State Of The World Children 2013

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State of the World's Children 2013 Children with Disabilities

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Author by : United Nations
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 160
Isbn : 9789280646566
Identifier : 9280646567
Release : 2013-02
Publisher by : United Nations Publications
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now State Of The World S Children 2013 by United Nations and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. one in every seven children is disabled. children with disabilities are among the most likely to be marginalized, poor and vulnerable. unicef is committed to improving the lives of children, particularly those who face the greatest disadvantages. the report will investigate the web of barriers disabled children face: discrimination, harmful norms and the lack of accurate information. the report will analyse and provide good-practice guidance on: inclusive health and education; prevention; nutrition; protection from violence, exploitation and abuse; emergency response; institutionalization; and the role of appropriate technology and infrastructure

White Paper on Human Rights in North Korea 2015

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Author by : Do Kyung-ok
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 528
Isbn : 8984798029
Identifier : 9788984798021
Release : 2015-09-24
Publisher by : 길잡이미디어
Category :
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Description : Read Now White Paper On Human Rights In North Korea 2015 by Do Kyung-ok and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the 2015 edition of the white paper on human rights in north korea marks the 20th year of the series since its first publication in 1996. this white paper is based on in-depth interviews with 221 of the 1,396 north koreans who escaped to south korea in 2014. these samples were selected with their demographic characteristics and social backgrounds taken into account. below are the key highlights of the survey: in its national report for the universal periodic review submitted to the united nations (un) human rights council on january 30, 2014, north korea explained that death penalty is applied to extremely restricted cases. in reality, however, north korea has an extensive list of crimes punishable by the death penalty, defined not just by the criminal law but also by its addendum; the death penalty may also be imposed by promulgations, instructions and other alternative formats. north korean defectors, who have witnessed the death penalty carried out in public, have provided testimony that it has actually been given for a wide range of crimes. of special note is that over the last few years, the number of people put to death for watching/distributing south korean video recordings or smuggling/trafficking narcotics is on a remarkable rise. this was widely observed in our 2014 survey, too. human rights violations in ordinary prison camps (kyohwaso), labor training camps (rodongdanryundae), holding centers (jipkyulso), detention centers, political prison camps (kwanliso), and other detention facilities are still known to be serious. inhumane treatment including torture and beatings are part of the daily routine; nutrition, medical care, and hygiene are also very poor. in our 2014 survey, however, some interviewees suggested that the human rights conditions in ordinary prison camps (kyohwaso) were improving somewhat. north korean defector xxx, who was held for a long time at the jongori kyohwaso, where a massive number of violent incidents and human rights violations reportedly took place, explained that beatings at the kyohwaso was on the decrease. north korean defector xxx, who had been detained at the jongori kyohwaso until recently, said that strenuous effort was being made to bring fatal incidents under control as the reality of the human rights infringements at the kyohwaso were known to the outside world through former inmates. meanwhile, the 2014 survey results include testimonies on those released from political prison camps (kwanliso) in 2012 and 2013 —after kim jong-un took over as the new leader of north korea. witnesses explained that their release was “based on kim jong-un’s policy that those who have one percent of a conscience are given a second chance despite 99 percent of their faults”; and that “these people were released as kim jong-un, upon taking office, told those whose crimes were motivated by personal grievance, as opposed to criticism of the state, should be freed, which is within the context of his politics of law.” similar cases can be found in north korea’s on-site open trials system, too. testimonies from north korean defectors show that, when on-site open trials were conducted for a large number of people held for the same charge, some of them are executed immediately in public as “examples” while others are found innocent and released, allegedly due to kim jong-un’s consideration or policy. while unleashing a reign of terror against the power elites, the young leader seems to be seeking to present himself to ordinary citizens as a leader who loves the people. nonetheless, the very fact that these measures are possible shows his policies and instructions have supra-legal authority in north korea. a typical infringement on freedom of residence, the practice of forced deportation is still found to be widespread. north korean defector xxx testified that in 2013, during his on-site instructions in musan, kim jong-un ordered transformation of the city boundaries into an exemplary area. this led to the forced deportation of more than 600 households living within 300 meters of the city boundaries. such massive involuntary relocation was enforced primarily upon family members of illegal border crossers or those with criminal records (such as illegal use of a mobile phone). a number of testimonies also suggested that forced deportation has been on the increase since mid-2013 in samjiyon county, within which is the hometown of kim jong-il. in particular, those whose parents are from rural areas, former detainees at ordinary prison camps (kyohwaso) and their family members, and illegal border crossers are first to be relocated. according to the 2014 survey results, little progress has been made in improving north koreans’ rights to food and health. when it comes to the right to food, the total volume of food available has increased since 2010, but north korea’s discriminatory distribution policies has led to continued discrepancy among ordinary citizens in their access to food. collection of excessive amounts of produce from farm workers, in particular, has undermined their right to food on a continuous basis. this seems partly attributable to the assignment of unrealistically high production quota and the falsification of distribution documents. excluded from the public distribution system (pds), marginalized members of north korean society tap into money offered by loan sharks to deal with the scarcity, ending up suffering even more. in the 2014 survey, however, a large number of interviewees said the public distribution supply has temporarily improved since 2012 as north korean authorities released military provisions. as for the right to health, the uneven distribution of resources as a result of economic hardship and military-first politics has destroyed the medical system as a whole. the absolute lack of medicine and basic medical equipment has continued, while some interviewees pointed out in the 2014 survey that an increasing amount of medicine was being provided by jungsung pharmaceuticals. meanwhile, as the north’s free treatment system is not working properly, patients in need of surgery often end up paying for the related costs for themselves. the military ranks are also seeing their right to health deteriorating: some interviewees stated that the military was also short on medicine, and not just civil society. the community doctor system and other mechanisms of preventive medicine propagandized by the north korean authorities are not functioning properly. community doctors are currently incapable of treating patients and can only issue medical certificates; they are known to work primarily on vaccinations (such as preventive injections against epidemics). a large number of interviewees in the 2014 survey said that vaccination was being offered. vaccination seems to be improving efforts to prevent disease. areas receiving aid from the un and other international actors also enjoy relatively better medical treatment. despite many constraints and the resulting shortcomings, we hope that this white paper will draw more attention at home and abroad to the issue of human rights in north korean while contributing to domestic and international discussion and action on improving the situation.

White Paper on Human Rights in North Korea 2014

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Author by : Korea Institute for National Unification
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 656
Isbn : 8984797669
Identifier : 9788984797666
Release : 2014-09-10
Publisher by : 길잡이미디어
Category : Civil rights
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Voice and Agency Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity

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Author by : Jeni Klugman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 236
Isbn : 1464803609
Identifier : 9781464803604
Release : 2014-09-29
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Voice And Agency by Jeni Klugman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite recent advances in important aspects of the lives of girls and women, pervasive challenges remain. these challenges reflect widespread deprivations and constraints and include epidemic levels of gender-based violence and discriminatory laws and norms that prevent women from owning property, being educated, and making meaningful decisions about their own lives--such as whether and when to marry or have children. these often violate their most basic rights and are magnified and multiplied by poverty and lack of education. this groundbreaking book distills vast data and hundreds of studies to shed new light on deprivations and constraints facing the voice and agency of women and girls worldwide, and on the associated costs for individuals, families, communities, and global development. the volume presents major new findings about the patterns of constraints and overlapping deprivations and focuses on several areas key to women s empowerment: freedom from violence, sexual and reproductive health and rights, ownership of land and housing, and voice and collective action. it highlights promising reforms and interventions from around the world and lays out an urgent agenda for governments, civil society, development agencies, and other stakeholders, including a call for greater investment in data and knowledge to benchmark progress.

Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa

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Author by : Safaa El-Kogali
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 340
Isbn : 1464803242
Identifier : 9781464803246
Release : 2015-01-28
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Category : Education
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Description : Read Now Expanding Opportunities For The Next Generation by Safaa El-Kogali and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. early childhood is the most important stage of human development yet in middle east and north africa countries there is little research and inadequate investment in this crucial stage of life. this book covers risk, protective factors, policies and programs that can address inequality and shortfalls in the early years of life.

Stories of Changes from Open Diaries: The Joint Effects of Radio Messaging and Group Discussions to Fight Child Marriage

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Author by : Getnet Eshetu
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 146
Isbn : 3954893207
Identifier : 9783954893201
Release : 2014-09
Publisher by : Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Stories Of Changes From Open Diaries The Joint Effects Of Radio Messaging And Group Discussions To Fight Child Marriage by Getnet Eshetu and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many studies have underlined the high prevalence of child marriage in ethiopia, particularly in the amhara region, and their devastating effects on the mental and physical health of the girls involved. this qualitative research aims to investigate the effectiveness of multimedia messaging – including radio and print messaging, face-to-face group discussions as well as interactions with a radio station – in altering people’s perception of child marriage. by analysing reflection statements in group diaries, the study identifies changes in the knowledge, attitude and practices (kaps) concerning child marriage of a multimedia audience in three districts of the north gondar zone in the amhara region. the study contains a comprehensive literature review, comprising several findings regarding the magnitude of child marriage practices. using the hybrid qualitative method of thematic analysis, it highlights important features and drawbacks of potential approaches to mobilising the community against child marriage. moreover, a detailed description of multimedia intervention procedures is included, which can serve as a guideline for media practitioners and social development initiatives.

The State of the World's Children 2017 (Arabic) Children, Food and Nutrition

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 200
Isbn : 9789280650068
Identifier : 9280650068
Release : 2019-10
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Pocket Book of Hospital Care for Children Guidelines for the Management of Common Childhood Illnesses

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Author by : World Health Organization
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 412
Isbn : 9241548371
Identifier : 9789241548373
Release : 2013
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Pocket Book Of Hospital Care For Children by World Health Organization and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the pocket book is for use by doctors, nurses and other health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first level referral hospitals. this second edition is based on evidence from several who updated and published clinical guidelines. it is for use in both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals with basic laboratory facilities and essential medicines. in some settings, these guidelines can be used in any facilities where sick children are admitted for inpatient care. the pocket book is one of a series of documents and tools that support the integrated management of childhood illness (imci). the guidelines require the hospital to have (1) the capacity to carry out certain essential investigations, such as pulse oximetry, blood glucose, blood smear examinations for malaria parasites, estimation of haemoglobin, packed cell volume and full blood count, blood group and cross-match, and basic microscopy of cerebrospinal fluid and urine; and where possible blood and urine culture, ultrasound and basic x-rays; (2) essential medicines for the care of seriously ill children. advanced and high care treatment options, such as intensive care or mechanical ventilation, are not described. these guidelines focus on the management of the major causes of childhood mortality in most developing countries, such as newborn problems, pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria, meningitis, septicaemia, measles and related conditions, severe acute malnutrition and paediatric hiv/aids. it also covers some common surgical conditions that can be managed in small hospitals. details of the evidence on which the pocket book is based can be found onwho website from the published guidelines provided in the bibliography. these guidelines are applicable in most areas of the world and may be adapted to suit country specific circumstances.

Children and International Human Rights Law The Right of the Child to be Heard

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Author by : Aisling Parkes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 1135085269
Identifier : 9781135085261
Release : 2013-08-15
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Law
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Description : Read Now Children And International Human Rights Law by Aisling Parkes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the united nations convention on the rights of the child 1989 is one of the most highly ratified human rights treaties in the world, with 192 states currently signed up to it. article twelve is fundamental to the convention and states that all children capable of forming views have the right to express those views, and recognises that all children have the right to be heard in any judicial and administrative proceedings affecting them. this book explores the historical and theoretical background to article twelve, and examines the various models of participation which have been created to facilitate a better understanding of this provision. aisling parkes analyzes the extent to which article twelve has been implemented under international law, and in domestic law, as well as setting-out recommendations for the most effective ways of implementing article twelve in all areas of children’s lives.

Child Labour in Global Society

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Author by : Paul Close
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 1783507802
Identifier : 9781783507801
Release : 2014-05-30
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Child Labour In Global Society by Paul Close and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book presents a novel study of children's compulsory productive educational labour in modern and modernizing societies under globalization, and the implications for such matters as children's everyday lives, relationships and rights, international legal instruments, relevant analytical notions (including 'slavery'), and sociological analysis.

State of the World 2013 Is Sustainability Still Possible?

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Author by : The Worldwatch Institute
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 464
Isbn : 1610914589
Identifier : 9781610914581
Release : 2013-04-15
Publisher by : Island Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now State Of The World 2013 by The Worldwatch Institute and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. every day, we are presented with a range of “sustainable” products and activities—from “green” cleaning supplies to carbon offsets—but with so much labeled as “sustainable,” the term has become essentially sustainababble, at best indicating a practice or product slightly less damaging than the conventional alternative. is it time to abandon the concept altogether, or can we find an accurate way to measure sustainability? if so, how can we achieve it? and if not, how can we best prepare for the coming ecological decline? in the latest edition of worldwatch institute’s state of the world series, scientists, policy experts, and thought leaders tackle these questions, attempting to restore meaning to sustainability as more than just a marketing tool. in state of the world 2013: is sustainability still possible?, experts define clear sustainability metrics and examine various policies and perspectives, including geoengineering, corporate transformation, and changes in agricultural policy, that could put us on the path to prosperity without diminishing the well-being of future generations. if these approaches fall short, the final chapters explore ways to prepare for drastic environmental change and resource depletion, such as strengthening democracy and societal resilience, protecting cultural heritage, and dealing with increased conflict and migration flows. state of the world 2013 cuts through the rhetoric surrounding sustainability, offering a broad and realistic look at how close we are to fulfilling it today and which practices and policies will steer us in the right direction. this book will be especially useful for policymakers, environmental nonprofits, and students of environmental studies, sustainability, or economics.

State of the World's Cities 2012/2013 Prosperity of Cities

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Author by : Un Habitat,
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 1135015589
Identifier : 9781135015589
Release : 2013-10-23
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now State Of The World S Cities 2012 2013 by Un Habitat, and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the city is the home of prosperity. it is the place where human beings find satisfaction of basic needs and access to essential public goods. the city is also where ambitions, aspirations and other material and immaterial aspects of life are realized, providing contentment and happiness. it is a locus at which the prospects of prosperity and individual and collective well-being can be increased. however, when prosperity is restricted to some groups, when it is used to pursue specific interests, or when it is a justification for financial gains for the few to the detriment of the majority, the city becomes the arena where the right to shared prosperity is claimed and fought for. as people in the latter part of 2011 gathered in cairo’s tahrir square, in madrid’s puerta del sol, in front of london’s st paul’s cathedral, or in new york’s zuccotti park, they were not only demanding more equality and inclusion; they were also expressing the need for prosperity to be shared across all segments of society. what this new edition of state of the world’s cities shows is that prosperity for all has been compromised by a narrow focus on economic growth. un-habitat suggests a fresh approach to prosperity beyond the solely economic emphasis, including other vital dimensions such as quality of life, adequate infrastructures, equity and environmental sustainability. the report proposes a new tool – the city prosperity index – together with a conceptual matrix, the wheel of prosperity, both of which are meant to assist decision makers to design clear policy interventions. the report advocates for the need of cities to enhance the public realm, expand public goods and consolidate rights to the 'commons' for all as a way to expand prosperity. this comes in response to the observed trend of enclosing or restricting these goods and commons in enclaves of prosperity, or depleting them through unsustainable use. the report maps out major policy steps to promote a new type of city – the city of the twenty-first century – that is a 'good', people-centred city. one that is capable of integrating the tangible and more intangible aspects of prosperity, and in the process shedding off the inefficient, unsustainable forms and functionalities of the city of the previous century. by doing this, un-habitat plays a pivotal role in ensuring that urban planning, legal, regulatory and institutional frameworks become instruments of prosperity and well-being.