Modeling The Impacts Of Land Use Change On Ecosystems At The Regional And Continental Scale

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Modeling the Impacts of Land-use Change on Ecosystems at the Regional and Continental Scale

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Author by : Jennifer Koch
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 127
Isbn : 3899589653
Identifier : 9783899589658
Release : 2010
Publisher by : kassel university press GmbH
Category : Biotic communities
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Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Local Processes and Global Impacts

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Author by : Eric F. Lambin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 222
Isbn : 9783540322023
Identifier : 3540322027
Release : 2008-01-08
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Land Use And Land Cover Change by Eric F. Lambin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book presents recent estimates on the rate of change of major land classes. aggregated globally, multiple impacts of local land changes are shown to significantly affect central aspects of earth system functioning. the book offers innovative developments and applications in the fields of modeling and scenario construction. conclusions are also drawn about the most pressing implications for the design of appropriate intervention policies.

China and Global Change Opportunities for Collaboration

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 240
Isbn : 0309048419
Identifier : 9780309048415
Release : 1992-02-01
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now China And Global Change by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. given china's current and potential impacts on the global environment and the contributions chinese science can make to global change research, china's full participation in international research programs dealing with global change is very important. this book provides insights into how research priorities are determined and detailed information about institutional infrastructure, human resources, and other factors that will constrain or facilitate chinese responses to and research on global change issues. an overview of research relevant to the international geosphere-biosphere program and the world climate research program is presented. additionally, research in certain areas of atmospheric chemistry and physical and ecological interactions of the atmosphere and land surface are explored in further detail.

Climate Change 2014 – Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Global and Sectoral Aspects

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Author by : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1150
Isbn : 1107058074
Identifier : 9781107058071
Release : 2014-12-29
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Climate Change 2014 Impacts Adaptation And Vulnerability Global And Sectoral Aspects by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this latest fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (ipcc) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.

Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems

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Author by : John M. Kimble
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 456
Isbn : 9781566704854
Identifier : 1566704855
Release : 1999-12-20
Publisher by : CRC Press
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Global Climate Change And Tropical Ecosystems by John M. Kimble and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. tropical ecosystems - the regions between the tropics of cancer and capricorn - play an important role in global processes, economic issues, and political concerns. in their natural state, tropical ecosystems support a large quantity of above- and below-ground biomass, and constitute a major part of the terrestrial carbon pool. conversion of the natural ecosystem to agriculture and forestry ecosystems disturbs this ecological balance. global climate change and tropical ecosystems presents data on carbon pool fluxes from case studies in 12 countries in tropical regions. the chapters cover: characteristics of tropical ecosystems soil and biotic carbon pools impacts of land use and soil management slash-and-burn practices crop residue and fertility management this volume adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. with global climate change and tropical ecosystems you will understand the link between soil productivity, environmental quality and the global carbon cycle, not only in these ecologically sensitive regions but worldwide.

Scenario-based impact assessment of global and regional change on the semi-natural flow regime

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Author by : Mikołaj Piniewski
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 395489274X
Identifier : 9783954892747
Release : 2014-12
Publisher by : Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Scenario Based Impact Assessment Of Global And Regional Change On The Semi Natural Flow Regime by Mikołaj Piniewski and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. globally, freshwater ecosystems are considered to be under severe threat from human pressure and climate change (vörösmarty et al., 2010). malmqvist and rundle (2002) suggest that running water is the most impacted upon ecosystem on earth due to being surrounded by dense human settlements and exploited for domestic and industrial water supply, irrigation, electricity generation and waste disposal. for example, the progressive over-exploitation of surface water resources for irrigation and urban uses in the colorado river basin has resulted most years in no runoff reaching the river’s delta (gleick, 2003). [...] hereafter, natural and anthropogenic driving forces will be referred to as global and regional driving forces, respectively. the future effects of these forces up to the 2050s will be assessed in quantitative scenarios implemented in a hydrological model. it is believed that using this nomenclature (i.e. global and regional instead of natural and anthropogenic) better reflects considered environmental stressors, since global-scale driving forces will include not only climatic change but also changes in co2, atmospheric carbon dioxide and plant physiological parameters, whereas regional-scale driving forces will include changes in land use, agriculture development and agricultural water management. hence, the difference is that the first group of driving forces acts globally and independently on the study area, whereas the second group includes factors that are specific to the study area. furthermore, in order to expand on the title of this thesis, impacts in the present study will be assessed not only on the flow regime as such, but also on its ecological functions, i.e. on the environmental flow regime. this is motivated mainly by the semi-natural character of the study area, that is unique in poland and in europe, but it also underlines the novelty of this thesis, as going beyond the pure impacts on the flow regime in a scenario-modelling framework is rare in hydrological science, if achieved at all.

Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Natural Resource Systems

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Author by : Kenneth D. Frederick
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 219
Isbn : 9401102074
Identifier : 9789401102070
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Assessing The Impacts Of Climate Change On Natural Resource Systems by Kenneth D. Frederick and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume characterizes the current state of natural science and socioeconomic modeling of the impacts of climate change and current climate variability on forests, grasslands, and water. it identifies what can be done currently with impact assessments and suggests how to undertake such assessments. impediments to linking biophysical and socioeconomic models into integrated assessments for policy purposes are identified, and recommendations for future research activities to improve the state of the art and remove these impediments to model integration are provided. this book is for natural and social scientists with an interest in the impacts of climate change on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and their socioeconomic impacts, and policy makers interested in understanding the status of current assessment capabilities and in identifying priority areas for future research.

European Ecosystems

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Author by : G. Marcuzzi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 779
Isbn : 9400996160
Identifier : 9789400996168
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now European Ecosystems by G. Marcuzzi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. there are many works, written in several european languages, on general, animal, and more especially vegetational ecology, but the space devoted to the study and description of the various ecosystems - both terrestrial and aquatic - of europe is very limited, and this even in the books of european workers. indeed, today we are in the strange position that, while some extra-european continents or parts of continents such as south africa, the west part of south american, australia, the arid zones of the old world, not to mention antarctica (that recently has at tracted the attention of a great number of students) have been very thoroughly studied and illustrated - for european ecosystems we have very scant informa tion, if we make allowance for the many analytical works on single natural or artificial environments (generally belonging to central or northern europe). we have a beautiful book on the animal ecology of palestine (today comprising israel plus jordan) written in the mid-thirties by bodenheimer. however, palestine does not belong to europe, although some of the ecological and geographical peculiar ities of the western part of the country do correspond very closely to those of southern europe.

Ecosystems and Human Well-Being Scenarios: Findings of the Scenarios Working Group

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Author by : Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 515
Isbn : 9781559633918
Identifier : 1559633913
Release : 2005-12-14
Publisher by : Island Press
Category : Reference
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Description : Read Now Ecosystems And Human Well Being by Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. scenarios are an invaluable tool for analyzing complex systems and understanding possible outcomes. this second volume of the ma series explores the implications of four different approaches for managing ecosystem services in the face of growing human demand for them: the global orchestration approach, in which we emphasize equity, economic growth, and public goods, reacting to ecosystem problems when they reach critical stages. order from strength, which emphasizes security and economic growth. adapting mosaic, which emphasizes proactive management of ecosystems, local adaptation, and flexible governance. technogarden, a globalized approach with an emphasis on green technology and a proactive approach to managing ecosystems. the scenarios volume will help decision-makers and managers identify development paths that better maintain the resilience of ecosystems, and can reduce the risk of damage to human well-being and the environment.

Multiple Stressors in River Ecosystems Status, Impacts and Prospects for the Future

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Author by : Sergi Sabater
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 404
Isbn : 9780128117132
Identifier : 0128117133
Release : 2018-09-28
Publisher by : Elsevier
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Multiple Stressors In River Ecosystems by Sergi Sabater and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. multiple stressors in river ecosystems: status, impacts and prospects for the future provides a comprehensive and current overview on the topic as written by leading river scientists who discuss the relevance of co-occurring stressors for river ecosystems. river ecosystems are subject to multiple stressors that threaten their ecological status and the ecosystem services they provide. this book updates the reader's knowledge on the response and management of river ecosystems to multi-stress situations occurring under global change. detailing the risk for biodiversity and functioning in a case-study approach, it provides insight into methodological issues, also including the socioeconomic implications. presents a case study approach and geographic description on the relevance of multiple stressors on river ecosystems in different biomes gives a uniquely integrated perspective on different stressors, including their interactions and joint effects, as opposed to the traditional one-by-one approach compiles state-of-the-art methods and technologies in monitoring, modeling and analyzing river ecosystems under multiple stress conditions

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin

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Author by : The BACC II Author Team
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 501
Isbn : 3319160060
Identifier : 9783319160061
Release : 2015-04-03
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Second Assessment Of Climate Change For The Baltic Sea Basin by The BACC II Author Team and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ​this book is an update of the first bacc assessment, published in 2008. it offers new and updated scientific findings in regional climate research for the baltic sea basin. these include climate changes since the last glaciation (approx. 12,000 years ago), changes in the recent past (the last 200 years), climate projections up until 2100 using state-of-the-art regional climate models and an assessment of climate-change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. there are dedicated new chapters on sea-level rise, coastal erosion and impacts on urban areas. a new set of chapters deals with possible causes of regional climate change along with the global effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, namely atmospheric aerosols and land-cover change. the evidence collected and presented in this book shows that the regional climate has already started to change and this is expected to continue. projections of potential future climates show that the region will probably become considerably warmer and wetter in some parts, but dryer in others. terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems have already shown adjustments to increased temperatures and are expected to undergo further changes in the near future. the bacc ii author team consists of 141 scientists from 12 countries, covering various disciplines related to climate research and related impacts. bacc ii is a project of the baltic earth research network and contributes to the world climate research programme.

Imaging Spectrometry -- a Tool for Environmental Observations

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Author by : Joachim Hill
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 0585331731
Identifier : 9780585331737
Release : 2007-08-19
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Imaging Spectrometry A Tool For Environmental Observations by Joachim Hill and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the technique of imaging spectrometry has now passed its infancy and entered into a new phase of application oriented research. advanced sensor systems (such as nasa/jpl's aviris) have become available for international research programmes (mac europe 1991), new imaging spectrometers are under development in several european countries or have already passed their acceptance tests, and first high spectral resolution imaging systems are already operated by private industry. on european level, the earsec programme of the joint research centre has provided considerable financial investments for the development of an imaging spectrometer which covers the reflective and important parts of the emissive spectrum (dais-7915), and the european space agency has initiated an important airborne remote sensing campaign (emac 1994/95) in which imaging spectrometry will constitute one of the most important components. the increasing sensor capabilities also reflect the fact that imaging spectrometry has advanced in many application fields of earth remote sensing. progress has been made in the development of data pre-proeessing methods, spectral signature modeling and semi-empirical approaches for retrieving surface parameters. it therefore appeared important to further disseminate information about new approaches in the application-oriented analysis of imaging spectrometry data. this volume presents the lectures of the second eurocourse on imaging spectrometry which was held in november 1992 at the joint research centre (a first course on "fundamentals and prospective applications" of imaging spectrometry had been organised in october 1989, the lectures being published as eurocourses in remote sensing, vol. 2).