Protecting The Ozone Layer Science And Strategy

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Protecting the Ozone Layer Science and Strategy

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Author by : Edward A. Parson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0198035438
Identifier : 9780198035435
Release : 2003-03-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Protecting The Ozone Layer by Edward A. Parson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book is the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer, the greatest success yet achieved in managing human impacts on the global environment. its arguments about how this success was achieved are both theoretically novel and of great significance for the management of other global problems, particularly global climate change. the book provides an account of the ozone-depletion issues from the first attempts to develop international action in the 1970s to the mature functioning of the present international regime. it examines the parallel developments of politics and negotiations, scientific understanding and controversy, technological progress, and industry strategy that shaped the issue's development and its effective management. in addition, the book offers important new insights into how the interactions among these domains influenced the formation and adaptation of the ozone regime. addressing the initial formation of the regime, the book argues that authoritative scientific assessments were crucial in constraining policy debates and shaping negotiated agreements. assessments gave scientific claims an ability to change policy actors' behavior that the claims themselves, however well known and verified, lacked. concerning subsequent adaptation of the regime, the book identifies a series of feedbacks between the periodic revision of chemical controls and the strategic responses of affected industries, which drove rapid application of new approaches to reduce ozone-depleting chemicals. these feedbacks, promoted by the regime's novel technology assessment process, allowed worldwide use of the chemicals to decline further and faster than even the boldest predictions, by nearly 95 percent within ten years.

Protecting the Ozone Layer Science and Strategy

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Author by : Edward Parson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 377
Isbn : 9780199833955
Identifier : 0199833958
Release : 2003
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Ozone layer depletion
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Description : Read Now Protecting The Ozone Layer by Edward Parson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. providing an account of the ozone-depletion issues from the attempts to develop international action in the 1970s to the mature functioning of the international regime, this book examines the parallel developments of politics and negotiations, technological progress, and industry strategy that shaped the issue's development and its management.

Protecting the Ozone Layer The United Nations History

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Author by : Stephen O. Andersen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 548
Isbn : 9781849772266
Identifier : 1849772266
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Earthscan
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Protecting The Ozone Layer by Stephen O. Andersen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the 1970s the world became aware of a huge danger: the destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer by cfcs escaping into the atmosphere, and the damage this could do to human health and the food chain. so great was the threat that by 1987 the un had succeeded in coordinating an international treaty to phase out emissions; which, over the following 15 years has been implemented. it has been hailed as an outstanding success. it needed the participation of all the parties: governments, industry, scientists, campaigners, ngos and the media, and is a model for future treaties. this volume provides the authoritative and comprehensive history of the whole process from the earliest warning signs to the present. it is an invaluable record for all those involved and a necessary reference for future negotiations to a wide range of scholars, students and professionals.

The International Legal Régime for the Protection of the Stratospheric Ozone Layer Second Revised Edition

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Author by : Osamu Yoshida
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 448
Isbn : 9004290877
Identifier : 9789004290877
Release : 2018-11-29
Publisher by : BRILL
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now The International Legal Regime For The Protection Of The Stratospheric Ozone Layer by Osamu Yoshida and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the first edition of professor yoshida’s monograph, the international legal régime for the protection of the stratosphere ozone layer, provided a renowned and comprehensive contemporary study of the international ozone régime. in the second revised edition, the author analyses important developments in the ozone treaty régime.

Stones in a glass house CFCs and ozone depletion

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Author by : Douglas Cogan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 147
Isbn :
Identifier : UCSC:32106012874324
Release : 1988-06
Publisher by : Investor Responsibility
Category : Political Science
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Twenty Years of Ozone Decline Proceedings of the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol

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Author by : Christos Zerefos
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 470
Isbn : 9048124697
Identifier : 9789048124695
Release : 2009-05-24
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Twenty Years Of Ozone Decline by Christos Zerefos and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. homer speaks of lightning bolts after which ‘a grim reek of sulphur bursts forth’ and the air was ‘?lled with reeking brimstone’. (homer 3000 bc). the odour was not actually the smell of sulphur dioxide associated with burning sulphur, but rather was the ?rst recorded detection of the presence of another strong odour, that of ozone (o ) in earth’s atmosphere. these molecules were formed by the passage of 3 lightning through the air, created by splitting the abundant molecular oxygen (o ) 2 molecules into two, followed by the addition of each of the free o atoms to another o to form the triatomic product. in fact, most of the ozone molecules present 2 in the atmosphere at any time have been made by this same two-step splitti- plus-combination process, although the initiating cause usually begins with very energetic solar ultraviolet (uv) radiation rather than lightning. many thousands of years later, the modern history of ozone began with its synthesis in the laboratory of h. f. schonbein in 1840 (nolte 1999), although the positive con?rmation of its three-oxygen atom chemical formula came along sometime later. scienti?c interest in high-altitude stratospheric ozone dates back to 1881 when hartley measured the spectrum of ozone in the laboratory and found that its ability to absorb uv light extended only to 293nm at the long wavelength end (hartley 1881a).

Ozone Layer Protection Country Incremental Costs

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Author by : Kenneth King
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 108
Isbn : 9780821331330
Identifier : 0821331337
Release : 1995-01-01
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Ozone Layer Protection by Kenneth King and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evaluates the frameworks established in various countries to finance the incremental costs of phasing out ozone-depleting substances. the multilateral fund and the global environment facility (gef) were established to assist developing countries in financing the incremental costs of phasing out ozone-depleting substances. both the fund and the gef require a strategic framework for the activities they finance to demonstrate that overall phaseout of these substances will be accomplished. the framework, known as the "country program," establishes a national strategy and program of proposed activities. this paper describes the country programs in general and reviews the work and results of key analysts who carried out these programs in the former czechoslovakia, egypt, india, jordan, thailand, tunisia, turkey, and zimbabwe.

International environmental negotiation

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Author by : Gunnar Sjöstedt
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 9780803947603
Identifier : 0803947607
Release : 1993
Publisher by : Sage Publications, Inc
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now International Environmental Negotiation by Gunnar Sjöstedt and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book develops a simple conceptual framework intended to clarify the distinctive attributes of international environmental negotiations. the framework is then applied by experts in the environmental field to a series of case analyses from a broad range of issues. contributors discuss such issues as: climate change, ozone depletion, desertification, acid rain, sea pollution and biological diversity.

International Trade and the Montreal Protocol

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Author by : Duncan Brack
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 118
Isbn : 9781853833434
Identifier : 1853833436
Release : 1996
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category : Air
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Description : Read Now International Trade And The Montreal Protocol by Duncan Brack and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "the montreal protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer is one of the most effective multilateral environmental agreements currently in existence. established to control the production and consumption of cfcs and other ozone-depleting chemicals, the protocol is an important example of an agreement which places restrictions on international trade in the interests of the global environment - a feature which may become common in future treaties." "this report examines the development, effectiveness and future of the trade provisions of the ozone regime, concluding that they have contributed significantly to its success in attracting signatories and in limiting ozone depletion. issues considered include the compatibility of the trade provisions and the gatt, trade restrictions and developing countries, and the new problems of non-compliance and illegal trade in cfcs."--jacket.

Global Environment Protection Strategy Through Thermal Engineering

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Author by : Keizo Hatta
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 353
Isbn : 9781560321460
Identifier : 1560321466
Release : 1991-11-01
Publisher by : CRC Press
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Global Environment Protection Strategy Through Thermal Engineering by Keizo Hatta and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. based on papers from a thermal engineering conference which discuss concrete measures, models and methodologies in thermal engineering, this book addresses world energy consumption and global environmental problems the greenhouse effect, depletion

Globalization Education Research, Change and Reform

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Author by : Zygmunt Bauman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 0231508859
Identifier : 9780231508858
Release : 2005-03-10
Publisher by : Columbia University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Globalization by Zygmunt Bauman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. from the streets of seattle to corporate boardrooms to new factories in third-world nations, globalization is subject to very different and often explosively divergent interpretations. where some see globalization as driving poor countries into further poverty, others see it as the path to economic salvation and democratic rule. with original contributions from ten eminent economists, globalization: what's new cuts through the confusion and rhetoric to offer straightforward, incisive analysis of globalization and its future. coming from some of globalization's most prominent supporters (david dollar), its most vocal critics (joseph stiglitz), and those in-between, this collection presents diverse and original perspectives on globalization's immense reach that dig to the core of many debates. the contributors analyze recent trends in trade, immigration, and capital flows; why some poor countries have grown while others have stagnated during the past two decades; future opportunities for low-wage workers; globalization's impact on jobs and wages in poor countries and in the united states; the surprising environmental benefits of globalization; the degree to which foreign aid helps developing countries; the failures of international institutions in governing the global economy and supporting democracy; and how foreign loans and investments can wreak havoc on a nation's economy.

Time Strategies, Innovation, and Environmental Policy

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Author by : Christian Sartorius
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 358
Isbn : 9781781956694
Identifier : 1781956693
Release : 2005-01-01
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Time Strategies Innovation And Environmental Policy by Christian Sartorius and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. 'timeliness is a particularly relevant issue in the field of innovation and diffusion research. this book originates from the observation that innovations are time critical and asks the question: when and how do windows of opportunity for new environmental technologies emerge and why do they disappear again? by analysing these windows of opportunity and possible time strategies for innovation policies, this book represents a highly topical contribution to a front line issue in environmental and innovation research. the theoretical framework is applied to well-investigated and highly informative case studies to produce an interesting, insightful and coherent volume.' - joseph huber, martin-luther-university, halle, germany this book is the first attempt to systematically introduce the aspect of time into economic and environmental innovation policy. the authors demonstrate how 'windows of opportunity' for technological innovations emerge and also explain how they can be identified and effectively exploited. technological innovations are widely considered as an opportunity to realise a double dividend - protect the environment and increase profits by introducing a more sustainable technology. however, intervention by the state is often needed to overcome the competitive disadvantage caused by externalities, path dependency and lock-in. the authors provide extensive evidence that this resistance to technological change is subject to substantial temporal variation. they argue that it is economically and politically sensible to identify periods of time in which resistance is weakest and to exploit these 'windows of opportunity' whenever and wherever they occur. they also highlight how time strategies for innovation policy can involve the preparation and creation of 'windows' which do not yet exist. throughout the book, they use an array of varied and interesting case studies to confirm and illustrate their theoretical findings. these address issues such as cfc phase-out, the lean-burn engine versus the catalytic converter, ecological alternatives to chemical pesticides and the zero emission vehicle mandate in california. by exploring the relationship between time strategies and technological change, this book will undoubtedly lead to a more efficient and sustainable innovation policy. it will be required reading for academics, researchers and policymakers working in the fields of environmental innovation, sustainability, technology policy and political science.