Risking Free Trade The Politics Of Trade In Britain Canada Mexico And The United States

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Risking Free Trade The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico, and the United States

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Author by : Michael Lusztig
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 272
Isbn : 0822974789
Identifier : 9780822974789
Release : 1996-12-15
Publisher by : University of Pittsburgh Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Risking Free Trade by Michael Lusztig and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. there are few issues as politically explosive as the liberalization of trade, as recent controversies in the united states, canada, and mexico have shown. while loosening trade restrictions may make sense for a nation’s economy as a whole, it typically alienates powerful vested interests. those interests can exact severe political costs for the government that enacts change. so why accept the risk? michael lusztig contructs a model to determine why and under what conditions governments will take the free trade gamble. lusztig uses his model to explain shifts to free trade in four cases: britain’s repeal of the corn laws; the united states’ enactment of the reciprocal trade agreements act (1934); canada’s decision to initiate continental free trade with the united states in 1985; and mexico’s decision to pursue the north american free trade agreement (nafta) in 1990.

International Trade and Political Institutions Instituting Trade in the Long Nineteenth Century

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Author by : Fiona McGillivray
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 242
Isbn : 9781843767329
Identifier : 1843767325
Release : 2001-01-01
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now International Trade And Political Institutions by Fiona McGillivray and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. 'in international trade and political institutions, four leading young scholars of comparative and international political economy come together to analyse aspects of trade policy from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries. combining theoretical sophistication with empirical depth, they provide cogent arguments about the interaction of interests, institutions, and ideas in a period of crucial importance to those who would like to understand the sources and implications of global economic integration. this exciting volume will be of great interest for scholars concerned with international trade, political economy, and the history of the nineteenth-century world economy.' - jeffry a. frieden, harvard university, us 'this fascinating volume should be read by political scientists, economists, and historians interested in the political formation of trade policy. the papers consider a rich set of historical examples and never fail to be provocative and interesting.' - douglas irwin, dartmouth college, us it is a widely held view that politics plays an important role in determining international trade policy. defining precisely why, and how, politics matters is more difficult. despite the benefits of trade, few nations have wholeheartedly adopted free trade policies, and when they do so it is by managing trade through international institutions and multi- or bilateral trade treaties. international trade and political institutions broadens the public choice theory of trade politics to allow for the study of ideas and institutions within a longer time horizon. the authors use theoretically rigorous historical analysis of international political economy and four important case studies to help untangle the role of ideology, institutions and interests. this illuminating book connects the fields of economics, political economy and history to shed new light on trade theory.

Trading Blows Party Competition and U.S. Trade Policy in a Globalizing Era

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Author by : James Shoch
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 400
Isbn : 0807875317
Identifier : 9780807875315
Release : 2003-01-14
Publisher by : Univ of North Carolina Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Trading Blows by James Shoch and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for the past two decades, trade policy has been high on the american political agenda, thanks to the growing integration of the united states into the global economy and the wealth of debate this development has sparked. although scholars have explored many aspects of u.s. trade policy, there has been little study of the role played by party politics. with trading blows, james shoch fills that gap. shoch offers detailed case studies of almost all of the major trade issues of the reagan, bush, and clinton eras, including administrative and legislative efforts to curb auto, steel, and other imports and to open up markets in japan and elsewhere, as well as free-trade initiatives such as the north american free trade agreement (nafta), the general agreement on tariffs and trade (gatt) treaty that concluded the uruguay round of international trade talks, the extension of presidential fast-track trade negotiating authority, and the approval of permanent normal trade relations with china. in so doing, he explains the complex patterns of party competition over u.s. trade policy since 1980 and demonstrates the significant impact that party politics has had on the nation's recent trade policy decisions.

The Limits of Protectionism Building Coalitions for Free Trade

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Author by : Michael Lusztig
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 272
Isbn : 9780822972563
Identifier : 0822972565
Release :
Publisher by : University of Pittsburgh Pre
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Limits Of Protectionism by Michael Lusztig and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. conventional wisdom holds that free trade is economically beneficial to nations. but this does not prevent industries and interest groups from lobbying their governments for protection, which creates a fear of electoral backlash among politicians hoping to promote free trade. the limits of protectionism demonstrates how governments can attain those economic benefits while avoiding the political costs. michael lusztig's theoretical model focuses on a process by which protectionists can be pushed to restructure and compete in a global economy. in this process, a small cutback in domestic protection leads to lost market shares at home; producers must then turn to overseas exports, and, as the size of foreign profits grow, former protectionists become active advocates for more and greater free trade opportunities. in a wide-ranging array of case studies—from nineteenth-century britain to depression-era united states to contemporary new zealand, australia, brazil, canada, chile, and mexico—lusztig reveals that, if skillfully handled, governments can eliminate the obstacles to free trade and enjoy continued economic growth without fear of protectionist groups seeking revenge at the ballot box.

Author by : Fabian Amtenbrink
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 454
Isbn : 9462652430
Identifier : 9789462652439
Release : 2018-07-26
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Netherlands Yearbook Of International Law 2017 by Fabian Amtenbrink and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume of the netherlands yearbook of international law explores emerging trends and key developments in international economic law. it examines shifts in the levels of cooperation (from multilateral to plurilateral, regional or bilateral—or vice versa), and shifts in the forms of cooperation (new types of actors and instruments). these trends are analysed both from a conceptual and a practical perspective, with contributions addressing drivers for change, historical perspectives, future developments, and evolutions in specific policy fields. while a focus on international economic law may certainly not tell the whole story in relation to shifts in levels and forms of international cooperation, it does allow for a more detailed analysis of some of the important trends we currently witness. the netherlands yearbook of international law was first published in 1970. it offers a forum for the publication of scholarly articles in a varying thematic area of public international law.

Neoliberal Mercantilism and North American Free Trade A Study of the Political Causes of Globalization

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Author by : Malcolm Henry Fairbrother
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 692
Isbn :
Identifier : UCAL:C3507728
Release : 2006
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now Neoliberal Mercantilism And North American Free Trade by Malcolm Henry Fairbrother and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this dissertation investigates why and how different types of countries have embraced economic globalization in the last 25 years, often reversing in the process previous policies of restraining international economic integration. empirically, the dissertation uses a comparative analysis of the pathways by which canada, mexico, and the united states each arrived at the decisions to negotiate and ratify continental free trade agreements. a bilateral agreement between canada and the u.s. (implemented in 1989) and the trilateral north american free trade agreement (1994) have contributed substantially to the internationalization of these three countries' economies. on the basis of this comparative analysis, the dissertation makes three main arguments. first, differences in the three countries' trajectories were caused both by variation in the relationships between their respective private and public sectors, and by the hierarchical transnational relationships among the three countries' business classes. these relationships were in turn rooted in enduring differences in the three countries' positions in the world economy. changes in external economic relationships over time, however, provided the impetus for each country's embrace of north american integration. second, the dissertation shows that these changing social structural circumstances contributed to changes in political and economic elites' worldviews, which subsequently motivated their decisions to pursue free trade. within each country, recognized economic policy experts contributed to these ideational shifts. but their intellectual influence was constrained by business people's common mercantilist understanding of international trade, forcing experts to use arguments based on a hybrid economic worldview i call "neoliberal mercantilism." third, the dissertation examines how each country's business class established and sustained internal unanimity in support of regional free trade, despite the threat of opposition from business actors vulnerable to increased import competition. states included potentially hostile industries in the negotiations, and provided them with preferential---sometimes trade-restrictive---content in the terms of the agreements, thereby muting latent intra-business conflicts of interest. the resulting class unity proved essential for the political feasibility of regional economic integration. to make these arguments, the dissertation applies selective insights from gramsci's theory of hegemony, and speaks to literatures on ideas in politics, business class formation, and international economic relations.

Symposium North American migration, trade and security

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Author by : Dedman School of Law
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn :
Identifier : STANFORD:36105063279769
Release : 2005
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Law
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Policy Studies Journal The Journal of the Policy Studies Organization

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : UCSD:31822027657733
Release : 1972
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Policy sciences
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Friends of the Court The Privileging of Interest Group Litigants in Canada

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Author by : Ian Brodie
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 183
Isbn : 0791488969
Identifier : 9780791488966
Release : 2012-02-01
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Category : Law
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Taking Trade to the Streets The Lost History of Public Efforts to Shape Globalization

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Author by : Susan A. Aaronson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn :
Identifier : UCSD:31822030073167
Release : 2001
Publisher by : Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Taking Trade To The Streets by Susan A. Aaronson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the wake of civil protest in seattle during the 1999 world trade organization meeting, many issues raised by globalization and increasingly free trade have been in the forefront of the news. but these issues are not necessarily new. taking trade to the streets describes how so many individuals and nongovernmental organizations came over time to see trade agreements as threatening national systems of social and environmental regulations. using the united states as a case study, susan ariel aaronson examines the history of trade agreement critics, focusing particular attention on nafta (the north american free trade agreement between canada, mexico, and the united states) and the tokyo and uruguay rounds of trade liberalization under the gatt. she also considers the question of whether such trade agreement critics are truly protectionist. the book explores how trade agreement critics built a fluid global movement to redefine the terms of trade agreements (the international system of rules governing trade) and to redefine how citizens talk about trade. (the "terms of trade" is a relationship between the prices of exports and of imports.) that movement, which has been growing since the 1980s, transcends borders as well as longstanding views about the role of government in the economy. while many trade agreement critics on the left say they want government policies to make markets more equitable, they find themselves allied with activists on the right who want to reduce the role of government in the economy. aaronson highlights three hot-button social issues--food safety, the environment, and labor standards--to illustrate how conflicts arise between trade and other types of regulation. and finally she calls for a careful evaluation of the terms of trade from which an honest debate over regulating the global economy might emerge. ultimately, this book links the history of trade policy to the history of social regulation. it is a social, political, and economic history that will be of interest to policymakers and students of history, economics, political science, government, trade, sociology, and international affairs. susan ariel aaronson is senior fellow at the national policy institute and occasional commentator on national public radio's "morning edition."

Handbook of Canadian foreign policy

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Author by : Patrick James
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 607
Isbn : 9780739106945
Identifier : 0739106945
Release : 2006-04
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Canadian Foreign Policy by Patrick James and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. handbook of canadian foreign policy is the most comprehensive book of its kind, offering an updated examination of canada's international role some 15 years after the dismantling of the berlin wall ushered in a new era in world politics. highlighting both well-known and understudied topics, this handbook presents a marriage of the familiar and the underappreciated that enables readers to grasp much of the complexity of current canadian foreign policy and appreciate the challenges policymakers must meet in the early 21st century.

Québec Studies

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : IND:30000047690825
Release : 1997
Publisher by : no defined
Category : French-Canadian literature
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