Ottoman Women During World War I Everyday Experiences Politics And Conflict

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Ottoman Women during World War I Everyday Experiences, Politics, and Conflict

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Author by : Elif Mahir Metinsoy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 286
Isbn : 1107198909
Identifier : 9781107198906
Release : 2017-10-31
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Women During World War I by Elif Mahir Metinsoy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during war time, the everyday experiences of ordinary people - and especially women - are frequently obscured by elite military and social analysis. in this pioneering study, elif mahir metinsoy focuses on the lives of ordinary muslim women living in the ottoman empire during the first world war. it reveals not only their wartime problems, but also those of everyday life on the ottoman home front. it questions the existing literature's excessive focus on the ottoman middle-class, using new archive sources such as women's petitions to extend the scope of ottoman-turkish women's history. free from academic jargon, and supported by original illustrations and maps, it will appeal to researchers of gender history, middle eastern and social history. by showing women's resistance to war mobilization, wartime work life and the everyday struggles which shaped state politics, mahir metinsoy allows readers to draw intriguing comparisons between the past and the current events of today's middle east.

Eternal Dawn Turkey in the Age of Atatürk

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Author by : Ryan Gingeras
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 448
Isbn : 0198791216
Identifier : 9780198791218
Release : 2019-11-07
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Turkey
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Description : Read Now Eternal Dawn by Ryan Gingeras and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. amid the tensions and uncertainties that plagued the globe before the second world war, the republic of turkey appeared to many as a unique and constructive model for how a state was to be reformed and governed in the modern era. for many interwar observers, turkey was a country that seemed tohave radically transformed itself into a nation that was united, strong, and progressive, one that was unburdened by its past. a general consensus held that turkey's founding president, mustafa kemal ataturk, was the chief architect and engineer of this feat, a belief that placed him among thegreatest reforming statesmen in world history. this general perception of ataturk and his revolutionary rule has largely endured to this day.as a study grounded in largely untapped archival and scholarly sources, eternal dawn presents a definitive look inside the development and evolution of ataturk's turkey. rather than presenting the country's founding and transformation as an extension of mustafa kemal's life and achievements, scholarryan gingeras presents turkey's early years as the culmination of a variety of social and political forces dating back to the late ottoman empire. eternal dawn presses beyond the reigning mythology that still envelops this period and challenges many of the standing assumptions about the limits,successes, and consequences of the reforms that comprised mustafa kemal's revolution. through a detailed survey of social and political conditions that defined life in the capital as well as turkey's diverse provinces, gingeras lays bare many of the harsh realities and bitter legacies incurred as aresult of the republic's establishment and transformation. ataturk's revolution, upon final analysis, destroyed as much as it built, and established precedents that both strengthen and torment the country to this day.

When the War Came Home The Ottomans' Great War and the Devastation of an Empire

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Author by : Yiğit Akın
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 1503604993
Identifier : 9781503604995
Release : 2018-03-13
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now When The War Came Home by Yiğit Akın and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the ottoman empire was unprepared for the massive conflict of world war i. lacking the infrastructure and resources necessary to wage a modern war, the empire's statesmen reached beyond the battlefield to sustain their war effort. they placed unprecedented hardships onto the shoulders of the ottoman people: mass conscription, a state-controlled economy, widespread food shortages, and ethnic cleansing. by war's end, few aspects of ottoman daily life remained untouched. when the war came home reveals the catastrophic impact of this global conflict on ordinary ottomans. drawing on a wide range of sources—from petitions, diaries, and newspapers to folk songs and religious texts—yiğit akın examines how ottoman men and women experienced war on the home front as government authorities intervened ever more ruthlessly in their lives. the horrors of war brought home, paired with the empire's growing demands on its people, fundamentally reshaped interactions between ottoman civilians, the military, and the state writ broadly. ultimately, akın argues that even as the empire lost the war on the battlefield, it was the destructiveness of the ottoman state's wartime policies on the home front that led to the empire's disintegration.

The Charity of War Famine, Humanitarian Aid, and World War I in the Middle East

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Author by : Melanie S. Tanielian
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 1503603776
Identifier : 9781503603776
Release : 2017-11-14
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Charity Of War by Melanie S. Tanielian and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. with the exception of a few targeted aerial bombardments of the city's port, beirut and mount lebanon did not see direct combat in world war i. yet civilian casualties in this part of the ottoman empire reached shocking heights, possibly numbering half a million people. no war, in its usual understanding, took place there, but lebanon was incontestably war-stricken. as a food crisis escalated into famine, it was the bloodless incursion of starvation and the silent assault of fatal disease that defined everyday life. the charity of war tells how the ottoman home front grappled with total war and how it sought to mitigate starvation and sickness through relief activities. melanie s. tanielian examines the wartime famine's reverberations throughout the community: in beirut's municipal institutions, in its philanthropic and religious organizations, in international agencies, and in the homes of the city's residents. her local history reveals a dynamic politics of provisioning that was central to civilian experiences in the war, as well as to the middle eastern political landscape that emerged post-war. by tracing these responses to the conflict, she demonstrates world war i's immediacy far from the european trenches, in a place where war was a socio-economic and political process rather than a military event.

Women in the Middle East Past and Present

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Author by : Nikki R. Keddie
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 432
Isbn : 140084505X
Identifier : 9781400845057
Release : 2012-08-09
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Women In The Middle East by Nikki R. Keddie and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. written by a pioneer in the field of middle eastern women's history, women in the middle east is a concise, comprehensive, and authoritative history of the lives of the region's women since the rise of islam. nikki keddie shows why hostile or apologetic responses are completely inadequate to the diversity and richness of the lives of middle eastern women, and she provides a unique overview of their past and rapidly changing present. the book also includes a brief autobiography that recounts keddie's political activism as one of the first women in middle east studies. positioning women within their individual economic situations, identities, families, and geographies, women in the middle east examines the experiences of women in the ottoman empire and turkey, in iran, and in all the arab countries. keddie discusses the interaction of a changing islam with political, cultural, and socioeconomic developments. in doing so, she shows that, like other major religions, islam incorporated ideas and practices of male superiority but also provoked challenges to them. keddie breaks with notions of middle eastern women as faceless victims, and assesses their involvement in the rise of modern nationalist, socialist, and islamist movements. while acknowledging that conservative trends are strong, she notes that there have been significant improvements in middle eastern women's suffrage, education, marital choice, and health.

The Long End of the First World War Ruptures, Continuities and Memories

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Author by : Anorthe Wetzel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 3593508621
Identifier : 9783593508627
Release : 2018-09-15
Publisher by : Campus Verlag
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Long End Of The First World War by Anorthe Wetzel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this fall marks the centennial of the armistice of november 11, 1918, the agreement that put a stop to the hostilities of world war i. but was the end of this historic conflict really as clearly defined as we think? the long end of the first world war takes aim at the notion of a static and final ceasefire, revealing it to be the result of european narratives that ignored the truly global aftermath of the war. the contributors to this volume examine the war's effect from multiple angles, taking into account the experiences of prisoners of war, demobilized soldiers, women, and children from asia, africa, and the middle east, and investigating the social, economic, and ecological results of the conflict. the long end of the first world war serves as a complement to the commemorations of the armistice we'll surely see this year, asking us to consider who and what ends up in the historical record and what ought to be rediscovered.

A Land of Aching Hearts The Middle East in the Great War

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Author by : Leila Tarazi Fawaz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 0674735498
Identifier : 9780674735491
Release : 2014-11-17
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now A Land Of Aching Hearts by Leila Tarazi Fawaz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a century after the great war, the experiences of civilians and soldiers in the middle east during those years have faded from memory. a land of aching hearts traverses ethnic, class, and national borders to recover the personal stories of those who endured this cataclysmic event, and their profound sense of sacrifices made in vain.

The First World War in the Middle East

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Author by : Kristian Ulrichsen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 263
Isbn : 1849042748
Identifier : 9781849042741
Release : 2014
Publisher by : Hurst & Company Limited
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The First World War In The Middle East by Kristian Ulrichsen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the first world war in the middle east is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the dardanelles, egypt and palestine, mesopotamia, persia and the caucasus. coates ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern middle east, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the ottoman empire and germany involving british and imperial troops from the french and russian empires, as well as their arab and armenian allies. also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the great powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. the resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the ottoman empire was dismembered. this is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. it details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.

War and Collapse World War I and the Ottoman State

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Author by : M. Hakan Yavuz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1505
Isbn : 9781607814610
Identifier : 1607814617
Release : 2016
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Turkey
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Description : Read Now War And Collapse by M. Hakan Yavuz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an unprecedented scholarly effort surveying the very important, but neglected role of and consequences for the ottoman state of world war i

Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean A Social History

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Author by : Beshara B. Doumani
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0521766605
Identifier : 9780521766609
Release : 2017-06-08
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Family Life In The Ottoman Mediterranean by Beshara B. Doumani and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in writings about islam, women and modernity in the middle east, family and religion are frequently invoked but rarely historicized. accessibly written and based on a wide range of local sources, this book shows that there is no such thing as a typical muslim or arab family type. rather, it reveals dramatic differences, even within the same cultural zone, in the ways that family was understood, organized and reproduced. by concentrating on family life in the ottoman empire, in particular in what is now lebanon and palestine, beshara b. doumani skilfully uses examples of family waqf endowments, lawsuits between kin, and other cases from the shari'a courts to reconstruct the stories and priorities of ordinary individuals. through his examination of the transformations of family, property and gender regimes, doumani offers a groundbreaking examination of the lives of ordinary people. by doing so, he challenges prevailing assumptions about modern middle eastern societies.

Ottoman Children and Youth during World War I

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Author by : Nazan Maksudyan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 0815654731
Identifier : 9780815654735
Release : 2019-04-25
Publisher by : Syracuse University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Ottoman Children And Youth During World War I by Nazan Maksudyan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. described by historians as a "total war," world war i was the first conflict that required a comprehensive mobilization of all members of society, regardless of profession, age, or gender. just as women became heads of households and joined the workforce in unprecedented numbers, children also became actively engaged in the war effort. adding a new dimension to the historiography of world war i, maksudyan explores the variegated experiences and involvement of ottoman children and youth in the war. rather than simply passive victims, children became essential participants as soldiers, wage earners, farmers, and artisans. they also contributed to the propaganda and mobilization effort as symbolic heroes and orphans of martyrs. rebelling against their orphanage directors or trade masters, marching and singing proudly with their scouting companies, making long-distance journeys to receive vocational training or simply to find their families, they acquired new identities and discovered new forms of agency. maksudyan focuses on four different groups of children: thousands of orphans in state orphanages (darüleytam), apprentice boys who were sent to germany, children and youth in urban centers who reproduced rivaling nationalist ideologies, and armenian children who survived the genocide. with each group, the author sheds light on how the war dramatically impacted their lives and, in turn, how these self-empowered children, sometimes described as "precocious adults," actively shaped history.

The Fall of the Ottomans The Great War in the Middle East

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Author by : Eugene Rogan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 512
Isbn : 0465056695
Identifier : 9780465056699
Release : 2015-03-10
Publisher by : Basic Books
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Fall Of The Ottomans by Eugene Rogan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in 1914 the ottoman empire was depleted of men and resources after years of war against balkan nationalist and italian forces. but in the aftermath of the assassination in sarajevo, the powers of europe were sliding inexorably toward war, and not even the middle east could escape the vast and enduring consequences of one of the most destructive conflicts in human history. the great war spelled the end of the ottomans, unleashing powerful forces that would forever change the face of the middle east. in the fall of the ottomans, award-winning historian eugene rogan brings the first world war and its immediate aftermath in the middle east to vivid life, uncovering the often ignored story of the region's crucial role in the conflict. bolstered by german money, arms, and military advisors, the ottomans took on the russian, british, and french forces, and tried to provoke jihad against the allies in their muslim colonies. unlike the static killing fields of the western front, the war in the middle east was fast-moving and unpredictable, with the turks inflicting decisive defeats on the entente in gallipoli, mesopotamia, and gaza before the tide of battle turned in the allies' favor. the great cities of baghdad, jerusalem, and, finally, damascus fell to invading armies before the ottomans agreed to an armistice in 1918. the postwar settlement led to the partition of ottoman lands between the victorious powers, and laid the groundwork for the ongoing conflicts that continue to plague the modern arab world. a sweeping narrative of battles and political intrigue from gallipoli to arabia, the fall of the ottomans is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the great war and the making of the modern middle east.