Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives

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Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

Download Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? Book or Ebook File with PDF Epub Audio and Full format File

Author by : David Manley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 940074854X
Identifier : 9789400748545
Release : 2012-09-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East Meets West

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Author by : Tiit Tammaru
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 1317637488
Identifier : 9781317637486
Release : 2015-07-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Socio Economic Segregation In European Capital Cities by Tiit Tammaru and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. growing inequalities in europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of european cities. while the levels of socio-economic segregation in european cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across europe. an overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in europe. this book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 european cities. cities include amsterdam, athens, budapest, london, milan, madrid, oslo, prague, riga, stockholm, tallinn, vienna and vilnius. comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities. the main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of european cities. this book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in european cities. a pdf version of the introduction and conclusion are available open access at www.tandfebooks.com. it has been made available under a creative commons attribution-non commercial-no derivatives 3.0 license.

Negative Neighbourhood Reputation and Place Attachment The Production and Contestation of Territorial Stigma

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Author by : Paul Kirkness
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1317089537
Identifier : 9781317089537
Release : 2017-04-21
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category :
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Description : Read Now Negative Neighbourhood Reputation And Place Attachment by Paul Kirkness and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the concept of territorial stigma, as developed in large part by the urban sociologist loic wacquant, contends that certain groups of people are devalued, discredited and tainted by the reputation of the place where they reside. this book argues that this theory is more relevant and comprehensive than others that have been used to frame and understand ostracised neighbourhoods and their populations (for example segregation and the racialisation of place) and allows for an inclusive interpretation of the many spatial facets of marginalisation processes. advancing conceptual understanding of how territorial stigmatisation and its components unfold materially as well as symbolically, this book presents a wide range of case studies from the global south and global north, including an examination of recent policy measures that have been applied to deal with the consequences of territorial stigmatisation. it introduces readers to territorial stigmatisation's strategic deployment but also illustrates, in a number of regional contexts, the attachments that residents at times develop for the stigmatised places in which they live and the potential counter-forces that are developed against territorial stigmatisation by a variety of different groups.

The Maze of Urban Housing Markets Theory, Evidence, and Policy

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Author by : Jerome Rothenberg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 549
Isbn : 9780226729510
Identifier : 0226729516
Release : 1991-11-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Maze Of Urban Housing Markets by Jerome Rothenberg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this powerful new theoretical approach to analyzing urban housing problems and the policies designed to rectify them will be a vital resource for urban planners, developers, policymakers, and economists. the search for the roots of serious urban housing problems such as homelessness, abandonment, rent burdens, slums, and gentrification has traditionally focused on the poorest sector of the housing market. the findings set forth in this volume show that the roots of such problems lie in the relationships among different parts of the market—not solely within the lower-quality portion—though that is where problems are most dramatically manifested and housing reforms are myopically focused. the authors propose a new understanding of the market structure characterized by a closely interrelated array of quality submarkets. their comprehensive models ground a unified theory that accounts for demand by both renters and owner occupants, supply by owners of existing dwellings, changes in the stock of housing due to conversions and new construction, and interactions across submarkets.

Neighborhood Decline

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Author by : Ronald van Kempen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 141
Isbn : 9781138744707
Identifier : 1138744700
Release : 2017-05-27
Publisher by : Routledge
Category :
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Decline by Ronald van Kempen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the global financial and economic crisis that hit the world since 2008 has affected the lives of many people all over the world and resulted in declining incomes, rising unemployment, foreclosures, forced residential moves, and cut-backs in government expenditure. the extent to which the crisis has affected urban neighborhoods and has led to rising intra-urban inequalities, has not yet received much attention. the implemented budget cuts and austerity programs of national and local governments are likely to have hit some neighborhoods more than others. the authors of this this book, which come from a variety of countries and disciplines, show that the economic crisis has affected poor neighborhoods more severely than more affluent ones. the tendency of the state to retreat from these neighborhoods has negative consequences for their residents and may even nullify the investments that have been made in many poor neighborhoods in the recent past. this book was originally published as a special issue of urban geography.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers and perspectives

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Author by : Jorg Blasius
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 131796800X
Identifier : 9781317968009
Release : 2013-10-31
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects by Jorg Blasius and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many policies in several western european countries and the u.s. aim to counter spatial concentrations of deprivation and create more socio-economically mixed residential areas. such policies are founded on the belief that neighbourhoods have a strong and independent effect upon the well-being and life-chances of individuals. the adequacy of the evidence base to support this position has been the subject of spirited debate on both sides of the atlantic. the primary purpose of this book is to contribute to this policy-relevant discussion by presenting new scholarship from many countries that rigorously quantifies various sorts of neighbourhood effects through the use of cutting-edge social scientific techniques. the secondary purpose of this book is to introduce these techniques to a wider array of housing and planning researchers and to show how a variety of disciplines have offered insightful, synergistic perspectives. research on neighbourhood effects has over the last 15 years led to a body of knowledge extending far beyond the sociological urban research where it originated. the problem of quantifying neighbourhood effects and the use of associated methodologies (like multi-level analysis, instrumental variables) has attracted scholars from criminology, sociology, social geography, economics and health science, and thus serves as a critical locus for interdisciplinary scholarship. this book was previously published as a special issue of housing studies.