Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers And Perspectives

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Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects Frontiers and perspectives

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Author by : Jorg Blasius, Jurgen Friedrichs, George Galster
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 131796800X
Identifier : 9781317968009
Release : 2013-10-31
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 2078706
Total Read : 8701100
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Description : Read Now Quantifying Neighbourhood Effects by Jorg Blasius, Jurgen Friedrichs, George Galster and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many policies in several western european countries and the u.s. aim to counter spatial concentrations of deprivation and create more socio-economically mixed residential areas. such policies are founded on the belief that neighbourhoods have a strong and independent effect upon the well-being and life-chances of individuals. the adequacy of the evidence base to support this position has been the subject of spirited debate on both sides of the atlantic. the primary purpose of this book is to contribute to this policy-relevant discussion by presenting new scholarship from many countries that rigorously quantifies various sorts of neighbourhood effects through the use of cutting-edge social scientific techniques. the secondary purpose of this book is to introduce these techniques to a wider array of housing and planning researchers and to show how a variety of disciplines have offered insightful, synergistic perspectives. research on neighbourhood effects has over the last 15 years led to a body of knowledge extending far beyond the sociological urban research where it originated. the problem of quantifying neighbourhood effects and the use of associated methodologies (like multi-level analysis, instrumental variables) has attracted scholars from criminology, sociology, social geography, economics and health science, and thus serves as a critical locus for interdisciplinary scholarship. this book was previously published as a special issue of housing studies.

Handbook of Life Course Health Development

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Author by : Neal Halfon, Christopher B. Forrest, Richard M. Lerner, Elaine M. Faustman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 664
Isbn : 3319471430
Identifier : 9783319471433
Release : 2017-11-20
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Medical
Total Download : 2558439
Total Read : 2228388
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Life Course Health Development by Neal Halfon, Christopher B. Forrest, Richard M. Lerner, Elaine M. Faustman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book is open access under a cc by 4.0 license. ​this handbook synthesizes and analyzes the growing knowledge base on life course health development (lchd) from the prenatal period through emerging adulthood, with implications for clinical practice and public health. it presents lchd as an innovative field with a sound theoretical framework for understanding wellness and disease from a lifespan perspective, replacing previous medical, biopsychosocial, and early genomic models of health. interdisciplinary chapters discuss major health concerns (diabetes, obesity), important less-studied conditions (hearing, kidney health), and large-scale issues (nutrition, adversity) from a lifespan viewpoint. in addition, chapters address methodological approaches and challenges by analyzing existing measures, studies, and surveys. the book concludes with the editors’ research agenda that proposes priorities for future lchd research and its application to health care practice and health policy. topics featured in the handbook include: the prenatal period and its effect on child obesity and metabolic outcomes. pregnancy complications and their effect on women’s cardiovascular health. a multi-level approach for obesity prevention in children. application of the lchd framework to autism spectrum disorder. socioeconomic disadvantage and its influence on health development across the lifespan. the importance of nutrition to optimal health development across the lifespan. the handbook of life course health development is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians/professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology/science; maternal and child health; social work; health economics; educational policy and politics; and medical law as well as many interrelated subdisciplines in psychology, medicine, public health, mental health, education, social welfare, economics, sociology, and law.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 198212
Total Read : 8595032
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Youth in Crisis? 'Gangs', Territoriality and Violence

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Author by : Barry Goldson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 1136833293
Identifier : 9781136833298
Release : 2011-03-17
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Law
Total Download : 3258121
Total Read : 2062733
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Description : Read Now Youth In Crisis? by Barry Goldson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. few issues attract greater concern and censure than those that surround youth 'gangs'. comprising a series of essays from leading national and international researchers, this book subjects such claims to rigorous critical scrutiny. it provides a challenging and authoritative account of complex questions pertaining to urban youth identities, crime and social order.

The British National Bibliography

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Author by : Arthur James Wells
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105211722678
Release : 2009
Publisher by :
Category : English literature
Total Download : 1049043
Total Read : 2165014
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Description : Read Now The British National Bibliography by Arthur James Wells and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Books in Print 2009-2010

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Author by :
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page :
Isbn : 9780835250191
Identifier : 0835250199
Release : 2009
Publisher by :
Category : Publishers' catalogs
Total Download : 2258007
Total Read : 1783704
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Description : Read Now Books In Print 2009 2010 by and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Strengthening Communities with Neighborhood Data

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Author by : G. Thomas Kingsley, Claudia J. Coulton, Kathryn L. S. Pettit
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 460
Isbn : 9781442277045
Identifier : 1442277041
Release : 2016-11-15
Publisher by : Urban Institute Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 3372843
Total Read : 6097284
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Description : Read Now Strengthening Communities With Neighborhood Data by G. Thomas Kingsley, Claudia J. Coulton, Kathryn L. S. Pettit and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. efforts to address the problems of distressed urban neighborhoods stretch back to the 1800s, but until relatively recently, data played little role in forming policy. it wasn't until the early 1990s that all of the factors necessary for rigorous, multifaceted analysis of neighborhood conditions--automated government records, geospatial information systems, and local organizations that could leverage both--converged. strengthening communities documents that convergence and details its progress, plotting the ways data are improving local governance in america.

Group-Based Modeling of Development

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Author by : Daniel NAGIN
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 213
Isbn : 0674041313
Identifier : 9780674041318
Release : 2009-06-30
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 2674324
Total Read : 9273550
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Description : Read Now Group Based Modeling Of Development by Daniel NAGIN and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book provides a systematic exposition of a group-based statistical method for analyzing longitudinal data in the social and behavioral sciences and in medicine. the methods can be applied to a wide range of data, such as that describing the progression of delinquency and criminality over the life course, changes in income over time, the course of a disease or physiological condition, or the evolution of the socioeconomic status of communities.

Puzzling Neighbourhood Effects Spatial Selection, Ethnic Concentration and Neighbourhood Impacts

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Author by : Wenda Doff
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 174
Isbn : 1607506483
Identifier : 9781607506485
Release : 2010-01-01
Publisher by : IOS Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 7436031
Total Read : 2992027
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Description : Read Now Puzzling Neighbourhood Effects by Wenda Doff and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. wenda doff is an urban sociologist. her research focuses on the interrelationships between housing choice, residential sorting, segregation and neighbourhood effects. her phd thesis puzzling neighbourhood effects contributes to a more holistic view on segregation and its potential significance for immigrants' socio-economic outcomes. at otb she has been involved in many projects, among which studies on residential segregation, housing choice and housing allocation, neighbourhood change and the social implications of urban restructuring.

Burden of Disease from Environmental Noise Quantification of Healthy Life Years Lost in Europe

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Author by :
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 106
Isbn : 9789289002295
Identifier : 9289002298
Release : 2011
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
Total Download : 6977589
Total Read : 3746983
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Description : Read Now Burden Of Disease From Environmental Noise by and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the health impacts of environmental noise are a growing concern. at least one million healthy life years are lost every year from traffic-related noise in the western part of europe. this publication summarizes the evidence on the relationship between environmental noise and health effects, including cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance, tinnitus, and annoyance. for each one, the environmental burden of disease methodology, based on exposure-response relationship, exposure distribution, background prevalence of disease and disability weights of the outcome, is applied to calculate the burden of disease in terms of disability-adjusted life-years. data are still lacking for the rest of the who european region. this publication provides policy-makers and their advisers with technical support in their quantitative risk assessment of environmental noise. international, national and local authorities can use the procedure for estimating burdens presented here to prioritize and plan environmental and public health policies.

Recurrence Quantification Analysis Theory and Best Practices

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Author by : Charles L. Webber, Jr., Norbert Marwan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 421
Isbn : 3319071556
Identifier : 9783319071558
Release : 2014-07-31
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
Total Download : 9457022
Total Read : 2584658
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Description : Read Now Recurrence Quantification Analysis by Charles L. Webber, Jr., Norbert Marwan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the analysis of recurrences in dynamical systems by using recurrence plots and their quantification is still an emerging field. over the past decades recurrence plots have proven to be valuable data visualization and analysis tools in the theoretical study of complex, time-varying dynamical systems as well as in various applications in biology, neuroscience, kinesiology, psychology, physiology, engineering, physics, geosciences, linguistics, finance, economics, and other disciplines. this multi-authored book intends to comprehensively introduce and showcase recent advances as well as established best practices concerning both theoretical and practical aspects of recurrence plot based analysis. edited and authored by leading researcher in the field, the various chapters address an interdisciplinary readership, ranging from theoretical physicists to application-oriented scientists in all data-providing disciplines.

Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Sexual and reproductive health

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Author by : Majid Ezzati
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 2248
Isbn : 9241580313
Identifier : 9789241580311
Release : 2004
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
Total Download : 9080164
Total Read : 6296975
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Description : Read Now Comparative Quantification Of Health Risks Sexual And Reproductive Health by Majid Ezzati and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during the last quarter of the twentieth century, a number of works have addressed both the methodological and empirical aspects of population-wide impacts of major causes of diseases. this gradual establishment of risk assessment, or risk quantification, has been driven partly by the academic curiosity of individual researchers and partly by the demands of regulatory agencies and public policy for better quantitative evidence on the health implications of certain risk exposures. these efforts nonetheless have generally been within the disciplinary and methodological traditions of individual risk factors and in a limited number of settings. as a result, the criteria for evaluating scientific evidence have varied greatly across risk factors resulting in lack of comparability across risk factors. this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the scientific evidence on prevalence and hazards, and the resulting health effects, of a range of exposures that are known to be hazardous to human health, including childhood and maternal undernutrition, nutritional and physiological risk factors for adult health, addictive substances, sexual and reproductive health, and risks in the physical environments of households and communities, as well as among workers. this book is the culmination of over 3 years of scientific enquiry and data collection, collectively known as the comparative risk assessment (cra) project, involving over 100 scientists, applying a common analytical framework and methods to ensure greater consistency and comparability in using and evaluating scientific evidence across risks. as a result, our understanding of the comparative extent of disease burden caused by various exposures worldwide has advanced, and key areas of scientific enquiry to better inform policy needs to reduce risks have been elucidated. as public health researchers and practitioners evaluate policy alternatives for improving population health, this book not only demonstrates the enormous potential for disease prevention but also provides a fundamental reference for the scientific evidence on some of the most important global risks to health.volumes 1 and 2 are hardbound; volume 3 is a cd-rom.

New Frontiers of the Capability Approach

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Author by : Flavio Comim, Shailaja Fennell, P. B. Anand
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 1108427804
Identifier : 9781108427807
Release : 2018-10-31
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 6334345
Total Read : 2905427
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Description : Read Now New Frontiers Of The Capability Approach by Flavio Comim, Shailaja Fennell, P. B. Anand and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. leading scholars from a range of disciplines contribute to an inclusive discussion of the latest techniques and issues examined by the capability approach. it will appeal to readers across academic backgrounds including development studies, economics, sociology, education, urban planning, political science, geography, public policy and management.

Homeowners and Neighborhood Reinvestment

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Author by : George C. Galster
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 354
Isbn : 9780822307259
Identifier : 0822307251
Release : 1987
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 148689
Total Read : 1153221
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Description : Read Now Homeowners And Neighborhood Reinvestment by George C. Galster and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book investigates the efforts of homeowners to maintain and improve their dwellings. their behavior, it has found, depends on economic variables as well as the sociological structure of their neighborhoods. residential satisfaction, expectations of the neighborhood, and mobility plans were taken into account. multivariate statistical analyses of models were conducted using household data from minneapolis and wooster, ohio. three important findings emerged. first, homeowners' sense of solidarity with their neighbors is as significant in determining their efforts at home upkeep as are their income or age. second, the optimism of homeowners toward increases in property values results in behavior opposite to that produced by optimism about neighborhood quality of life. this implies that different kinds of predictable gaming behavior occur among homeowners, depending on the neighborhoods in which they live. third, both short-term and extremely long-term plans to move prove damaging to home upkeep. the results of this study form the basis for a better understanding of such residential phenomena as class succession, racial transition, and gentrification. galster's findings will also be valuable for analyzing policies that attempt to encourage neighborhood reinvestment.

The Maze of Urban Housing Markets Theory, Evidence, and Policy

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Author by : Jerome Rothenberg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 549
Isbn : 9780226729510
Identifier : 0226729516
Release : 1991-11-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 5378060
Total Read : 6835958
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Description : Read Now The Maze Of Urban Housing Markets by Jerome Rothenberg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this powerful new theoretical approach to analyzing urban housing problems and the policies designed to rectify them will be a vital resource for urban planners, developers, policymakers, and economists. the search for the roots of serious urban housing problems such as homelessness, abandonment, rent burdens, slums, and gentrification has traditionally focused on the poorest sector of the housing market. the findings set forth in this volume show that the roots of such problems lie in the relationships among different parts of the market—not solely within the lower-quality portion—though that is where problems are most dramatically manifested and housing reforms are myopically focused. the authors propose a new understanding of the market structure characterized by a closely interrelated array of quality submarkets. their comprehensive models ground a unified theory that accounts for demand by both renters and owner occupants, supply by owners of existing dwellings, changes in the stock of housing due to conversions and new construction, and interactions across submarkets.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 8963967
Total Read : 972234
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.