Species A History Of The Idea

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Species A History of the Idea

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Author by : John S. Wilkins
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0520271394
Identifier : 9780520271395
Release : 2011-11
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Species by John S. Wilkins and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this comprehensive work, john s. wilkins traces the history of the idea of "species" from antiquity to today, providing a new perspective on the relationship between philosophical and biological approaches.--[book cover].

Species The Evolution of the Idea, Second Edition

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Author by : John S. Wilkins
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 389
Isbn : 1351677993
Identifier : 9781351677998
Release : 2018-01-29
Publisher by : CRC Press
Category : Nature
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Description : Read Now Species by John S. Wilkins and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over time the complex idea of "species" has evolved, yet its meaning is far from resolved. this comprehensive work is a fresh look at an idea central to the field of biology by tracing its history from antiquity to today. species is a benchmark exploration and clarification of a concept fundamental to the past, present, and future of the natural sciences. in this edition, a section is added on the debate over species since the time of the new synthesis, and brings the book up to date. a section on recent philosophical debates over species has also been added. this edition is better suited non-specialists in philosophy, so that it will be of greater use for scientists wishing to understand how the notion came to be that living organisms form species. key selling features: covers the philosophical and historical development of the concept of "species" documents that variation was recognized by pre-darwinian scholars includes a section on the debates since the time of the new synthesis better suited to non-philosophers

Defining Species A Sourcebook from Antiquity to Today

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Author by : John S. Wilkins
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 224
Isbn : 9781433102165
Identifier : 1433102161
Release : 2009
Publisher by : Peter Lang
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Defining Species by John S. Wilkins and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book was listed as a choice outstanding academic title in 2011. defining species: a sourcebook from antiquity to today provides excerpts and commentary on the definition of «species» from source material ranging from the greeks, through the middle ages, to the modern era. it demonstrates that the logical meaning of species is in direct contrast to the use of kind terms and concepts in natural history and biology, and that the myth that biologists or natural historians were ever essentialists about kinds is mistaken.

Evolution The History of an Idea

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Author by : Peter J. Bowler
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 432
Isbn : 9780520063860
Identifier : 0520063864
Release : 1989-01-01
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : Evolution
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Description : Read Now Evolution by Peter J. Bowler and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edition of evolution: the history of an idea is augmented by the most recent contributions to the history and study of evolutionary theory. it includes an updated bibliography that offers an unparalleled guide to further reading. as in the original edition, bowler's evenhanded approach not only clarifies the history of his controversial subject but also adds significantly to our understanding of contemporary debates over it. the idea of evolution continued to evolve. - back cover.

The History of the Race Idea From Ray to Carus

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Author by : Eric Voegelin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 189
Isbn : 9780807118436
Identifier : 0807118435
Release : 1998
Publisher by : University of Missouri Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now The History Of The Race Idea by Eric Voegelin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the history of the race idea: from ray to carus, eric voegelin places the rise of the race idea in the context of the development of modern philosophy. the history of the race idea, according to voegelin, begins with the postchristian orientation toward a natural system of living forms. in the late seventeenth century, philosophy set about a new task--to oppose the devaluation of man's physical nature. by the middle of the eighteenth century the effort of philosophy was to place man, with his variety of physical manifestations throughout the world, within a systemic order of nature. voegelin perceives the problem of race as the epitome of the difficulties presented by this new theoretical approach. part i covers the development of race theories from the english naturalist john ray to blumenbach and kant. voegelin, anticipating fairly recent genetic insights, explains that human beings must be seen as one speciesdifferent races must not be interpreted as emerging from separate species. in part ii, voegelin discusses the evolution of the concepts of the body, the organism, and the person. the finite image of the person as a body-mind unit in which body is equal to mind in value provides the basis for carl gustav carus' theory of race, the first significant racial ideology, in voegelin's estimation. voegelin's complex analysis levels a scathing critique at nazi pretensions. he writes: "compared to its classical form, the current condition of race theory is one of decay. . . . [t]hese men, with no eyes for the brilliance of the german spirit, want to interfere in human relations and ultimately presume to explicate the german nation to us and to the world--an undertaking with evil consequences. . . . [the] great thinkers of the past would have been orrified at somebody finding in himself all the traits of the nordic race with the help of a book on anthropology and then imagining himself to be somebody special who does not have to do anything else. "let us now take a look at contemporary race theory--we will see an image of destruction. . . . it is a nightmare to think that we should recognize the people whom we follow and whom we allow to come near us not by their looks, their words, and their gestures, but by their cranial index." ultimately, voegelin dismisses any attempt to reduce the human being--his existence, appearance, or actionsto a lower level: "man as mind-body and historical substance cannot be 1explained' by an element that is less than man himself."

Species Concepts in Biology Historical Development, Theoretical Foundations and Practical Relevance

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Author by : Frank E. Zachos
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 220
Isbn : 3319449664
Identifier : 9783319449661
Release : 2016-10-05
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Species Concepts In Biology by Frank E. Zachos and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. frank e. zachos offers a comprehensive review of one of today’s most important and contentious issues in biology: the species problem. after setting the stage with key background information on the topic, the book provides a brief history of species concepts from antiquity to the modern synthesis, followed by a discussion of the ontological status of species with a focus on the individuality thesis and potential means of reconciling it with other philosophical approaches. more than 30 different species concepts found in the literature are presented in an annotated list, and the most important ones, including the biological, genetic, evolutionary and different versions of the phylogenetic species concept, are discussed in more detail. specific questions addressed include the problem of asexual and prokaryotic species, intraspecific categories like subspecies and evolutionarily significant units, and a potential solution to the species problem based on a hierarchical approach that distinguishes between ontological and operational species concepts. a full chapter is dedicated to the challenge of delimiting species by means of a discrete taxonomy in a continuous world of inherently fuzzy boundaries. further, the book outlines the practical ramifications for ecology and evolutionary biology of how we define the species category, highlighting the danger of an apples and oranges problem if what we subsume under the same name (“species”) is in actuality a variety of different entities. a succinct summary chapter, glossary and annotated list of references round out the coverage, making the book essential reading for all biologists looking for an accessible introduction to the historical, philosophical and practical dimensions of the species problem.

Catching Fire How Cooking Made Us Human

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Author by : Richard W. Wrangham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 309
Isbn : 184668286X
Identifier : 9781846682865
Release : 2010
Publisher by : Profile Books
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Catching Fire by Richard W. Wrangham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this stunningly original book, richard wrangham argues that it was cooking that caused the extraordinary transformation of our ancestors from apelike beings to homo erectus. at the heart of catching fire lies an explosive new idea: the habit of eating cooked rather than raw food permitted the digestive tract to shrink and the human brain to grow, helped structure human society, and created the male-female division of labour. as our ancestors adapted to using fire, humans emerged as "the cooking apes". covering everything from food-labelling and overweight pets to raw-food faddists, catching fire offers a startlingly original argument about how we came to be the social, intelligent, and sexual species we are today. "this notion is surprising, fresh and, in the hands of richard wrangham, utterly persuasive ... big, new ideas do not come along often in evolution these days, but this is one." -matt ridley, author of genome

Porsche - Origin of the Species Foreword by Jerry Seinfeld

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Author by : Karl E. Ludvigsen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 9780837613314
Identifier : 0837613310
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Bentleypublishers.com
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Porsche Origin Of The Species by Karl E. Ludvigsen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. within jerry seinfeld's renowned porsche collection resides an unassuming yet extraordinary piece of porsche history: porsche gmünd coupe 356/2-040. captured exclusively for this book in a series of evocative portraits by acclaimed automotive photographer michael furman, 040s unsullied originality conveys with startling immediacy the combination of artistry, innovation and determination that went into its improbable creation. porsche-origin of the species will appeal to all car enthusiasts who are eager to know what events really ignited the spark from which all other porsches evolved

Treatise on mineralogy, or The natural history of the mineral kingdom, tr. with additions by W. Haidinger

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Author by : Friedrich Mohs
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn :
Identifier : OXFORD:600000816
Release : 1825
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Principles of Evolution: Systems, Species, and the History of Life

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Author by : Jonathan Bard
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 392
Isbn : 1351854771
Identifier : 9781351854771
Release : 2016-09-12
Publisher by : Garland Science
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Principles Of Evolution Systems Species And The History Of Life by Jonathan Bard and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. principles of evolution considers evolution in the context of systems biology, a contemporary approach for handling biological complexity. evolution needs this systems perspective for three reasons. first, most activity in living organisms is driven by complex networks of proteins and this has direct implications, particularly for understanding evo-devo and for seeing how variation is initiated. second, it provides the natural language for discussing phylogenetic trees. third, evolutionary change involves events at levels ranging from the genome to the ecosystem and systems biology provides a context for integrating material of this complexity. understanding evolution means, on the one hand, describing the history of life and, on the other, making sense of the principles that drove that history. the solution adopted here is to make the science of evolution the primary focus of the book and place the various parts of the history of life in the context of the research that unpicks it. this means that the history is widely distributed across the text. this concise textbook assumes that the reader has a fair amount of biological knowledge and gives equal weight to all the major themes of evolution: the fossil record, phylogenetics, evodevo, and speciation. principles of evolution will therefore be an interesting and thought-provoking read for honors-level undergraduates, and graduates working in the biological sciences.

Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace

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Author by : Mary Colson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 48
Isbn : 1482413507
Identifier : 9781482413502
Release : 2014-08-01
Publisher by : Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
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Description : Read Now Charles Darwin And Alfred Russel Wallace by Mary Colson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. while charles darwin is familiar to so many, alfred wallace's contribution to science and especially to the theory of evolution was invaluable. the two traveled the world separately and developed their ideas separately, but darwin published his theory first. rather than become enemies, they both worked to promote acceptance of the controversial ideas. readers will be interested in the biographies of these globetrotting scientists as well as actual quotes that aid in a better understanding of the men and their motivations.

Sapiens A Brief History of Humankind

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Author by : Yuval Noah Harari
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 464
Isbn : 9780771038518
Identifier : 0771038518
Release : 2016-05-10
Publisher by : Signal
Category :
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Description : Read Now Sapiens by Yuval Noah Harari and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. destined to become a modern classic in the vein of guns, germs, and steel, sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective. 100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. today there is just one. us. homo sapiens. how did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? how did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? and what will our world be like in the millennia to come? in sapiens, dr. yuval noah harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the cognitive, agricultural, and scientific revolutions. drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. have we become happier as history has unfolded? can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? and what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? bold, wide-ranging and provocative, sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.