Modeling In Medical Decision Making

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Modeling in medical decision making a Bayesian approach

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Author by : Giovanni Parmigiani
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 266
Isbn : 9780471986089
Identifier : 0471986089
Release : 2002
Publisher by : Wiley
Category : Mathematics
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Description : Read Now Modeling In Medical Decision Making by Giovanni Parmigiani and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. medical decision making has evolved in recent years, as more complex problems are being faced and addressed based on increasingly large amounts of data. in parallel, advances in computing have led to a host of new and powerful statistical tools to support decision making. simulation-based bayesian methods are especially promising, as they provide a unified framework for data collection, inference, and decision making. in addition, these methods are simple to interpret, and can help to address the most pressing practical and ethical concerns arising in medical decision making. * provides an overview of the necessary methodological background, including bayesian inference, monte carlo simulation, and utility theory. * driven by three real applications, presented as extensively detailed case studies. * case studies include simplified versions of the analysis, to approach complex modelling in stages. * features coverage of meta-analysis, decision analysis, and comprehensive decision modeling. * accessible to readers with only a basic statistical knowledge. primarily aimed at students and practitioners of biostatistics, the book will also appeal to those working in statistics, medical informatics, evidence-based medicine, health economics, health services research, and health policy.

Medical Device Data and Modeling for Clinical Decision Making

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Author by : John R. Zaleski
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 1608070956
Identifier : 9781608070954
Release : 2011
Publisher by : Artech House
Category : Electronic books
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Description : Read Now Medical Device Data And Modeling For Clinical Decision Making by John R. Zaleski and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this cutting-edge volume is the first book that provides you with practical guidance on the use of medical device data for bioinformatics modeling purposes. you learn how to develop original methods for communicating with medical devices within healthcare enterprises and assisting with bedside clinical decision making. the book guides in the implementation and use of clinical decision support methods within the context of electronic health records in the hospital environment.this highly valuable reference also teaches budding biomedical engineers and bioinformaticists the practical benefits of using medical device data. supported with over 100 illustrations, this all-in-one resource discusses key concepts in detail and then presents clear implementation examples to give you a complete understanding of how to use this knowledge in the field.

Decision Modelling for Health Economic Evaluation

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Author by : Andrew H. Briggs
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 237
Isbn : 0198526628
Identifier : 9780198526629
Release : 2006
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Decision Modelling For Health Economic Evaluation by Andrew H. Briggs and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this is a practical guide to the use of modelling techniques, starting with the basics of constructing different forms of model, the population of the model with input parameter estimates, analysis of the results, and progression to the holistic view of models as a tool to inform future research exercises. key techniques and approaches are discussed, and a comprehensive set of example exercises take the reader through how to conduct decision-analytic modelling. these exercises are supported with templates and solutions made available via the book website. -- book jacket.

Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making

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Author by : Michael W. Kattan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1229
Isbn : 1412953723
Identifier : 9781412953726
Release : 2009-08-15
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of Medical Decision Making by Michael W. Kattan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the encyclopedia of medical decision making presents state-of-the-art research and ready-to-use facts sorting out findings on medical decision making and their applications.

Medical Decision Making

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Author by : Harold C. Sox
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 1118341562
Identifier : 9781118341568
Release : 2013-05-08
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Medical Decision Making by Harold C. Sox and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book clearly demonstrates how to best make medicaldecisions while incorporating clinical practice guidelines anddecision support systems for electronic medical record systems. new to this edition is how medical decision making ideas arebeing incorporated into clinical decision support systems inelectronic medical records and also how they are being used toshape practice guidelines and policies.

Decision Making in Health Care Theory, Psychology, and Applications

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Author by : Gretchen B. Chapman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 438
Isbn : 9780521541244
Identifier : 0521541247
Release : 2003-09
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Decision Making In Health Care by Gretchen B. Chapman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. decision making is a crucial element in the field of medicine. the physician has to determine what is wrong with the patient and recommend treatment, while the patient has to decide whether or not to seek medical care, and go along with the treatment recommended by the physician. health policy makers and health insurers have to decide what to promote, what to discourage, and what to pay for. together, these decisions determine the quality of health care that is provided. decision making in health care, first published in 2000, is a comprehensive overview of the field of medical decision making - a rapidly expanding field that includes quantitative theoretical tools for modeling decisions, psychological research on how decisions are actually made, and applied research on how physician and patient decision making can be improved.

Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare

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Author by : Nicky J. Welton
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 111830540X
Identifier : 9781118305409
Release : 2012-04-12
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Mathematics
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Description : Read Now Evidence Synthesis For Decision Making In Healthcare by Nicky J. Welton and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish interventions that are both effective and cost-effective. usually a single study will not fully address these issues and it is desirable to synthesize evidence from multiple sources. this book aims to provide a practical guide to evidence synthesis for the purpose of decision making, starting with a simple single parameter model, where all studies estimate the same quantity (pairwise meta-analysis) and progressing to more complex multi-parameter structures (including meta-regression, mixed treatment comparisons, markov models of disease progression, and epidemiology models). a comprehensive, coherent framework is adopted and estimated using bayesian methods. key features: a coherent approach to evidence synthesis from multiple sources. focus is given to bayesian methods for evidence synthesis that can be integrated within cost-effectiveness analyses in a probabilistic framework using markov chain monte carlo simulation. provides methods to statistically combine evidence from a range of evidence structures. emphasizes the importance of model critique and checking for evidence consistency. presents numerous worked examples, exercises and solutions drawn from a variety of medical disciplines throughout the book. winbugs code is provided for all examples. evidence synthesis for decision making in healthcare is intended for health economists, decision modelers, statisticians and others involved in evidence synthesis, health technology assessment, and economic evaluation of health technologies.

Clinical Prediction Models A Practical Approach to Development, Validation, and Updating

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Author by : Ewout W. Steyerberg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 500
Isbn : 9780387772448
Identifier : 0387772448
Release : 2008-12-16
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Clinical Prediction Models by Ewout W. Steyerberg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. prediction models are important in various fields, including medicine, physics, meteorology, and finance. prediction models will become more relevant in the medical field with the increase in knowledge on potential predictors of outcome, e.g. from genetics. also, the number of applications will increase, e.g. with targeted early detection of disease, and individualized approaches to diagnostic testing and treatment. the current era of evidence-based medicine asks for an individualized approach to medical decision-making. evidence-based medicine has a central place for meta-analysis to summarize results from randomized controlled trials; similarly prediction models may summarize the effects of predictors to provide individu- ized predictions of a diagnostic or prognostic outcome. why read this book? my motivation for working on this book stems primarily from the fact that the development and applications of prediction models are often suboptimal in medical publications. with this book i hope to contribute to better understanding of relevant issues and give practical advice on better modelling strategies than are nowadays widely used. issues include: (a) better predictive modelling is sometimes easily possible; e.g. a large data set with high quality data is available, but all continuous predictors are dich- omized, which is known to have several disadvantages.

Handbook of Health Decision Science

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Author by : Michael A. Diefenbach
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 377
Isbn : 1493934864
Identifier : 9781493934867
Release : 2016-09-26
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Health Decision Science by Michael A. Diefenbach and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this comprehensive reference delves into the complex process of medical decision making—both the nuts-and-bolts access and insurance issues that guide choices and the cognitive and affective factors that can make patients decide against their best interests. wide-ranging coverage offers a robust evidence base for understanding decision making across the lifespan, among family members, in the context of evolving healthcare systems, and in the face of life-changing diagnosis. the section on applied decision making reviews the effectiveness of decision-making tools in healthcare, featuring real-world examples and guidelines for tailored communications with patients. throughout, contributors spotlight the practical importance of the field and the pressing need to strengthen health decision-making skills on both sides of the clinician/client dyad. among the handbook’s topics: from laboratory to clinic and back: connecting neuroeconomic and clinical mea sures of decision-making dysfunctions. strategies to promote the maintenance of behavior change: moving from theoretical principles to practices. shared decision making and the patient-provider relationship. overcoming the many pitfalls of communicating risk. evidence-based medicine and decision-making policy. the internet, social media, and health decision making. the handbook of health decision science will interest a wide span of professionals, among them health and clinical psychologists, behavioral researchers, health policymakers, and sociologists.

Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare

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Author by : Nicky J. Welton
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 111830540X
Identifier : 9781118305409
Release : 2012-04-12
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Mathematics
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Description : Read Now Evidence Synthesis For Decision Making In Healthcare by Nicky J. Welton and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish interventions that are both effective and cost-effective. usually a single study will not fully address these issues and it is desirable to synthesize evidence from multiple sources. this book aims to provide a practical guide to evidence synthesis for the purpose of decision making, starting with a simple single parameter model, where all studies estimate the same quantity (pairwise meta-analysis) and progressing to more complex multi-parameter structures (including meta-regression, mixed treatment comparisons, markov models of disease progression, and epidemiology models). a comprehensive, coherent framework is adopted and estimated using bayesian methods. key features: a coherent approach to evidence synthesis from multiple sources. focus is given to bayesian methods for evidence synthesis that can be integrated within cost-effectiveness analyses in a probabilistic framework using markov chain monte carlo simulation. provides methods to statistically combine evidence from a range of evidence structures. emphasizes the importance of model critique and checking for evidence consistency. presents numerous worked examples, exercises and solutions drawn from a variety of medical disciplines throughout the book. winbugs code is provided for all examples. evidence synthesis for decision making in healthcare is intended for health economists, decision modelers, statisticians and others involved in evidence synthesis, health technology assessment, and economic evaluation of health technologies.

Histopathological Image Analysis in Medical Decision Making

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Author by : Dey, Nilanjan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 340
Isbn : 1522563172
Identifier : 9781522563174
Release : 2018-09-21
Publisher by : IGI Global
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Histopathological Image Analysis In Medical Decision Making by Dey, Nilanjan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. medical imaging technologies play a significant role in visualization and interpretation methods in medical diagnosis and practice using decision making, pattern classification, diagnosis, and learning. progressions in the field of medical imaging lead to interdisciplinary discovery in microscopic image processing and computer-assisted diagnosis systems, and aids physicians in the diagnosis and early detection of diseases. histopathological image analysis in medical decision making provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical applications of image technologies and feature extraction procedures within the medical field. featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as image classification, digital image analysis, and prediction methods, this book is ideally designed for medical professionals, system engineers, medical students, researchers, and medical practitioners seeking current research on problem-oriented processing techniques in imaging technologies.

Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

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Author by : Marthe R. Gold
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 456
Isbn : 0199880425
Identifier : 9780199880423
Release : 1996-07-18
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Cost Effectiveness In Health And Medicine by Marthe R. Gold and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a unique, in-depth discussion of the uses and conduct of cost-effectiveness analyses (ceas) as decision-making aids in the health and medical fields, this volume is the product of over two years of comprehensive research and deliberation by a multi-disciplinary panel of economists, ethicists, psychometricians, and clinicians. exploring cost-effectiveness in the context of societal decision-making for resource allocation purposes, this volume proposes that analysts include a "reference-case" analysis in all ceas designed to inform resource allocation and puts forth the most explicit set of guidelines (together with their rationale) ever defined on the conduct of ceas. important theoretical and practical issues encountered in measuring costs and effectiveness, evaluating outcomes, discounting, and dealing with uncertainty are examined in separate chapters. additional chapters on framing and reporting of ceas elucidate the purpose of the analysis and the effective communication of its findings. cost-effectiveness in health and medicine differs from the available literature in several key aspects. most importantly, it represents a consensus on standard methods--a feature integral to a cea, whose principal goal is to permit comparisons of the costs and health outcomes of alternative ways of improving health. the detailed level at which the discussion is offered is another major distinction of this book, since guidelines in journal literature and in cea-related books tend to be rather general--to the extent that the analyst is left with little guidance on specific matters. the focused overview of the theoretical background underlying areas of controversy and of methodological alternatives, and, finally, the accessible writing style make this volume a top choice on the reading lists of analysts in medicine and public health who wish to improve practice and comparability of ceas. the book will also appeal to decision-makers in government, managed care, and industry who wish to consider the uses and limitations of ceas.