Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives

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Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 5006982
Total Read : 6053142
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9926988
Total Read : 1672776
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 6326821
Total Read : 1304420
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
Total Download : 9760435
Total Read : 9642281
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 3676267
Total Read : 2603770
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

The Maze of Urban Housing Markets Theory, Evidence, and Policy

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Author by : Jerome Rothenberg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 549
Isbn : 9780226729510
Identifier : 0226729516
Release : 1991-11-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 4238195
Total Read : 8150378
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Description : Read Now The Maze Of Urban Housing Markets by Jerome Rothenberg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this powerful new theoretical approach to analyzing urban housing problems and the policies designed to rectify them will be a vital resource for urban planners, developers, policymakers, and economists. the search for the roots of serious urban housing problems such as homelessness, abandonment, rent burdens, slums, and gentrification has traditionally focused on the poorest sector of the housing market. the findings set forth in this volume show that the roots of such problems lie in the relationships among different parts of the market—not solely within the lower-quality portion—though that is where problems are most dramatically manifested and housing reforms are myopically focused. the authors propose a new understanding of the market structure characterized by a closely interrelated array of quality submarkets. their comprehensive models ground a unified theory that accounts for demand by both renters and owner occupants, supply by owners of existing dwellings, changes in the stock of housing due to conversions and new construction, and interactions across submarkets.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 2135914
Total Read : 9249977
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East Meets West

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Author by : Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham, Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 1317637488
Identifier : 9781317637486
Release : 2015-07-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 3418935
Total Read : 2599589
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Description : Read Now Socio Economic Segregation In European Capital Cities by Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham, Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. growing inequalities in europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of european cities. while the levels of socio-economic segregation in european cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across europe. an overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in europe. this book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 european cities. cities include amsterdam, athens, budapest, london, milan, madrid, oslo, prague, riga, stockholm, tallinn, vienna and vilnius. comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities. the main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of european cities. this book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in european cities. a pdf version of the introduction and conclusion are available open access at www.tandfebooks.com. it has been made available under a creative commons attribution-non commercial-no derivatives 3.0 license.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 940074854X
Identifier : 9789400748545
Release : 2012-09-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 1234892
Total Read : 6358718
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Neighborhood Decline

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Author by : Ronald van Kempen, Gideon Bolt, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 141
Isbn : 9781138744707
Identifier : 1138744700
Release : 2017-05-27
Publisher by : Routledge
Category :
Total Download : 6842857
Total Read : 7210685
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Decline by Ronald van Kempen, Gideon Bolt, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the global financial and economic crisis that hit the world since 2008 has affected the lives of many people all over the world and resulted in declining incomes, rising unemployment, foreclosures, forced residential moves, and cut-backs in government expenditure. the extent to which the crisis has affected urban neighborhoods and has led to rising intra-urban inequalities, has not yet received much attention. the implemented budget cuts and austerity programs of national and local governments are likely to have hit some neighborhoods more than others. the authors of this this book, which come from a variety of countries and disciplines, show that the economic crisis has affected poor neighborhoods more severely than more affluent ones. the tendency of the state to retreat from these neighborhoods has negative consequences for their residents and may even nullify the investments that have been made in many poor neighborhoods in the recent past. this book was originally published as a special issue of urban geography.

Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion

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Author by : Christiane Stock, Anne Ellaway
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 367
Isbn : 1461466725
Identifier : 9781461466727
Release : 2013-04-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
Total Download : 1752641
Total Read : 6268012
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Structure And Health Promotion by Christiane Stock, Anne Ellaway and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it has long been theorized that people living in poor areas have more health problems than their more advantaged peers. more recently, science has been testing this hypothesis, concentrating on the impact of the built environment on well-being and its contribution to health inequities. neighbourhood structure and health promotion offers sociology-based theory and evidence-based findings so readers may better understand the effects of place on health choices, behaviour, and outcomes. this international volume analyzes the complex relationships among neighbourhood conditions and characteristics, people's perceptions of where they live, and their everyday health lives, from eating habits and activity levels to smoking, drinking, and drug use. chapters introduce innovative methods for measuring and monitoring links between place and health in terms of risks and resources, and employing objective and subjective data. prospects for engaging neighbourhoods in prevention efforts, particularly involving young people, and policy implications for the future of health promotion and inequity reduction are discussed as well. included in the coverage: the spatiality of injustice: area effects on behaviour. qualitative and quantitative methods for assessing neighbourhood health resources. the potential of gis and gps in the health sciences. green spaces and health: possibilities for research and policy. school neighbourhoods and obesity prevention in youth. connecting gender, social environment, and health. neighbourhood structure and health promotion advances the study of this increasingly critical topic, making it a valuable reference for researchers, practitioners, policy makers and advanced students in health, health promotion, social epidemiology, and urban planning.

Negative Neighbourhood Reputation and Place Attachment The Production and Contestation of Territorial Stigma

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Author by : Paul Kirkness
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn : 1317089537
Identifier : 9781317089537
Release : 2017-04-21
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category :
Total Download : 5445180
Total Read : 3333386
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Description : Read Now Negative Neighbourhood Reputation And Place Attachment by Paul Kirkness and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the concept of territorial stigma, as developed in large part by the urban sociologist loic wacquant, contends that certain groups of people are devalued, discredited and tainted by the reputation of the place where they reside. this book argues that this theory is more relevant and comprehensive than others that have been used to frame and understand ostracised neighbourhoods and their populations (for example segregation and the racialisation of place) and allows for an inclusive interpretation of the many spatial facets of marginalisation processes. advancing conceptual understanding of how territorial stigmatisation and its components unfold materially as well as symbolically, this book presents a wide range of case studies from the global south and global north, including an examination of recent policy measures that have been applied to deal with the consequences of territorial stigmatisation. it introduces readers to territorial stigmatisation's strategic deployment but also illustrates, in a number of regional contexts, the attachments that residents at times develop for the stigmatised places in which they live and the potential counter-forces that are developed against territorial stigmatisation by a variety of different groups.

Overview A New Perspective of Earth

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Author by : Benjamin Grant
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 1848094779
Identifier : 9781848094772
Release : 2016-09-08
Publisher by : Random House
Category : Earth (Planet)
Total Download : 5834222
Total Read : 4350965
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Description : Read Now Overview by Benjamin Grant and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a stunning and unique collection of satellite images of earth that offer an unexpected look at humanity, derived from the wildly popular daily overview instagram account. inspired by the 'overview effect' - a sensation that astronauts experience when given the opportunity to look down and view the earth as a whole - the breathtaking, high-definition satellite photographs in overview offer a new way to look at the landscape that we have shaped. more than 200 images of industry, agriculture, architecture, and nature highlight incredible patterns while also revealing a deeper story about human impact. this extraordinary photographic journey around our planet captures the sense of wonder gained from a new, aerial vantage point and creates a perspective of earth as it has never been seen before. 'stunning, surprising and intriuging photographs of earth from the skies.' guardian 'absolutely gorgeous, yet absolutely gut-wrenching' wired

Mixed Communities Gentrification by Stealth?

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Author by : Gary Bridge, Tim Butler, Loretta Lees
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 372
Isbn : 1847424937
Identifier : 9781847424938
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Policy Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 1731369
Total Read : 4322799
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Description : Read Now Mixed Communities by Gary Bridge, Tim Butler, Loretta Lees and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "encouraging neighbourhood social mix has been a major goal of urban policy and planning in a number of different countries. this book draws together a range of case studies by international experts to assess the impacts of social mix policies and the degree to which they might represent gentrification by stealth. the contributions consider the range of social mix initiatives in different countries across the globe and their relationship to wider social, economic and urban change. the book combines understandings of social mix from the perspectives of researchers, policy makers and planners and the residents of the communities themselves. mixed communities also draws out more general lessons from these international comparisons - theoretically, empirically and for urban policy. it will be highly relevant for urban researchers and students, policy makers and practitioners alike."--publisher's website.

Fixing Broken Windows Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities

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Author by : George L. Kelling, Catherine M. Coles
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 319
Isbn : 0684837382
Identifier : 9780684837383
Release : 1997
Publisher by : Simon and Schuster
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 4806904
Total Read : 8212866
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Description : Read Now Fixing Broken Windows by George L. Kelling, Catherine M. Coles and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. cites successful examples of community-based policing

Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, Darja Reuschke, Reinout Kleinhans, Colin Mason, Stephen Syrett
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1785367242
Identifier : 9781785367243
Release : 2017-07-28
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category :
Total Download : 4350256
Total Read : 9509632
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Description : Read Now Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods by Maarten van Ham, Darja Reuschke, Reinout Kleinhans, Colin Mason, Stephen Syrett and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite the growing evidence on the importance of the neighbourhood, entrepreneurship studies have largely neglected the role of neighbourhoods. this book addresses the nexus between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities, confirming not only the importance of ‘the local’ in entrepreneurship, but also filling huge gaps in the knowledge base regarding this tripartite relationship.