Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine

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Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine The Origins of Psychopathology

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 448
Isbn : 0198717946
Identifier : 9780198717942
Release : 2015-10-29
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Evolutionary psychology
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Description : Read Now Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the textbook of evolutionary psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine updates and expands on the original textbook of evolutionary psychiatry (oup, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. it explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of how people try to attain important biosocial goals pertaining to one's status in society,mating, eliciting and providing care, and maintaining rewarding relationships.

Evolutionary Psychiatry A new beginning

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Author by : Anthony Stevens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 1317580486
Identifier : 9781317580485
Release : 2015-12-14
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychiatry by Anthony Stevens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. this ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. a comprehensive introduction to the science of darwinian psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. anthony stevens and john price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. particularly important are the theories stevens and price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, evolutionary psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.? this classic edition of the book includes a new preface by anthony stevens and a foreword by paul gilbert.

Maladapting Minds Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory

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Author by : Pieter R. Adriaens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0199558663
Identifier : 9780199558667
Release : 2011-03-10
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Maladapting Minds by Pieter R. Adriaens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ever since darwin, psychiatrists have been tempted to put evolutionary theory to use in their efforts to understand and explain mental disorders. varying in success, scope and scientific rigour, these attempts have often caught the attention of philosophers. there are many studies about how the philosophy of psychiatry has been informed by twentieth-century 'continental' philosophy (in focusing on topics such as embodiment, narrativity and gender) as well as 'analytic' philosophy (in focusing on more conceptual issues). thus far, however, there are simply no studies about how philosophical issues in psychiatric theory and practice can be, and have been informed by evolutionary theory. maladapting minds explores the relationship between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. in particular, it discusses a number of reasons why philosophers of psychiatry should take an interest in evolutionary explanations of mental disorders, and, more generally, in evolutionarythinking. the many chapters deal with evolutionary accounts of various mental disorders, including phobias, fetishism, developmental disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. written by both world-class philosophers, psychologists and evolutionary psychiatrists, this volume illustrates that many debates in contemporary philosophy of psychiatry are profoundly influenced by evolutionary approaches to mental disorders. in doing so, it represents the very first attempts to critically explore the interface between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. it is important reading for psychiatrists, philosophers of mind, and evolutionary psychologists.

Handbook of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

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Author by : Hoyle Leigh
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 420
Isbn : 0387781285
Identifier : 9780387781280
Release : 2008-03-05
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Consultation Liaison Psychiatry by Hoyle Leigh and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. consultation-liaison psychiatry interfaces between psychiatry and the rest of medicine as well as psychology, social work, nursing, and other behavioral science disciplines. this is a practical, up-to-date handbook providing a biopsychosocial, integrative perspective and drawing of the expertise of two renowned psychiatrists in the field. the book offers five major sections addressing the fundamentals of the field as well as an assessment the current status of the field.

Neuroimaging and Neurophysiology in Psychiatry

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Author by : Professor of Translational Neuroscience David Linden
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 192
Isbn : 0198739605
Identifier : 9780198739609
Release : 2016-05-24
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Nervous system
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Description : Read Now Neuroimaging And Neurophysiology In Psychiatry by Professor of Translational Neuroscience David Linden and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an introduction to neuroimaging and neurophysiology in psychiatry, this book explains the basic physics and physiology behind the main techniques of neuroimaging, including mri and pet, and non-invasive neurophysiology. this title covers all the clinically relevant aspects of neuroimaging and neurophysiology methods. it includes individual chapters on techniques, diagnostic disease markers, and neurophysiological treatments to ensure psychiatrists are familiar with the clinical relevance of reported abnormalities. with the latest research, neuroimaging and neurophysiology in psychiatry is an invaluable and easy-to-read reference that will help practising psychiatrists in the evaluation of the use of neuroimaging methods in clinical, research, and forensic settings.

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 992
Isbn : 9780198789666
Identifier : 0198789661
Release : 2019-02
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Oxford Handbook Of Evolutionary Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. medicine is grounded in the natural sciences, among which biology stands out with regard to the understanding of human physiology and conditions that cause dysfunction. ironically though, evolutionary biology is a relatively disregarded field. one reason for this omission is that evolution is deemed a slow process. indeed, macroanatomical features of our species have changed very little in the last 300,000 years. a more detailed look, however, reveals that novel ecological contingencies, partly in relation to cultural evolution, have brought about subtle changes pertaining to metabolism and immunology, including adaptations to dietary innovations, as well as adaptations to the exposure to novel pathogens. rapid pathogen evolution and evolution of cancer cells cause major problems for the immune system to find adequate responses. in addition, many adaptations to past ecologies have turned into risk factors for somatic disease and psychological disorder in our modern worlds (i.e. mismatch), among which epidemics of autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and obesity, as well as several forms of cancer stand out. in addition, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric conditions add to the list. the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine is a compilation of cutting edge insights into the evolutionary history of ourselves as a species, and how and why our evolved design may convey vulnerability to disease. written in a classic textbook style emphasising physiology and pathophysiology of all major organ systems, the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine will be valuable for students as well as scholars in the fields of medicine, biology, anthropology and psychology.

Evolutionary Psychopathology A Unified Approach

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Author by : Marco Del Giudice
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 0190670142
Identifier : 9780190670146
Release : 2018-07-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychopathology by Marco Del Giudice and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. mental disorders arise from neural and psychological mechanisms that have been built and shaped by natural selection across our evolutionary history. looking at psychopathology through the lens of evolution is the only way to understand the deeper nature of mental disorders and turn a mass of behavioral, genetic, and neurobiological findings into a coherent, theoretically grounded discipline. the rise of evolutionary psychopathology is part of an exciting scientific movement in psychology and medicine -- a movement that is fundamentally transforming the way we think about health and disease. evolutionary psychopathology takes steps toward a unified approach to psychopathology, using the concepts of life history theory -- a biological account of how individual differences in development, physiology and behavior arise from tradeoffs in survival and reproduction -- to build an integrative framework for mental disorders. this book reviews existing evolutionary models of specific conditions and connects them in a broader perspective, with the goal of explaining the large-scale patterns of risk and comorbidity that characterize psychopathology. using the life history framework allows for a seamless integration of mental disorders with normative individual differences in personality and cognition, and offers new conceptual tools for the analysis of developmental, genetic, and neurobiological data. the concepts presented in evolutionary psychopathology are used to derive a new taxonomy of mental disorders, the fast-slow-defense (fsd) model. the fsd model is the first classification system explicitly based on evolutionary concepts, a biologically grounded alternative to transdiagnostic models. the book reviews a wide range of common mental disorders, discusses their classification in the fsd model, and identifies functional subtypes within existing diagnostic categories.

Rethinking Psychiatry

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Author by : Arthur Kleinman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 237
Isbn : 9781439118580
Identifier : 1439118582
Release : 2008-06-30
Publisher by : Simon and Schuster
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Rethinking Psychiatry by Arthur Kleinman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this book, kleinman proposes an international view of mental illness and mental care. arthur kleinman, m.d., examines how the prevalence and nature of disorders vary in different cultures, how clinicians make their diagnoses, and how they heal, and the educational and practical implications of a true understanding of the interplay between biology and culture.

The Rise and Fall of the Biopsychosocial Model Reconciling Art and Science in Psychiatry

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Author by : S. Nassir Ghaemi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 253
Isbn : 0801893909
Identifier : 9780801893902
Release : 2010
Publisher by : JHU Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now The Rise And Fall Of The Biopsychosocial Model by S. Nassir Ghaemi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. developed in the twentieth century as an outgrowth of psychosomatic medicine, the biopsychosocial model is seen as an antidote to the constraints of the medical model of psychiatry. nassir ghaemi details the origins and evolution of the bps model and explains how, where, and why it fails to live up to its promises. he analyzes the works of its founders, george engel and roy grinker sr., traces its rise in acceptance, and discusses its relation to the thought of william osler and karl jaspers.

American Psychiatry After World War II (1944-1994)

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Author by : Roy W. Menninger
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 680
Isbn : 9781585628254
Identifier : 1585628255
Release : 2008-11-01
Publisher by : American Psychiatric Pub
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now American Psychiatry After World War Ii 1944 1994 by Roy W. Menninger and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the history of psychiatry is complex, reflecting diverse origins in mythology, cult beliefs, astrology, early medicine, law religion, philosophy, and politics. this complexity has generated considerable debate and an increasing outflow of historical scholarship, ranging from the enthusiastic meliorism of pre-world war ii histories, to the iconoclastic revisionism of the 1960s, to more focused studies, such as the history of asylums and the validity and efficacy of freudian theory. this volume, intended as a successor to the centennial history of american psychiatry published by the american psychiatric association in 1944, summarizes the significant events and processes of the half-century following world war ii. most of this history is written by clinicians who were central figures in it. in broad terms, the history of psychiatry after the war can be viewed as the story of a cycling sequence, shifting from a predominantly biological to a psychodynamic perspective and back again -- all presumably en route to an ultimate view that is truly integrated -- and interacting all the while with public perceptions, expectations, exasperations, and disappointments. in six sections, drs. roy menninger and john nemiah and their colleagues cover both the continuities and the dramatic changes of this period. the first four sections of the book are roughly chronological. the first section focuses on the war and its impact on psychiatry; the second reviews postwar growth of the field (psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, psychiatric education, and psychosomatic medicine); the third recounts the rise of scientific empiricism (biological psychiatry and nosology); and the fourth discusses public attitudes and perceptions of public mental health policy, deinstitutionalization, antipsychiatry, the consumer movement, and managed care. the fifth section examines the development of specialization and differentiation, exemplified by child and adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, addiction psychiatry, and forensic psychiatry. the concluding section examines ethics, and women and minorities in psychiatry. anyone interested in psychiatry will find this book a fascinating read.

Darwinian Psychiatry

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Author by : Michael McGuire
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 360
Isbn : 9780195353747
Identifier : 0195353749
Release : 1998-04-16
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Darwinian Psychiatry by Michael McGuire and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for years, psychiatry has operated without a unified theory of behavior; instead, it has spawned a pluralism of approaches--including biomedical, psychoanalytic, behavioral, and sociocultural models--each with radically different explanations for various clinical disorders. in darwinian psychiatry, michael t. mcguire and alfonso troisi provide a conceptual framework for integrating many features of prevailing models. based on darwinian theory rather than traditional approaches, the book offers clinicians a fundamentally new perspective for looking at the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of psychiatric disorders. writing from this innovative theoretical position, the authors discuss the origin of pathological conditions, the adaptation of symptoms and syndromes, the biological basis of social relations, and many other key concepts. this groundbreaking book will introduce those who study and are involved in the alleviation of mental suffering to an approach that will lead to radical changes in clinical practice. the authors suggest that when making diagnostic assessments, psychiatrists should evaluate not only the patients' symptoms but also their functional capacities, and that therapeutic interventions should work toward the achievement of biological goals. providing an essential framework for understanding both everyday human behavior and a range of mental disorders, darwinian psychiatry will appeal to all mental health professionals and general readers interested in human psychology and behavior.

Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions

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Author by : Alan Stoudemire
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 201
Isbn : 9780880487085
Identifier : 0880487089
Release : 1995
Publisher by : American Psychiatric Pub
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions by Alan Stoudemire and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book examines evidence suggesting that psychiatric disorders may complicate medical illness, that personality may influence the onset and course of illness, and that psychosocial treatments may influence medical as well as psychiatric outcome. psychological factors affecting medical conditions is a collection of articles that originally appeared in psychosomatics.