Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives

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Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 940074854X
Identifier : 9789400748545
Release : 2012-09-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Negative Neighbourhood Reputation and Place Attachment The Production and Contestation of Territorial Stigma

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Author by : Paul Kirkness
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1317089537
Identifier : 9781317089537
Release : 2017-04-21
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category :
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Description : Read Now Negative Neighbourhood Reputation And Place Attachment by Paul Kirkness and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the concept of territorial stigma, as developed in large part by the urban sociologist loic wacquant, contends that certain groups of people are devalued, discredited and tainted by the reputation of the place where they reside. this book argues that this theory is more relevant and comprehensive than others that have been used to frame and understand ostracised neighbourhoods and their populations (for example segregation and the racialisation of place) and allows for an inclusive interpretation of the many spatial facets of marginalisation processes. advancing conceptual understanding of how territorial stigmatisation and its components unfold materially as well as symbolically, this book presents a wide range of case studies from the global south and global north, including an examination of recent policy measures that have been applied to deal with the consequences of territorial stigmatisation. it introduces readers to territorial stigmatisation's strategic deployment but also illustrates, in a number of regional contexts, the attachments that residents at times develop for the stigmatised places in which they live and the potential counter-forces that are developed against territorial stigmatisation by a variety of different groups.

Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers and perspectives

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Author by : Jorg Blasius
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 131796800X
Identifier : 9781317968009
Release : 2013-10-31
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects by Jorg Blasius and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many policies in several western european countries and the u.s. aim to counter spatial concentrations of deprivation and create more socio-economically mixed residential areas. such policies are founded on the belief that neighbourhoods have a strong and independent effect upon the well-being and life-chances of individuals. the adequacy of the evidence base to support this position has been the subject of spirited debate on both sides of the atlantic. the primary purpose of this book is to contribute to this policy-relevant discussion by presenting new scholarship from many countries that rigorously quantifies various sorts of neighbourhood effects through the use of cutting-edge social scientific techniques. the secondary purpose of this book is to introduce these techniques to a wider array of housing and planning researchers and to show how a variety of disciplines have offered insightful, synergistic perspectives. research on neighbourhood effects has over the last 15 years led to a body of knowledge extending far beyond the sociological urban research where it originated. the problem of quantifying neighbourhood effects and the use of associated methodologies (like multi-level analysis, instrumental variables) has attracted scholars from criminology, sociology, social geography, economics and health science, and thus serves as a critical locus for interdisciplinary scholarship. this book was previously published as a special issue of housing studies.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East Meets West

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Author by : Tiit Tammaru
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 1317637488
Identifier : 9781317637486
Release : 2015-07-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Socio Economic Segregation In European Capital Cities by Tiit Tammaru and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. growing inequalities in europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of european cities. while the levels of socio-economic segregation in european cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across europe. an overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in europe. this book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 european cities. cities include amsterdam, athens, budapest, london, milan, madrid, oslo, prague, riga, stockholm, tallinn, vienna and vilnius. comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities. the main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of european cities. this book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in european cities. a pdf version of the introduction and conclusion are available open access at www.tandfebooks.com. it has been made available under a creative commons attribution-non commercial-no derivatives 3.0 license.

Transdisciplinary Knowledge Production in Architecture and Urbanism Towards Hybrid Modes of Inquiry

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Author by : Isabelle Doucet
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 136
Isbn : 9789400701045
Identifier : 9400701047
Release : 2011-01-13
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Transdisciplinary Knowledge Production In Architecture And Urbanism by Isabelle Doucet and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the volume addresses the hybridisation of knowledge production in space-related research. in contrast with interdisciplinary knowledge, which is primarily located in scholarly environments, transdisciplinary knowledge production entails a fusion of academic and non-academic knowledge, theory and practice, discipline and profession. architecture (and urbanism), operating as both a discipline and a profession, seems to form a particularly receptive ground for transdisciplinary research. however, this specificity has not yet been developed into a full-fledged, unique mode of knowledge production. in order to dedicate specific attention to transdisciplinary knowledge production, this book aims to explore (new) hybrid modes of inquiry that allow many of architecture’s longstanding schisms to be overcome: such as between theory/history and practice, critical theory and projective design, the adoption of an external viewpoint and a view-from-within (often under the guise of bottom-up vs. top-down). it therefore offers the reader a mix of contributions that elaborate on knowledge production that is situated in the (architectural and urban) profession or practice, and on practice-based approaches in theory.

Environment & Planning A

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : UCLA:L0104472725
Release : 2012
Publisher by : no defined
Category : City planning
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Environmental Sociology European Perspectives and Interdisciplinary Challenges

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Author by : Matthias Groß
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 361
Isbn : 9048187303
Identifier : 9789048187300
Release : 2010-06-17
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Environmental Sociology by Matthias Groß and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite being a relatively young sub-discipline, european environmental sociology has changed considerably in the last decades towards more interdisciplinary collaborations and problem solving. current trends such as global environmental modernization and processes of economic, political and socio-cultural globalization, fuelled by developments of transport, environmental flows, scientific uncertainty, and information technologies, have fostered new conceptual approaches that move beyond classical sociological mind-sets toward broader attempts to connect to other disciplines.

Policies and Practices in Italian Welfare Housing Turin, up to the Current Neo-Liberal Approach and Social Innovation Practices

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Author by : Nadia Caruso
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 74
Isbn : 3319418904
Identifier : 9783319418902
Release : 2016-11-13
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Policies And Practices In Italian Welfare Housing by Nadia Caruso and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book offers a european perspective on urban planning and spatial design by outlining housing policies in southern europe and their evolution. through a unique case study on the city of turin it explores social innovation and the relationship between the urban regeneration process and housing practices. the case study is a useful example in the debate about changing welfare arrangements in europe and the emerging rhetoric of social innovation in housing. the book encourages debate about the tools needed to address housing needs, exploring current practices. chapters look at the spatial dimension of housing, the financial mechanisms put in place, the actors involved in the field (public authorities, ethical investors, tertiary sector, inhabitants and locals.) the case study of the metropolitan city of turin demonstrates complex housing needs and the innovative character of public and private solutions. as this book combines theory and practice, it appeals to both academics and practitioners. it is especially be of interest to spatial planners, geographers and social scientists interested in housing policies, and those interested in the italian context of the case study.

Neighborhood Decline

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Author by : Ronald van Kempen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 141
Isbn : 9781138744707
Identifier : 1138744700
Release : 2017-05-27
Publisher by : Routledge
Category :
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Decline by Ronald van Kempen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the global financial and economic crisis that hit the world since 2008 has affected the lives of many people all over the world and resulted in declining incomes, rising unemployment, foreclosures, forced residential moves, and cut-backs in government expenditure. the extent to which the crisis has affected urban neighborhoods and has led to rising intra-urban inequalities, has not yet received much attention. the implemented budget cuts and austerity programs of national and local governments are likely to have hit some neighborhoods more than others. the authors of this this book, which come from a variety of countries and disciplines, show that the economic crisis has affected poor neighborhoods more severely than more affluent ones. the tendency of the state to retreat from these neighborhoods has negative consequences for their residents and may even nullify the investments that have been made in many poor neighborhoods in the recent past. this book was originally published as a special issue of urban geography.