Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 New Systems For Measuring Crime

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Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2 New Systems for Measuring Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 030947261X
Identifier : 9780309472616
Release : 2018-05-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. report 1 performed a comprehensive reassessment of what is meant by crime in u.s. crime statistics and recommends a new classification of crime to organize measurement efforts. this second report examines methodological and implementation issues and presents a conceptual blueprint for modernizing crime statistics.

Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 1: Defining and Classifying Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 0309441099
Identifier : 9780309441094
Release : 2016-07-30
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it â€" a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. the key distinction between the rigorous classification proposed in this report and the “classifications†that have come before in u.s. crime statistics is that it is intended to partition the entirety of behaviors that could be considered criminal offenses into mutually exclusive categories. modernizing crime statistics: report 1: defining and classifying crime assesses and makes recommendations for the development of a modern set of crime measures in the united states and the best means for obtaining them. this first report develops a new classification of crime by weighing various perspectives on how crime should be defined and organized with the needs and demands of the full array of crime data users and stakeholders.

Surveying Victims Options for Conducting the National Crime Victimization Survey

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 218
Isbn : 9780309177894
Identifier : 0309177898
Release : 2008-05-19
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Surveying Victims by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it is easy to underestimate how little was known about crimes and victims before the findings of the national crime victimization survey (ncvs) became common wisdom. in the late 1960s, knowledge of crimes and their victims came largely from reports filed by local police agencies as part of the federal bureau of investigation's (fbi) uniform crime reporting (ucr) system, as well as from studies of the files held by individual police departments. criminologists understood that there existed a "dark figure" of crime consisting of events not reported to the police. however, over the course of the last decade, the effectiveness of the ncvs has been undermined by the demands of conducting an increasingly expensive survey in an effectively flat-line budgetary environment. surveying victims: options for conducting the national crime victimization survey, reviews the programs of the bureau of justice statistics (bjs.) specifically, it explores alternative options for conducting the ncvs, which is the largest bjs program. this book describes various design possibilities and their implications relative to three basic goals; flexibility, in terms of both content and analysis; utility for gathering information on crimes that are not well reported to police; and small-domain estimation, including providing information on states or localities. this book finds that, as currently configured and funded, the ncvs is not achieving and cannot achieve bjs's mandated goal to "collect and analyze data that will serve as a continuous indication of the incidence and attributes of crime." accordingly, surveying victims recommends that bjs be afforded the budgetary resources necessary to generate accurate measure of victimization.

Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 1: Defining and Classifying Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 0309441099
Identifier : 9780309441094
Release : 2016-07-30
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it â€" a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. the key distinction between the rigorous classification proposed in this report and the “classifications†that have come before in u.s. crime statistics is that it is intended to partition the entirety of behaviors that could be considered criminal offenses into mutually exclusive categories. modernizing crime statistics: report 1: defining and classifying crime assesses and makes recommendations for the development of a modern set of crime measures in the united states and the best means for obtaining them. this first report develops a new classification of crime by weighing various perspectives on how crime should be defined and organized with the needs and demands of the full array of crime data users and stakeholders.

Understanding Crime Trends Workshop Report

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 258
Isbn : 0309125863
Identifier : 9780309125864
Release : 2009-02-05
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Understanding Crime Trends by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. changes over time in the levels and patterns of crime have significant consequences that affect not only the criminal justice system but also other critical policy sectors. yet compared with such areas as health status, housing, and employment, the nation lacks timely information and comprehensive research on crime trends. descriptive information and explanatory research on crime trends across the nation that are not only accurate, but also timely, are pressing needs in the nation's crime-control efforts. in april 2007, the national research council held a two-day workshop to address key substantive and methodological issues underlying the study of crime trends and to lay the groundwork for a proposed multiyear nrc panel study of these issues. six papers were commissioned from leading researchers and discussed at the workshop by experts in sociology, criminology, law, economics, and statistics. the authors revised their papers based on the discussants' comments, and the papers were then reviewed again externally. the six final workshop papers are the basis of this volume, which represents some of the most serious thinking and research on crime trends currently available.

Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research Workshop Summary

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 111
Isbn : 0309086353
Identifier : 9780309086356
Release : 2003-01-18
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Measurement Problems In Criminal Justice Research by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. the fbi’s uniform crime reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. the national crime victimization survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. this workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. in addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing The Evidence

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 430
Isbn : 0309084334
Identifier : 9780309084338
Release : 2004-04-06
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Fairness And Effectiveness In Policing by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. because police are the most visible face of government power for most citizens, they are expected to deal effectively with crime and disorder and to be impartial. producing justice through the fair, and restrained use of their authority. the standards by which the public judges police success have become more exacting and challenging. fairness and effectiveness in policing explores police work in the new century. it replaces myths with research findings and provides recommendations for updated policy and practices to guide it. the book provides answers to the most basic questions: what do police do? it reviews how police work is organized, explores the expanding responsibilities of police, examines the increasing diversity among police employees, and discusses the complex interactions between officers and citizens. it also addresses such topics as community policing, use of force, racial profiling, and evaluates the success of common police techniques, such as focusing on crime “hot spots.†it goes on to look at the issue of legitimacyâ€"how the public gets information about police work, and how police are viewed by different groups, and how police can gain community trust. fairness and effectiveness in policing will be important to anyone concerned about police work: policy makers, administrators, educators, police supervisors and officers, journalists, and interested citizens.

Proactive Policing Effects on Crime and Communities

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 408
Isbn : 0309467136
Identifier : 9780309467131
Release : 2018-03-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Proactive Policing by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. proactive policing, as a strategic approach used by police agencies to prevent crime, is a relatively new phenomenon in the united states. it developed from a crisis in confidence in policing that began to emerge in the 1960s because of social unrest, rising crime rates, and growing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of standard approaches to policing. in response, beginning in the 1980s and 1990s, innovative police practices and policies that took a more proactive approach began to develop. this report uses the term “proactive policing†to refer to all policing strategies that have as one of their goals the prevention or reduction of crime and disorder and that are not reactive in terms of focusing primarily on uncovering ongoing crime or on investigating or responding to crimes once they have occurred. proactive policing is distinguished from the everyday decisions of police officers to be proactive in specific situations and instead refers to a strategic decision by police agencies to use proactive police responses in a programmatic way to reduce crime. today, proactive policing strategies are used widely in the united states. they are not isolated programs used by a select group of agencies but rather a set of ideas that have spread across the landscape of policing. proactive policing reviews the evidence and discusses the data and methodological gaps on: (1) the effects of different forms of proactive policing on crime; (2) whether they are applied in a discriminatory manner; (3) whether they are being used in a legal fashion; and (4) community reaction. this report offers a comprehensive evaluation of proactive policing that includes not only its crime prevention impacts but also its broader implications for justice and u.s. communities.

Business and the Risk of Crime in China

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Author by : Roderic G. Broadhurst
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 298
Isbn : 1921862548
Identifier : 9781921862540
Release : 2011-12-01
Publisher by : ANU E Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Business And The Risk Of Crime In China by Roderic G. Broadhurst and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the book analyses the results of a large scale victimisation survey that was conducted in 2005-06 with businesses in hong kong, shanghai, shenzhen and xi’an. it also provides comprehensive background materials on crime and the criminal justice system in china. the survey, which measured common and non-conventional crime such as fraud, ip theft and corruption, is important because few crime victim surveys have been conducted with chinese populations and it provides an understanding of some dimensions of crime in non-western societies. in addition, china is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and it attracts a great amount of foreign investment; however, corruption and economic crimes are perceived by some investors as significant obstacles to good business practices. key policy implications of the survey are discussed.

Principles and Practices for a Federal Statistical Agency Sixth Edition

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 156
Isbn : 0309461677
Identifier : 9780309461672
Release : 2017-08-27
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Principles And Practices For A Federal Statistical Agency by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. publicly available statistics from government agencies that are credible, relevant, accurate, and timely are essential for policy makers, individuals, households, businesses, academic institutions, and other organizations to make informed decisions. even more, the effective operation of a democratic system of government depends on the unhindered flow of statistical information to its citizens. in the united states, federal statistical agencies in cabinet departments and independent agencies are the governmental units whose principal function is to compile, analyze, and disseminate information for such statistical purposes as describing population characteristics and trends, planning and monitoring programs, and conducting research and evaluation. the work of these agencies is coordinated by the u.s. office of management and budget. statistical agencies may acquire information not only from surveys or censuses of people and organizations, but also from such sources as government administrative records, private-sector datasets, and internet sources that are judged of suitable quality and relevance for statistical use. they may conduct analyses, but they do not advocate policies or take partisan positions. statistical purposes for which they provide information relate to descriptions of groups and exclude any interest in or identification of an individual person, institution, or economic unit. four principles are fundamental for a federal statistical agency: relevance to policy issues, credibility among data users, trust among data providers, and independence from political and other undue external influence. principles and practices for a federal statistical agency: sixth edition presents and comments on these principles as they’ve been impacted by changes in laws, regulations, and other aspects of the environment of federal statistical agencies over the past 4 years.

Homicide A Sourcebook of Social Research

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Author by : M. Dwayne Smith
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 9780761907657
Identifier : 0761907653
Release : 1999
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Homicide by M. Dwayne Smith and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. carefully organized and edited, this book combines a comprehensive review of research and knowledge in the field of social study of homicide. the contributors, leading scholars in the field, have each provided defining summaries of the current state of knowledge for their subject of expertise. together, the chapters provide an ideal reference for readers interested in up-to-date knowledge about homicide issues.

Improving Health Research on Small Populations Proceedings of a Workshop

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 150
Isbn : 0309476097
Identifier : 9780309476096
Release : 2018-08-02
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Improving Health Research On Small Populations by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the increasing diversity of population of the united states presents many challenges to conducting health research that is representative and informative. dispersion and accessibility issues can increase logistical costs; populations for which it is difficult to obtain adequate sample size are also likely to be expensive to study. hence, even if it is technically feasible to study a small population, it may not be easy to obtain the funding to do so. in order to address the issues associated with improving health research of small populations, the national academies of sciences, engineering, and medicine convened a workshop in january 2018. participants considered ways of addressing the challenges of conducting epidemiological studies or intervention research with small population groups, including alternative study designs, innovative methodologies for data collection, and innovative statistical techniques for analysis.