Languages Of Science In The Eighteenth Century

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Languages of Science in the Eighteenth Century

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Author by : Britt-Louise Gunnarsson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 376
Isbn : 3110255065
Identifier : 9783110255065
Release : 2011-10-28
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Description : Read Now Languages Of Science In The Eighteenth Century by Britt-Louise Gunnarsson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the eighteenth century is an important period both in the history of science and in the history of languages. interest in science, and especially in the useful sciences, exploded and a new, modern approach to scientific discovery and the accumulation of knowledge emerged. it was during this century, too, that ideas on language and language practice began to change. latin had been more or less the only written language used for scientific purposes, but gradually the vernaculars became established as fully acceptable alternatives for scientific writing. the period is of interest, moreover, from a genre-historical point of view. encyclopedias, dictionaries and also correspondence played a key role in the spread of scientific ideas. at the time, writing on scientific matters was not as distinct from fiction, poetry or religious texts as it is today, a fact which also gave a creative liberty to individual writers. in this volume, seventeen authors explore, from a variety of angles, the construction of a scientific language and discourse. the chapters are thematically organized into four sections, each contributing to our understanding of this dynamic period in the history of science: their themes are the forming of scientific communities, the emergence of new languages of science, the spread of scientific ideas, and the development of scientific writing. a particular focus is placed on the swedish botanist carl linnaeus (1707-1778). from the point of view of the natural sciences, linnaeus is renowned for his principles for defining genera and species of organisms and his creation of a uniform system for naming them. from the standpoint of this volume, however, he is also of interest as an example of a european scientist of the eighteenth century. this volume is unique both in its broad linguistic approach - including studies on textlinguistics, stylistics, sociolinguistics, lexicon and nomenclature - and in its combination of language studies, philosophy of language, history and sociology of science. the book covers writing in different european languages: swedish, german, french, english, latin, portuguese, and russian. with its focus on the history of scientific language and discourse during a dynamic period in europe, the book promises to contribute to new insights both for readers interested in language history and those with an interest in the history of ideas and thought.

Inventing Human Science Eighteenth-Century Domains

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Author by : Christopher Fox, Mbc
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 357
Isbn : 9780520200104
Identifier : 0520200101
Release : 1995-10-06
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Inventing Human Science by Christopher Fox, Mbc and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the human sciences—including psychology, anthropology, and social theory—are widely held to have been born during the eighteenth century. this first full-length, english-language study of the enlightenment sciences of humans explores the sources, context, and effects of this major intellectual development. the book argues that the most fundamental inspiration for the enlightenment was the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. natural philosophers from copernicus to newton had created a magisterial science of nature based on the realization that the physical world operated according to orderly, discoverable laws. eighteenth-century thinkers sought to cap this achievement with a science of human nature. belief in the existence of laws governing human will and emotion; social change; and politics, economics, and medicine suffused the writings of such disparate figures as hume, kant, and adam smith and formed the basis of the new sciences. a work of remarkable cross-disciplinary scholarship, this volume illuminates the origins of the human sciences and offers a new view of the enlightenment that highlights the period's subtle social theory, awareness of ambiguity, and sympathy for historical and cultural difference.

The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 4, Eighteenth-Century Science

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Author by : Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 912
Isbn : 9780521572439
Identifier : 0521572436
Release : 2003-03-17
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Cambridge History Of Science Volume 4 Eighteenth Century Science by Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the fullest and most complete survey of the development of science in the eighteenth century.

The Language of Physics The Calculus and the Development of Theoretical Physics in Europe, 1750–1914

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Author by : Elizabeth Garber
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 399
Isbn : 1461217660
Identifier : 9781461217664
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Language Of Physics by Elizabeth Garber and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this work is the first explicit examination of the key role that mathematics has played in the development of theoretical physics and will undoubtedly challenge the more conventional accounts of its historical development. although mathematics has long been regarded as the "language" of physics, the connections between these independent disciplines have been far more complex and intimate than previous narratives have shown. the author convincingly demonstrates that practices, methods, and language shaped the development of the field, and are a key to understanding the mergence of the modern academic discipline. mathematicians and physicists, as well as historians of both disciplines, will find this provocative work of great interest.

Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century Europe The Extraordinary Life and Role of Italy's Pioneering Female Professor

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Author by : Monique Frize
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 196
Isbn : 3642386857
Identifier : 9783642386855
Release : 2013-07-08
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Laura Bassi And Science In 18th Century Europe by Monique Frize and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book presents the extraordinary story of a bolognese woman of the settecento. laura maria caterina bassi (1711-1778) defended 49 theses at the university of bologna on april 17, 1732 and was awarded a doctoral degree on may 12 of the same year. three weeks before her defense, she was made a member of the academy of sciences in bologna. on june 27 she defended 12 additional theses. several of the 61 theses were on physics and other science topics. laura was drawn by the philosophy of newton at a time when most scientists in europe were still focused on descartes and galen. this last set of theses was to encourage the university of bologna to provide a lectureship to laura, which they did on october 29, 1732. although quite famous in her day, laura bassi is unfortunately not remembered much today. this book presents bassi within the context of the century when she lived and worked, an era where no women could attend university anywhere in the world, and even less become a professor or a member of an academy. laura was appointed to the chair of experimental physics in 1776 until her death. her story is an amazing one. laura was a mother, a wife and a good scientist for over 30 years. she made the transition from the old science to the new very early on in her career. her work was centered on real problems that the city of bologna needed to solve. it was an exciting time of discovery and she was at the edge of it all the way.

Continuum Mechanics Through the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries Historical Perspectives from John Bernoulli (1727) to Ernst Hellinger (1914)

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Author by : Gérard A. Maugin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 269
Isbn : 3319053744
Identifier : 9783319053745
Release : 2014-04-04
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Continuum Mechanics Through The Eighteenth And Nineteenth Centuries by Gérard A. Maugin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. conceived as a series of more or less autonomous essays, the present book critically exposes the initial developments of continuum thermo-mechanics in a post newtonian period extending from the creative works of the bernoullis to the first world war, i.e., roughly during first the “age of reason” and next the “birth of the modern world”. the emphasis is rightly placed on the original contributions from the “continental” scientists (the bernoulli family, euler, d’alembert, lagrange, cauchy, piola, duhamel, neumann, clebsch, kirchhoff, helmholtz, saint-venant, boussinesq, the cosserat brothers, caratheodory) in competition with their british peers (green, kelvin, stokes, maxwell, rayleigh, love,..). it underlines the main breakthroughs as well as the secondary ones. it highlights the role of scientists who left essential prints in this history of scientific ideas. the book shows how the formidable developments that blossomed in the twentieth century (and perused in a previous book of the author in the same springer series: “continuum mechanics through the twentieth century”, springer 2013) found rich compost in the constructive foundational achievements of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. the pre-wwi situation is well summarized by a thorough analysis of treatises (appell, hellinger) published at that time. english translations by the author of most critical texts in french or german are given to the benefit of the readers.

Author by : Ilse Nina Bulhof
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 207
Isbn : 9789004096448
Identifier : 9004096442
Release : 1992
Publisher by : BRILL
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Language Of Science by Ilse Nina Bulhof and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in modern times science has avoided rhetorical and poetical forms. its hallmarks were brevity and exactitude, with disdain for "non-functional" ornamentation. this book shows that the language of scientists does remain language and that a skillful use of its rhetorical and poetic aspects often determines the "facts" and the transmission of information. the exceptional literary qualities of darwin's the origin of species are taken as a point in case. the importance of language in science has ontological implications: science can no longer be considered an action performed by a speaking subject on a mute object. does the creative role of language in science mean that human beings "create" the world? the author emphatically rejects a conclusion which would degrade nature to mere malleable material at the mercy of human beings. a hermeneutical model for the relationship between knower and known is suggested: creative interaction between reader and text. the reader's responses actualise a text's meaning; in like manner, scientists give their responses to reality by actualising one of many possibilities. the hermeneutical ontology proposed in this book steers away from the rocks of realism and anti-realism.

A Revolution in Language The Problem of Signs in Late Eighteenth-Century France

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Author by : Sophia A. Rosenfeld
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 410
Isbn : 9780804749312
Identifier : 0804749310
Release : 2003-08-01
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Description : Read Now A Revolution In Language by Sophia A. Rosenfeld and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. what is the relationship between the ideas of the enlightenment and the culture and ideology of the french revolution? this book takes up that classic question by concentrating on changing conceptions of language and, especially, signs during the second half of the eighteenth century. the author traces, first, the emergence of a new interest in the possibility of gestural communication within the philosophy, theater, and pedagogy of the last decades of the old regime. she then explores the varied uses and significance of a variety of semiotic experiments, including the development of a sign language for the deaf, within the language politics of the revolution. a revolution in language shows not only that many key revolutionary thinkers were unusually preoccupied by questions of language, but also that prevailing assumptions about words and other signs profoundly shaped revolutionaries' efforts to imagine and to institute an ideal polity between 1789 and the start of the new century. this book reveals the links between enlightenment epistemology and the development of modern french political culture.

Eighteenth-Century Vitalism Bodies, Culture, Politics

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Author by : C. Packham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 251
Isbn : 0230368395
Identifier : 9780230368392
Release : 2012-01-31
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Literary Criticism
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Description : Read Now Eighteenth Century Vitalism by C. Packham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book offers an important account of the relationship between science and culture in the eighteenth century. it examines the 'vitalist' turn in physiology and natural philosophy, and its presence and effect in the burgeoning of philosophical and scientific inquiry of the scottish enlightenment, and the radical politics and culture of the 1790s.

The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature: Volume 2, 1660-1800

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Author by : George Watson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1094
Isbn : 9780521079341
Identifier : 0521079349
Release : 1971-07-02
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Description : Read Now The New Cambridge Bibliography Of English Literature Volume 2 1660 1800 by George Watson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. more than fifty specialists have contributed to this new edition of volume 2 of the cambridge bibliography of english literature. the design of the original work has established itself so firmly as a workable solution to the immense problems of analysis, articulation and coordination that it has been retained in all its essentials for the new edition. the task of the new contributors has been to revise and integrate the lists of 1940 and 1957, to add materials of the following decade, to correct and refine the bibliographical details already available, and to re-shape the whole according to a new series of conventions devised to give greater clarity and consistency to the entries.

Islamic Roots of Capitalism Egypt, 1760-1840

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Author by : Peter Gran
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 340
Isbn : 9780815605065
Identifier : 0815605064
Release : 1998-07-01
Publisher by : Syracuse University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Islamic Roots Of Capitalism by Peter Gran and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this paperback edition has an updated first chapter, resituating its main argument for today’s readers. new historical data on eigh­teenth- and nineteenth-century egypt makes an extremely persuasive argument for the eighteenth-century roots of egyptian modernity. the similarity, too, of egyptian history with other mediterranean countries is much more clearly demonstrated today than when islamic roots of capitalism first was published.

Education, Class Language and Ideology (RLE Edu L)

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Author by : Noelle Bisseret
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 4
Isbn : 1136470832
Identifier : 9781136470837
Release : 2012-05-04
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Education
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Description : Read Now Education Class Language And Ideology Rle Edu L by Noelle Bisseret and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book presents an analysis of the ‘essentialist ideology’, which is inherent to class-based societies. the author argues that essentialist ideology is efficient through its unconscious component and is imposed on everyone. it guides school selection and imposes on each class a language specific in its reference to concrete domination relations. it even unbalances the scientific objectivity of researchers in the social sciences, not only among those who abide by the theory of natural aptitudes, but also among its sharpest critics, such as basil bernstein, pierre bourdieu and j c passeron, whose work is considered in this book.