Pure And Simple Politics The American Federation Of Labor And Political Activism 1881 1917

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Pure and Simple Politics The American Federation of Labor and Political Activism, 1881–1917

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Author by : Julie Greene
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781139427043
Identifier : 1139427040
Release : 1998-06-28
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Pure And Simple Politics by Julie Greene and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. scholarship on american labor politics has been dominated by the view that the american federation of labor, the dominant labor organization, rejected political action in favor of economic strategies. based upon extensive research into labor and political party records, this study demonstrates that, despite the common belief, the afl devoted great attention to political activity. the organization's main strategy, however, which julie greene terms 'pure and simple politics', dictated that trade unionists alone should shape american labor politics. exploring the period from 1881 to 1917, pure and simple politics focuses on the quandaries this approach generated for american trade unionists. politics for afl members became a highly contested terrain, as leaders attempted to implement a strategy which many rank-and-file workers rejected. furthermore, its drive to achieve political efficacy increasingly exposed the afl to forces beyond its control, as party politicians and other individuals began seeking to influence labor's political strategy and tactics.

The Struggle for America's Promise Equal Opportunity at the Dawn of Corporate Capital

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Author by : Claire Goldstene
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 224
Isbn : 1626741352
Identifier : 9781626741355
Release : 2014-04-17
Publisher by : Univ. Press of Mississippi
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Struggle For America S Promise by Claire Goldstene and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the struggle for america’s promise, claire goldstene seeks to untangle one of the enduring ideals in american history, that of economic opportunity. she explores the varied discourses about its meaning during the upheavals and corporate consolidations of the gilded age. some proponents of equal opportunity seek to promote upward financial mobility by permitting more people to participate in the economic sphere thereby rewarding merit over inherited wealth. others use opportunity as a mechanism to maintain economic inequality. this tension, embedded with the idea of equal opportunity itself and continually reaffirmed by immigrant populations, animated social dissent among urban workers while simultaneously serving efforts by business elites to counter such dissent. goldstene uses a biographical approach to focus on key figures along a spectrum of political belief as they struggled to reconcile the inherent contradictions of equal opportunity. she considers the efforts of booker t. washington in a post–civil war south to ground opportunity in landownership as an attempt to confront the intersection of race and class. she also explores the determination of the knights of labor to define opportunity in terms of controlling one’s own labor. she looks at the attempts by samuel gompers through the american federation of labor as well as by business elites through the national association of manufacturers and the national civic federation to shift the focus of opportunity to leisure and consumption. the struggle for america’s promise also includes such radical figures as edward bellamy and emma goldman, who were more willing to step beyond the boundaries of the discourse about opportunity and question economic competition itself.

Defending Rights Law, Labor Politics, and the State in California, 1890-1925

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Author by : Thomas R. Clark
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 297
Isbn : 9780814330432
Identifier : 0814330436
Release : 2002
Publisher by : Wayne State University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Defending Rights by Thomas R. Clark and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in ongoing efforts to understand the "exceptionalism" of the american labor movement, historians have proposed a reason why american unions never fully embraced the independent and social democratic politics of their european counterparts: a hostile legal system, they argue, fostered a deep distrust of state intervention among early labor leaders. thomas clark joins revisionists in questioning this "apolitical" and "antistatist" characterization of the early labor movement, but from a new perspective. by focusing on law and labor activity at the state level rather than the national level and using california as his case study, clark shows how legal hostility pushed labor into politics on a local level with greater urgency and failed to compel labor to oppose state intervention more generally. focusing on california provides clark a unique opportunity to investigate the law's impact in two different settings -- "closed shop" san francisco and "open shop" los angeles -- within the parameters of a single state legal system. clark describes how local court and police hostility pushed labor into periodic experiments with third-party politics, and, as in san francisco, sometimes helped labor achieve some measure of control over the police. since employers could still turn to state courts for injunctions, unions began an anti-injunction campaign through interest-group lobbying and building coalitions with progressive reformers. as it sought to limit state intervention in labor disputes, the movement still pursued an array of state-sponsored reforms. such approaches to law and politics, argues clark, forecast the labor-liberal alliance that would become the hallmark of the new deal coalition.

Capital, Labor, and State The Battle for American Labor Markets from the Civil War to the New Deal

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Author by : David Brian Robertson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 297
Isbn : 9780847697298
Identifier : 0847697290
Release : 2000
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Capital Labor And State by David Brian Robertson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. capital, labor, and state is a systematic and thorough examination of american labor policy from the civil war to the new deal. david brian robertson skillfully demonstrates that although most industrializing nations began to limit employer freedom and regulate labor conditions in the 1900s, the united states continued to allow total employer discretion in decisions concerning hiring, firing, and workplace conditions. robertson argues that the american constitution made it much more difficult for the american federation of labor, government, and business to cooperate for mutual gain as extensively as their counterparts abroad, so that even at the height of new deal, american labor market policy remained a patchwork of limited protections, uneven laws, and poor enforcement, lacking basic national standards even for child labor.

Class and Gender Politics in Progressive-era Seattle

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Author by : John C. Putman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9780874177367
Identifier : 0874177367
Release : 2008
Publisher by : University of Nevada Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Class And Gender Politics In Progressive Era Seattle by John C. Putman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book traces the interplay of class, gender, and politics in progressive-era seattle, washington during the formative period of industrialization and the establishment of a national market economy. with the rapid westward expansion of the capitalist marketplace by the dawn of the 20th century, national political and economic pressures significantly transformed both city and region. despite the region's vast natural resources, the west had a highly urbanized population, surpassing even that of the industrial northeast. westerners celebrated the region's wide-open spaces, and even though a large part of the west's economy was centered in the mines, fields, and forests, most chose to live in the city. cities thus witnessed the intersection of class, gender, and political reform as residents struggled to

Commonsense Anticommunism Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

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Author by : Jennifer Luff
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0807869899
Identifier : 9780807869895
Release : 2012-05-21
Publisher by : Univ of North Carolina Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Commonsense Anticommunism by Jennifer Luff and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. between the great war and pearl harbor, conservative labor leaders declared themselves america's "first line of defense" against communism. in this surprising account, jennifer luff shows how the american federation of labor fanned popular anticommunism but defended communists' civil liberties in the aftermath of the 1919 red scare. the afl's "commonsense anticommunism," she argues, steered a middle course between the american legion and the aclu, helping to check campaigns for federal sedition laws. but in the 1930s, frustration with the new deal order led labor conservatives to redbait the roosevelt administration and liberal unionists and abandon their reluctant civil libertarianism for red scare politics. that frustration contributed to the legal architecture of federal anticommunism that culminated with the mccarthyist fervor of the 1950s. relying on untapped archival sources, luff reveals how labor conservatives and the emerging civil liberties movement debated the proper role of the state in policing radicals and grappled with the challenges to the existing political order posed by communist organizers. surprising conclusions about familiar figures, like j. edgar hoover, and unfamiliar episodes, like a german plot to disrupt american munitions manufacture, make luff's story a fresh retelling of the interwar years.

Labor's Home Front The American Federation of Labor During World War II

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Author by : Andrew E. Kersten
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 274
Isbn : 0814747868
Identifier : 9780814747865
Release : 2006-10-01
Publisher by : NYU Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Labor S Home Front by Andrew E. Kersten and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. one of the oldest, strongest, and largest labor organizations in the u.s., the american federation of labor (afl) had 4 million members in over 20,000 union locals during world war ii. the afl played a key role in wartime production and was a major actor in the contentious relationship between the state, organized labor, and the working class in the 1940s. the war years are pivotal in the history of american labor, but books on the afl’s experiences are scant, with far more on the radical congress of industrial unions (cio). andrew e. kersten closes this gap with labor’s home front, challenging us to reconsider the afl and its influence on twentieth-century history. kersten details the union's contributions to wartime labor relations, its opposition to the open shop movement, divided support for fair employment and equity for women and african american workers, its constant battles with the cio, and its significant efforts to reshape american society, economics, and politics after the war. throughout, kersten frames his narrative with an original, central theme: that despite its conservative nature, the afl was dramatically transformed during world war ii, becoming a more powerful progressive force that pushed for liberal change.

American Workers, American Unions The Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Centuries

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Author by : Robert H. Zieger
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 1421413442
Identifier : 9781421413440
Release : 2014-04-10
Publisher by : JHU Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now American Workers American Unions by Robert H. Zieger and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. highly acclaimed and widely read since its first publication in 1986, american workers, american unions provides a concise and compelling history of american workers and their unions in the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first. taking into account recent important work on the 1970s and the reagan revolution, the fourth edition newly considers the stagflation issue, the rise of globalization and big box retailing, the failure of congress to pass legislation supporting the right of public employees to collective bargaining, the defeat in congress of legislation to revise the national labor relations act, the emasculation of the humphrey-hawkins act, and the changing dynamics of blue-collar politics. in addition to important new information on the 1970s and 1980s, the fourth edition contains a completely new final chapter. largely written by timothy j. minchin, this chapter provides a rare survey of american workers and their unions between 9/11 and the 2012 presidential election. gilbert j. gall presents new information on government workers and their recent battles to defend workplace rights. an extensive collection of bibliographical material will be made available online.

The Wages of Sickness The Politics of Health Insurance in Progressive America

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Author by : Beatrix Hoffman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 0807860727
Identifier : 9780807860724
Release : 2003-06-19
Publisher by : Univ of North Carolina Press
Category : Health & Fitness
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Description : Read Now The Wages Of Sickness by Beatrix Hoffman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the clinton administration's failed health care reform was not the first attempt to establish government-sponsored medical coverage in the united states. from 1915 to 1920, progressive reformers led a spirited but ultimately unsuccessful crusade for compulsory health insurance in new york state. beatrix hoffman argues that this first health insurance campaign was a crucial moment in the creation of the american welfare state and health care system. its defeat, she says, gave rise to an uneven and inegalitarian system of medical coverage and helped shape the limits of american social policy for the rest of the century. hoffman examines each of the major combatants in the battle over compulsory health insurance. while physicians, employers, the insurance industry, and conservative politicians forged a uniquely powerful coalition in opposition to health insurance proposals, she shows, reformers' potential allies within women's organizations and the labor movement were bitterly divided. against the backdrop of world war i and the red scare, opponents of reform denounced government-sponsored health insurance as "un-american" and, in the process, helped fashion a political culture that resists proposals for universal health care and a comprehensive welfare state even today.

Sweatshops at Sea Merchant Seamen in the World's First Globalized Industry, from 1812 to the Present

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Author by : Leon Fink
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 0807877808
Identifier : 9780807877807
Release : 2011-03-14
Publisher by : UNC Press Books
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Sweatshops At Sea by Leon Fink and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. as the main artery of international commerce, merchant shipping was the world's first globalized industry, often serving as a vanguard for issues touching on labor recruiting, the employment relationship, and regulatory enforcement that crossed national borders. in sweatshops at sea, historian leon fink examines the evolution of laws and labor relations governing ordinary seamen over the past two centuries. the merchant marine offers an ideal setting for examining the changing regulatory regimes applied to workers by the united states, great britain, and, ultimately, an organized world community. fink explores both how political and economic ends are reflected in maritime labor regulations and how agents of reform--including governments, trade unions, and global standard-setting authorities--grappled with the problems of applying land-based, national principles and regulations of labor discipline and management to the sea-going labor force. with the rise of powerful nation-states in a global marketplace in the nineteenth century, recruitment and regulation of a mercantile labor force emerged as a high priority and as a vexing problem for western powers. the history of exploitation, reform, and the evolving international governance of sea labor offers a compelling precedent in an age of more universal globalization of production and services.

Labour History Review

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : NWU:35556033619552
Release : 1999
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Great Britain
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The Emergence of a New West The Politics of Class and Gender in Seattle, Washington, 1880-1917

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Author by : John Clinton Putman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1038
Isbn :
Identifier : UCSD:31822028299881
Release : 2000
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Labor movement
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