Ottoman Women During World War I

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Ottoman Women during World War I Everyday Experiences, Politics, and Conflict

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Author by : Elif Mahir Metinsoy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 1107198909
Identifier : 9781107198906
Release : 2017-10-31
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Women During World War I by Elif Mahir Metinsoy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during war time, the everyday experiences of ordinary people - and especially women - are frequently obscured by elite military and social analysis. in this pioneering study, elif mahir metinsoy focuses on the lives of ordinary muslim women living in the ottoman empire during the first world war. it reveals not only their wartime problems, but also those of everyday life on the ottoman home front. it questions the existing literature's excessive focus on the ottoman middle-class, using new archive sources such as women's petitions to extend the scope of ottoman-turkish women's history. free from academic jargon, and supported by original illustrations and maps, it will appeal to researchers of gender history, middle eastern and social history. by showing women's resistance to war mobilization, wartime work life and the everyday struggles which shaped state politics, mahir metinsoy allows readers to draw intriguing comparisons between the past and the current events of today's middle east.

Women, War and Work in the Ottoman Empire Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women, 1916-1923

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Author by : Yavuz Selim Karakışla
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 199
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105122210987
Release : 2005
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Women
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Description : Read Now Women War And Work In The Ottoman Empire by Yavuz Selim Karakışla and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

When the War Came Home The Ottomans' Great War and the Devastation of an Empire

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Author by : Yiğit Akın
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 9781503603639
Identifier : 1503603636
Release : 2018
Publisher by : no defined
Category : History
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Description : Read Now When The War Came Home by Yiğit Akın and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. from the balkan wars to the great war -- from the fields to the ranks -- filling the ranks, emptying the homes -- feeding the army, starving the people -- in the home : wives and mothers -- on the road : deportees and refugees

Ottoman Children and Youth during World War I

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Author by : Nazan Maksudyan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 0815654731
Identifier : 9780815654735
Release : 2019-04-25
Publisher by : Syracuse University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Children And Youth During World War I by Nazan Maksudyan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. described by historians as a "total war," world war i was the first conflict that required a comprehensive mobilization of all members of society, regardless of profession, age, or gender. just as women became heads of households and joined the workforce in unprecedented numbers, children also became actively engaged in the war effort. adding a new dimension to the historiography of world war i, maksudyan explores the variegated experiences and involvement of ottoman children and youth in the war. rather than simply passive victims, children became essential participants as soldiers, wage earners, farmers, and artisans. they also contributed to the propaganda and mobilization effort as symbolic heroes and orphans of martyrs. rebelling against their orphanage directors or trade masters, marching and singing proudly with their scouting companies, making long-distance journeys to receive vocational training or simply to find their families, they acquired new identities and discovered new forms of agency. maksudyan focuses on four different groups of children: thousands of orphans in state orphanages (darüleytam), apprentice boys who were sent to germany, children and youth in urban centers who reproduced rivaling nationalist ideologies, and armenian children who survived the genocide. with each group, the author sheds light on how the war dramatically impacted their lives and, in turn, how these self-empowered children, sometimes described as "precocious adults," actively shaped history.

Ottoman Army Effectiveness in World War I A Comparative Study

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Author by : Edward J. Erickson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 1135984565
Identifier : 9781135984564
Release : 2007-03-12
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Army Effectiveness In World War I by Edward J. Erickson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume examines how the ottoman army was able to evolve and maintain a high level of overall combat effectiveness despite the primitive nature of the ottoman state during the first world war. structured around four case studies, at the operational and tactical level, of campaigns involving the ottoman empire and the british empire: gallipoli in 1915, kut in 1916, third gaza-beersheba in 1917, and megiddo in 1918. for each of these campaigns, particular emphasis is placed on examining specific elements of combat effectiveness and how they affected that particular battle. the prevalent historiography attributes ottoman battlefield success primarily to external factors - such as the presence of german generals and staff officers; climate, weather and terrain that adversely affected allied operations; allied bumbling and amateurish operations; and inadequate allied intelligence. by contrast, edward j. erickson argues that the ottoman army was successful due to internal factors, such as its organizational architecture, a hardened cadre of experienced combat leaders, its ability to organize itself for combat, and its application of the german style of war. ottoman army effectiveness in world war i will be of great interest to students of the first world war, military history and strategic studies in general.

The Ottoman Road to War in 1914 The Ottoman Empire and the First World War

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Author by : Mustafa Aksakal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781139474498
Identifier : 1139474499
Release : 2008-12-11
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Ottoman Road To War In 1914 by Mustafa Aksakal and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why did the ottoman empire enter the first world war in late october 1914, months after the war's devastations had become clear? were its leaders 'simple-minded,' 'below-average' individuals, as the doyen of turkish diplomatic history has argued? or, as others have claimed, did the ottomans enter the war because war minister enver pasha, dictating ottoman decisions, was in thrall to the germans and to his own expansionist dreams? based on previously untapped ottoman and european sources, mustafa aksakal's dramatic study challenges this consensus. it demonstrates that responsibility went far beyond enver, that the road to war was paved by the demands of a politically interested public, and that the ottoman leadership sought the german alliance as the only way out of a web of international threats and domestic insecurities, opting for an escape whose catastrophic consequences for the empire and seismic impact on the middle east are felt even today.

A Social History of Late Ottoman Women New Perspectives

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Author by : Duygu Köksal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 364
Isbn : 9004255257
Identifier : 9789004255258
Release : 2013-10-10
Publisher by : BRILL
Category : History
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Description : Read Now A Social History Of Late Ottoman Women by Duygu Köksal and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in a social history of the late ottoman women, duygu köksal and anastasia falierou bring together new research on women of different geographies and communities of the late ottoman empire focusing particularly on the ways in which women gained power and exercised agency.

Jihad and Islam in World War I Studies on the Ottoman Jihad at the Centenary of Snouck Hurgronje's Holy War Made in Germany

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Author by : Erik-Jan Zurcher
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 9789087282394
Identifier : 9087282397
Release : 2016-02-15
Publisher by : Leiden University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Jihad And Islam In World War I by Erik-Jan Zurcher and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. today s headlines are full of references to jihad and jihadists, but they re nothing new: a century ago, the entry of the ottoman empire into world war i was accompanied by a loud proclamation of jihad as well. this book resurrects that largely forgotten aspect of the war, investigating the background and nature of the proclamation, as well as its effects in the wider middle east, the fears it stoked among german and british military leaders, and the accompanying academic debates about holy war and islam. "

The Ottoman Mobilization of Manpower in the First World War Between Voluntarism and Resistance

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Author by : Mehmet Beşikçi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 360
Isbn : 9004235299
Identifier : 9789004235298
Release : 2012-09-28
Publisher by : BRILL
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Ottoman Mobilization Of Manpower In The First World War by Mehmet Beşikçi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the ottoman mobilization of manpower in the first world war examines how the ottoman empire tried to cope with the challenges of permanent mobilization and how this process reshaped state-society relations in 1914-1918, focusing mainly on anatolia and the muslim population.

Shattering Empires The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires 1908–1918

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Author by : Michael A. Reynolds
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139494120
Identifier : 9781139494120
Release : 2011-01-27
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Shattering Empires by Michael A. Reynolds and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the break-up of the ottoman empire and the disintegration of the russian empire were watershed events in modern history. the unravelling of these empires was both cause and consequence of world war i and resulted in the deaths of millions. it irrevocably changed the landscape of the middle east and eurasia and reverberates to this day in conflicts throughout the caucasus and middle east. shattering empires draws on extensive research in the ottoman and russian archives to tell the story of the rivalry and collapse of two great empires. overturning accounts that portray their clash as one of conflicting nationalisms, this pioneering study argues that geopolitical competition and the emergence of a new global interstate order provide the key to understanding the course of history in the ottoman-russian borderlands in the twentieth century. it will appeal to those interested in middle eastern, russian, and eurasian history, international relations, ethnic conflict, and world war i.

The Ottoman World

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Author by : Christine Woodhead
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 560
Isbn : 113649894X
Identifier : 9781136498947
Release : 2011-12-15
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Ottoman World by Christine Woodhead and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the ottoman empire as a political entity comprised most of the present middle east (with the principal exception of iran), north africa and south-eastern europe. for over 500 years, until its disintegration during world war i, it encompassed a diverse range of ethnic, religious and linguistic communities with varying political and cultural backgrounds. yet, was there such a thing as an ‘ottoman world’ beyond the principle of sultanic rule from istanbul? ottoman authority might have been established largely by military conquest, but how was it maintained for so long, over such distances and so many disparate societies? how did provincial regions relate to the imperial centre and what role was played in this by local elites? what did it mean in practice, for ordinary people, to be part of an ‘ottoman world’? arranged in five thematic sections, with contributions from thirty specialist historians, the ottoman world addresses these questions, examining aspects of the social and socio-ideological composition of this major pre-modern empire, and offers a combination of broad synthesis and detailed investigation that is both informative and intended to raise points for future debate. the ottoman world provides a unique coverage of the ottoman empire, widening its scope beyond istanbul to the edges of the empire, and offers key coverage for students and scholars alike.

Depicting the Late Ottoman Empire in Turkish Autobiographies Images of a Past World

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Author by : Philipp Wirtz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 176
Isbn : 1317152719
Identifier : 9781317152712
Release : 2017-03-16
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Depicting The Late Ottoman Empire In Turkish Autobiographies by Philipp Wirtz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the period between the 1880s and the 1920s was a time of momentous changes in the ottoman empire. it was also an age of literary experiments, of which autobiography forms a part. this book analyses turkish autobiographical narratives describing the part of their authors’ lives that was spent while the ottoman empire still existed. the texts studied in this book were written in the cultural context of the turkish republic, which went to great lengths to disassociate itself from the empire and its legacy. this process has only been criticised and partially reversed in very recent times, the resurging interest in autobiographical texts dealing with the "old days" by the turkish reading public being part of a wider, renewed regard for ottoman legacies. among the analysed texts are autobiographies by writers, journalists, soldiers and politicians, including classics like halide edip adıvar and Şevket süreyya aydemir, but also texts by authors virtually unknown to western readers, such as ahmed emin yalman. while the official turkish republican discourse went towards a dismissal of the imperial past, autobiographical narratives offer a more balanced picture. from the earliest memories and personal origins of the authors, to the conflict and violence that overshadowed private lives in the last years of the ottoman empire, this book aims at showing examples of how the authors painted what one of them called "images of a past world."