Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems

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Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Building the Inclusive City Theory and Practice for Confronting Urban Segregation

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Author by : Nilson Ariel Espino
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 144
Isbn : 1317601483
Identifier : 9781317601487
Release : 2015-03-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now Building The Inclusive City by Nilson Ariel Espino and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. urban segregation is one of the main challenges facing urban development around the globe. the usual outcome of many urban development patterns is an unequal social geography, with the urban poor living in large clusters that are remote, isolated, dangerous or unhealthy. the result is inequality in a number of dimensions of urban life, from deficient urban access, services or infrastructure to social isolation, neighbourhood violence, and lack of economic opportunity. this book brings together debates on ethnic and economic segregation, combining theory and practical solutions to create a guide for those trying to understand and address urban segregation in any part of the world, and integrate ameliorating policies to contemporary urban development agendas.

Making Our Neighborhoods, Making Our Selves

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Author by : George C. Galster
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 416
Isbn : 022659985X
Identifier : 9780226599854
Release : 2019-02-26
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Neighborhoods
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Description : Read Now Making Our Neighborhoods Making Our Selves by George C. Galster and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. urban theorists have tried for decades to define exactly what a neighborhood is. but behind that daunting existential question lies a much murkier problem: never mind how you define them--how do you make neighborhoods productive and fair for their residents? in making our neighborhoods, making our selves, george galster delves deep into the question of whether american neighborhoods are as efficient and equitable as they could be--socially, financially, and emotionally--and, if not, what we can do to change that. galster aims to redefine the relationship between places and people, promoting specific policies that reduce inequalities in housing markets and beyond. drawing on economics, sociology, geography, and psychology, making our neighborhoods, making our selves delivers a clear-sighted explanation of what neighborhoods are, how they come to be--and what they should be.

Neighbourhood Effects on Firm Success and Strategy

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Author by : Bart Sleutjes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 210
Isbn : 9085550734
Identifier : 9789085550730
Release : 2012-09-06
Publisher by : Amsterdam University Press
Category : Neighborhoods
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects On Firm Success And Strategy by Bart Sleutjes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as a result of economic transitions and several societal developments over the past 50 years, residential neighbourhoods have developed from being places where people predominantly live into places where people also work. a growing number of small- and medium-sized firms are located in residential neighbourhoods, many of which are home-based. triggered by relatively high levels of turbulence in residential neighbourhoods and inter-locality variation in firm survival, firm growth and firm relocation, this study concerned whether and how neighbourhood characteristics influence the success of local firms and the strategic options of their entrepreneurs. the research demonstrates that some ‘neighbourhood effects’ on firm success and strategy do exist, especially for the growing group of solo entrepreneurs and firms in locally-oriented sectors. in particular the social context in which entrepreneurs are embedded matters, as cohesive neighbourhoods trigger both firm growth and entrepreneurial investments. furthermore, the accumulation of liveability-related problems in disadvantaged neighbourhoods seems to contribute to an unfavourable business climate.

Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers and perspectives

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Author by : Jorg Blasius
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 131796800X
Identifier : 9781317968009
Release : 2013-10-31
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects by Jorg Blasius and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many policies in several western european countries and the u.s. aim to counter spatial concentrations of deprivation and create more socio-economically mixed residential areas. such policies are founded on the belief that neighbourhoods have a strong and independent effect upon the well-being and life-chances of individuals. the adequacy of the evidence base to support this position has been the subject of spirited debate on both sides of the atlantic. the primary purpose of this book is to contribute to this policy-relevant discussion by presenting new scholarship from many countries that rigorously quantifies various sorts of neighbourhood effects through the use of cutting-edge social scientific techniques. the secondary purpose of this book is to introduce these techniques to a wider array of housing and planning researchers and to show how a variety of disciplines have offered insightful, synergistic perspectives. research on neighbourhood effects has over the last 15 years led to a body of knowledge extending far beyond the sociological urban research where it originated. the problem of quantifying neighbourhood effects and the use of associated methodologies (like multi-level analysis, instrumental variables) has attracted scholars from criminology, sociology, social geography, economics and health science, and thus serves as a critical locus for interdisciplinary scholarship. this book was previously published as a special issue of housing studies.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Puzzling Neighbourhood Effects Spatial Selection, Ethnic Concentration and Neighbourhood Impacts

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Author by : Wenda Doff
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 174
Isbn : 1607506483
Identifier : 9781607506485
Release : 2010-01-01
Publisher by : IOS Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Puzzling Neighbourhood Effects by Wenda Doff and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. wenda doff is an urban sociologist. her research focuses on the interrelationships between housing choice, residential sorting, segregation and neighbourhood effects. her phd thesis puzzling neighbourhood effects contributes to a more holistic view on segregation and its potential significance for immigrants' socio-economic outcomes. at otb she has been involved in many projects, among which studies on residential segregation, housing choice and housing allocation, neighbourhood change and the social implications of urban restructuring.

Unequal Networks Spatial Segregation, Relationships and Inequality in the City

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Author by : G. Van Eijk
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 160750555X
Identifier : 9781607505556
Release : 2010-01-01
Publisher by : Gwen van Eijk
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Unequal Networks by G. Van Eijk and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. delft centre for sustainable urban areas carries out research in the field of the built environment and is one of the multidisciplinary research centres at tu delft. the delft research centres bundle tu delft's excellent research and provide integrated solutions for today's and tomorrow's problems in society. otb research institute for housing, urban and mobility studies and the faculties of architecture, technology, policy and management and civil engineering and geosciences participate in this delft research centre. does the neighbourhood in which people live matter for the resourcefulness of their personal network and thus for their opportunities in life? do residents of a multi-ethnic `problem' area maintain fewer relationships with fellow-residents compared to residents of a homogeneous problem-free neighbourhood? and do `diversity-seekers' who choose to live in a mixed neighbourhood translate their liking for diversity into more mixed networks and more bridging ties? this book brings together key insights from urban studies and network studies in order to understand whether and how spatial segregation matters for personal networks and inequality. by approaching these questions through different urban sociological perspectives, the book engages with current debates on poverty concentration as well as ethnic diversity, gentrification and social capital. the study is based on detailed quantitative and qualitative data on the personal networks of people living in three differently composed neighbourhoods in rotterdam, the second largest city in the netherlands.

Safety, Societal Problems and Citizens' Perceptions New Empirical Data, Theories and Analyses

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Author by : Marc Cools
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 311
Isbn : 904660327X
Identifier : 9789046603277
Release : 2010
Publisher by : Maklu
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Safety Societal Problems And Citizens Perceptions by Marc Cools and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in nowadays' globalised society an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. the research group governance of security want to foster contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. therefore, gofs started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of gofs. this research group is collaboration between ghent university and ghent university college in belgium. gofs is concentrating its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that has been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. volume 3 provides new empirical data, theories and analyses on safety, societal problems and citizens' perceptions. some articles in volume 3 focus especially on issues of conceptualisation and measurement of key constructs in the study of security in its broadest meaning (from fear of crime to corruption) some articles present tests of theoretical models derived from theoretical criminology, and finally some articles focus on different institutional reactions towards crime and drug-related problems (e.g. policing, the conflict of interests between private companies and authorities and restorative justice).

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 940074854X
Identifier : 9789400748545
Release : 2012-09-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.