Precaution

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The Politics of Precaution Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

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Author by : David Vogel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1400842565
Identifier : 9781400842568
Release : 2012-04-29
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 9298582
Total Read : 4026191
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Description : Read Now The Politics Of Precaution by David Vogel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the politics of precaution examines the politics of consumer and environmental risk regulation in the united states and europe over the last five decades, explaining why america and europe have often regulated a wide range of similar risks differently. it finds that between 1960 and 1990, american health, safety, and environmental regulations were more stringent, risk averse, comprehensive, and innovative than those adopted in europe. but since around 1990, the book shows, global regulatory leadership has shifted to europe. what explains this striking reversal? david vogel takes an in-depth, comparative look at european and american policies toward a range of consumer and environmental risks, including vehicle air pollution, ozone depletion, climate change, beef and milk hormones, genetically modified agriculture, antibiotics in animal feed, pesticides, cosmetic safety, and hazardous substances in electronic products. he traces how concerns over such risks--and pressure on political leaders to do something about them--have risen among the european public but declined among americans. vogel explores how policymakers in europe have grown supportive of more stringent regulations while those in the united states have become sharply polarized along partisan lines. and as european policymakers have grown more willing to regulate risks on precautionary grounds, increasingly skeptical american policymakers have called for higher levels of scientific certainty before imposing additional regulatory controls on business.

Precaution, environmental science, and preventive public policy

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Author by : Joel A. Tickner
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 406
Isbn : 9781559633314
Identifier : 155963331X
Release : 2003
Publisher by : Island Pr
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 6741633
Total Read : 7468028
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Description : Read Now Precaution Environmental Science And Preventive Public Policy by Joel A. Tickner and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the "precautionary principle"—the idea that society should guard against potentially harmful activities even if some cause and effect relationships have not been fully established—has often been attacked for being unscientific. however leading scientists studying the issue have begun to make the case that the precautionary principle is in fact science based, and that it creates a need for more rigorous and transparent science in examining complex and uncertain environmental risks.precaution, environmental science, and preventive public policy is the first book to explore the role of science in developing a more precautionary approach to environmental and public health policy. the book brings together leading scientists, legal experts, philosophers, environmental health professionals, and environmentalists to offer a multi-disciplinary perspective on the controversial debate over science and precaution. the book:discusses the critical need for science in promoting sustainabilityoutlines the ethical imperative of a more precautionary science and the philosophical foundations of that new approachconsiders some of the ways in which the current conduct of environmental science works against precautionary policiesexamines how the role and use of science differs across cultures and political systemsprovides the components of an approach to environmental science that more effectively supports precautionary decisionsthe book also offers case studies that consider various types of uncertainty and sets forth a framework for evaluating and addressing uncertainty in decision-making.contributors include juan almendares, katherine barrett, kamaljit bawa, finn bro-rasmussen, donald brown, theofanis christoforou, terry collins, barry commoner, carl cranor, stephen dovers, david gee, elizabeth guillette, cato ten hallers-tjabbes, james huff, matthias kaiser, richard levins, mary o'brien, carolyn raffensperger, jerry ravetz, vandana shiva, boyce thorne-miller, joe thornton, reginald victor, and alistair woodward.precaution, environmental science, and preventive public policy presents a broad overview of the role of science in implementing the precautionary principle and makes a compelling case that science should be used not just to study problems but to develop solutions.

Risk and Precaution

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Author by : Alan Randall
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn : 1139494791
Identifier : 9781139494793
Release : 2011-02-03
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 4349584
Total Read : 1021060
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Description : Read Now Risk And Precaution by Alan Randall and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the precautionary principle has been labeled simplistic and the rational approach to decision-making under risk was modeled on well-specified games of chance. how then are we to manage the risks, uncertainties, and 'unknown unknowns' of the real world? in this book, alan randall unravels the key controversies surrounding the precautionary principle and develops a new framework that can be taken seriously in policy and management circles. respecting the complexity of the real world, he defines a justifiable role for the precautionary principle in a risk management framework that integrates precaution with elements of the standard risk management model. this is explained using examples from medicine, pharmacy, synthetic chemicals, nanotechnology, the environment and natural resources conservation. this carefully reasoned but highly accessible book will appeal to readers from a broad range of disciplines, including environmental policy, risk management and cost-benefit analysis.

Precaution A Novel

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Author by : James Fenimore Cooper
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 392
Isbn :
Identifier : OSU:32435076158567
Release : 1839
Publisher by :
Category :
Total Download : 4985648
Total Read : 5634981
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Interpreting the Precautionary Principle

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Author by : Timothy O'Riordan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 316
Isbn : 1134165781
Identifier : 9781134165780
Release : 2013-07-04
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 5008025
Total Read : 7028902
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Description : Read Now Interpreting The Precautionary Principle by Timothy O'Riordan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. viewed from the perspective of environmental management, this study describes the implications and applications of the precautionary principle - a theory of avoiding risk even when its likelihood seems remote. this principle has been employed in the united nations framework convention on climate change and the north atlantic convention, yet it is not widely understood. this study examines the history and context of the principle, and its applications to law, governmental policies, business and investment, scientific research and international relations.

Precaution, Environmental Science, and Preventive Public Policy

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Author by : Joel Tickner
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 9781559633321
Identifier : 1559633328
Release : 2002-12-01
Publisher by : Island Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 9379667
Total Read : 9847780
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Description : Read Now Precaution Environmental Science And Preventive Public Policy by Joel Tickner and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the "precautionary principle"—the idea that society should guard against potentially harmful activities even if some cause and effect relationships have not been fully established—has often been attacked for being unscientific. however leading scientists studying the issue have begun to make the case that the precautionary principle is in fact science based, and that it creates a need for more rigorous and transparent science in examining complex and uncertain environmental risks.precaution, environmental science, and preventive public policy is the first book to explore the role of science in developing a more precautionary approach to environmental and public health policy. the book brings together leading scientists, legal experts, philosophers, environmental health professionals, and environmentalists to offer a multi-disciplinary perspective on the controversial debate over science and precaution. the book:discusses the critical need for science in promoting sustainabilityoutlines the ethical imperative of a more precautionary science and the philosophical foundations of that new approachconsiders some of the ways in which the current conduct of environmental science works against precautionary policiesexamines how the role and use of science differs across cultures and political systemsprovides the components of an approach to environmental science that more effectively supports precautionary decisionsthe book also offers case studies that consider various types of uncertainty and sets forth a framework for evaluating and addressing uncertainty in decision-making.contributors include juan almendares, katherine barrett, kamaljit bawa, finn bro-rasmussen, donald brown, theofanis christoforou, terry collins, barry commoner, carl cranor, stephen dovers, david gee, elizabeth guillette, cato ten hallers-tjabbes, james huff, matthias kaiser, richard levins, mary o'brien, carolyn raffensperger, jerry ravetz, vandana shiva, boyce thorne-miller, joe thornton, reginald victor, and alistair woodward.precaution, environmental science, and preventive public policy presents a broad overview of the role of science in implementing the precautionary principle and makes a compelling case that science should be used not just to study problems but to develop solutions.

Cellular Phones, Public Fears, and a Culture of Precaution

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Author by : Adam Burgess
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 301
Isbn : 9780521520829
Identifier : 0521520827
Release : 2004
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 6941467
Total Read : 5081210
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Description : Read Now Cellular Phones Public Fears And A Culture Of Precaution by Adam Burgess and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this is the first account of the health panic surrounding cellular phones that developed in the mid-1990s. treating the issue as more 'social construction' than evident scientific problem, it tells the story of how this originally american anxiety diffused internationally, having an even bigger impact in countries such as italy. burgess highlights the contrasting reactions to the issue ranging from positive indifference in finland to those such as the uk where precautionary measures were taken. these differences are located within the emergence of a precautionary culture driven by institutional insecurity that first appeared in the us and is now most evident in europe. anxieties about cell phone radiowaves are also situated historically in the very different reactions to technologies such as x-rays and in the more similar 'microwave suspicions' about television. in addition, burgess outlines a history and sociology of what is, despite media-driven anxieties, a spectacularly successful device.

Food Safety Governance Integrating Science, Precaution and Public Involvement

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Author by : Marion Dreyer, Ortwin Renn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 250
Isbn : 9783540693093
Identifier : 3540693092
Release : 2009-04-28
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
Total Download : 799353
Total Read : 8442131
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Description : Read Now Food Safety Governance by Marion Dreyer, Ortwin Renn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. working mechanisms and to develop the overall governance framework in which we operate. catherine geslain-lanéelle executive director european food safety authority (efsa) parma, march 2008 acknowledgements this book and the general framework for the precautionary and inclusive governance of food safety that it presents and critically discusses have grown out of research undertaken within one of the subprojects (work package 5) of the research project safe foods, ‘promoting food safety through a new integrated risk analysis approach for foods’. the integrated project safe foods has been funded by the european commission under the 6th framework programme (april 2004 to june 2008) and coordinated by dr h.a. kuiper and dr h.j.p. marvin of rikilt-institute of food safety at the university of wageningen in the netherlands. subproject 5 of safe foods has dealt with institutional aspects of food safety governance with a focus on ways (procedural and structural mec- nisms) to improve the implementation of precaution, participation and a politi- science interface, and has been coordinated by the editors of this book. the general framework and this book have been a collaborative effort of subproject 5 in which all contributors to the first part of this book were involved. we have very much appreciated this exceptionally fruitful cooperation. it has always been both greatly intellectually inspiring (with many intensive, focused discussions) and very pleasant (highly cooperative and reliable).

Precaution A Novel : In Three Volumes

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Author by : James Fenimore Cooper
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn :
Identifier : OCLC:19376391
Release : 1821
Publisher by :
Category :
Total Download : 313839
Total Read : 735292
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PRECAUTION. A NOVEL.

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Author by : J. FENIMORE COOPER
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn :
Identifier : UOMDLP:aat2267:0001.001
Release : 1871
Publisher by :
Category :
Total Download : 7854059
Total Read : 4779635
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The Reality of Precaution Comparing Risk Regulation in the United States and Europe

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Author by : James Hammit, Michael Rogers, Peter Sand, Jonathan B. Wiener
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 602
Isbn : 1136522565
Identifier : 9781136522567
Release : 2013-05-13
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Law
Total Download : 6270981
Total Read : 1971647
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Description : Read Now The Reality Of Precaution by James Hammit, Michael Rogers, Peter Sand, Jonathan B. Wiener and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the 'precautionary principle' has sparked the central controversy over european and u.s. risk regulation. the reality of precaution is the most comprehensive study to go beyond precaution as an abstract principle and test its reality in practice. this groundbreaking resource combines detailed case studies of a wide array of risks to health, safety, environment and security; a broad quantitative analysis; and cross-cutting chapters on politics, law, and perceptions. the authors rebut the rhetoric of conflicting european and american approaches to risk, and show that the reality has been the selective application of precaution to particular risks on both sides of the atlantic, as well as a constructive exchange of policy ideas toward 'better regulation.' the book offers a new view of precaution, regulatory reform, comparative analysis, and transatlantic relations.

The Price of Precaution and the Ethics of Risk

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Author by : Christian Munthe
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 192
Isbn : 9789400713307
Identifier : 9400713304
Release : 2011-05-19
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Philosophy
Total Download : 3890840
Total Read : 3689906
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Description : Read Now The Price Of Precaution And The Ethics Of Risk by Christian Munthe and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. christian munthe undertakes an innovative, in-depth philosophical analysis of what the idea of a precautionary principle is and should be about. a novel theory of the ethics of imposing risks is developed and used as a foundation for defending the idea of precaution in environmental and technological policy making against its critics, while at the same time avoiding a number of identified flaws. the theory is shown to have far-reaching practical conclusions for areas such as bio-, information- and nuclear technology, and global environmental policy in areas such as climate change. the author argues that, while the price we pay for precaution must not be too high, we have to be prepared to pay it in order to act ethically defensible. a number of practical suggestions for precautionary regulation and policy making are made on the basis of this, and some challenges to basic ethical theory as well as consumerist societies, the global political order and liberal democracy are identified. munthe’s book is a well-argued contribution to the pp debate, putting neglected justificatory and methodological questions at the forefront. his many discussions of alternative accounts as well as his drawing out the consequences of his own suggestion in practical cases give the reader a thorough, holistic sense of what justification of pp amounts to. /..../ munthe’s main case, his argumentation for the requirement of precaution as a moral norm, is convincing and puts a strong pressure on too narrow alternative suggestions on how it should be perceived and justified, and he launches a plausible defence of its practical usability.

Precaution Incentives in Accident Settings

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Author by : Tim Friehe
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 189
Isbn : 3834981273
Identifier : 9783834981271
Release : 2009-02-14
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 8093253
Total Read : 1041120
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Description : Read Now Precaution Incentives In Accident Settings by Tim Friehe and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. tim friehe analyzes important aspects for the design of tort law which intends to induce optimal individual choices and possible limitations of workable tort law in varied settings. he highlights the consequences of the consideration of hitherto neglected behavioral dimensions for the conclusions of the economic analysis of tort law.

Precaution Why Weep

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Author by : Janet Davis
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 55
Isbn : 9781456873141
Identifier : 1456873148
Release : 2011-02-22
Publisher by : Xlibris Corporation
Category : Self-Help
Total Download : 6696399
Total Read : 4547400
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Description : Read Now Precaution Why Weep by Janet Davis and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. precaution why weep by: janet davis precaution why weep was written to encourage and strengthen anyone or anybody that suffers with or become discourage and depress with the cares of this world. many of us today know or have heard about jesus, as well there are some that have a form of or a intimate relationship with him. we as childern of god speak so many vain words with our mouths and our hearts are far from christ. we continue to play with his feeling, as if he doesn ́t love or hurt like you and me. lots of us draw close to him when we need him, when actually we can ́t survive half of a second without him. question: when did christ command his sheep to stop seeking him in prayer, fasting, and most of all studing his word? when do we awake out of the sleep that alot of us has been in so long that we don ́t even realize that we are asleep.

The Politics of Precaution Genetically Modified Crops in Developing Countries

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Author by : Robert L. Paarlberg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 0801868238
Identifier : 9780801868238
Release : 2001-09-17
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 5181438
Total Read : 4009535
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Description : Read Now The Politics Of Precaution by Robert L. Paarlberg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. genetically modified (gm) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. by the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the u.s., canada, and argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. the restrictive policies of europe and japan toward gm crops have been much discussed. less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of gm crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. in this book robert paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding gm food made by four important developing countries: kenya, brazil, india, and china. of these, so far only china has approved the planting of gm crops. paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage gm crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. he notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that kenya, brazil, and india have hesitated to plant gm crops. these cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and ngo pressures. china has been less cautious toward gm crops, in part because there is less opportunity in china for international organizations or independent critics of gm crops to challenge official policy.

Precaution / The Ways of the Hour

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Author by : James Fenimore Cooper
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 756
Isbn : 1434410390
Identifier : 9781434410399
Release : 2010-12
Publisher by : Wildside Press LLC
Category : Fiction
Total Download : 837391
Total Read : 7325036
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Description : Read Now Precaution The Ways Of The Hour by James Fenimore Cooper and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. james fenimore cooper's (1789-1851) first novel, precaution, was written following the style of contemporary english domestic novels. the ways of the hour, his last completed novel, is a mystery involving legal corruption and women's' rights.