States Of Separation Transfer Partition And The Making Of The Modern Middle East

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States of Separation Transfer, Partition, and the Making of the Modern Middle East

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 0520292154
Identifier : 9780520292154
Release : 2017-04-25
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : Forced migration
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Description : Read Now States Of Separation by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "in the interwar eastern mediterranean, european colonial modes of establishing land claims and controlling populations converged with a recent ottoman past featuring desperate and violent efforts at nationalization and an increasingly empowered zionist settler colonialism. states of separation explores how this confluence produced a series of internationally supported plans to move "minority" communities in, around, and out of the newly constituted states of iraq, syria, and palestine under the aegis of the league of nations - a massive demographic experiment that carried lasting political and social consequences for the twentieth century middle east and the international order."--provided by publisher.

Muslim Divorce in the Middle East Contesting Gender in the Contemporary Courts

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Author by : Jessica Carlisle
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 158
Isbn : 3319770071
Identifier : 9783319770079
Release : 2018-06-28
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Muslim Divorce In The Middle East by Jessica Carlisle and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. how have muslim marriages legally ended around the turn of the 21st century? who has the power to initiate and resist shari‘a derived divorce? when are husbands and wives made to bear the costs of their marital breakdown? what does divorce law indicate about the development of gender regimes in the middle east and north africa? this book opens with a description of the historical development of islamic divorce in the mena. subsequent chapters follow a syrian male judge, a moroccan female legal advice worker and a libyan female judge as they deal with divorce cases in which husbands, wives, their relatives and lawyers debate gender roles in contemporary muslim marriages. mena ‘state feminism’ has increasingly equalized men’s and women’s access to divorce and encouraged discussions about how spouses should treat each other in marriage. the real life outcomes of these reforms have often been surprising. moreover, as the last chapter explores, jihadi proto-states (such as islamic state) have violently rejected state feminist divorce law reform. this accessible book will appeal to students, researchers and a general readership interested in islamic law; middle eastern studies; gender and sexuality; and, legal and social anthropology.

The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 240
Isbn : 9780198825036
Identifier : 019882503X
Release : 2020-07
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Politics Of Mass Violence In The Middle East by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the middle east today is characterized by an astonishingly bloody civil war in syria, an ever more highly racialized and militarized approach to the concept of a jewish state in israel and the palestinian territories, an iraqi state paralyzed by the emergence of class- and region-inflected sectarian identifications, a lebanon teetering on the edge of collapse from the pressures of its huge numbers of refugees and its sect-bound political system, and the rise of a wide variety of islamist paramilitary organizations seeking to operate outside all these states. the region's emergence as a 'zone of violence', characterized by a viciously dystopian politics of identity, is a relatively recent phenomenon, developing only over the past century; but despite these shallow historical roots, the mass violence and dispossession now characterizing syria, lebanon, israel/palestine, and iraq have emerged as some of the twenty-first century's most intractable problems. in this study, laura robson uses a framework of mass violence - encompassing the concepts of genocide, ethnic cleansing, forced migration, appropriation of resources, mass deportation, and forcible denationalization - to explain the emergence of a dystopian politics of identity across the eastern mediterranean in the modern era and to illuminate the contemporary breakdown of the state from syria to iraq to israel.

Colonialism and Christianity in Mandate Palestine

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 239
Isbn : 029274255X
Identifier : 9780292742550
Release : 2011-09-01
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Colonialism And Christianity In Mandate Palestine by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. drawing on a rich base of british archival materials, arabic periodicals, and secondary sources, colonialism and christianity in mandate palestine brings to light the ways in which the british colonial state in palestine exacerbated sectarianism. by transforming muslim, christian, and jewish religious identities into legal categories, laura robson argues, the british ultimately marginalized christian communities in palestine. robson explores the turning points that developed as a result of such policies, many of which led to permanent changes in the region's political landscapes. cases include the british refusal to support arab christian leadership within greek-controlled orthodox churches, attempts to avert involvement from french or vatican-related groups by sidelining latin and eastern rite catholics, and interfering with arab christians' efforts to cooperate with muslims in objecting to zionist expansion. challenging the widespread but mistaken notion that violent sectarianism was endemic to palestine, colonialism and christianity in mandate palestine shows that it was intentionally stoked in the wake of british rule beginning in 1917, with catastrophic effects well into the twenty-first century.

The Making of Modern Turkey Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

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Author by : Ugur Ümit Üngör
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 019164076X
Identifier : 9780191640766
Release : 2012-03-01
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Making Of Modern Turkey by Ugur Ümit Üngör and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the eastern provinces of the ottoman empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where armenians, kurds, syriacs, turks, and arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. the disintegration of the ottoman empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. nationalist elites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified as objects of knowledge, management, and change. these often violent processes of state formation destroyed historical regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states. the making of modern turkey highlights how the young turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected eastern turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and incorporating it in the turkish nation state. it examines how the regime utilized technologies of social engineering, such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics, to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. drawing on secret files and unexamined records, ugur Ümit Üngör demonstrates that concerns of state security, ethnocultural identity, and national purity were behind these policies. the eastern provinces, the heartland of armenian and kurdish life, became an epicenter of young turk population policies and the theatre of unprecedented levels of mass violence.

The Thirty-Year Genocide Turkey’s Destruction of Its Christian Minorities, 1894–1924

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Author by : Benny Morris
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 636
Isbn : 067491645X
Identifier : 9780674916456
Release : 2019-04-24
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Thirty Year Genocide by Benny Morris and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. from 1894 to 1924 three waves of violence swept across anatolia, targeting the region’s christian minorities. benny morris and dror ze’evi’s impeccably researched account is the first to show that the three were actually part of a single, continuing, and intentional effort to wipe out anatolia’s christian population and create a pure muslim nation.

A Land of Aching Hearts The Middle East in the Great War

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Author by : Leila Tarazi Fawaz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 0674735498
Identifier : 9780674735491
Release : 2014-11-17
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now A Land Of Aching Hearts by Leila Tarazi Fawaz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a century after the great war, the experiences of civilians and soldiers in the middle east during those years have faded from memory. a land of aching hearts traverses ethnic, class, and national borders to recover the personal stories of those who endured this cataclysmic event, and their profound sense of sacrifices made in vain.

The Margins of Empire Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone

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Author by : Janet Klein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 0804777756
Identifier : 9780804777759
Release : 2011-05-31
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Margins Of Empire by Janet Klein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. at the turn of the twentieth century, the ottoman state identified multiple threats in its eastern regions. in an attempt to control remote kurdish populations, ottoman authorities organized them into a tribal militia and gave them the task of subduing a perceived armenian threat. following the story of this militia, klein explores the contradictory logic of how states incorporate groups they ultimately aim to suppress and how groups who seek autonomy from the state often attempt to do so through state channels. in the end, armenian revolutionaries were not suppressed and kurdish leaders, whose authority the state sought to diminish, were empowered. the tribal militia left a lasting impact on the region and on state-society and kurdish-turkish relations. putting a human face on ottoman-kurdish histories while also addressing issues of state-building, local power dynamics, violence, and dispossession, this book engages vividly in the study of the paradoxes inherent in modern statecraft.

Partitions A Transnational History of Twentieth-century Territorial Separatism

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Author by : Arie Dubnov
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 377
Isbn : 9781503606982
Identifier : 1503606988
Release : 2019
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Decolonization
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Description : Read Now Partitions by Arie Dubnov and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. partition--the physical division of territory along ethno-religious lines into separate nation-states--is often presented as a successful political "solution" to ethnic conflict. in the twentieth century, at least three new political entities--the irish free state, the dominions (later republics) of india and pakistan, and the state of israel--emerged as results of partition. this volume offers the first collective history of the concept of partition, tracing its emergence in the aftermath of the first world war and locating its genealogy in the politics of twentieth-century empire and decolonization. making use of the transnational framework of the british empire, which presided over the three major partitions of the twentieth century, contributors draw out concrete connections among the cases of ireland, pakistan, and israel--the mutual influences, shared personnel, economic justifications, and material interests that propelled the idea of partition forward and resulted in the violent creation of new post-colonial political spaces. in so doing, the volume seeks to move beyond the nationalist frameworks that served in the first instance to promote partition as a natural phenomenon.

The Last Ottoman Generation and the Making of the Modern Middle East

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Author by : Michael Provence
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 0521761174
Identifier : 9780521761178
Release : 2017-08-31
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Last Ottoman Generation And The Making Of The Modern Middle East by Michael Provence and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the modern middle east emerged out of the collapse of the ottoman empire, when britain and france partitioned the ottoman arab lands into several new colonial states. the following period was a charged and transformative time of unrest. insurgent leaders, trained in ottoman military tactics and with everything to lose from the fall of the empire, challenged the mandatory powers in a number of armed revolts. this is a study of this crucial period in middle eastern history, tracing the period through popular political movements and the experience of colonial rule. in doing so, provence emphasises the continuity between the late ottoman and colonial era, explaining how national identities emerged, and how the seeds were sown for many of the conflicts which have defined the middle east in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. this is a valuable read for students of middle eastern history and politics.

Colonialism and Christianity in Mandate Palestine

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 227
Isbn : 0292726538
Identifier : 9780292726536
Release : 2011-09-01
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Colonialism And Christianity In Mandate Palestine by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. drawing on a rich base of british archival materials, arabic periodicals, and secondary sources, colonialism and christianity in mandate palestine brings to light the ways in which the british colonial state in palestine exacerbated sectarianism. by transforming muslim, christian, and jewish religious identities into legal categories, laura robson argues, the british ultimately marginalized christian communities in palestine. robson explores the turning points that developed as a result of such policies, many of which led to permanent changes in the region's political landscapes. cases include the british refusal to support arab christian leadership within greek-controlled orthodox churches, attempts to avert involvement from french or vatican-related groups by sidelining latin and eastern rite catholics, and interfering with arab christians' efforts to cooperate with muslims in objecting to zionist expansion. challenging the widespread but mistaken notion that violent sectarianism was endemic to palestine, colonialism and christianity in mandate palestine shows that it was intentionally stoked in the wake of british rule beginning in 1917, with catastrophic effects well into the twenty-first century.

Desert Borderland The Making of Modern Egypt and Libya

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Author by : Matthew H. Ellis
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 1503605574
Identifier : 9781503605572
Release : 2018-03-20
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Desert Borderland by Matthew H. Ellis and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. desert borderland investigates the historical processes that transformed political identity in the easternmost reaches of the sahara desert in the half century before world war i. adopting a view from the margins—illuminating the little-known history of the egyptian–libyan borderland—the book challenges prevailing notions of how egypt and libya were constituted as modern territorial nation-states. matthew h. ellis draws on a wide array of archival sources to reconstruct the multiple layers and meanings of territoriality in this desert borderland. throughout the decades, a heightened awareness of the existence of distinctive egyptian and ottoman libyan territorial spheres began to develop despite any clear-cut boundary markers or cartographic evidence. national territoriality was not simply imposed on egypt's western—or ottoman libya's eastern—domains by centralizing state power. rather, it developed only through a complex and multilayered process of negotiation with local groups motivated by their own local conceptions of space, sovereignty, and political belonging. by the early twentieth century, distinctive "egyptian" and "libyan" territorial domains emerged—what would ultimately become the modern nation-states of egypt and libya.