Relativism And The Foundations Of Philosophy

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Relativism and the Foundations of Philosophy

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Author by : Hales
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 0262263130
Identifier : 9780262263139
Release : 2009-08-21
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Relativism And The Foundations Of Philosophy by Hales and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the grand and sweeping claims of many relativists might seem to amount to the argument that everything is relative--except the thesis of relativism. in this book, steven hales defends relativism, but in a more circumscribed form that applies specifically to philosophical propositions. his claim is that philosophical propositions are relatively true--true in some perspectives and false in others. hales defends this argument first by examining rational intuition as the method by which philosophers come to have the beliefs they do. analytic rationalism, he claims, has a foundational reliance on rational intuition as a method of acquiring basic beliefs. he then argues that there are other methods that people use to gain beliefs about philosophical topics that are strikingly analogous to rational intuition and examines two of these: christian revelation and the ritual use of hallucinogens. hales argues that rational intuition is not epistemically superior to either of these alternative methods. there are only three possible outcomes: we have no philosophical knowledge (skepticism); there are no philosophical propositions (naturalism); or there are knowable philosophical propositions, but our knowledge of them is relative to doxastic perspective. hales defends relativism against the charge that it is self-refuting and answers a variety of objections to this account of relativism. finally, he examines the most sweeping objection to relativism: that philosophical propositions are not merely relatively true, because there are no philosophical propositions--all propositions are ultimately empirical, as the naturalists contend. hales's somewhat disturbing conclusion--that intuition-driven philosophy does produce knowledge, but not absolute knowledge--is sure to inspire debate among philosophers.

A Companion to Relativism

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Author by : Steven D. Hales
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 648
Isbn : 9781444392487
Identifier : 1444392484
Release : 2011-03-21
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now A Companion To Relativism by Steven D. Hales and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a companion to relativism presents original contributions from leading scholars that address the latest thinking on the role of relativism in the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of science, logic, and metaphysics. features original contributions from many of the leading figures working on various aspects of relativism presents a substantial, broad range of current thinking about relativism addresses relativism from many of the major subfields of philosophy, including philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of science, logic, and metaphysics

Science and Relativism Some Key Controversies in the Philosophy of Science

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Author by : Larry Laudan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 180
Isbn : 9780226469492
Identifier : 0226469492
Release : 1990-08-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Science And Relativism by Larry Laudan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in recent years, many members of the intellectual community have embraced a radical relativism regarding knowledge in general and scientific knowledge in particular, holding that kuhn, quine, and feyerabend have knocked the traditional picture of scientific knowledge into a cocked hat. is philosophy of science, or mistaken impressions of it, responsible for the rise of relativism? in this book, laudan offers a trenchant, wide-ranging critique of cognitive relativism and a thorough introduction to major issues in the philosophy of knowledge.

Foundations for Moral Relativism Second Expanded Edition

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Author by : J. David Velleman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 156
Isbn : 1783740329
Identifier : 9781783740321
Release : 2015-11-23
Publisher by : Open Book Publishers
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Foundations For Moral Relativism by J. David Velleman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this new edition of foundations for moral relativism a distinguished moral philosopher tames a bugbear of current debate about cultural difference. j. david velleman shows that different communities can indeed be subject to incompatible moralities, because their local mores are rationally binding. at the same time, he explains why the mores of different communities, even when incompatible, are still variations on the same moral themes. the book thus maps out a universe of many moral worlds without, as velleman puts it, "moral black holes”. the six self-standing chapters discuss such diverse topics as online avatars and virtual worlds, lying in russian and truth-telling in quechua, the pleasure of solitude and the fear of absurdity. accessibly written, this book presupposes no prior training in philosophy.

This Is Philosophy An Introduction

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Author by : Steven D. Hales
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 1118327802
Identifier : 9781118327807
Release : 2012-12-05
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now This Is Philosophy by Steven D. Hales and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this is philosophy: an introduction offers an engagingly written introduction to philosophical concepts that include ethics, the existence of god, free will, personal identity, philosophy of mind, and epistemology. conveys the excitement and importance of philosophy while explaining difficult concepts clearly for the average undergraduate represents a student-friendly yet knowledgeable guide to the questions, problems, and great thinkers of philosophy extensive online student and instructor resources. features chapter-by-chapter links to supplemental materials and freely available online primary sources, a glossary, student comprehension self-assessment exercises, and more. instructors can also access a 175-question test bank and answer key, 40 powerpoint lectures available at https://www.wiley.com/en-us/thisisphilosophy/thisisphilosophyanintroduction

Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism

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Author by : Graham Long
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 275
Isbn : 1845402693
Identifier : 9781845402693
Release : 2011-10-04
Publisher by : Andrews UK Limited
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Relativism And The Foundations Of Liberalism by Graham Long and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. moral relativism is often regarded as both fatally flawed and incompatible with liberalism. this book aims to show why such criticism is misconceived. first, it argues that relativism provides a plausible account of moral justification. drawing on the contemporary relativist and universalist analyses of thinkers such as harman, nagel and habermas, it develops an alternative account of ‘coherence relativism’. turning to liberalism, the book argues that moral relativism is not only consistent with the claims of contemporary liberalism, but underpins those claims. the political liberalism of rawls and barry is founded on an unacknowledged commitment to a relativist account of justification. in combining these two elements, the book offers a new understanding of relativism, and demonstrates its relevance for contemporary liberal thought.

This Is Philosophy An Introduction

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Author by : Steven D. Hales
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 0470658835
Identifier : 9780470658833
Release : 2012-12-17
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now This Is Philosophy by Steven D. Hales and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this is philosophy: an introduction offers an engagingly written introduction to philosophical concepts that include ethics, the existence of god, free will, personal identity, philosophy of mind, and epistemology. conveys the excitement and importance of philosophy while explaining difficult concepts clearly for the average undergraduate links throughout to supplemental materials and freely available online primary sources features online student and instructor resources, including a 175-question test bank and answer key, 40 powerpoint lectures, a glossary, student comprehension self-assessment exercises, and more. represents a student-friendly yet knowledgeable guide to the questions, problems, and great thinkers of philosophy

Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

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Author by : Rowan Cruft
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 650
Isbn : 019968863X
Identifier : 9780199688630
Release : 2015
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Philosophical Foundations Of Human Rights by Rowan Cruft and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. readership: this book would be suitable for students, academics and scholars of law, philosophy, politics, international relations and economics

Knowledge, Science and Relativism

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Author by : P. K. Feyerabend
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 257
Isbn : 9780521641296
Identifier : 0521641292
Release : 1999-05-27
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Knowledge Science And Relativism by P. K. Feyerabend and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection of feyerabend's philosophical papers gathers together work originally published between 1960 and 1980.

Ethical Relativism An Analysis of the Foundations of Morality

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Author by : Mohammad A. Shomali
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 9781904063001
Identifier : 1904063004
Release : 2001-01-01
Publisher by : Saqi Books
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Ethical Relativism by Mohammad A. Shomali and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. today the issue of relativism is not only an academic subject, it has become a vital concern in sociology and politics, along with the issue of globalisation. this book studies ethical relativism in its most profound and recent forms, and argues that a non-relativist account of morality is capable of validating our moral experiences without undesirable implications. the author demonstrates that unlike during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, support for ethical relativism is now in decline. he proposes that the most promising strategy is first to settle the issue of the foundations of morality, and then to develop a new theory of morality based on self-love, moral ideas and the process of decision-making. this book brings a fresh perspective to the on-going debate on post-modernism and relativism, and should be of interest to all who study philosophy, theology and cultural studies, and those interested in spirituality.

Moral Relativism

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Author by : Steven Lukes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 237
Isbn : 1847653200
Identifier : 9781847653208
Release : 2011-05-26
Publisher by : Profile Books
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Moral Relativism by Steven Lukes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. do we as humans have no shared standards by which we can understand each other? do we truly have divergent views about what constitutes good and evil, harm and welfare, dignity and humiliation, or is there some underlying commonality that wins out? these questions show up everywhere, from the debate over female circumcision to the un declaration of human rights. they become ever more pressing in an age of mass immigration, religious extremism and the rise of identity politics. so by what right do we judge particular practices as barbaric? who are the real barbarians? this provocative book takes an enlightening look at what we believe, why we believe it and whether there really is an irreparable moral discord between 'us' and 'them'.

Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth Philosophical Papers

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Author by : Richard McKay Rorty
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 226
Isbn : 9780521358774
Identifier : 0521358779
Release : 1991
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Objectivity Relativism And Truth by Richard McKay Rorty and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. acknowledgments introduction: antirepresentationalism, ethnocentrism, and liberalism part i. solidarity or objectivity? 1. science as solidarity 2. is natural science a natural kind? 3. pragmatism without method 4. texts and lumps 5. inquiry as recontextualization: an anti-dualist account of interpretation part ii. non-reductive physicalism: 5. pragmatism, davidson and truth 6. representation, social practice, and truth 7. unfamiliar noises: hesse and davidson on metaphor part iii. the priority of democracy to philosophy: 8. postmodernist bourgeois liberalism 9. on ethnocentrism: a reply to clifford geertz 10. cosmopolitanism without emancipation: a response to jean-francois lyotard index of names.