefan Kirchner and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. document from the year 2008 in the subject law - european and international law, intellectual properties, , 70 entries in the bibliography, language: english, abstract: with the advent of human rights in international law, several core ideas of the traditional system of international law have been challenged, such as the principle of non-interference and state sovereignty, as well as the prohibition of the use of force, especially with the decision that massive human rights violations can form a threat to international peace and security to which the un security council can respond with measures according to chapter vii of the un charter. while at first sight a change of paradigm in international law, or in any legal system, is not negative per se, the rules which collide with a truly effective and universal protection of hr through international law are the very rules which form the foundation for international peace and security, the primary reason for the existence of international law. while international peace and security require the stability provided by the westphalian system, they can at the same time be endangered by massive violations of human rights. on the other hand can human rights only be enjoyed in times of peace while the westphalian system can limit the effective and universal enforcement of human rights in cases in which the un security council has failed to take action under chapter vii. this short book is an attempt at reconciling these needs which are at times direct against each other, at times interlinked ones with a special focus on massive violations of human rights which are not being addressed effectively by the un security council. to this end, we will look at the human rights dimensions of international peace and security outlined above before we come to the core issue of the paper, the legality of the use of force for the protection of human rights in cases in which the un security council fails to act, or, in other words, the question of in how far the need for universal respect for human rights can overrun the need for peace, given the links between both factors indicated above.

Hard Choices Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention

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Author by : Jonathan Moore
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 322
Isbn : 9780847690312
Identifier : 0847690318
Release : 1998-01-01
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Hard Choices by Jonathan Moore and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. since somalia, the international community has found itself changing its view of humanitarian intervention. more attention must be paid to the complexity of issues and moral dilemmas involved. this volume of original essays by international policy leaders, practitioners, and scholars brings together insights into the conflicting moral pressures present in different kinds of interventions ranging from rwanda and somalia to haiti, cambodia, and bosnia. together the authors make the case that moral reflection and content can improve the quality of decisionmaking and intervention in internal conflicts, especially those that involve sanctions, refugees, human rights, development, and arms. published under the auspices of the international committee of the red cross.

All Necessary Measures The United Nations and Humanitarian Intervention

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Author by : Carrie Booth Walling
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 0812208471
Identifier : 9780812208474
Release : 2013-07-01
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now All Necessary Measures by Carrie Booth Walling and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. what prompts the united nations security council to engage forcefully in some crises at high risk for genocide and ethnic cleansing but not others? in all necessary measures, carrie booth walling identifies several systematic patterns in the stories that council members tell about conflicts and the policy solutions that result from them. drawing on qualitative comparative case studies spanning two decades, including situations where the council has intervened to stop mass killing (somalia, bosnia-herzegovina, and sierra leone) as well as situations where it has not (rwanda, kosovo, and sudan), walling posits that the arguments council members make about the cause and character of conflict as well as the source of sovereign authority in target states have the potential to enable or constrain the use of military force in defense of human rights. at a moment when constructivist scholars in international relations are pushing beyond empirical claims for the value of norms and toward critical analysis of such norms, all necessary measures establishes discourse's real-world explanatory power. from her comparative chronology, walling demonstrates that humanitarian intervention becomes possible when the majority of security council members come to a shared understanding of the conflict, perpetrators, and victims—and probable when the council understands state sovereignty as complementary to human rights norms. by illuminating the relationship between national interests and the core values of security council members and how it influences decision-making, all necessary measures suggests when and where the security council is likely to intervene in the future.

Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention Law and Practice in the Field

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Author by : Elizabeth M. Bruch
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 192
Isbn : 1317274954
Identifier : 9781317274957
Release : 2016-05-12
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Human Rights And Humanitarian Intervention by Elizabeth M. Bruch and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. human rights, peacekeeping, and humanitarian intervention have emerged in the past decades as important components of international law and practice. adopting a methodology of institutional ethnography informed by actor-network theory, this book traces the practices of law and expertise from global igo headquarters to the ‘field’ and back again, and through various contemporary field missions from bosnia to afghanistan and east timor to sierra leone. it answers several fundamental questions: how is human rights law engaged in ‘establishing the peace,’ ‘rebuilding the nation,’ and ‘restoring the rule of law’ in post-conflict situations? how do human rights experts use law in their everyday work in the context of humanitarian intervention? how are law and expertise established, sustained and transformed in the field? offering a complex and nuanced explanation of humanitarian intervention based upon a multi-dimensional understanding of law and power, this book will be of interest and use to scholars, students and practitioners in international law and policy, human rights, and humanitarian intervention. its cross-disciplinary approach should also appeal to the professional communities engaged directly and indirectly with projects of humanitarian intervention – including staff at inter-governmental organizations, international lawyers and practitioners, and activists.

Humanitarian Intervention The United Nations in an Evolving World Order

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Author by : Sean D. Murphy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 427
Isbn : 9780812233827
Identifier : 0812233824
Release : 1996-11-01
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Humanitarian Intervention by Sean D. Murphy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the centuries, societies have gradually developed constraints on the use of armed force in the conduct of foreign relations. the crowning achievement of these efforts occurred in the midtwentieth century with the general acceptance among the states of the world that the use of military force for territorial expansion was unacceptable. a central challenge for the twenty-first century rests in reconciling these constraints with the increasing desire to protect innocent persons from human rights deprivations that often take place during civil war or result from persecution by autocratic governments. humanitarian intervention is a detailed look at the historical development of constraints on the use of force and at incidents of humanitarian intervention prior to, during, and after the cold war.

The Emergence of Humanitarian Intervention Ideas and Practice from the Nineteenth Century to the Present

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1107075513
Identifier : 9781107075511
Release :
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Humanitarian Intervention Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas

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Author by : J. L. Holzgrefe
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 350
Isbn : 9780521529280
Identifier : 052152928X
Release : 2003-02-13
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Humanitarian Intervention by J. L. Holzgrefe and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an interdisciplinary approach to humanitarian intervention by experts in law, politics, and ethics.

Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect Who Should Intervene?

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Author by : James Pattison
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 0191609781
Identifier : 9780191609787
Release : 2010-02-25
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Humanitarian Intervention And The Responsibility To Protect by James Pattison and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book considers who should undertake humanitarian intervention in response to an ongoing or impending humanitarian crisis, such as found in rwanda in early 1994, kosovo in 1999, and darfur more recently. the doctrine of the responsibility to protect asserts that when a state is failing to uphold its citizens' human rights, the international community has a responsibility to protect these citizens, including by undertaking humanitarian intervention. it is unclear, however, which particular agent should be tasked with this responsibility. should we prefer intervention by the un, nato, a regional or subregional organization (such as the african union), a state, a group of states, or someone else? this book answers this question by, first, determining which qualities of interveners are morally significant and, second, assessing the relative importance of these qualities. for instance, is it important that an intervener have a humanitarian motive? should an intervener be welcomed by those it is trying to save? how important is it that an intervener will be effective and what does this mean in practice? the book then considers the more empirical question of whether (and to what extent) the current interveners actually possess these qualities, and therefore should intervene. for instance, how effective can we expect un action to be in the future? is nato likely to use humanitarian means? overall, it develops a particular normative conception of legitimacy for humanitarian intervention. it uses this conception of legitimacy to assess not only current interveners, but also the desirability of potential reforms to the mechanisms and agents of humanitarian intervention.