States Of Separation Transfer Partition And The Making Of The Modern Middle East

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States of Separation Transfer, Partition, and the Making of the Modern Middle East

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 0520292154
Identifier : 9780520292154
Release : 2017-04-25
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : Forced migration
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Description : Read Now States Of Separation by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "in the interwar eastern mediterranean, european colonial modes of establishing land claims and controlling populations converged with a recent ottoman past featuring desperate and violent efforts at nationalization and an increasingly empowered zionist settler colonialism. states of separation explores how this confluence produced a series of internationally supported plans to move "minority" communities in, around, and out of the newly constituted states of iraq, syria, and palestine under the aegis of the league of nations - a massive demographic experiment that carried lasting political and social consequences for the twentieth century middle east and the international order."--provided by publisher.

States of Separation Transfer, Partition, and the Making of the Modern Middle East

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9780520292161
Identifier : 0520292162
Release : 2017-04-01
Publisher by : no defined
Category :
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Description : Read Now States Of Separation by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "in the interwar eastern mediterranean, european colonial modes of establishing land claims and controlling populations converged with a recent ottoman past featuring desperate and violent efforts at nationalization and an increasingly empowered zionist settler colonialism. states of separation explores how this confluence produced a series of internationally supported plans to move "minority" communities in, around, and out of the newly constituted states of iraq, syria, and palestine under the aegis of the league of nations - a massive demographic experiment that carried lasting political and social consequences for the twentieth century middle east and the international order."--provided by publisher.

States of Separation Transfer, Partition, and the Making of the Modern Middle East

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 244
Isbn : 0520965663
Identifier : 9780520965669
Release : 2017-04-18
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now States Of Separation by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. across the middle east in the post–world war i era, european strategic moves converged with late ottoman political practice and a newly emboldened zionist movement to create an unprecedented push to physically divide ethnic and religious minorities from arab muslim majorities. states of separation tells how the interwar middle east became a site for internationally sanctioned experiments in ethnic separation enacted through violent strategies of population transfer and ethnic partition. during britain’s and france’s interwar occupation of iraq, palestine, and syria, the british and french mandate governments and the league of nations undertook a series of varied but linked campaigns of ethnic removal and separation targeting the armenian, assyrian, and jewish communities within these countries. such schemes served simultaneously as a practical method of controlling colonial subjects and as a rationale for imposing a neo-imperial international governance, with long-standing consequences for the region. placing the histories of iraq, palestine, and syria within a global context of emerging state systems intent on creating new forms of international authority, in states of separation laura robson sheds new light on the emergence of ethnic separatism in the modern middle east.

Occupying Syria under the French Mandate Insurgency, Space and State Formation

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Author by : Daniel Neep
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139536206
Identifier : 9781139536202
Release : 2012-09-10
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Occupying Syria Under The French Mandate by Daniel Neep and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. what role does military force play during a colonial occupation? the answer seems obvious: coercion crushes local resistance, quashes political dissent and consolidates the dominance of the occupying power. however, as this discerning and theoretically rigorous study suggests, violence can have much more ambiguous consequences. set in syria during the french mandate from 1920 to 1946, the book explores a turbulent period in which conflict between armed syrian insurgents and french military forces not only determined the strategic objectives of the colonial state, but also transformed how the colonial state organised, controlled and understood syrian society, geography and population. in addition to the coercive techniques, the book shows how civilian technologies such as urban planning and engineering were also commandeered in the effort to undermine rebel advances. colonial violence had a lasting effect in syria, shaping a peculiar form of social order that endured well after the french occupation.

Colonialism and Christianity in Mandate Palestine

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Author by : Laura Robson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 239
Isbn : 029274255X
Identifier : 9780292742550
Release : 2011-09-01
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Colonialism And Christianity In Mandate Palestine by Laura Robson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. drawing on a rich base of british archival materials, arabic periodicals, and secondary sources, colonialism and christianity in mandate palestine brings to light the ways in which the british colonial state in palestine exacerbated sectarianism. by transforming muslim, christian, and jewish religious identities into legal categories, laura robson argues, the british ultimately marginalized christian communities in palestine. robson explores the turning points that developed as a result of such policies, many of which led to permanent changes in the region's political landscapes. cases include the british refusal to support arab christian leadership within greek-controlled orthodox churches, attempts to avert involvement from french or vatican-related groups by sidelining latin and eastern rite catholics, and interfering with arab christians' efforts to cooperate with muslims in objecting to zionist expansion. challenging the widespread but mistaken notion that violent sectarianism was endemic to palestine, colonialism and christianity in mandate palestine shows that it was intentionally stoked in the wake of british rule beginning in 1917, with catastrophic effects well into the twenty-first century.

Emergence of Minorities in the Middle East

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Author by : Benjamin Thomas White
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 0748688935
Identifier : 9780748688937
Release : 2012-09-11
Publisher by : Edinburgh University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Emergence Of Minorities In The Middle East by Benjamin Thomas White and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book uses a study of syria under the french mandate to show what historical developments led people to start describing themselves and others as 'minorities'.

Identifying with Nationality Europeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians in Alexandria

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Author by : Will Hanley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 432
Isbn : 0231542526
Identifier : 9780231542524
Release : 2017-04-04
Publisher by : Columbia University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Identifying With Nationality by Will Hanley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. nationality is the most important legal mechanism sorting and classifying the world's population today. an individual's place of birth or naturalization determines where he or she can and cannot be and what he or she can and cannot do. although this system may appear universal, even natural, will hanley shows that it arose just a century ago. in identifying with nationality, he uses the mediterranean city of alexandria to develop a genealogy of the nation and the formation of the modern national subject. alexandria in 1880 was an immigrant boomtown ruled by dozens of overlapping regimes. on its streets and in its police stations and courtrooms, people were identified by name, occupation, place of origin, sect, physical description, and other attributes. yet by 1914, before nationalist calls for independence and decolonization had become widespread, nationality had become the defining category of identification, and nationality laws came to govern alexandria's population. identifying with nationality traces the advent of modern citizenship to multinational, transimperial settings such as turn-of-the-century colonial alexandria, where ordinary people abandoned old identifiers and grasped nationality as the best means to access the protections promised by expanding states. the result was a system that continues to define and divide people through status, mobility, and residency.

The Margins of Empire Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone

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Author by : Janet Klein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 0804777756
Identifier : 9780804777759
Release : 2011-05-31
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Margins Of Empire by Janet Klein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. at the turn of the twentieth century, the ottoman state identified multiple threats in its eastern regions. in an attempt to control remote kurdish populations, ottoman authorities organized them into a tribal militia and gave them the task of subduing a perceived armenian threat. following the story of this militia, klein explores the contradictory logic of how states incorporate groups they ultimately aim to suppress and how groups who seek autonomy from the state often attempt to do so through state channels. in the end, armenian revolutionaries were not suppressed and kurdish leaders, whose authority the state sought to diminish, were empowered. the tribal militia left a lasting impact on the region and on state-society and kurdish-turkish relations. putting a human face on ottoman-kurdish histories while also addressing issues of state-building, local power dynamics, violence, and dispossession, this book engages vividly in the study of the paradoxes inherent in modern statecraft.

The Modern Middle East

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Author by : Ilan Pappé
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 1134721862
Identifier : 9781134721863
Release : 2013-09-13
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Modern Middle East by Ilan Pappé and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this hugely successful, ground-breaking book is the first introductory textbook on the modern middle east to foreground the urban, rural, cultural and women’s histories of the region over its political and economic history. ilan pappé begins his narrative at the end of the first world war with the ottoman heritage, and concludes at the present day with the political discourse of islam. providing full geographical coverage of the region, the modern middle east: opens with a carefully argued introduction which outlines the methodology used in the textbook provides a thematic and comparative approach to the region, helping students to see the peoples of the middle east and the developments that affect their lives as part of a larger world includes insights gained from new historiographical trends and a critical approach to conventional state- and nation-centred historiographies includes case studies, debates, maps, photos, an up-to-date bibliography and a glossarial index. this second edition has been brought right up to date with recent events, and includes a new chapter on the media revolution and the effect of media globalization on the middle east, and a revised and expanded discussion on modern iranian history.

Partitions A Transnational History of Twentieth-century Territorial Separatism

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Author by : Arie Dubnov
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 377
Isbn : 9781503606982
Identifier : 1503606988
Release : 2019
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Decolonization
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Description : Read Now Partitions by Arie Dubnov and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. partition--the physical division of territory along ethno-religious lines into separate nation-states--is often presented as a successful political "solution" to ethnic conflict. in the twentieth century, at least three new political entities--the irish free state, the dominions (later republics) of india and pakistan, and the state of israel--emerged as results of partition. this volume offers the first collective history of the concept of partition, tracing its emergence in the aftermath of the first world war and locating its genealogy in the politics of twentieth-century empire and decolonization. making use of the transnational framework of the british empire, which presided over the three major partitions of the twentieth century, contributors draw out concrete connections among the cases of ireland, pakistan, and israel--the mutual influences, shared personnel, economic justifications, and material interests that propelled the idea of partition forward and resulted in the violent creation of new post-colonial political spaces. in so doing, the volume seeks to move beyond the nationalist frameworks that served in the first instance to promote partition as a natural phenomenon.

Desert Borderland The Making of Modern Egypt and Libya

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Author by : Matthew H. Ellis
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 1503605574
Identifier : 9781503605572
Release : 2018-03-20
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now Desert Borderland by Matthew H. Ellis and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. desert borderland investigates the historical processes that transformed political identity in the easternmost reaches of the sahara desert in the half century before world war i. adopting a view from the margins—illuminating the little-known history of the egyptian–libyan borderland—the book challenges prevailing notions of how egypt and libya were constituted as modern territorial nation-states. matthew h. ellis draws on a wide array of archival sources to reconstruct the multiple layers and meanings of territoriality in this desert borderland. throughout the decades, a heightened awareness of the existence of distinctive egyptian and ottoman libyan territorial spheres began to develop despite any clear-cut boundary markers or cartographic evidence. national territoriality was not simply imposed on egypt's western—or ottoman libya's eastern—domains by centralizing state power. rather, it developed only through a complex and multilayered process of negotiation with local groups motivated by their own local conceptions of space, sovereignty, and political belonging. by the early twentieth century, distinctive "egyptian" and "libyan" territorial domains emerged—what would ultimately become the modern nation-states of egypt and libya.

The Politics of Nation-Building Making Co-Nationals, Refugees, and Minorities

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Author by : Harris Mylonas
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139619810
Identifier : 9781139619813
Release : 2013-02-18
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Politics Of Nation Building by Harris Mylonas and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. what drives a state's choice to assimilate, accommodate or exclude ethnic groups within its territory? in this innovative work on the international politics of nation-building, harris mylonas argues that a state's nation-building policies toward non-core groups - individuals perceived as an ethnic group by the ruling elite of a state - are influenced by both its foreign policy goals and its relations with the external patrons of these groups. through a detailed study of the balkans, mylonas shows that how a state treats a non-core group within its own borders is determined largely by whether the state's foreign policy is revisionist or cleaves to the international status quo, and whether it is allied or in rivalry with that group's external patrons. mylonas injects international politics into the study of nation-building, building a bridge between international relations and the comparative politics of ethnicity and nationalism.