Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems A Policy Context

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Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 5491614
Total Read : 336158
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Building the Inclusive City Theory and Practice for Confronting Urban Segregation

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Author by : Nilson Ariel Espino
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 144
Isbn : 1317601483
Identifier : 9781317601487
Release : 2015-03-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Architecture
Total Download : 3744613
Total Read : 422721
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Description : Read Now Building The Inclusive City by Nilson Ariel Espino and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. urban segregation is one of the main challenges facing urban development around the globe. the usual outcome of many urban development patterns is an unequal social geography, with the urban poor living in large clusters that are remote, isolated, dangerous or unhealthy. the result is inequality in a number of dimensions of urban life, from deficient urban access, services or infrastructure to social isolation, neighbourhood violence, and lack of economic opportunity. this book brings together debates on ethnic and economic segregation, combining theory and practical solutions to create a guide for those trying to understand and address urban segregation in any part of the world, and integrate ameliorating policies to contemporary urban development agendas.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 8466468
Total Read : 8038351
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
Total Download : 5798746
Total Read : 7525135
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.

Neighbourhood Effects on Firm Success and Strategy

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Author by : Bart Sleutjes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 210
Isbn : 9085550734
Identifier : 9789085550730
Release : 2012-09-06
Publisher by : Amsterdam University Press
Category : Neighborhoods
Total Download : 3739429
Total Read : 8764331
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects On Firm Success And Strategy by Bart Sleutjes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as a result of economic transitions and several societal developments over the past 50 years, residential neighbourhoods have developed from being places where people predominantly live into places where people also work. a growing number of small- and medium-sized firms are located in residential neighbourhoods, many of which are home-based. triggered by relatively high levels of turbulence in residential neighbourhoods and inter-locality variation in firm survival, firm growth and firm relocation, this study concerned whether and how neighbourhood characteristics influence the success of local firms and the strategic options of their entrepreneurs. the research demonstrates that some ‘neighbourhood effects’ on firm success and strategy do exist, especially for the growing group of solo entrepreneurs and firms in locally-oriented sectors. in particular the social context in which entrepreneurs are embedded matters, as cohesive neighbourhoods trigger both firm growth and entrepreneurial investments. furthermore, the accumulation of liveability-related problems in disadvantaged neighbourhoods seems to contribute to an unfavourable business climate.

Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers and perspectives

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Author by : Jorg Blasius, Jurgen Friedrichs, George Galster
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 131796800X
Identifier : 9781317968009
Release : 2013-10-31
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 5861072
Total Read : 7018598
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Description : Read Now Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects by Jorg Blasius, Jurgen Friedrichs, George Galster and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many policies in several western european countries and the u.s. aim to counter spatial concentrations of deprivation and create more socio-economically mixed residential areas. such policies are founded on the belief that neighbourhoods have a strong and independent effect upon the well-being and life-chances of individuals. the adequacy of the evidence base to support this position has been the subject of spirited debate on both sides of the atlantic. the primary purpose of this book is to contribute to this policy-relevant discussion by presenting new scholarship from many countries that rigorously quantifies various sorts of neighbourhood effects through the use of cutting-edge social scientific techniques. the secondary purpose of this book is to introduce these techniques to a wider array of housing and planning researchers and to show how a variety of disciplines have offered insightful, synergistic perspectives. research on neighbourhood effects has over the last 15 years led to a body of knowledge extending far beyond the sociological urban research where it originated. the problem of quantifying neighbourhood effects and the use of associated methodologies (like multi-level analysis, instrumental variables) has attracted scholars from criminology, sociology, social geography, economics and health science, and thus serves as a critical locus for interdisciplinary scholarship. this book was previously published as a special issue of housing studies.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9810316
Total Read : 1032170
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Neighborhoods and Health

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Author by : Ichirō Kawachi, Lisa F. Berkman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 0195138384
Identifier : 9780195138382
Release : 2003
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Medical
Total Download : 8351071
Total Read : 567502
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Description : Read Now Neighborhoods And Health by Ichirō Kawachi, Lisa F. Berkman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this comprehensive textbook lays out for the first time the methodological approaches to conducting neighbourhood research, including multi-level and contextual analysis, geocoding and the use of small area-based measures of deprivation, as well as the evolving science of 'ecometrics'. substantive chapters present the case for the relevance of neighbourhood effects on health outcomes throughout the life cycle, from infant mortality and low birthweight, to childhood asthma, adult infectious diseases, and disability in old age. the approaches covered in the book range from testing the linkages between community-level variables, such as social capital and residential segregation, and population health to designing and implementing community interventions and policies to improve the health of the public.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 9262523
Total Read : 6229102
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Neighborhood Poverty, Volume 1 Context and Consequences for Children

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Author by : Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 9780871541451
Identifier : 0871541459
Release : 1997-11-06
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 5942007
Total Read : 7863054
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 by Jeanne Brooks-Gunn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. perhaps the most alarming phenomenon in american cities has been the transformation of many neighborhoods into isolated ghettos where poverty is the norm and violent crime, drug use, out-of-wedlock births, and soaring school dropout rates are rampant. public concern over these destitute areas has focused on their most vulnerable inhabitants—children and adolescents. how profoundly does neighborhood poverty endanger their well-being and development? is the influence of neighborhood more powerful than that of the family? neighborhood poverty: context and consequences for children approaches these questions with an insightful and wide-ranging investigation into the effect of community poverty on children's physical health, cognitive and verbal abilities, educational attainment, and social adjustment. this two-volume set offers the most current research and analysis from experts in the fields of child development, social psychology, sociology and economics. drawing from national and city-based sources, volume i reports the empirical evidence concerning the relationship between children and community. as the essays demonstrate, poverty entails a host of problems that affects the quality of educational, recreational, and child care services. poor neighborhoods usually share other negative features—particularly racial segregation and a preponderance of single mother families—that may adversely affect children. yet children are not equally susceptible to the pitfalls of deprived communities. neighborhood has different effects depending on a child's age, race, and gender, while parenting techniques and a family's degree of community involvement also serve as mitigating factors. volume ii incorporates empirical data on neighborhood poverty into discussions of policy and program development. the contributors point to promising community initiatives and suggest methods to strengthen neighborhood-based service programs for children. several essays analyze the conceptual and methodological issues surrounding the measurement of neighborhood characteristics. these essays focus on the need to expand scientific insight into urban poverty by drawing on broader pools of ethnographic, epidemiological, and quantitative data. volume ii explores the possibilities for a richer and more well-rounded understanding of neighborhood and poverty issues. to grasp the human cost of poverty, we must clearly understand how living in distressed neighborhoods impairs children's ability to function at every level. neighborhood poverty explores the multiple and complex paths between community, family, and childhood development. these two volumes provide and indispensible guide for social policy and demonstrate the power of interdisciplinary social science to probe complex social issues.

Life in Poverty Neighbourhoods European and American Perspectives

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Author by : Jürgen Friedrichs, George Galster, Sako Musterd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 152
Isbn : 1317999096
Identifier : 9781317999096
Release : 2013-09-13
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9890203
Total Read : 695791
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Description : Read Now Life In Poverty Neighbourhoods by Jürgen Friedrichs, George Galster, Sako Musterd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in contemporary european and american urban policy and politics and in academic research it is typically assumed that spatial concentrations of poor households and/or ethnic minority households will have negative effects upon the opportunities to improve the social conditions of those who are living in these concentrations. since the level of concentration tends to be correlated with the level of spatial segregation the 'debate on segregation' is also linked to the social opportunity discussion. this book explores the central questions in urban and housing studies: do poor neighbourhoods make their residents poorer? does the neighbourhood structure exert an effect on the residents (behavioural, attitudinal, or psychological) even when controlling for individual characteristics of the residents? this issue has offered a locus for multi-disciplinary investigations on both sides of the atlantic, and this volume demonstrates the rich geographical, sociological, economic and psychological dimensions of this issue. this book was previously published as a special issue of the journal housing studies.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods The Science of Early Childhood Development

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Author by : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Institute of Medicine, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 612
Isbn : 0309069882
Identifier : 9780309069885
Release : 2000-11-13
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 41101
Total Read : 4102691
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Description : Read Now From Neurons To Neighborhoods by Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Institute of Medicine, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." the debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. how can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. the committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. authoritative yet accessible, from neurons to neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. it examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.

Renewing Neighbourhoods Work, Enterprise and Governance

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Author by : Syrett, Stephen, North, David
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 290
Isbn : 9781861348616
Identifier : 1861348614
Release : 2008-10-15
Publisher by : Policy Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 6159448
Total Read : 9132681
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Description : Read Now Renewing Neighbourhoods by Syrett, Stephen, North, David and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. through a combination of original research and a wide ranging review of recent research and policy practice, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the economic development issues central to the renewal of deprived neighbourhoods.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East Meets West

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Author by : Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham, Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 1317637488
Identifier : 9781317637486
Release : 2015-07-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 2874966
Total Read : 4474565
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Description : Read Now Socio Economic Segregation In European Capital Cities by Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham, Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. growing inequalities in europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of european cities. while the levels of socio-economic segregation in european cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across europe. an overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in europe. this book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 european cities. cities include amsterdam, athens, budapest, london, milan, madrid, oslo, prague, riga, stockholm, tallinn, vienna and vilnius. comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities. the main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of european cities. this book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in european cities. a pdf version of the introduction and conclusion are available open access at www.tandfebooks.com. it has been made available under a creative commons attribution-non commercial-no derivatives 3.0 license.

Social Areas in Cities: Spatial perspectives on problems and policies

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Author by : David T. Herbert
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 243
Isbn :
Identifier : MINN:31951D003825707
Release : 1976-01
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Behavior
Total Download : 287067
Total Read : 22212
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Description : Read Now Social Areas In Cities Spatial Perspectives On Problems And Policies by David T. Herbert and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Neighborhood Decline

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Author by : Ronald van Kempen, Gideon Bolt, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 141
Isbn : 9781138744707
Identifier : 1138744700
Release : 2017-05-27
Publisher by : Routledge
Category :
Total Download : 8219285
Total Read : 4690007
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Decline by Ronald van Kempen, Gideon Bolt, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the global financial and economic crisis that hit the world since 2008 has affected the lives of many people all over the world and resulted in declining incomes, rising unemployment, foreclosures, forced residential moves, and cut-backs in government expenditure. the extent to which the crisis has affected urban neighborhoods and has led to rising intra-urban inequalities, has not yet received much attention. the implemented budget cuts and austerity programs of national and local governments are likely to have hit some neighborhoods more than others. the authors of this this book, which come from a variety of countries and disciplines, show that the economic crisis has affected poor neighborhoods more severely than more affluent ones. the tendency of the state to retreat from these neighborhoods has negative consequences for their residents and may even nullify the investments that have been made in many poor neighborhoods in the recent past. this book was originally published as a special issue of urban geography.