Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 Context And Consequences For Children

Download Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 Context And Consequences For Children Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File with Free Account at yesterdays we have And Fool Moon And Flying High On Broken Wings And CHIMBRIDS Chimeras and Hybrids in Comparative European and International Research

Neighborhood Poverty, Volume 1 Context and Consequences for Children

Download Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 9780871541451
Identifier : 0871541459
Release : 1997-11-06
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 1715001
Total Read : 295068
Ads
Description : Read Now Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 by Jeanne Brooks-Gunn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. perhaps the most alarming phenomenon in american cities has been the transformation of many neighborhoods into isolated ghettos where poverty is the norm and violent crime, drug use, out-of-wedlock births, and soaring school dropout rates are rampant. public concern over these destitute areas has focused on their most vulnerable inhabitants—children and adolescents. how profoundly does neighborhood poverty endanger their well-being and development? is the influence of neighborhood more powerful than that of the family? neighborhood poverty: context and consequences for children approaches these questions with an insightful and wide-ranging investigation into the effect of community poverty on children's physical health, cognitive and verbal abilities, educational attainment, and social adjustment. this two-volume set offers the most current research and analysis from experts in the fields of child development, social psychology, sociology and economics. drawing from national and city-based sources, volume i reports the empirical evidence concerning the relationship between children and community. as the essays demonstrate, poverty entails a host of problems that affects the quality of educational, recreational, and child care services. poor neighborhoods usually share other negative features—particularly racial segregation and a preponderance of single mother families—that may adversely affect children. yet children are not equally susceptible to the pitfalls of deprived communities. neighborhood has different effects depending on a child's age, race, and gender, while parenting techniques and a family's degree of community involvement also serve as mitigating factors. volume ii incorporates empirical data on neighborhood poverty into discussions of policy and program development. the contributors point to promising community initiatives and suggest methods to strengthen neighborhood-based service programs for children. several essays analyze the conceptual and methodological issues surrounding the measurement of neighborhood characteristics. these essays focus on the need to expand scientific insight into urban poverty by drawing on broader pools of ethnographic, epidemiological, and quantitative data. volume ii explores the possibilities for a richer and more well-rounded understanding of neighborhood and poverty issues. to grasp the human cost of poverty, we must clearly understand how living in distressed neighborhoods impairs children's ability to function at every level. neighborhood poverty explores the multiple and complex paths between community, family, and childhood development. these two volumes provide and indispensible guide for social policy and demonstrate the power of interdisciplinary social science to probe complex social issues.

Neighborhood Poverty, Volume 1 Context and Consequences for Children

Download Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 9780871541451
Identifier : 0871541459
Release : 1997-11-06
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9859741
Total Read : 225496
Ads
Description : Read Now Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 by Jeanne Brooks-Gunn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. perhaps the most alarming phenomenon in american cities has been the transformation of many neighborhoods into isolated ghettos where poverty is the norm and violent crime, drug use, out-of-wedlock births, and soaring school dropout rates are rampant. public concern over these destitute areas has focused on their most vulnerable inhabitants—children and adolescents. how profoundly does neighborhood poverty endanger their well-being and development? is the influence of neighborhood more powerful than that of the family? neighborhood poverty: context and consequences for children approaches these questions with an insightful and wide-ranging investigation into the effect of community poverty on children's physical health, cognitive and verbal abilities, educational attainment, and social adjustment. this two-volume set offers the most current research and analysis from experts in the fields of child development, social psychology, sociology and economics. drawing from national and city-based sources, volume i reports the empirical evidence concerning the relationship between children and community. as the essays demonstrate, poverty entails a host of problems that affects the quality of educational, recreational, and child care services. poor neighborhoods usually share other negative features—particularly racial segregation and a preponderance of single mother families—that may adversely affect children. yet children are not equally susceptible to the pitfalls of deprived communities. neighborhood has different effects depending on a child's age, race, and gender, while parenting techniques and a family's degree of community involvement also serve as mitigating factors. volume ii incorporates empirical data on neighborhood poverty into discussions of policy and program development. the contributors point to promising community initiatives and suggest methods to strengthen neighborhood-based service programs for children. several essays analyze the conceptual and methodological issues surrounding the measurement of neighborhood characteristics. these essays focus on the need to expand scientific insight into urban poverty by drawing on broader pools of ethnographic, epidemiological, and quantitative data. volume ii explores the possibilities for a richer and more well-rounded understanding of neighborhood and poverty issues. to grasp the human cost of poverty, we must clearly understand how living in distressed neighborhoods impairs children's ability to function at every level. neighborhood poverty explores the multiple and complex paths between community, family, and childhood development. these two volumes provide and indispensible guide for social policy and demonstrate the power of interdisciplinary social science to probe complex social issues.

Promoting Health Intervention Strategies from Social and Behavioral Research

Download Promoting Health Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Institute of Medicine, Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 508
Isbn : 0309071755
Identifier : 9780309071758
Release : 2000-03-01
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Medical
Total Download : 6056173
Total Read : 9574346
Ads
Description : Read Now Promoting Health by Institute of Medicine, Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. at the dawn of the twenty-first century, americans enjoyed better overall health than at any other time in the nation’s history. rapid advancements in medical technologies, breakthroughs in understanding the genetic underpinnings of health and ill health, improvements in the effectiveness and variety of pharmaceuticals, and other developments in biomedical research have helped develop cures for many illnesses and improve the lives of those with chronic diseases. by itself, however, biomedical research cannot address the most significant challenges to improving public health. approximately half of all causes of mortality in the united states are linked to social and behavioral factors such as smoking, diet, alcohol use, sedentary lifestyle, and accidents. yet less than five percent of the money spent annually on u.s. health care is devoted to reducing the risks of these preventable conditions. behavioral and social interventions offer great promise, but as yet their potential has been relatively poorly tapped. promoting health identifies those promising areas of social science and behavioral research that may address public health needs. it includes 12 papersâ€"commissioned from some of the nation’s leading expertsâ€"that review these issues in detail, and serves to assess whether the knowledge base of social and behavioral interventions has been useful, or could be useful, in the development of broader public health interventions.

Consequences of Growing Up Poor

Download Consequences Of Growing Up Poor Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Greg J. Duncan, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 672
Isbn : 161044826X
Identifier : 9781610448260
Release : 1997-06-19
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9784404
Total Read : 7013762
Ads
Description : Read Now Consequences Of Growing Up Poor by Greg J. Duncan, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. one in five american children now live in families with incomes below the povertyline, and their prospects are not bright. low income is statistically linked with a variety of poor outcomes for children, from low birth weight and poor nutrition in infancy to increased chances of academic failure, emotional distress, and unwed childbirth in adolescence. to address these problems it is not enough to know that money makes a difference; we need to understand how. consequences of growing up poor is an extensive and illuminating examination of the paths through which economic deprivation damages children at all stages of their development. in consequences of growing up poor, developmental psychologists, economists, and sociologists revisit a large body of studies to answer specific questions about how low income puts children at risk intellectually, emotionally, and physically. many of their investigations demonstrate that although income clearly creates disadvantages, it does so selectively and in a wide variety of ways. low-income preschoolers exhibit poorer cognitive and verbal skills because they are generally exposed to fewer toys, books, and other stimulating experiences in the home. poor parents also tend to rely on home-based child care, where the quality and amount of attention children receive is inferior to that of professional facilities. in later years, conflict between economically stressed parents increases anxiety and weakens self-esteem in their teenaged children. although they share economic hardships, the home lives of poor children are not homogenous. consequences of growing up poor investigates whether such family conditions as the marital status, education, and involvement of parents mitigate the ill effects of poverty. consequences of growing up poor also looks at the importance of timing: does being poor have a different impact on preschoolers, children, and adolescents? when are children most vulnerable to poverty? some contributors find that poverty in the prenatal or early childhood years appears to be particularly detrimental to cognitive development and physical health. others offer evidence that lower income has a stronger negative effect during adolescence than in childhood or adulthood. based on their findings, the editors and contributors to consequences of growing up poor recommend more sharply focused child welfare policies targeted to specific eras and conditions of poor children's lives. they also weigh the relative need for income supplements, child care subsidies, and home interventions. consequences of growing up poor describes the extent and causes of hardships for poor children, defines the interaction between income and family, and offers solutions to improve young lives. jeanne brooks-gunn is virginia and leonard marx professor of child development at teachers college, columbia university. she is also director of the center for young children and families, and co-directs the adolescent study program at teachers college.

Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Contextual Influences on Adolescent Development

Download Handbook Of Adolescent Psychology Contextual Influences On Adolescent Development Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Richard M. Lerner, Laurence Steinberg, PhD
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 705
Isbn : 0470149221
Identifier : 9780470149225
Release : 2009-04-06
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 6513758
Total Read : 3993447
Ads
Description : Read Now Handbook Of Adolescent Psychology Contextual Influences On Adolescent Development by Richard M. Lerner, Laurence Steinberg, PhD and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, reflects the empirical work and growth in the field of adolescent psychology.

Integrating Schools in a Changing Society New Policies and Legal Options for a Multiracial Generation

Download Integrating Schools In A Changing Society Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Erica Frankenberg, Elizabeth H. Debray
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 341
Isbn : 0807835129
Identifier : 9780807835128
Release : 2011
Publisher by : Univ of North Carolina Press
Category : Education
Total Download : 4791416
Total Read : 551184
Ads
Description : Read Now Integrating Schools In A Changing Society by Erica Frankenberg, Elizabeth H. Debray and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "in this comprehensive volume, a roster of leading scholars in educational policy and related fields offer eighteen essays seeking to illuminate new ways for american public education to counter persistent racial and socioeconomic inequality in our society. drawing on extensive research, the contributors reinforce the key benefits of racially integrated schools, examine remaining options to pursue multiracial integration, and discuss case examples that suggest how to build support for those efforts"--

American Neighborhoods and Residential Differentiation

Download American Neighborhoods And Residential Differentiation Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Michael J. White
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 1610445589
Identifier : 9781610445580
Release : 1988-07-14
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 6367607
Total Read : 2268679
Ads
Description : Read Now American Neighborhoods And Residential Differentiation by Michael J. White and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. residential patterns are reflections of social structure; to ask, "who lives in which neighborhoods," is to explore a sorting-out process that is based largely on socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and life cycle characteristics. this benchmark volume uses census data, with its uniquely detailed information on small geographic areas, to bring into focus the familiar yet often vague concept of neighborhood. michael white examines nearly 6,000 census tracts (approximating neighborhoods) in twenty-one representative metropolitan areas, from atlanta to salt lake city, newark to san diego. the availability of statistics spanning several decades and covering a wide range of demographic characteristics (including age, race, occupation, income, and housing quality) makes possible a rich analysis of the evolution and implications of differences among neighborhoods. in this complex mosaic, white finds patterns and traces them over time—showing, for example, how racial segregation has declined modestly while socioeconomic segregation remains constant, and how population diffusion gradually affects neighborhood composition. his assessment of our urban settlement system also illuminates the social forces that shape contemporary city life and the troubling policy issues that plague it. a volume in the russell sage foundation census series

Handbook of Life-Span Development

Download Handbook Of Life Span Development Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq., Karen L. Fingerman, PhD, Jacqui Smith, PhD, Cynthia Berg, PhD
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 650
Isbn : 0826110800
Identifier : 9780826110800
Release : 2010-12-25
Publisher by : Springer Publishing Company
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 1969877
Total Read : 3232570
Ads
Description : Read Now Handbook Of Life Span Development by Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq., Karen L. Fingerman, PhD, Jacqui Smith, PhD, Cynthia Berg, PhD and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "the handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--anthropology and aging quarterly the doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. this definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. it examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. key features: integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

Equality of Opportunity and the Importance of Place Summary of a Workshop

Download Equality Of Opportunity And The Importance Of Place Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Center for Social and Economic Studies
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 83
Isbn : 0309084679
Identifier : 9780309084673
Release : 2002-07-24
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 4624683
Total Read : 6590219
Ads
Description : Read Now Equality Of Opportunity And The Importance Of Place by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Center for Social and Economic Studies and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the national research council (nrc) recently conducted several projects concerning urban poverty, racial disparities, and opportunities to change metropolitan areas in ways that have positive effects on residents' well-being. in reports such as governance and opportunity in metropolitan america (1999), place, space, and neighborhood have become important lenses through which to understand the factors affecting opportunity and well-being. after the publication of governance and opportunity, the office of the assistant secretary for planning and evaluation (aspe) of the u.s. department of health and human services became interested in what insights research focused on place might offer in terms of improving the conditions of vulnerable families-a population about whom aspe is particularly concerned. because of its interest in the topic, aspe provided generous support to the nrc to hold a workshop on the importance of place and to produce a report based on the findings of the workshop. this report, equality of opportunity and the importance of place, is the culmination of the nrc's work on behalf of aspe.

Won't You be My Neighbor Race, Class, and Residence in Los Angeles

Download Won T You Be My Neighbor Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Camille Zubrinksy Charles
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 1610441168
Identifier : 9781610441162
Release : 2006-10-19
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 2949687
Total Read : 3392168
Ads
Description : Read Now Won T You Be My Neighbor by Camille Zubrinksy Charles and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. los angeles is a city of delicate racial and ethnic balance. as evidenced by the 1965 watts violence, the 1992 rodney king riots, and this year’s award-winning film crash, the city’s myriad racial groups coexist uneasily together, often on the brink of confrontation. in fact, los angeles is highly segregated, with racial and ethnic groups clustered in homogeneous neighborhoods. these residential groupings have profound effects on the economic well-being and quality of life of residents, dictating which jobs they can access, which social networks they can tap in to, and which schools they attend. in won’t you be my neighbor?, sociologist camille zubrinsky charles explores how modern racial attitudes shape and are shaped by the places in which people live. using in-depth survey data and information from focus groups with members of l.a.’s largest racial and ethnic groups, won’t you be my neighbor? explores why los angeles remains a segregated city. charles finds that people of all backgrounds prefer both racial integration and a critical mass of same-race neighbors. when asked to reveal their preferred level of racial integration, people of all races show a clear and consistent order of preference, with whites considered the most highly desired neighbors and blacks the least desirable. this is even true among recent immigrants who have little experience with american race relations. charles finds that these preferences, which are driven primarily by racial prejudice and minority-group fears of white hostility, taken together with financial considerations, strongly affect people’s decisions about where they live. still, charles offers reasons for optimism: over time and with increased exposure to other racial and ethnic groups, people show an increased willingness to live with neighbors of other races. in a racially and ethnically diverse city, segregated neighborhoods can foster distrust, reinforce stereotypes, and agitate inter-group tensions. won’t you be my neighbor? zeroes in on segregated neighborhoods to provide a compelling examination of the way contemporary racial attitudes shape, and are shaped by, the places where we live.

Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences

Download Hispanic Journal Of Behavioral Sciences Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by :
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn :
Identifier : UIUC:30112086645147
Release : 2007
Publisher by :
Category : Electronic journals
Total Download : 5825271
Total Read : 5145071
Ads
Description : Read Now Hispanic Journal Of Behavioral Sciences by and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Thinking Comprehensively About Education Spaces of Educative Possibility and their Implications for Public Policy

Download Thinking Comprehensively About Education Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Ezekiel Dixon-Román, Edmund W. Gordon
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 113631847X
Identifier : 9781136318474
Release : 2012-05-16
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Education
Total Download : 2685228
Total Read : 9441107
Ads
Description : Read Now Thinking Comprehensively About Education by Ezekiel Dixon-Román, Edmund W. Gordon and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. while much is known about the critical importance of educative experiences outside of school, little is known about the social systems, community programs, and everyday practices that can facilitate learning outside of the classroom. thinking comprehensively about education sheds much-needed light on those systems, programs, and practices; conceptualizing education more broadly through a nuanced exploration of: the various spaces where education occurs; the non-dominant practices and possibilities of those spaces; the possibilities of enabling social systems, institutions, and programs of comprehensive education. this original edited collection identifies and describes the resources that enable optimal human learning and development, and offers a public policy framework that can enable a truly comprehensive educational system. thinking comprehensively about education is a must-read for faculty, students, policy analysts, and policymakers.

Infant Development Ecological Perspectives

Download Infant Development Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Katherine Karraker, Tom Luster
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 340
Isbn : 1135580383
Identifier : 9781135580384
Release : 2003-08-29
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Education
Total Download : 7697567
Total Read : 3523373
Ads
Description : Read Now Infant Development by Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Katherine Karraker, Tom Luster and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection of essays by leading scholars in the field of childhood development focus on the critical issues and questions that need to be addressed at the beginning of the twenty-first century. topics covered include the ecology of fetal development, birth and the newborn period, family ecology and infant development, infant care settings, gender influences on caregiving, culture, violence, poverty, substance abuse, social support, maternal age, risk and protective factors, the impact of legal and public policy, and historical, and future ecologies of infant development

Awakening Children's Minds How Parents and Teachers Can Make a Difference

Download Awakening Children S Minds Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Laura E. Berk
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0199728623
Identifier : 9780199728626
Release : 2001-10-25
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 2889933
Total Read : 5034567
Ads
Description : Read Now Awakening Children S Minds by Laura E. Berk and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. parents and teachers today face a swirl of conflicting theories about child rearing and educational practice. indeed, current guides are contradictory, oversimplified, and at odds with current scientific knowledge. now, in awakening children's minds, laura berk cuts through the confusion of competing theories, offering a new way of thinking about the roles of parents and teachers and how they can make a difference in children's lives. this is the first book to bring to a general audience, in lucid prose richly laced with examples, truly state-of-the-art thinking about child rearing and early education. berk's central message is that parents and teachers contribute profoundly to the development of competent, caring, well-adjusted children. in particular, she argues that adult-child communication in shared activities is the wellspring of psychological development. these dialogues enhance language skills, reasoning ability, problem-solving strategies, the capacity to bring action under the control of thought, and the child's cultural and moral values. berk explains how children weave the voices of more expert cultural members into dialogues with themselves. when puzzling, difficult, or stressful circumstances arise, children call on this private speech to guide and control their thinking and behavior. in addition to providing clear roles for parents and teachers, berk also offers concrete suggestions for creating and evaluating quality educational environments--at home, in child care, in preschool, and in primary school--and addresses the unique challenges of helping children with special needs. parents, berk writes, need a consistent way of thinking about their role in children's lives, one that can guide them in making effective child-rearing decisions. awakening children's minds gives us the basic guidance we need to raise caring, thoughtful, intelligent children.

Social and Emotional Development

Download Social And Emotional Development Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : William M. Bukowski, Brett Paul Laursen, Kenneth H. Rubin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 4
Isbn : 9780415412063
Identifier : 0415412064
Release : 2008-10-28
Publisher by :
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 6082787
Total Read : 669013
Ads
Description : Read Now Social And Emotional Development by William M. Bukowski, Brett Paul Laursen, Kenneth H. Rubin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Aboriginal Policy Research

Download Aboriginal Policy Research Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : Jerry Patrick White
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 430
Isbn : 9781550771923
Identifier : 1550771922
Release : 2010
Publisher by :
Category : Health
Total Download : 1504918
Total Read : 1456648
Ads
Description : Read Now Aboriginal Policy Research by Jerry Patrick White and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.