Risk And Medical Decision Making

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Risk and Medical Decision Making

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Author by : Louis Eeckhoudt
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 135
Isbn : 1461509912
Identifier : 9781461509912
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Risk And Medical Decision Making by Louis Eeckhoudt and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for people interested in risk management, medical activity represents a stimulating field of study and thought. on the one hand, progress in medical knowledge and technology tends to reduce the risks to survival that individuals would face in the absence of appropriate diagnostic or therapeutic instruments. on the other hand, new medical technologies simultaneously create their own specific risks, sometimes simply because their effects are less well-known than those of established ones. in a sense any medical progress simultaneously generates new risks while destroying old ones. moreover, unlike many financial risks that can be either divided or transferred to others (e.g. through diversification, insurance or social security) the personal aspects of medical risks are by essence indivisible and non-transferable. as a result, they are in a sense more threatening than financial risks for risk averse patients. these two facts explain and justify the growing interest in risk economics for the fields of medical decision making and health economics. in risk and medical decision making, part 1 is developed inside the expected utility (e-u) model and analyses how comorbidity risks affect the well-known "test-treatment" thresholds. part 2 is devoted to a specific non e-u model with the same purpose: how would one define a threshold in this context and how would one value a diagnostic test? in each of these two parts both diagnostic and therapeutic risks are considered.

Medical decision-making in individuals at-risk for Alzheimer's disease the case of predictive testing

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Author by : Jeffrey Scott Roberts
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 396
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015043222630
Release : 1999
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Data Mining to Determine Risk in Medical Decisions

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Author by : Patricia B. Cerrito
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 257
Isbn : 1607508389
Identifier : 9781607508380
Release : 2011-01-01
Publisher by : IOS Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Data Mining To Determine Risk In Medical Decisions by Patricia B. Cerrito and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. demonstrates statistical techniques that can be used to investigate matters of risk that include kernel density estimation, predictive modeling, association rules and text analysis. this title discusses some of the flaws in models which may lead to misleading results.

Medical Decision Making

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Author by : Harold C. Sox
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 1118341562
Identifier : 9781118341568
Release : 2013-05-08
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Medical Decision Making by Harold C. Sox and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book clearly demonstrates how to best make medicaldecisions while incorporating clinical practice guidelines anddecision support systems for electronic medical record systems. new to this edition is how medical decision making ideas arebeing incorporated into clinical decision support systems inelectronic medical records and also how they are being used toshape practice guidelines and policies.

Medical Decision Making A Health Economic Primer

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Author by : Stefan Felder
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 253
Isbn : 3662534320
Identifier : 9783662534328
Release : 2017-03-30
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Medical Decision Making by Stefan Felder and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this textbook offers a comprehensive analysis of medical decision making under uncertainty by combining test information theory with expected utility theory. the book shows how the parameters of bayes’ theorem can be combined with a value function of health states to arrive at informed test and treatment decisions. the authors distinguish between risk-neutral, risk-averse and prudent decision makers and demonstrate the effects of risk preferences on physicians’ decisions. they analyze individual tests, multiple tests and endogenous tests where the test outcome is chosen by the decision maker. moreover, the topic is examined in the context of health economics by introducing a trade-off between enjoying health and consuming other goods, so that the extent of treatment and thus the potential improvement in the patient’s health becomes endogenous. finally, non-expected utility models of choice under risk and uncertainty (i.e. ambiguity) are presented. while these models can explain observed test and treatment decisions, they are not suitable for normative analyses aimed at providing guidance on medical decision making.

Medical Decision Making A Health Economic Primer

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Author by : Stefan Felder
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 253
Isbn : 3662534320
Identifier : 9783662534328
Release : 2017-03-30
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Medical Decision Making by Stefan Felder and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this textbook offers a comprehensive analysis of medical decision making under uncertainty by combining test information theory with expected utility theory. the book shows how the parameters of bayes’ theorem can be combined with a value function of health states to arrive at informed test and treatment decisions. the authors distinguish between risk-neutral, risk-averse and prudent decision makers and demonstrate the effects of risk preferences on physicians’ decisions. they analyze individual tests, multiple tests and endogenous tests where the test outcome is chosen by the decision maker. moreover, the topic is examined in the context of health economics by introducing a trade-off between enjoying health and consuming other goods, so that the extent of treatment and thus the potential improvement in the patient’s health becomes endogenous. finally, non-expected utility models of choice under risk and uncertainty (i.e. ambiguity) are presented. while these models can explain observed test and treatment decisions, they are not suitable for normative analyses aimed at providing guidance on medical decision making.

Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making

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Author by : Michael W. Kattan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1229
Isbn : 1412953723
Identifier : 9781412953726
Release : 2009-08-15
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of Medical Decision Making by Michael W. Kattan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the encyclopedia of medical decision making presents state-of-the-art research and ready-to-use facts sorting out findings on medical decision making and their applications.

Data Mining to Determine Risk in Medical Decisions

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Author by : P.B. Cerrito
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 257
Isbn : 1607508397
Identifier : 9781607508397
Release : 2011-11-15
Publisher by : IOS Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Data Mining To Determine Risk In Medical Decisions by P.B. Cerrito and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. decisions regarding the risks involved in medical treatments must belong to patients and their physicians – after all, it is the patient's health and life which is at stake. but patients will not be equipped for this decision-making process if they cannot be given some idea as to the risks and benefits of treatment. such risks are generally estimated by a consensus panel of specialist physicians using supporting medical literature. unfortunately, this literature does not always provide a good estimate of risk, particularly in the case of rare occurrences. this book demonstrates statistical techniques that can be used to investigate matters of risk. these include kernel density estimation, predictive modeling, association rules and text analysis. it also shows, through example, how these techniques can provide meaningful results, and examines current methods, discussing some of the flaws in models which may lead to misleading results. after a general introduction to the concept of medical risk, the subjects covered include the process by which rare occurrences are investigated in drugs or treatments, the trade-offs between risks and benefits, extrapolation of clinical trial results and the cost of healthcare in relation to risks. it also examines problems such as competing risks, error, and the use of group identities, as well as looking at the issue of futility. the book concludes with a chapter providing a general discussion and summary, and an appendix shows some of the processes for using sas enterprise miner to perform some of the models used in the text.

Essential Decision Making and Clinical Judgement for Nurses E-Book

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Author by : Carl Thompson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 0702042528
Identifier : 9780702042522
Release : 2009-07-17
Publisher by : Elsevier Health Sciences
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Essential Decision Making And Clinical Judgement For Nurses E Book by Carl Thompson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book provides the skills and knowledge to use information effectively when exercising professional judgement and clinical decisions. by integrating theory with practical examples, it provides an overview of the key issues facing nurses in decision making today. review of up-to-date research into clinical professional judgement and decision making focus on evidence and skills and knowledge relevant to nursing practice combines current theory with analysis of applications in practice learning exercises and self-assessment components in each chapter comprehensive coverage of subject

Breakthroughs in Decision Science and Risk Analysis

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Author by : Louis Anthony Cox, Jr.
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 1118938895
Identifier : 9781118938898
Release : 2015-02-23
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Breakthroughs In Decision Science And Risk Analysis by Louis Anthony Cox, Jr. and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. discover recent powerful advances in the theory, methods, and applications of decision and risk analysis focusing on modern advances and innovations in the field of decision analysis (da), breakthroughs in decision science and risk analysis presents theories and methods for making, improving, and learning from significant practical decisions. the book explains these new methods and important applications in an accessible and stimulating style for readers from multiple backgrounds, including psychology, economics, statistics, engineering, risk analysis, operations research, and management science. highlighting topics not conventionally found in da textbooks, the book illustrates genuine advances in practical decision science, including developments and trends that depart from, or break with, the standard axiomatic da paradigm in fundamental and useful ways. the book features methods for coping with realistic decision-making challenges such as online adaptive learning algorithms, innovations in robust decision-making, and the use of a variety of models to explain available data and recommend actions. in addition, the book illustrates how these techniques can be applied to dramatically improve risk management decisions. breakthroughs in decision science and risk analysis also includes: an emphasis on new approaches rather than only classical and traditional ideas discussions of how decision and risk analysis can be applied to improve high-stakes policy and management decisions coverage of the potential value and realism of decision science within applications in financial, health, safety, environmental, business, engineering, and security risk management innovative methods for deciding what actions to take when decision problems are not completely known or described or when useful probabilities cannot be specified recent breakthroughs in the psychology and brain science of risky decisions, mathematical foundations and techniques, and integration with learning and pattern recognition methods from computational intelligence breakthroughs in decision science and risk analysis is an ideal reference for researchers, consultants, and practitioners in the fields of decision science, operations research, business, management science, engineering, statistics, and mathematics. the book is also an appropriate guide for managers, analysts, and decision and policy makers in the areas of finance, health and safety, environment, business, engineering, and security risk management.

The Pharmacist's Guide to Evidence-Based Medicine for Clinical Decision Making

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Author by : Patrick J. Bryant
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 9781585282708
Identifier : 1585282707
Release : 2008-08-31
Publisher by : ASHP
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now The Pharmacist S Guide To Evidence Based Medicine For Clinical Decision Making by Patrick J. Bryant and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. while most practicing pharmacists are familiar with the term and the general concept of evidence-based medicine, few are adequately trained in the clinical application of these skills. developed to give clinical pharmacists an edge, this book provides a practical approach for applying sound ebm principles to your clinical decision making process. decision making based on personal experience alone, without knowledge from well-designed, controlled, randomized trials with adequate sample size, often overestimates the efficacy and underestimates the safety risks associated with drugs. this book provides a roadmap that is instructional and, most importantly, practical for the pharmacist so these new skills can be applied immediately in practice. based on a five-step process perfected over ten years at the university of missouri, kansas city, school of pharmacy, this exciting new approach will: · reduce complexity · shorten time for decision making support · maintain rigor · categorize quality of the evidence in a simple, straightforward, and logical manner · provide a process designed specifically for pharmacists making drug therapy decisions use of examples, tables, diagrams, and key points highlighted throughout the book and summarized at the end of each chapter provide the pharmacist with skills they can implement the next day to begin applying ebm principles to their practice.

Changing Values in Medical and Healthcare Decision-Making

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Author by : Uffe Juul Jensen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 195
Isbn : 9780471926344
Identifier : 0471926345
Release : 1990
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Changing Values In Medical And Healthcare Decision Making by Uffe Juul Jensen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the growing emphasis on the ethical dimensions of medical care is leading to increased interest among doctors and health care professionals in the applications of ethics to clinical decision making. recent advances in biomedicine have brought about a situation where there is often a variety of treatment plans open to the clinician; the discipline of clinical ethics strives to provide principles and methods for determining which treatments should be pursued. changing values in medical and health care decision making charts the progress of changing values in medical and health care decision making, particularly as a result of economic and financial pressures. it evaluates concepts such as risk and need, whose values are relevant to which decisions, the changing emphasis of medicine and the relevance of value judgements in clinical decisions. this is looked at from a number of different perspectives, disciplines and nationalities, to give a cross-disciplinary, international approach; and in addition to medical aspects, philosophical, legal and economic issues are discussed, providing a focus and stimulus for debate.