Ottoman Women During World War I

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Ottoman Women during World War I Everyday Experiences, Politics, and Conflict

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Author by : Elif Mahir Metinsoy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 1107198909
Identifier : 9781107198906
Release : 2017-10-31
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Women During World War I by Elif Mahir Metinsoy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during war time, the everyday experiences of ordinary people - and especially women - are frequently obscured by elite military and social analysis. in this pioneering study, elif mahir metinsoy focuses on the lives of ordinary muslim women living in the ottoman empire during the first world war. it reveals not only their wartime problems, but also those of everyday life on the ottoman home front. it questions the existing literature's excessive focus on the ottoman middle-class, using new archive sources such as women's petitions to extend the scope of ottoman-turkish women's history. free from academic jargon, and supported by original illustrations and maps, it will appeal to researchers of gender history, middle eastern and social history. by showing women's resistance to war mobilization, wartime work life and the everyday struggles which shaped state politics, mahir metinsoy allows readers to draw intriguing comparisons between the past and the current events of today's middle east.

Ottoman Women during World War I Everyday Experiences, Politics, and Conflict

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Author by : Elif Mahir Metinsoy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1108191312
Identifier : 9781108191319
Release : 2017-11-09
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Women During World War I by Elif Mahir Metinsoy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during war time, the everyday experiences of ordinary people - and especially women - are frequently obscured by elite military and social analysis. in this pioneering study, elif mahir metinsoy focuses on the lives of ordinary muslim women living in the ottoman empire during the first world war. it reveals not only their wartime problems, but also those of everyday life on the ottoman home front. it questions the existing literature's excessive focus on the ottoman middle-class, using new archive sources such as women's petitions to extend the scope of ottoman-turkish women's history. free from academic jargon, and supported by original illustrations and maps, it will appeal to researchers of gender history, middle eastern and social history. by showing women's resistance to war mobilization, wartime work life and the everyday struggles which shaped state politics, mahir metinsoy allows readers to draw intriguing comparisons between the past and the current events of today's middle east.

Ottoman Women During World War I Everyday Experiences, Politics and Conflict

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Author by : Elif Mahir Metinsoy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 261
Isbn : 9781316648391
Identifier : 1316648397
Release : 2017
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Turkey
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Women During World War I by Elif Mahir Metinsoy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during war time, the everyday experiences of ordinary people - and especially women - are frequently obscured by elite military and social analysis. in this pioneering study, elif mahir metinsoy focuses on the lives of ordinary muslim women living in the ottoman empire during the first world war. it reveals not only their wartime problems, but also those of everyday life on the ottoman home front. it questions the existing literature's excessive focus on the ottoman middle-class, using new archive sources such as women's petitions to extend the scope of ottoman-turkish women's history. free from academic jargon, and supported by original illustrations and maps, it will appeal to researchers of gender history, middle eastern and social history. by showing women's resistance to war mobilization, wartime work life and the everyday struggles which shaped state politics, mahir metinsoy allows readers to draw intriguing comparisons between the past and the current events of today's middle east.

Ottoman Children and Youth during World War I

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Author by : Nazan Maksudyan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 0815654731
Identifier : 9780815654735
Release : 2019-04-25
Publisher by : Syracuse University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Children And Youth During World War I by Nazan Maksudyan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. described by historians as a "total war," world war i was the first conflict that required a comprehensive mobilization of all members of society, regardless of profession, age, or gender. just as women became heads of households and joined the workforce in unprecedented numbers, children also became actively engaged in the war effort. adding a new dimension to the historiography of world war i, maksudyan explores the variegated experiences and involvement of ottoman children and youth in the war. rather than simply passive victims, children became essential participants as soldiers, wage earners, farmers, and artisans. they also contributed to the propaganda and mobilization effort as symbolic heroes and orphans of martyrs. rebelling against their orphanage directors or trade masters, marching and singing proudly with their scouting companies, making long-distance journeys to receive vocational training or simply to find their families, they acquired new identities and discovered new forms of agency. maksudyan focuses on four different groups of children: thousands of orphans in state orphanages (darüleytam), apprentice boys who were sent to germany, children and youth in urban centers who reproduced rivaling nationalist ideologies, and armenian children who survived the genocide. with each group, the author sheds light on how the war dramatically impacted their lives and, in turn, how these self-empowered children, sometimes described as "precocious adults," actively shaped history.

Ottoman Army Effectiveness in World War I A Comparative Study

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Author by : Edward J. Erickson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 1135984565
Identifier : 9781135984564
Release : 2007-03-12
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Army Effectiveness In World War I by Edward J. Erickson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume examines how the ottoman army was able to evolve and maintain a high level of overall combat effectiveness despite the primitive nature of the ottoman state during the first world war. structured around four case studies, at the operational and tactical level, of campaigns involving the ottoman empire and the british empire: gallipoli in 1915, kut in 1916, third gaza-beersheba in 1917, and megiddo in 1918. for each of these campaigns, particular emphasis is placed on examining specific elements of combat effectiveness and how they affected that particular battle. the prevalent historiography attributes ottoman battlefield success primarily to external factors - such as the presence of german generals and staff officers; climate, weather and terrain that adversely affected allied operations; allied bumbling and amateurish operations; and inadequate allied intelligence. by contrast, edward j. erickson argues that the ottoman army was successful due to internal factors, such as its organizational architecture, a hardened cadre of experienced combat leaders, its ability to organize itself for combat, and its application of the german style of war. ottoman army effectiveness in world war i will be of great interest to students of the first world war, military history and strategic studies in general.

Women, war and work in the Ottoman Empire society for the employment of Ottoman muslim women, 1916-1923

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Author by : Yavuz Selim Karakışla
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 199
Isbn : 9789759812560
Identifier : 9759812568
Release : 2005
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Women
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Description : Read Now Women War And Work In The Ottoman Empire by Yavuz Selim Karakışla and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

When the War Came Home The Ottomans' Great War and the Devastation of an Empire

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Author by : Yiğit Akın
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 1503604993
Identifier : 9781503604995
Release : 2018-03-13
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now When The War Came Home by Yiğit Akın and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the ottoman empire was unprepared for the massive conflict of world war i. lacking the infrastructure and resources necessary to wage a modern war, the empire's statesmen reached beyond the battlefield to sustain their war effort. they placed unprecedented hardships onto the shoulders of the ottoman people: mass conscription, a state-controlled economy, widespread food shortages, and ethnic cleansing. by war's end, few aspects of ottoman daily life remained untouched. when the war came home reveals the catastrophic impact of this global conflict on ordinary ottomans. drawing on a wide range of sources—from petitions, diaries, and newspapers to folk songs and religious texts—yiğit akın examines how ottoman men and women experienced war on the home front as government authorities intervened ever more ruthlessly in their lives. the horrors of war brought home, paired with the empire's growing demands on its people, fundamentally reshaped interactions between ottoman civilians, the military, and the state writ broadly. ultimately, akın argues that even as the empire lost the war on the battlefield, it was the destructiveness of the ottoman state's wartime policies on the home front that led to the empire's disintegration.

Ottoman Women Builders The Architectural Patronage of Hadice Turhan Sultan

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Author by : Lucienne Thys-Senocak
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 346
Isbn : 1351913158
Identifier : 9781351913157
Release : 2017-03-02
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Women Builders by Lucienne Thys-Senocak and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. examined here is the historical figure and architectural patronage of hadice turhan sultan, the young mother of the ottoman sultan mehmed iv, who for most of the latter half of the seventeenth century shaped the political and cultural agenda of the ottoman court. captured in russia at the age of twelve, she first served the reigning sultan's mother in istanbul. she gradually rose through the ranks of the ottoman harem, bore a male child to sultan ibrahim, and came to power as a valide sultan, or queen mother, in 1648. it was through her generous patronage of architectural works-including a large mosque, a tomb, a market complex in the city of istanbul and two fortresses at the entrance to the dardanelles-that she legitimated her new political authority as a valide and then attempted to support that of her son. central to this narrative is the question of how architecture was used by an imperial woman of the ottoman court who, because of customary and religious restrictions, was unable to present her physical self before her subjects' gaze. in lieu of displaying an iconic image of herself, as queen elizabeth and catherine de medici were able to do, turhan sultan expressed her political authority and religious piety through the works of architecture she commissioned. traditionally historians have portrayed the role of seventeenth-century royal ottoman women in the politics of the empire as negative and de-stabilizing. but thys-senocak, through her examination of these architectural works as concrete expressions of legitimate power and piety, shows the traditional framework to be both sexist and based on an outdated paradigm of decline. thys-senocak's research on hadice turhan sultan's two ottoman fortresses of seddülbahir and kumkale improves in a significant way our understanding of early modern fortifications in the eastern mediterranean region and will spark further research on many of the ottoman fortifications built in the area. plans and elevations of the fortresses are published and analysed here for the first time. based on archival research, including letters written by the queen mother, many of which are published here for the first time, and archaeological fieldwork, her work is also informed by recent theoretical debates in the fields of art history, cultural history and gender studies.

The Fall of the Ottomans The Great War in the Middle East

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Author by : Eugene Rogan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 512
Isbn : 0465056695
Identifier : 9780465056699
Release : 2015-03-10
Publisher by : Basic Books
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Fall Of The Ottomans by Eugene Rogan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in 1914 the ottoman empire was depleted of men and resources after years of war against balkan nationalist and italian forces. but in the aftermath of the assassination in sarajevo, the powers of europe were sliding inexorably toward war, and not even the middle east could escape the vast and enduring consequences of one of the most destructive conflicts in human history. the great war spelled the end of the ottomans, unleashing powerful forces that would forever change the face of the middle east. in the fall of the ottomans, award-winning historian eugene rogan brings the first world war and its immediate aftermath in the middle east to vivid life, uncovering the often ignored story of the region's crucial role in the conflict. bolstered by german money, arms, and military advisors, the ottomans took on the russian, british, and french forces, and tried to provoke jihad against the allies in their muslim colonies. unlike the static killing fields of the western front, the war in the middle east was fast-moving and unpredictable, with the turks inflicting decisive defeats on the entente in gallipoli, mesopotamia, and gaza before the tide of battle turned in the allies' favor. the great cities of baghdad, jerusalem, and, finally, damascus fell to invading armies before the ottomans agreed to an armistice in 1918. the postwar settlement led to the partition of ottoman lands between the victorious powers, and laid the groundwork for the ongoing conflicts that continue to plague the modern arab world. a sweeping narrative of battles and political intrigue from gallipoli to arabia, the fall of the ottomans is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the great war and the making of the modern middle east.

The Ottoman Road to War in 1914 The Ottoman Empire and the First World War

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Author by : Mustafa Aksakal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781139474498
Identifier : 1139474499
Release : 2008-12-11
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Ottoman Road To War In 1914 by Mustafa Aksakal and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why did the ottoman empire enter the first world war in late october 1914, months after the war's devastations had become clear? were its leaders 'simple-minded,' 'below-average' individuals, as the doyen of turkish diplomatic history has argued? or, as others have claimed, did the ottomans enter the war because war minister enver pasha, dictating ottoman decisions, was in thrall to the germans and to his own expansionist dreams? based on previously untapped ottoman and european sources, mustafa aksakal's dramatic study challenges this consensus. it demonstrates that responsibility went far beyond enver, that the road to war was paved by the demands of a politically interested public, and that the ottoman leadership sought the german alliance as the only way out of a web of international threats and domestic insecurities, opting for an escape whose catastrophic consequences for the empire and seismic impact on the middle east are felt even today.

War and Collapse World War I and the Ottoman State

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Author by : M. Hakan Yavuz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1505
Isbn : 9781607814610
Identifier : 1607814617
Release : 2016
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Turkey
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Description : Read Now War And Collapse by M. Hakan Yavuz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an unprecedented scholarly effort surveying the very important, but neglected role of and consequences for the ottoman state of world war i

Women and the City, Women in the City A Gendered Perspective on Ottoman Urban History

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Author by : Nazan Maksudyan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 210
Isbn : 178238412X
Identifier : 9781782384120
Release : 2014-09-01
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Women And The City Women In The City by Nazan Maksudyan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an attempt to reveal, recover and reconsider the roles, positions, and actions of ottoman women, this volume reconsiders the negotiations, alliances, and agency of women in asserting themselves in the public domain in late- and post-ottoman cities. drawing on diverse theoretical backgrounds and a variety of source materials, from court records to memoirs to interviews, the contributors to the volume reconstruct the lives of these women within the urban sphere. with a fairly wide geographical span, from aleppo to sofia, from jeddah to istanbul, the chapters offer a wide panorama of the ottoman urban geography, with a specific concern for gender roles.