Models Of Obesity From Ecology To Complexity In Science And Policy

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Models of Obesity From Ecology to Complexity in Science and Policy

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Author by : Stanley J. Ulijaszek
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 350
Isbn : 1107117518
Identifier : 9781107117518
Release : 2017-09-30
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Models Of Obesity by Stanley J. Ulijaszek and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. taking a comparative approach, this book investigates the ways in which obesity and its susceptibilities are framed in science and policy and how they might work better. providing a clear, authoritative voice on the debate, the author builds on early work to engage further in ecological and complexity thinking in obesity. many of the models that have emerged since obesity became a population-level issue are examined, including the energy balance model, and models used to examine human body fatness from a range of perspectives including evolutionary, anthropological, environmental, and political viewpoints. the book is ideal for those working on, or interested in, obesity science, health policy, health economics, evolutionary medicine, medical sociology, nutrition and public health who want to understand the shifts that have taken place in obesity science, policy, and intervention in the past forty years.

Author by : Sun-Ki Chai
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 426
Isbn : 3642120792
Identifier : 9783642120794
Release : 2010-04-08
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Advances In Social Computing by Sun-Ki Chai and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. social computing is concerned with the study of social behavior and social context based on computational systems. behavioral modeling provides a representation of the social behavior, and allows for experimenting, scenario planning, and deep und- standing of behavior, patterns, and potential outcomes. the pervasive use of computer and internet technologies by humans in everyday life provides an unprecedented en- ronment of various social activities that, due to the platforms under which they take place, generate large amounts of stored data as a by-product, often in systematically organized form. social computing facilitates behavioral modeling in model building, analysis, pattern mining, and prediction. numerous interdisciplinary and interdepe- ent systems are created and used to represent the various social and physical systems for investigating the interactions between groups, communities, or nation-states. this requires joint efforts to take advantage of the state-of-the-art research from multiple disciplines improving social computing and behavioral modeling in order to document lessons learned and develop novel theories, experiments, and methodologies to better explain the interaction between social (both informal and institutionalized), psyc- logical, and physical mechanisms. the goal is to enable us to experiment, create, and recreate an operational environment with a better understanding of the contributions from each individual discipline, forging joint interdisciplinary efforts. this volume comprises the proceedings of the third international workshop on - cial computing, behavioral modeling and prediction, which has grown trem- dously.

Bridging the Evidence Gap in Obesity Prevention A Framework to Inform Decision Making

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Author by : Institute of Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 0309149894
Identifier : 9780309149891
Release : 2010-12-24
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Bridging The Evidence Gap In Obesity Prevention by Institute of Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to battle the obesity epidemic in america, health care professionals and policymakers need relevant, useful data on the effectiveness of obesity prevention policies and programs. bridging the evidence gap in obesity prevention identifies a new approach to decision making and research on obesity prevention to use a systems perspective to gain a broader understanding of the context of obesity and the many factors that influence it.

The Nature of Nutrition A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

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Author by : Stephen J. Simpson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 239
Isbn : 0691145652
Identifier : 9780691145655
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now The Nature Of Nutrition by Stephen J. Simpson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "debates continue to rage about what diet is best, in part because an underlying theoretical framework for choosing one over another has been lacking. not so any longer. "the nature of nutrition" demystifies the complexity of nutrition and diet choice and shows why people and other creatures eat the way they do. along the way, readers learn about the adaptive value of cannibalism, the impact of diet on sex lives, how dietary choices affect entire ecosystems, and so much more."--daniel rubenstein, princeton university ""the nature of nutrition" is a must-read for anyone interested in the role nutrition plays in the survival of the fittest. starting with the "origin of species," simpson and raubenheimer guide us through the nutritional strategies that maintained reproductive health and mating behaviors despite periods of food shortage and danger from predators. the protein leverage hypothesis provides a solid foundation to explain the growing global epidemic of human obesity."--eric ravussin, pennington biomedical research center, louisiana state university system "a fascinating and authoritative treatment of nutrition in an ecological and evolutionary framework. simpson and raubenheimer's novel perspective crosses disciplines, from the organism to the population to the ecosystem, providing a long-needed unifying framework to what has previously largely been the domain of clinical science."--simon a. levin, princeton university "this outstanding book provides the first comprehensive theoretical framework for analyzing the roles of nutrition across a huge swath of fields, from ecology and evolution to conservation and human health." the nature of nutrition" is creative and scholarly yet approachable. i know of no other book like it."--bernard j. crespi, simon fraser university ""the nature of nutrition" covers a vast range of issues, from reproduction, immunology, and toxicology to insect migration, population ecology, predator-prey interactions, and ecosystem functioning, as well as applied issues such as conservation biology and human nutritional pathologies. i enjoyed each and every chapter of this excellent book."--kenneth wilson, lancaster university

Preventing Childhood Obesity Health in the Balance

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Author by : Institute of Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 434
Isbn : 0309133408
Identifier : 9780309133401
Release : 2005-01-31
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Preventing Childhood Obesity by Institute of Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. children's health has made tremendous strides over the past century. in general, life expectancy has increased by more than thirty years since 1900 and much of this improvement is due to the reduction of infant and early childhood mortality. given this trajectory toward a healthier childhood, we begin the 21st-century with a shocking developmentâ€"an epidemic of obesity in children and youth. the increased number of obese children throughout the u.s. during the past 25 years has led policymakers to rank it as one of the most critical public health threats of the 21st-century. preventing childhood obesity provides a broad-based examination of the nature, extent, and consequences of obesity in u.s. children and youth, including the social, environmental, medical, and dietary factors responsible for its increased prevalence. the book also offers a prevention-oriented action plan that identifies the most promising array of short-term and longer-term interventions, as well as recommendations for the roles and responsibilities of numerous stakeholders in various sectors of society to reduce its future occurrence. preventing childhood obesity explores the underlying causes of this serious health problem and the actions needed to initiate, support, and sustain the societal and lifestyle changes that can reverse the trend among our children and youth.

Childhood Obesity Ethical and Policy Issues

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Author by : Kristin Voigt
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 251
Isbn : 0199964483
Identifier : 9780199964482
Release : 2014-04
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Childhood Obesity by Kristin Voigt and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. childhood obesity has become a central concern in many countries and a range of policies have been implemented or proposed to address it. this co-authored book is the first to focus on the ethical and policy questions raised by childhood obesity and its prevention. throughout the book, authors kristin voigt, stuart g. nicholls, and garrath williams emphasize that childhood obesity is a multi-faceted phenomenon, and just one of many issues that parents, schools and societies face. they argue that it is important to acknowledge the resulting complexities and not to think in terms "single-issue" policies. after first reviewing some of the factual uncertainties about childhood obesity, the authors explore central ethical questions. what priority should be given to preventing obesity? to what extent are parents responsible? how should we think about questions of stigma and inequality? in the second part of the book, the authors consider key policy issues, including the concept of the 'obesogenic environment,' debates about taxation and marketing, and the role that schools can play in obesity prevention. the authors argue that political debate is needed to decide the importance given to childhood obesity and how to divide responsibilities for action. these debates have no simple answers. nonetheless, the authors argue that there are reasons for hope. there are a wide range of opportunities for action. many of these options also promise wider social benefits.

Social Ecology in the Digital Age Solving Complex Problems in a Globalized World

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Author by : Daniel Stokols
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 406
Isbn : 012803114X
Identifier : 9780128031148
Release : 2018-01-02
Publisher by : Academic Press
Category : Nature
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Description : Read Now Social Ecology In The Digital Age by Daniel Stokols and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. social ecology in the digital age: solving complex problems in a globalized world provides a comprehensive overview of social ecological theory, research, and practice. written by renowned expert daniel stokols, the book distills key principles from diverse strands of ecological science, offering a robust framework for transdisciplinary research and societal problem-solving. the existential challenges of the 21st century - global climate change and climate-change denial, environmental pollution, biodiversity loss, food insecurity, disease pandemics, inter-ethnic violence and the threat of nuclear war, cybercrime, the digital divide, and extreme poverty and income inequality confronting billions each day - cannot be understood and managed adequately from narrow disciplinary or political perspectives. social ecology in the digital age is grounded in scientific research but written in a personal and informal style from the vantage point of a former student, current teacher and scholar who has contributed over four decades to the field of social ecology. the book will be of interest to scholars, students, educators, government leaders and community practitioners working in several fields including social and human ecology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, criminology, law, education, biology, medicine, public health, earth system and sustainability science, geography, environmental design, urban planning, informatics, public policy and global governance. winner of the 2018 gerald l. young book award from the society for human ecology "exemplifying the highest standards of scholarly work in the field of human ecology." https://societyforhumanecology.org/human-ecology-homepage/awards/gerald-l-young-book-award-in-human-ecology/ the book traces historical origins and conceptual foundations of biological, human, and social ecology offers a new conceptual framework that brings together earlier approaches to social ecology and extends them in novel directions highlights the interrelations between four distinct but closely intertwined spheres of human environments: our natural, built, sociocultural, and virtual (cyber-based) surroundings spans local to global scales and individual, organizational, community, regional, and global levels of analysis applies core principles of social ecology to identify multi-level strategies for promoting personal and public health, resolving complex social problems, managing global environmental change, and creating resilient and sustainable communities underscores social ecology’s vital importance for understanding and managing the environmental and political upheavals of the 21st century highlights descriptive, analytic, and transformative (or moral) concerns of social ecology presents strategies for educating the next generation of social ecologists emphasizing transdisciplinary, team-based, translational, and transcultural approaches

Obesity Prevention The Role of Brain and Society on Individual Behavior

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Author by : Laurette Dube
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 832
Isbn : 9780080922096
Identifier : 0080922090
Release : 2010-06-25
Publisher by : Academic Press
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Obesity Prevention by Laurette Dube and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the years, approaches to obesity prevention and treatment have gone from focusing on genetic and other biological factors to exploring a diversity of diets and individual behavior modification interventions anchored primarily in the power of the mind, to the recent shift focusing on societal interventions to design "temptation-proof" physical, social, and economic environments. in spite of repeated calls to action, including those of the world health organization (who), the pandemic continues to progress. who recently projected that if the current lifestyle trend in young and adult populations around the world persist, by 2012 in countries like the usa, health care costs may amount to as much as 17.7% of the gdp. most importantly, in large part due to the problems of obesity, those children may be the first generation ever to have a shorter life expectancy than that of their parents. obesity prevention presents the most current research and proposals for addressing the pandemic. past studies have focused primarly on either genetic or behavioral causes for obesity, however today's research indicates that a strongly integrated program is the best prospect for success in overcoming obesity. furthermore, focus on the role of society in establishing an affordable, accessible and sustainable program for implementing these lifestyle changes is vital, particularly for those in economically challenged situations, who are ultimately at the highest risk for obesity. using studies from both neuroscience and behavioral science to present a comprehensive overview of the challenges and possible solutions, the brain-to-society approach to obesity prevention focuses on what is needed in order to sustain a healthy, pleasurable and affordable lifestyle. explores the "brain-to-society" approach to obesity prevention, focusing on an integrative approach to addressing the obesity pandemic presents both the nueroscientific and the behavioral factors that impact eating habits identifies the challenges and suggests solutions for altering attitudes toward food on both an individual and a societal level

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 444
Isbn : 030930783X
Identifier : 9780309307833
Release : 2015-06-17
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now A Framework For Assessing Effects Of The Food System by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how we produce and consume food has a bigger impact on americans' well-being than any other human activity. the food industry is the largest sector of our economy; food touches everything from our health to the environment, climate change, economic inequality, and the federal budget. from the earliest developments of agriculture, a major goal has been to attain sufficient foods that provide the energy and the nutrients needed for a healthy, active life. over time, food production, processing, marketing, and consumption have evolved and become highly complex. the challenges of improving the food system in the 21st century will require systemic approaches that take full account of social, economic, ecological, and evolutionary factors. policy or business interventions involving a segment of the food system often have consequences beyond the original issue the intervention was meant to address. a framework for assessing effects of the food system develops an analytical framework for assessing effects associated with the ways in which food is grown, processed, distributed, marketed, retailed, and consumed in the united states. the framework will allow users to recognize effects across the full food system, consider all domains and dimensions of effects, account for systems dynamics and complexities, and choose appropriate methods for analysis. this report provides example applications of the framework based on complex questions that are currently under debate: consumption of a healthy and safe diet, food security, animal welfare, and preserving the environment and its resources. a framework for assessing effects of the food system describes the u.s. food system and provides a brief history of its evolution into the current system. this report identifies some of the real and potential implications of the current system in terms of its health, environmental, and socioeconomic effects along with a sense for the complexities of the system, potential metrics, and some of the data needs that are required to assess the effects. the overview of the food system and the framework described in this report will be an essential resource for decision makers, researchers, and others to examine the possible impacts of alternative policies or agricultural or food processing practices.

Nutritional anthropology prospects and perspectives

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Author by : Stanley J. Ulijaszek
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015032903240
Release : 1993-06
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Diet
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Food Policy for Developing Countries The Role of Government in Global, National, and Local Food Systems

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Author by : Per Pinstrup-Andersen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 0801463440
Identifier : 9780801463440
Release : 2011-08-18
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Food Policy For Developing Countries by Per Pinstrup-Andersen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite technological advances in agriculture, nearly a billion people around the world still suffer from hunger and poor nutrition while a billion are overweight or obese. this imbalance highlights the need not only to focus on food production but also to implement successful food policies. in this new textbook intended to be used with the three volumes of case studies in food policy for developing countries (also from cornell), the 2001 world food prize laureate per pinstrup-andersen and his colleague derrill d. watson ii analyze international food policies and discuss how such policies can and must address the many complex challenges that lie ahead in view of continued poverty, globalization, climate change, food price volatility, natural resource degradation, demographic and dietary transitions, and increasing interests in local and organic food production. food policy for developing countries offers a "social entrepreneurship" approach to food policy analysis. calling on a wide variety of disciplines including economics, nutrition, sociology, anthropology, environmental science, medicine, and geography, the authors show how all elements in the food system function together.

Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment Proceedings of a Workshop

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 100
Isbn : 0309474590
Identifier : 9780309474597
Release : 2018-07-14
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments In The Built Environment by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the built environmentâ€"the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which people live, work, and playâ€"underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries that contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods. those developments contributed in turn to the weight gain observed among americans in recent decades. many believe, therefore, that policies and practices that affect the built environment could affect obesity rates in the united states and improve the health of americans. the national academies of sciences, engineering, and medicine convened a workshop in september 2017 to improve understanding of the roles played by the built environment in the prevention and treatment of obesity and to identify promising strategies in multiple sectors that can be scaled up to create more healthful and equitable environments. this publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.