Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems A Policy Context

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Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Building the Inclusive City Theory and Practice for Confronting Urban Segregation

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Author by : Nilson Ariel Espino
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 144
Isbn : 1317601483
Identifier : 9781317601487
Release : 2015-03-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now Building The Inclusive City by Nilson Ariel Espino and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. urban segregation is one of the main challenges facing urban development around the globe. the usual outcome of many urban development patterns is an unequal social geography, with the urban poor living in large clusters that are remote, isolated, dangerous or unhealthy. the result is inequality in a number of dimensions of urban life, from deficient urban access, services or infrastructure to social isolation, neighbourhood violence, and lack of economic opportunity. this book brings together debates on ethnic and economic segregation, combining theory and practical solutions to create a guide for those trying to understand and address urban segregation in any part of the world, and integrate ameliorating policies to contemporary urban development agendas.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.

Neighbourhood Effects on Firm Success and Strategy

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Author by : Bart Sleutjes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 210
Isbn : 9085550734
Identifier : 9789085550730
Release : 2012-09-06
Publisher by : Amsterdam University Press
Category : Neighborhoods
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects On Firm Success And Strategy by Bart Sleutjes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as a result of economic transitions and several societal developments over the past 50 years, residential neighbourhoods have developed from being places where people predominantly live into places where people also work. a growing number of small- and medium-sized firms are located in residential neighbourhoods, many of which are home-based. triggered by relatively high levels of turbulence in residential neighbourhoods and inter-locality variation in firm survival, firm growth and firm relocation, this study concerned whether and how neighbourhood characteristics influence the success of local firms and the strategic options of their entrepreneurs. the research demonstrates that some ‘neighbourhood effects’ on firm success and strategy do exist, especially for the growing group of solo entrepreneurs and firms in locally-oriented sectors. in particular the social context in which entrepreneurs are embedded matters, as cohesive neighbourhoods trigger both firm growth and entrepreneurial investments. furthermore, the accumulation of liveability-related problems in disadvantaged neighbourhoods seems to contribute to an unfavourable business climate.

Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers and perspectives

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Author by : Jorg Blasius
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 131796800X
Identifier : 9781317968009
Release : 2013-10-31
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects by Jorg Blasius and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many policies in several western european countries and the u.s. aim to counter spatial concentrations of deprivation and create more socio-economically mixed residential areas. such policies are founded on the belief that neighbourhoods have a strong and independent effect upon the well-being and life-chances of individuals. the adequacy of the evidence base to support this position has been the subject of spirited debate on both sides of the atlantic. the primary purpose of this book is to contribute to this policy-relevant discussion by presenting new scholarship from many countries that rigorously quantifies various sorts of neighbourhood effects through the use of cutting-edge social scientific techniques. the secondary purpose of this book is to introduce these techniques to a wider array of housing and planning researchers and to show how a variety of disciplines have offered insightful, synergistic perspectives. research on neighbourhood effects has over the last 15 years led to a body of knowledge extending far beyond the sociological urban research where it originated. the problem of quantifying neighbourhood effects and the use of associated methodologies (like multi-level analysis, instrumental variables) has attracted scholars from criminology, sociology, social geography, economics and health science, and thus serves as a critical locus for interdisciplinary scholarship. this book was previously published as a special issue of housing studies.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Life in Poverty Neighbourhoods European and American Perspectives

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Author by : Jürgen Friedrichs
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 152
Isbn : 1317999096
Identifier : 9781317999096
Release : 2013-09-13
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Life In Poverty Neighbourhoods by Jürgen Friedrichs and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in contemporary european and american urban policy and politics and in academic research it is typically assumed that spatial concentrations of poor households and/or ethnic minority households will have negative effects upon the opportunities to improve the social conditions of those who are living in these concentrations. since the level of concentration tends to be correlated with the level of spatial segregation the 'debate on segregation' is also linked to the social opportunity discussion. this book explores the central questions in urban and housing studies: do poor neighbourhoods make their residents poorer? does the neighbourhood structure exert an effect on the residents (behavioural, attitudinal, or psychological) even when controlling for individual characteristics of the residents? this issue has offered a locus for multi-disciplinary investigations on both sides of the atlantic, and this volume demonstrates the rich geographical, sociological, economic and psychological dimensions of this issue. this book was previously published as a special issue of the journal housing studies.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Renewing Neighbourhoods Work, Enterprise and Governance

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Author by : Syrett, Stephen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 290
Isbn : 9781861348616
Identifier : 1861348614
Release : 2008-10-15
Publisher by : Policy Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Renewing Neighbourhoods by Syrett, Stephen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. through a combination of original research and a wide ranging review of recent research and policy practice, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the economic development issues central to the renewal of deprived neighbourhoods.

City in Sight Dutch Dealings with Urban Change

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Author by : Jan Willem Duyvendak
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 309
Isbn : 9089641696
Identifier : 9789089641694
Release : 2009
Publisher by : Amsterdam University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now City In Sight by Jan Willem Duyvendak and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book highlights the latest urban research in the netherlands. from urban citizenship and civic participation to immigrant integration and urban governance, "city in sight" provides valuable new perspectives on and insightful analysis of urban transformations and challenges in dutch cities.

From Neighborhoods to Nations The Economics of Social Interactions

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Author by : Yannis M. Ioannides
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 521
Isbn : 0691126852
Identifier : 9780691126852
Release : 2013
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now From Neighborhoods To Nations by Yannis M. Ioannides and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. just as we learn from, influence, and are influenced by others, our social interactions drive economic growth in cities, regions, and nations--determining where households live, how children learn, and what cities and firms produce. from neighborhoods to nations synthesizes the recent economics of social interactions for anyone seeking to understand the contributions of this important area. integrating theory and empirics, yannis ioannides explores theoretical and empirical tools that economists use to investigate social interactions, and he shows how a familiarity with these tools is essential for interpreting findings. the book makes work in the economics of social interactions accessible to other social scientists, including sociologists, political scientists, and urban planning and policy researchers. focusing on individual and household location decisions in the presence of interactions, ioannides shows how research on cities and neighborhoods can explain communities' composition and spatial form, as well as changes in productivity, industrial specialization, urban expansion, and national growth. the author examines how researchers address the challenge of separating personal, social, and cultural forces from economic ones. ioannides provides a toolkit for the next generation of inquiry, and he argues that quantifying the impact of social interactions in specific contexts is essential for grasping their scope and use in informing policy. revealing how empirical work on social interactions enriches our understanding of cities as engines of innovation and economic growth, from neighborhoods to nations carries ramifications throughout the social sciences and beyond.

Neighbourhood Renewal and Housing Markets Community Engagement in the US and the UK

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Author by : Harris Beider
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 047075785X
Identifier : 9780470757857
Release : 2008-04-15
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Renewal And Housing Markets by Harris Beider and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the academic and policy interest in the development of cities, the renewal of residential and older industrial neighbourhoods in cities, and issues to do with race, polarisation and inequality in cities has remained at the forefront of policy and academic debate across europe and north america. this book provides an important new contribution to these debates and highlights specific issues and developments which are crucial to an understanding of debates about residence, renewal and community empowerment. engages with the urban regeneration, development and housing aspects of real estate places debates on polarisation, inequality and race in a city-based structure provides up-to-date account of policy developments