Neighborhoods And Health

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Neighborhoods and Health

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Author by : Ichiro Kawachi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 9780199747924
Identifier : 019974792X
Release : 2003-03-20
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Neighborhoods And Health by Ichiro Kawachi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. do places make a difference to people's health and well-being? the authors of this groundbreaking textbook demonstrate convincingly how the physical and social characteristics of a neighborhood can shape the health of its residents. drawing on the expertise of a renowned cast of researchers, this book presents a state-of-the art account of the theories, methods, and empirical evidence linking neighborhood conditions to population health. represented in the volume are contributions from the world's leading investigators in the field, including social epidemiologists, demographers, medical geographers, sociologists, and medical practitioners. this comprehensive textbook lays out for the first time the methodological approaches to conducting neighborhood research, including multi-level and contextual analysis, geocoding and the use of small area-based measures of deprivation, as well as the evolving science of "ecometrics." substantive chapters present the case for the relevance of neighborhood effects on health outcomes throughout the life cycle, from infant mortality and low birthweight, to childhood asthma, adult infectious diseases, and disability in old age. the approaches covered in the book range from testing the linkages between community-level variables, such as social capital and residential segregation, and population health to designing and implementing community interventions and policies to improve the health of the public. the book is a timely companion volume to social epidemiology (oxford university press, 2000), edited by the same authors, and an indispensable manual on neighborhood research for students, researchers, and practitioners.

Communities, Neighborhoods, and Health Expanding the Boundaries of Place

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Author by : Linda M. Burton
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 254
Isbn : 9781441974822
Identifier : 1441974822
Release : 2011-02-15
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Communities Neighborhoods And Health by Linda M. Burton and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. place is an important element in understanding health and health care disparities. more that merely a geographic location, place is a socio-ecological force with detectable effects on social life, independent well-being, and health. despite the general enthusiasm for the study of place and the potential it could have for a better understanding of the distribution of health in different communities, research is at a difficult crossroads because of disagreements in how the construct should be conceptualized and measured. this edited volume incorporates an cross-disciplinary approach to the study of place, in order to come up with a comprehensive and useful definition of place. topics covered include: social inequalities, historical definitions of place, biology and place, rural vs. urban places, racialization of a place, migration, sacred places, technological innovations an understanding of place is essential for health care professionals, as interventions often do not have the same effects in the clinic as they do in varied, naturalistic social settings.

Neighborhoods and Health

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Author by : Dustin T. Duncan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 392
Isbn : 0190843497
Identifier : 9780190843496
Release : 2018
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Neighborhoods And Health by Dustin T. Duncan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the groundbreaking, formative work in spatial epidemiology -- now updated for a new generation of research and practice in public health in 2003, neighborhoods and health codified the idea that a neighborhood's social and physical makeup can influence the health of people who live in it. more than a decade later, with the relationship between place and health firmly entrenched at the center of how we understand public health (and as its own scientific discipline, spatial epidemiology), this second edition of the landmark text offers another giant leap forward for the field. offering both a synthesis of the essential research and a practical overview of the methods used to garner it, the second edition of neighborhoods and health is the essential guide to understanding this core component of contemporary population health -- both the journey to date and what's next.

Neighborhoods and Health

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Author by : Jennifer Williams Robinette
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 138
Isbn : 9781321964899
Identifier : 1321964897
Release : 2015
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now Neighborhoods And Health by Jennifer Williams Robinette and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. sociologists have documented associations between objective, socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods and residents's health. recently, psychologists have been interested in how environmental perceptions are similarly related to health. in this dissertation, objective socioeconomic status (ses) and subjective perceptions of neighborhood safety and perceptions of cohesion among neighbors were assessed for both their relations with daily aspects of well-being, and with indicators of cumulative physiological risk for later morbidity and mortality. in study 1, relations between these neighborhood features and daily aspects of affective and physical well-being, as well as affective and physical reactivity to daily stressors, were examined. in study 2, allostatic load, a composite measure of an individual's physiological functioning, was assessed in relation to these neighborhood features. lastly in study 3, trait levels of emotionality's traits describing people's general responses to social tension's were examined as a possible source of variability, or risk and resiliency factors, in the context of these neighborhood features. results indicated that poor neighborhood social climates (low ses, perceptions of low safety and perceptions of low cohesion) were related to poorer affective and physiological outcomes. moreover, higher levels of positive emotionality buffered, and higher levels of negative emotionality exacerbated poor neighborhood social climates for physiological functioning. although researchers have documented associations between neighborhood features and chronic health conditions, these results suggest that examining daily and physiological profiles of health in relation to neighborhood contexts may assist in identifying individuals "at risk" for later health problems.

How Neighborhoods Make Us Sick Restoring Health and Wellness to Our Communities

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Author by : Veronica Squires
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 240
Isbn : 083087335X
Identifier : 9780830873357
Release : 2019-01-15
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
Category : POLITICAL SCIENCE
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Description : Read Now How Neighborhoods Make Us Sick by Veronica Squires and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. our neighborhoods are literally making us sick. buildings with mold trigger asthma and other respiratory conditions. geographic lack of access to food and health care increases childhood mortality. community violence traumatizes residents. poverty, unemployment, inadequate housing, food insecurity, racial injustice, and oppression cause physical changes in the body, resulting in disease and death. but there is hope. loving our neighbor includes creating social environments in which people can be healthy. while working in community redevelopment and treating uninsured families, veronica squires and breanna lathrop discovered that creating healthier neighborhoods requires a commitment to health equity. jesus' ministry brought healing through dismantling systems of oppression and overturning social norms that prevented people from living healthy lives. we can do the same in our communities through addressing social determinants that facilitate healing in under-resourced neighborhoods. everyone deserves the opportunity for good health. the decisions we make and actions we take can promote the health of our neighbors.

Research on Schools, Neighborhoods, and Communities Toward Civic Responsibility

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Author by : William F. Tate
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 552
Isbn : 1442204680
Identifier : 9781442204683
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category : Education
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Description : Read Now Research On Schools Neighborhoods And Communities by William F. Tate and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume focuses on research and theoretical developments related to the role of geography in education, human development, and health. multiple disciplinary perspectives provide the strengths and problems in our communities. research in this presidential volume provides historical, moral, and scientifically based arguments to inform understandings of civic problems and possible solutions.

Handbook of Urban Health Populations, Methods, and Practice

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Author by : Sandro Galea
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 600
Isbn : 0387258221
Identifier : 9780387258225
Release : 2006-10-12
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Urban Health by Sandro Galea and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the editors are two of the most prominent researchers in this area. both are at the center for urban epidemiologic studies. david vlahov is particularly visible and known as the editor of the journal of urban health. sandro galea is very prominent for his research on urban health; in particularly, research done on ptsd and children post-9/11. thorough analysis of different populations in urban settings and specific health considerations useful section on methods for the research audience. applied in nature with section on prevention and interventions there are over 100 urban health centers in north america and there are no thorough, up-to-date ressources.

The Safety-Net Health Care System Health Care at the Margins

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Author by : Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 408
Isbn : 0826105726
Identifier : 9780826105721
Release : 2011-12-21
Publisher by : Springer Publishing Company
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now The Safety Net Health Care System by Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "this is the only book currently available that fully addresses all aspects of the safety net for healthcare." score: 96, 4 stars--doody's medical reviews "[t]his complex treatment of a complex topic represents a valuable contribution to the health services literature."--inquiry "the safety-net health care system offers a road map to help safety-net providers overcome personal prejudices, understand why certain patients become ìdifficultî or fail to adhere to treatment, and deal with the stress of working in safety-net environments."--health affairs a unique and authoritative guide to the us safety-net health care system, this book addresses how various populations and their difficult health and socio-economic issues are dealt with and impacted by the system. drs. gunnar almgren and taryn lindhorst, experts in the fields of social work and public health, provide critical, much-needed insight into the safety-net system and how the recession, unemployment, and reform have accelerated its growth. ideal for graduate students and early professionals in the health professions, this textbook: includes narratives from patients and caregivers that help readers understand and empathize with the poor, homeless, and other vulnerable populations affected by the safety-net system discusses various health issues, including: violence, chronic diseases, mental illness, victimization, and substance abuse/addiction examines overlaps in us public health, social work, nursing, and medical education analyzes the differences between the populations that depend on safety-net system providers and more advantaged populations that have access to the mainstream health care system

Social Capital and Health

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Author by : Ichiro Kawachi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 291
Isbn : 0387713107
Identifier : 9780387713106
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Social Capital And Health by Ichiro Kawachi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the purpose of this book is to take stock of what we have learned during the first decade of research on social capital and health. what is social capital? how do we measure it? what have we learned so far about the empirical relationships between social capital and specific health outcomes? what is the potential utility of the concept for designing interventions to improve population health? these are some of the questions that individual chapters will address. [ed.]

Dying and Living in the Neighborhood A Street-Level View of America’s Healthcare Promise

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Author by : Prabhjot Singh
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 312
Isbn : 1421420449
Identifier : 9781421420448
Release : 2016-08-12
Publisher by : JHU Press
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now Dying And Living In The Neighborhood by Prabhjot Singh and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. even as us spending on healthcare skyrockets, impoverished americans continue to fall ill and die of preventable conditions. although the majority of health outcomes are shaped by non-medical factors, public and private healthcare reform efforts have largely ignored the complex local circumstances that make it difficult for struggling men, women, and children to live healthier lives. in dying and living in the neighborhood, dr. prabhjot singh argues that we must look beyond the walls of the hospital and into the neighborhoods where patients live and die to address the troubling rise in chronic disease. building on his training as a physician in harlem, dr. singh draws from research in sociology and economics to look at how our healthcare systems are designed and how the development of technologies like the internet enable us to rethink strategies for assembling healthier neighborhoods. in part i, singh presents the story of ray, a patient whose death illuminated how he had lived, his neighborhood context, and the forces that accelerated his decline. in part ii, singh introduces nationally recognized pioneers who are acting on the local level to build critical components of a neighborhood-based health system. in the process, he encounters a movement of people and organizations with similar visions of a porous, neighborhood-embedded healthcare system. finally, in part iii he explores how civic technologies may help forge a new set of relationships among healthcare, public health, and community development. every rising public health leader, frontline clinician, and policymaker in the country should read this book to better understand how they can contribute to a more integrated and supportive healthcare system.

Neighborhood Networks for Humane Mental Health Care

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Author by : Arthur J. Naparstek
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 238
Isbn : 1468411462
Identifier : 9781468411461
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Networks For Humane Mental Health Care by Arthur J. Naparstek and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it is hard to think of a more timely and topical major contribution than drs. naparstek, biegel, spiro, and collaborators have provided in this volume. their penetrating, comprehensive study and field tests give us mapping toward the goal of reifying the concept of "community" as applied to human services. the book will prove invaluable to those at the policy level-legislators, planners, and administrators. it will serve as an essential reference for community workers-professional provid ers, natural helpers, and citizens as a whole. a salient ideal of new federalism-placing governance as close to the people as practicable-seems a prophetic match with the model of neighborhood empowerment. as the authors point out, conventional wisdom has seemed to offer government regulation, control, and pro gram evaluation as a panacea package for improving human services. this work suggests a radically different approach; specifically, a shift to greater instrumental involvement of the richly variegated mosaic of american neighborhoods, combined with a system of excellent, high technology service agencies. certainly, genuine efforts have been made before toward a true linkage of the community with human services. the great society pro grams, with their emphasis on citizen involvement and "maximum fea sible participation" established the foundation for legitimate citizen/ consumer linkage with the program process. yet, in so many instances, the results fell far short of expectations.

Medical Geography

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Author by : Melinda S. Meade
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 498
Isbn : 1606230166
Identifier : 9781606230169
Release : 2010-04-20
Publisher by : Guilford Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Medical Geography by Melinda S. Meade and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the leading text in the field, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to geographic approaches to studying disease and promoting health. it presents cutting-edge techniques of spatial and social analysis and explores their relevance for understanding cultural and political ecology, disease systems, and public health issues across the globe. essential topics include how new diseases emerge and epidemics develop in particular places; the intersecting influences on health of biological processes, culture, environment, and behavior; and the changing landscape of health care planning and service delivery. the text is richly illustrated with tables, figures, and maps, including 16 color plates. new to this edition: thoroughly updated in response to the challenges of globalization, development, and demographic changes incorporates the latest data and conceptual frameworks chapters on neighborhood analysis and the use of gis in modeling health and disease gis applications and examples are integrated throughout. this book will be important reading for students and instructors in geography, public health, epidemiology, international health policy and planning, medical sociology, and related fields. it will also serve as a primary text in advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses such as medical geography and health geography.