Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 New Systems For Measuring Crime

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Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2 New Systems for Measuring Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 030947261X
Identifier : 9780309472616
Release : 2018-05-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. report 1 performed a comprehensive reassessment of what is meant by crime in u.s. crime statistics and recommends a new classification of crime to organize measurement efforts. this second report examines methodological and implementation issues and presents a conceptual blueprint for modernizing crime statistics.

Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2 New Systems for Measuring Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 0309472644
Identifier : 9780309472647
Release : 2018-04-23
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 2 by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. report 1 performed a comprehensive reassessment of what is meant by crime in u.s. crime statistics and recommends a new classification of crime to organize measurement efforts. this second report examines methodological and implementation issues and presents a conceptual blueprint for modernizing crime statistics.

Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 1: Defining and Classifying Crime

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Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 0309441099
Identifier : 9780309441094
Release : 2016-07-30
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it â€" a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. the key distinction between the rigorous classification proposed in this report and the "classifications" that have come before in u.s. crime statistics is that it is intended to partition the entirety of behaviors that could be considered criminal offenses into mutually exclusive categories. modernizing crime statistics: report 1: defining and classifying crime assesses and makes recommendations for the development of a modern set of crime measures in the united states and the best means for obtaining them. this first report develops a new classification of crime by weighing various perspectives on how crime should be defined and organized with the needs and demands of the full array of crime data users and stakeholders.

Surveying Victims Options for Conducting the National Crime Victimization Survey

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 218
Isbn : 9780309177894
Identifier : 0309177898
Release : 2008-05-19
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Surveying Victims by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it is easy to underestimate how little was known about crimes and victims before the findings of the national crime victimization survey (ncvs) became common wisdom. in the late 1960s, knowledge of crimes and their victims came largely from reports filed by local police agencies as part of the federal bureau of investigation's (fbi) uniform crime reporting (ucr) system, as well as from studies of the files held by individual police departments. criminologists understood that there existed a "dark figure" of crime consisting of events not reported to the police. however, over the course of the last decade, the effectiveness of the ncvs has been undermined by the demands of conducting an increasingly expensive survey in an effectively flat-line budgetary environment. surveying victims: options for conducting the national crime victimization survey, reviews the programs of the bureau of justice statistics (bjs.) specifically, it explores alternative options for conducting the ncvs, which is the largest bjs program. this book describes various design possibilities and their implications relative to three basic goals; flexibility, in terms of both content and analysis; utility for gathering information on crimes that are not well reported to police; and small-domain estimation, including providing information on states or localities. this book finds that, as currently configured and funded, the ncvs is not achieving and cannot achieve bjs's mandated goal to "collect and analyze data that will serve as a continuous indication of the incidence and attributes of crime." accordingly, surveying victims recommends that bjs be afforded the budgetary resources necessary to generate accurate measure of victimization.

Handbook on Crime and Deviance

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Author by : Marvin D. Krohn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 639
Isbn : 303020779X
Identifier : 9783030207793
Release : 2019-08-28
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook On Crime And Deviance by Marvin D. Krohn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this 2nd edition of the handbook provides an interdisciplinary coverage of new understandings of the most important developments in the sociology of crime and deviance that is current and emerging for research, methodology, practice, and theory in criminology. it fosters research to take the fields of criminology and criminal justice in new directions. unlike any other handbook, it includes chapters on cutting-edge quantitative data and analytical techniques that are shaping the future of empirical research and expanding theoretical explanations of crime and deviance. it further devotes a section to the most current and innovative methodological issues. chapters are updated providing an inclusive discussion of the current research and the theoretical and empirical future of crime and deviance. this handbook is of great interest for advanced undergraduates, graduates students, researchers and scholars in criminology, criminal justice, sociology and related fields, such as social welfare, economics, and psychology.

Modernizing Crime Statistics Report 1: Defining and Classifying Crime

Download Modernizing Crime Statistics Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 0309441099
Identifier : 9780309441094
Release : 2016-07-30
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Modernizing Crime Statistics by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to derive statistics about crime â€" to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it â€" a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation. interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. now established as a permanent agency, the census bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statisticsâ€"intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. the new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. shortly after the census bureau issued its manual, the international association of chiefs of police in convention adopted a resolution to create a committee on uniform crime records â€"to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like. the key distinction between the rigorous classification proposed in this report and the "classifications" that have come before in u.s. crime statistics is that it is intended to partition the entirety of behaviors that could be considered criminal offenses into mutually exclusive categories. modernizing crime statistics: report 1: defining and classifying crime assesses and makes recommendations for the development of a modern set of crime measures in the united states and the best means for obtaining them. this first report develops a new classification of crime by weighing various perspectives on how crime should be defined and organized with the needs and demands of the full array of crime data users and stakeholders.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States A Path Forward

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 348
Isbn : 0309142393
Identifier : 9780309142397
Release : 2009-07-29
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. however, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. it is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. strengthening forensic science in the united states: a path forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the national institute of forensic science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. the benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. strengthening forensic science in the united states gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. while this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Measuring Crime Behind the Statistics

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Author by : Sharon L. Lohr
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 158
Isbn : 9781138489073
Identifier : 1138489077
Release : 2019
Publisher by : Asa-CRC Statistical Reasoning
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Measuring Crime by Sharon L. Lohr and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. crime statistics are everywhere, but how do you know when they''re valid? if a newspaper report says "the rate of overall violent crime decreased by 0.9 percent," how can you tell where that statistic came from, what it measures, and how accurate it is? is it worth repeating or sharing? measuring crime: behind the statistics gives you the tools to interpret and evaluate crime statistics'' quality and usefulness. the book focuses on ways of thinking about crime statistics (no formulas!) and features eight questions you should ask before quoting a statistic the two sources of information about homicide fbi statistics: what do they measure? how victimization surveys can reflect your experiences even though you were not asked to participate special considerations when interpreting statistics about sexual assault and fraud examples of experiments and studies on how to improve crime statistics two online supplements containing additional details and links to data sources whether you are a law enforcement professional, journalist, student, or interested citizen, measuring crime: behind the statistics will tell you how to read statistics as a statistician would. sharon lohr, the author of sampling: design and analysis, has published widely about statistical methods for education, public policy, law, and crime. she has been recognized as fellow of the american statistical association, elected member of the international statistical institute, and recipient of the gertrude m. cox statistics award and the deming lecturer award. formerly dean''s distinguished professor of statistics at arizona state university and a vice president at westat, she is now a freelance statistical consultant and writer. visit her website at www.sharonlohr.com. "the book aims to achieve two goals: introduce statistical ideas to a general audience and provide an overview of us crime statistics. these are disparate topics, but in the way they are approached here, there is a strong synergy that reinforces both aspects. one the one hand, the reader''s natural curiosity about crime (what is it, how are crime events classified and reported, how reliable are the numbers you see in the newspaper, etc.) will help him/her become interested in the statistical issues and learn these concepts in a practical and concrete setting. and on the other hand, by reading about the statistical issues surrounding crime data, he/she gains a better appreciation for the complexities of crime statistics, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data for policy decisions or for reporting on data such as journalists do. the book is written in a non-technical manner and does a very good job of explaining the nuances in reviewing data. any researcher who utilizes data would find this valuable. while it has specific examples in the criminal justice field, it really is quite useful for any user of data." (barry nussbaum, former president american statistical association) p;lt;p> special considerations when interpreting statistics about sexual assault and fraud examples of experiments and studies on how to improve crime statistics two online supplements containing additional details and links to data sources whether you are a law enforcement professional, journalist, student, or interested citizen, measuring crime: behind the statistics will tell you how to read statistics as a statistician would. sharon lohr, the author of sampling: design and analysis, has published widely about statistical methods for education, public policy, law, and crime. she has been recognized as fellow of the american statistical association, elected member of the international statistical institute, and recipient of the gertrude m. cox statistics award and the deming lecturer award. formerly dean''s distinguished professor of statistics at arizona state university and a vice president at westat, she is now a freelance statistical consultant and writer. visit her website at www.sharonlohr.com. "the book aims to achieve two goals: introduce statistical ideas to a general audience and provide an overview of us crime statistics. these are disparate topics, but in the way they are approached here, there is a strong synergy that reinforces both aspects. one the one hand, the reader''s natural curiosity about crime (what is it, how are crime events classified and reported, how reliable are the numbers you see in the newspaper, etc.) will help him/her become interested in the statistical issues and learn these concepts in a practical and concrete setting. and on the other hand, by reading about the statistical issues surrounding crime data, he/she gains a better appreciation for the complexities of crime statistics, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data for policy decisions or for reporting on data such as journalists do. the book is written in a non-technical manner and does a very good job of explaining the nuances in reviewing data. any researcher who utilizes data would find this valuable. while it has specific examples in the criminal justice field, it really is quite useful for any user of data." (barry nussbaum, former president american statistical association) gertrude m. cox statistics award and the deming lecturer award. formerly dean''s distinguished professor of statistics at arizona state university and a vice president at westat, she is now a freelance statistical consultant and writer. visit her website at www.sharonlohr.com. "the book aims to achieve two goals: introduce statistical ideas to a general audience and provide an overview of us crime statistics. these are disparate topics, but in the way they are approached here, there is a strong synergy that reinforces both aspects. one the one hand, the reader''s natural curiosity about crime (what is it, how are crime events classified and reported, how reliable are the numbers you see in the newspaper, etc.) will help him/her become interested in the statistical issues and learn these concepts in a practical and concrete setting. and on the other hand, by reading about the statistical issues surrounding crime data, he/she gains a better appreciation for the complexities of crime statistics, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data for policy decisions or for reporting on data such as journalists do. the book is written in a non-technical manner and does a very good job of explaining the nuances in reviewing data. any researcher who utilizes data would find this valuable. while it has specific examples in the criminal justice field, it really is quite useful for any user of data." (barry nussbaum, former president american statistical association) s, eventually acquiring a deeper understanding of them. as a statistician myself, i learned interesting facts about the types of crime, their nomenclature and the possible confusion surrounding them, and how the data are collected and reported. overall, i think the combination is effective and very well developed in this book." (jean opsomer, westat) "this book is an excellent primer on handling the mass of data and information researchers are faced with. while it is geared toward followers of criminal justice information, much of the book is a very good introduction to survey techniques discussing their strong and weak points. most importantly, there are very good guidelines and questions that one should employ before citing any data or using data fo

Estimating the Incidence of Rape and Sexual Assault

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Author by : Panel on Measuring Rape and Sexual Assault in Bureau of Justice Statistics Household Surveys
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 242
Isbn : 9780309297370
Identifier : 0309297370
Release : 2014-06-02
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Estimating The Incidence Of Rape And Sexual Assault by Panel on Measuring Rape and Sexual Assault in Bureau of Justice Statistics Household Surveys and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the bureau of justice statistics' (bjs) national crime victimization survey (ncvs) measures the rates at which americans are victims of crimes, including rape and sexual assault, but there is concern that rape and sexual assault are undercounted on this survey. bjs asked the national research council to investigate this issue and recommend best practices for measuring rape and sexual assault on their household surveys. estimating the incidence of rape and sexual assault concludes that it is likely that the ncvs is undercounting rape and sexual assault. the most accurate counts of rape and sexual assault cannot be achieved without measuring them separately from other victimizations, the report says. it recommends that bjs develop a separate survey for measuring rape and sexual assault. the new survey should more precisely define ambiguous words such as "rape," give more privacy to respondents, and take other steps that would improve the accuracy of responses. estimating the incidence of rape and sexual assault takes a fresh look at the problem of measuring incidents of rape and sexual assault from the criminal justice perspective. this report examines issues such as the legal definitions in use by the states for these crimes, best methods for representing the definitions in survey instruments so that their meaning is clear to respondents, and best methods for obtaining as complete reporting as possible of these crimes in surveys, including methods whereby respondents may report anonymously. rape and sexual assault are among the most injurious crimes a person can inflict on another. the effects are devastating, extending beyond the initial victimization to consequences such as unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, sleep and eating disorders, and other emotional and physical problems. understanding the frequency and context under which rape and sexual assault are committed is vital in directing resources for law enforcement and support for victims. these data can influence public health and mental health policies and help identify interventions that will reduce the risk of future attacks. sadly, accurate information about the extent of sexual assault and rape is difficult to obtain because most of these crimes go unreported to police. estimating the incidence of rape and sexual assault focuses on methodology and vehicles used to measure rape and sexual assaults, reviews potential sources of error within the ncvs survey, and assesses the training and monitoring of interviewers in an effort to improve reporting of these crimes.

Violence at Work

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Author by : Duncan Chappell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 360
Isbn : 9789221179481
Identifier : 9221179486
Release : 2006
Publisher by : International Labour Organization
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Violence At Work by Duncan Chappell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. violence at work, ranging from bullying and mobbing, to threats by psychologically unstable co-workers, sexual harassment and homicide, is increasing worldwide and has reached epidemic levels in some countries. this updated and revised edition looks at the full range of aggressive acts, offers new information on their occurrence and identifies occupations and situations at particular risk. it is organised in three sections: understanding violence at work; responding to violence at work; future action.

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States

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Author by : National Research Council
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 478
Isbn : 0309286581
Identifier : 9780309286589
Release : 2013-11-12
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation And Sex Trafficking Of Minors In The United States by National Research Council and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. every day in the united states, children and adolescents are victims of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking. despite the serious and long-term consequences for victims as well as their families, communities, and society, efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to these crimes are largely under supported, inefficient, uncoordinated, and unevaluated. confronting commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the united states examines commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of u.s. citizens and lawful permanent residents of the united states under age 18. according to this report, efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to these crimes require better collaborative approaches that build upon the capabilities of people and entities from a range of sectors. in addition, such efforts need to confront demand and the individuals who commit and benefit from these crimes. the report recommends increased awareness and understanding, strengthening of the law's response, strengthening of research to advance understanding and to support the development of prevention and intervention strategies, support for multi-sector and interagency collaboration, and creation of a digital information-sharing platform. a nation that is unaware of these problems or disengaged from solutions unwittingly contributes to the ongoing abuse of minors. if acted upon in a coordinated and comprehensive manner, the recommendations of confronting commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the united states can help advance and strengthen the nation's emerging efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the united states.

The Growth of Incarceration in the United States Exploring Causes and Consequences

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Author by : Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 800
Isbn : 9780309298018
Identifier : 0309298016
Release : 2014-12-31
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now The Growth Of Incarceration In The United States by Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. after decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the united states has increased fivefold during the last four decades. the u.s. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in american prisons. the u.s. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in western europe and other democracies. the u.s. prison population is largely drawn from the most disadvantaged part of the nation's population: mostly men under age 40, disproportionately minority, and poorly educated. prisoners often carry additional deficits of drug and alcohol addictions, mental and physical illnesses, and lack of work preparation or experience. the growth of incarceration in the united states during four decades has prompted numerous critiques and a growing body of scientific knowledge about what prompted the rise and what its consequences have been for the people imprisoned, their families and communities, and for u.s. society. the growth of incarceration in the united states examines research and analysis of the dramatic rise of incarceration rates and its affects. this study makes the case that the united states has gone far past the point where the numbers of people in prison can be justified by social benefits and has reached a level where these high rates of incarceration themselves constitute a source of injustice and social harm. the growth of incarceration in the united states examines policy changes that created an increasingly punitive political climate and offers specific policy advice in sentencing policy, prison policy, and social policy. the report also identifies important research questions that must be answered to provide a firmer basis for policy. this report is a call for change in the way society views criminals, punishment, and prison. this landmark study assesses the evidence and its implications for public policy to inform an extensive and thoughtful public debate about and reconsideration of policies.