Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 New Systems For Measuring Crime

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Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2 New Systems for Measuring Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 030947261X
Identifier : 9780309472616
Release : 2018-05-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. report 1 performed a comprehensive reassessment of what is meant by crime in u.s. crime statistics and recommends a new classification of crime to organize measurement efforts. this second report examines methodological and implementation issues and presents a conceptual blueprint for modernizing crime statistics.

Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2 New Systems for Measuring Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 0309472644
Identifier : 9780309472647
Release : 2018-04-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. report 1 performed a comprehensive reassessment of what is meant by crime in u.s. crime statistics and recommends a new classification of crime to organize measurement efforts. this second report examines methodological and implementation issues and presents a conceptual blueprint for modernizing crime statistics.

Handbook on Crime and Deviance

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Author by : Marvin D. Krohn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 639
Isbn : 303020779X
Identifier : 9783030207793
Release : 2019-08-28
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook On Crime And Deviance by Marvin D. Krohn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this 2nd edition of the handbook provides an interdisciplinary coverage of new understandings of the most important developments in the sociology of crime and deviance that is current and emerging for research, methodology, practice, and theory in criminology. it fosters research to take the fields of criminology and criminal justice in new directions. unlike any other handbook, it includes chapters on cutting-edge quantitative data and analytical techniques that are shaping the future of empirical research and expanding theoretical explanations of crime and deviance. it further devotes a section to the most current and innovative methodological issues. chapters are updated providing an inclusive discussion of the current research and the theoretical and empirical future of crime and deviance. this handbook is of great interest for advanced undergraduates, graduates students, researchers and scholars in criminology, criminal justice, sociology and related fields, such as social welfare, economics, and psychology.

Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 1: Defining and Classifying Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 0309441099
Identifier : 9780309441094
Release : 2016-07-30
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it â€" a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. the key distinction between the rigorous classification proposed in this report and the "classifications" that have come before in u.s. crime statistics is that it is intended to partition the entirety of behaviors that could be considered criminal offenses into mutually exclusive categories. modernizing crime statistics: report 1: defining and classifying crime assesses and makes recommendations for the development of a modern set of crime measures in the united states and the best means for obtaining them. this first report develops a new classification of crime by weighing various perspectives on how crime should be defined and organized with the needs and demands of the full array of crime data users and stakeholders.

Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 1: Defining and Classifying Crime

Download Modernizing Crime Statistics Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 0309441099
Identifier : 9780309441094
Release : 2016-07-30
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it â€" a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. the key distinction between the rigorous classification proposed in this report and the "classifications" that have come before in u.s. crime statistics is that it is intended to partition the entirety of behaviors that could be considered criminal offenses into mutually exclusive categories. modernizing crime statistics: report 1: defining and classifying crime assesses and makes recommendations for the development of a modern set of crime measures in the united states and the best means for obtaining them. this first report develops a new classification of crime by weighing various perspectives on how crime should be defined and organized with the needs and demands of the full array of crime data users and stakeholders.

Surveying Victims Options for Conducting the National Crime Victimization Survey

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 218
Isbn : 9780309177894
Identifier : 0309177898
Release : 2008-05-19
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Surveying Victims by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it is easy to underestimate how little was known about crimes and victims before the findings of the national crime victimization survey (ncvs) became common wisdom. in the late 1960s, knowledge of crimes and their victims came largely from reports filed by local police agencies as part of the federal bureau of investigation's (fbi) uniform crime reporting (ucr) system, as well as from studies of the files held by individual police departments. criminologists understood that there existed a "dark figure" of crime consisting of events not reported to the police. however, over the course of the last decade, the effectiveness of the ncvs has been undermined by the demands of conducting an increasingly expensive survey in an effectively flat-line budgetary environment. surveying victims: options for conducting the national crime victimization survey, reviews the programs of the bureau of justice statistics (bjs.) specifically, it explores alternative options for conducting the ncvs, which is the largest bjs program. this book describes various design possibilities and their implications relative to three basic goals; flexibility, in terms of both content and analysis; utility for gathering information on crimes that are not well reported to police; and small-domain estimation, including providing information on states or localities. this book finds that, as currently configured and funded, the ncvs is not achieving and cannot achieve bjs's mandated goal to "collect and analyze data that will serve as a continuous indication of the incidence and attributes of crime." accordingly, surveying victims recommends that bjs be afforded the budgetary resources necessary to generate accurate measure of victimization.

Understanding Crime Trends Workshop Report

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 258
Isbn : 9780309140393
Identifier : 0309140390
Release : 2009-01-05
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Understanding Crime Trends by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. changes over time in the levels and patterns of crime have significant consequences that affect not only the criminal justice system but also other critical policy sectors. yet compared with such areas as health status, housing, and employment, the nation lacks timely information and comprehensive research on crime trends. descriptive information and explanatory research on crime trends across the nation that are not only accurate, but also timely, are pressing needs in the nation's crime-control efforts. in april 2007, the national research council held a two-day workshop to address key substantive and methodological issues underlying the study of crime trends and to lay the groundwork for a proposed multiyear nrc panel study of these issues. six papers were commissioned from leading researchers and discussed at the workshop by experts in sociology, criminology, law, economics, and statistics. the authors revised their papers based on the discussants' comments, and the papers were then reviewed again externally. the six final workshop papers are the basis of this volume, which represents some of the most serious thinking and research on crime trends currently available.

Proactive Policing Effects on Crime and Communities

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 408
Isbn : 0309467136
Identifier : 9780309467131
Release : 2018-03-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Proactive Policing by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. proactive policing, as a strategic approach used by police agencies to prevent crime, is a relatively new phenomenon in the united states. it developed from a crisis in confidence in policing that began to emerge in the 1960s because of social unrest, rising crime rates, and growing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of standard approaches to policing. in response, beginning in the 1980s and 1990s, innovative police practices and policies that took a more proactive approach began to develop. this report uses the term "proactive policing" to refer to all policing strategies that have as one of their goals the prevention or reduction of crime and disorder and that are not reactive in terms of focusing primarily on uncovering ongoing crime or on investigating or responding to crimes once they have occurred. proactive policing is distinguished from the everyday decisions of police officers to be proactive in specific situations and instead refers to a strategic decision by police agencies to use proactive police responses in a programmatic way to reduce crime. today, proactive policing strategies are used widely in the united states. they are not isolated programs used by a select group of agencies but rather a set of ideas that have spread across the landscape of policing. proactive policing reviews the evidence and discusses the data and methodological gaps on: (1) the effects of different forms of proactive policing on crime; (2) whether they are applied in a discriminatory manner; (3) whether they are being used in a legal fashion; and (4) community reaction. this report offers a comprehensive evaluation of proactive policing that includes not only its crime prevention impacts but also its broader implications for justice and u.s. communities.

Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research Workshop Summary

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 111
Isbn : 0309086353
Identifier : 9780309086356
Release : 2003-01-18
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Measurement Problems In Criminal Justice Research by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. the fbi’s uniform crime reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. the national crime victimization survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. this workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. in addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States A Path Forward

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 348
Isbn : 0309142393
Identifier : 9780309142397
Release : 2009-07-29
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. however, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. it is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. strengthening forensic science in the united states: a path forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the national institute of forensic science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. the benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. strengthening forensic science in the united states gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. while this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing The Evidence

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 430
Isbn : 0309084334
Identifier : 9780309084338
Release : 2004-04-06
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Fairness And Effectiveness In Policing by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. because police are the most visible face of government power for most citizens, they are expected to deal effectively with crime and disorder and to be impartial. producing justice through the fair, and restrained use of their authority. the standards by which the public judges police success have become more exacting and challenging. fairness and effectiveness in policing explores police work in the new century. it replaces myths with research findings and provides recommendations for updated policy and practices to guide it. the book provides answers to the most basic questions: what do police do? it reviews how police work is organized, explores the expanding responsibilities of police, examines the increasing diversity among police employees, and discusses the complex interactions between officers and citizens. it also addresses such topics as community policing, use of force, racial profiling, and evaluates the success of common police techniques, such as focusing on crime “hot spots.†it goes on to look at the issue of legitimacyâ€"how the public gets information about police work, and how police are viewed by different groups, and how police can gain community trust. fairness and effectiveness in policing will be important to anyone concerned about police work: policy makers, administrators, educators, police supervisors and officers, journalists, and interested citizens.

Measuring Crime Behind the Statistics

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Author by : Sharon L. Lohr
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 158
Isbn : 9781138489073
Identifier : 1138489077
Release : 2019
Publisher by : Asa-CRC Statistical Reasoning
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Measuring Crime by Sharon L. Lohr and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. crime statistics are everywhere, but how do you know when they''re valid? if a newspaper report says "the rate of overall violent crime decreased by 0.9 percent," how can you tell where that statistic came from, what it measures, and how accurate it is? is it worth repeating or sharing? measuring crime: behind the statistics gives you the tools to interpret and evaluate crime statistics'' quality and usefulness. the book focuses on ways of thinking about crime statistics (no formulas!) and features eight questions you should ask before quoting a statistic the two sources of information about homicide fbi statistics: what do they measure? how victimization surveys can reflect your experiences even though you were not asked to participate special considerations when interpreting statistics about sexual assault and fraud examples of experiments and studies on how to improve crime statistics two online supplements containing additional details and links to data sources whether you are a law enforcement professional, journalist, student, or interested citizen, measuring crime: behind the statistics will tell you how to read statistics as a statistician would. sharon lohr, the author of sampling: design and analysis, has published widely about statistical methods for education, public policy, law, and crime. she has been recognized as fellow of the american statistical association, elected member of the international statistical institute, and recipient of the gertrude m. cox statistics award and the deming lecturer award. formerly dean''s distinguished professor of statistics at arizona state university and a vice president at westat, she is now a freelance statistical consultant and writer. visit her website at www.sharonlohr.com. "the book aims to achieve two goals: introduce statistical ideas to a general audience and provide an overview of us crime statistics. these are disparate topics, but in the way they are approached here, there is a strong synergy that reinforces both aspects. one the one hand, the reader''s natural curiosity about crime (what is it, how are crime events classified and reported, how reliable are the numbers you see in the newspaper, etc.) will help him/her become interested in the statistical issues and learn these concepts in a practical and concrete setting. and on the other hand, by reading about the statistical issues surrounding crime data, he/she gains a better appreciation for the complexities of crime statistics, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data for policy decisions or for reporting on data such as journalists do. the book is written in a non-technical manner and does a very good job of explaining the nuances in reviewing data. any researcher who utilizes data would find this valuable. while it has specific examples in the criminal justice field, it really is quite useful for any user of data." (barry nussbaum, former president american statistical association) p;lt;p> special considerations when interpreting statistics about sexual assault and fraud examples of experiments and studies on how to improve crime statistics two online supplements containing additional details and links to data sources whether you are a law enforcement professional, journalist, student, or interested citizen, measuring crime: behind the statistics will tell you how to read statistics as a statistician would. sharon lohr, the author of sampling: design and analysis, has published widely about statistical methods for education, public policy, law, and crime. she has been recognized as fellow of the american statistical association, elected member of the international statistical institute, and recipient of the gertrude m. cox statistics award and the deming lecturer award. formerly dean''s distinguished professor of statistics at arizona state university and a vice president at westat, she is now a freelance statistical consultant and writer. visit her website at www.sharonlohr.com. "the book aims to achieve two goals: introduce statistical ideas to a general audience and provide an overview of us crime statistics. these are disparate topics, but in the way they are approached here, there is a strong synergy that reinforces both aspects. one the one hand, the reader''s natural curiosity about crime (what is it, how are crime events classified and reported, how reliable are the numbers you see in the newspaper, etc.) will help him/her become interested in the statistical issues and learn these concepts in a practical and concrete setting. and on the other hand, by reading about the statistical issues surrounding crime data, he/she gains a better appreciation for the complexities of crime statistics, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data for policy decisions or for reporting on data such as journalists do. the book is written in a non-technical manner and does a very good job of explaining the nuances in reviewing data. any researcher who utilizes data would find this valuable. while it has specific examples in the criminal justice field, it really is quite useful for any user of data." (barry nussbaum, former president american statistical association) gertrude m. cox statistics award and the deming lecturer award. formerly dean''s distinguished professor of statistics at arizona state university and a vice president at westat, she is now a freelance statistical consultant and writer. visit her website at www.sharonlohr.com. "the book aims to achieve two goals: introduce statistical ideas to a general audience and provide an overview of us crime statistics. these are disparate topics, but in the way they are approached here, there is a strong synergy that reinforces both aspects. one the one hand, the reader''s natural curiosity about crime (what is it, how are crime events classified and reported, how reliable are the numbers you see in the newspaper, etc.) will help him/her become interested in the statistical issues and learn these concepts in a practical and concrete setting. and on the other hand, by reading about the statistical issues surrounding crime data, he/she gains a better appreciation for the complexities of crime statistics, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data for policy decisions or for reporting on data such as journalists do. the book is written in a non-technical manner and does a very good job of explaining the nuances in reviewing data. any researcher who utilizes data would find this valuable. while it has specific examples in the criminal justice field, it really is quite useful for any user of data." (barry nussbaum, former president american statistical association) s, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data fo