Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine

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Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine The Origins of Psychopathology

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 448
Isbn : 0198717946
Identifier : 9780198717942
Release : 2015-10-29
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Evolutionary psychology
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Description : Read Now Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the textbook of evolutionary psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine updates and expands on the original textbook of evolutionary psychiatry (oup, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. it explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of how people try to attain important biosocial goals pertaining to one's status in society,mating, eliciting and providing care, and maintaining rewarding relationships.

Evolutionary Psychiatry A new beginning

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Author by : Anthony Stevens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 1317580486
Identifier : 9781317580485
Release : 2015-12-14
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychiatry by Anthony Stevens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. this ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. a comprehensive introduction to the science of darwinian psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. anthony stevens and john price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. particularly important are the theories stevens and price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, evolutionary psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.? this classic edition of the book includes a new preface by anthony stevens and a foreword by paul gilbert.

Maladapting Minds Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory

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Author by : Pieter R. Adriaens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0199558663
Identifier : 9780199558667
Release : 2011-03-10
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Maladapting Minds by Pieter R. Adriaens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ever since darwin, psychiatrists have been tempted to put evolutionary theory to use in their efforts to understand and explain mental disorders. varying in success, scope and scientific rigour, these attempts have often caught the attention of philosophers. there are many studies about how the philosophy of psychiatry has been informed by twentieth-century 'continental' philosophy (in focusing on topics such as embodiment, narrativity and gender) as well as 'analytic' philosophy (in focusing on more conceptual issues). thus far, however, there are simply no studies about how philosophical issues in psychiatric theory and practice can be, and have been informed by evolutionary theory. maladapting minds explores the relationship between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. in particular, it discusses a number of reasons why philosophers of psychiatry should take an interest in evolutionary explanations of mental disorders, and, more generally, in evolutionarythinking. the many chapters deal with evolutionary accounts of various mental disorders, including phobias, fetishism, developmental disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. written by both world-class philosophers, psychologists and evolutionary psychiatrists, this volume illustrates that many debates in contemporary philosophy of psychiatry are profoundly influenced by evolutionary approaches to mental disorders. in doing so, it represents the very first attempts to critically explore the interface between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. it is important reading for psychiatrists, philosophers of mind, and evolutionary psychologists.

Handbook of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

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Author by : Hoyle Leigh
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 420
Isbn : 0387781285
Identifier : 9780387781280
Release : 2008-03-05
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Consultation Liaison Psychiatry by Hoyle Leigh and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. consultation-liaison psychiatry interfaces between psychiatry and the rest of medicine as well as psychology, social work, nursing, and other behavioral science disciplines. this is a practical, up-to-date handbook providing a biopsychosocial, integrative perspective and drawing of the expertise of two renowned psychiatrists in the field. the book offers five major sections addressing the fundamentals of the field as well as an assessment the current status of the field.

Neuroimaging and Neurophysiology in Psychiatry

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Author by : Professor of Translational Neuroscience David Linden
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 192
Isbn : 0198739605
Identifier : 9780198739609
Release : 2016-05-24
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Nervous system
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Description : Read Now Neuroimaging And Neurophysiology In Psychiatry by Professor of Translational Neuroscience David Linden and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an introduction to neuroimaging and neurophysiology in psychiatry, this book explains the basic physics and physiology behind the main techniques of neuroimaging, including mri and pet, and non-invasive neurophysiology. this title covers all the clinically relevant aspects of neuroimaging and neurophysiology methods. it includes individual chapters on techniques, diagnostic disease markers, and neurophysiological treatments to ensure psychiatrists are familiar with the clinical relevance of reported abnormalities. with the latest research, neuroimaging and neurophysiology in psychiatry is an invaluable and easy-to-read reference that will help practising psychiatrists in the evaluation of the use of neuroimaging methods in clinical, research, and forensic settings.

Handbook of Community Psychiatry

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Author by : Hunter L. McQuistion
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 632
Isbn : 1461431492
Identifier : 9781461431497
Release : 2012-06-05
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Community Psychiatry by Hunter L. McQuistion and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. during the past decade or more, there has been a rapid evolution of mental health services and treatment technologies, shifting psychiatric epidemiology, changes in public behavioral health policy and increased understanding in medicine regarding approaches to clinical work that focus on patient-centeredness. these contemporary issues need to be articulated in a comprehensive format. the american association of community psychiatrists (aacp), a professional organization internationally recognized as holding the greatest concentration of expertise in the field, has launched a methodical process to create a competency certification in community psychiatry. as a reference for a certification examination, that effort will benefit enormously from a comprehensive handbook on the subject.

A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry

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Author by : Edward Shorter
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 338
Isbn : 0195176685
Identifier : 9780195176681
Release : 2005
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now A Historical Dictionary Of Psychiatry by Edward Shorter and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this is the first historical dictionary of psychiatry. it covers the subject from autism to vienna, and includes the key concepts, individuals, places, and institutions that have shaped the evolution of psychiatry and the neurosciences from their origin until the present. among those who will appreciate this invaluable and unprecedented work of reference are clinicians curious about the origins of concepts they use in their daily practices, students of medical history keen to situate the psychiatric narrative within larger events, and the general public curious about illnesses that might affect them, their families and their communities-or readers who merely want to know about the grand chain of events from the asylum to freud to prozac. the dictionary rest on an enormous base of primary sources that cover the growth of psychiatry through all of western society.

Evolutionary Psychopathology A Unified Approach

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Author by : Marco Del Giudice
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 0190670142
Identifier : 9780190670146
Release : 2018-07-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychopathology by Marco Del Giudice and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. mental disorders arise from neural and psychological mechanisms that have been built and shaped by natural selection across our evolutionary history. looking at psychopathology through the lens of evolution is the only way to understand the deeper nature of mental disorders and turn a mass of behavioral, genetic, and neurobiological findings into a coherent, theoretically grounded discipline. the rise of evolutionary psychopathology is part of an exciting scientific movement in psychology and medicine -- a movement that is fundamentally transforming the way we think about health and disease. evolutionary psychopathology takes steps toward a unified approach to psychopathology, using the concepts of life history theory -- a biological account of how individual differences in development, physiology and behavior arise from tradeoffs in survival and reproduction -- to build an integrative framework for mental disorders. this book reviews existing evolutionary models of specific conditions and connects them in a broader perspective, with the goal of explaining the large-scale patterns of risk and comorbidity that characterize psychopathology. using the life history framework allows for a seamless integration of mental disorders with normative individual differences in personality and cognition, and offers new conceptual tools for the analysis of developmental, genetic, and neurobiological data. the concepts presented in evolutionary psychopathology are used to derive a new taxonomy of mental disorders, the fast-slow-defense (fsd) model. the fsd model is the first classification system explicitly based on evolutionary concepts, a biologically grounded alternative to transdiagnostic models. the book reviews a wide range of common mental disorders, discusses their classification in the fsd model, and identifies functional subtypes within existing diagnostic categories.

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 992
Isbn : 9780198789666
Identifier : 0198789661
Release : 2019-02
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Oxford Handbook Of Evolutionary Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. medicine is grounded in the natural sciences, among which biology stands out with regard to the understanding of human physiology and conditions that cause dysfunction. ironically though, evolutionary biology is a relatively disregarded field. one reason for this omission is that evolution is deemed a slow process. indeed, macroanatomical features of our species have changed very little in the last 300,000 years. a more detailed look, however, reveals that novel ecological contingencies, partly in relation to cultural evolution, have brought about subtle changes pertaining to metabolism and immunology, including adaptations to dietary innovations, as well as adaptations to the exposure to novel pathogens. rapid pathogen evolution and evolution of cancer cells cause major problems for the immune system to find adequate responses. in addition, many adaptations to past ecologies have turned into risk factors for somatic disease and psychological disorder in our modern worlds (i.e. mismatch), among which epidemics of autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and obesity, as well as several forms of cancer stand out. in addition, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric conditions add to the list. the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine is a compilation of cutting edge insights into the evolutionary history of ourselves as a species, and how and why our evolved design may convey vulnerability to disease. written in a classic textbook style emphasising physiology and pathophysiology of all major organ systems, the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine will be valuable for students as well as scholars in the fields of medicine, biology, anthropology and psychology.

The Fragmented Personality An Integrative, Dynamic, and Personalized Approach to Personality Disorder

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Author by : Dragan M. Svrakic
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 360
Isbn : 0190884576
Identifier : 9780190884574
Release : 2018-11-19
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Fragmented Personality by Dragan M. Svrakic and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the fragmented personality presents new model for caring for patients with personality disorder in post-modern society. in contrast to the static classifications of personality pathology, the authors' approach yields a personalized diagnosis that is contextual, dimensional, and time-specific and at the same time provides information about the current position of the individual in relation to the important components of personality functioning. in this model of dimensional diagnostics, two intersecting coordinates, one representing the person's level of functioning (the "what" of the diagnosis) and the other his/her adaptive style (the "how" of the diagnosis) are cross matched in the unit of time. this gives the psychiatrist precise milestones for monitoring progress in therapy. why does this matter for psychiatry in post-modern society? drs. svrakic and jovanovic argue that the ideals of mental health traditionally have been stability and integrity. in the context of the postmodern world, these ideals may sound outdated, possibly even implying inflexibility or narrow mindedness. the postmodern "fragmented self" is a natural, adaptive answer to the changing existential milieu of humans. this fragmented, decentered self consists of incoherent and abstract images, not derived solely from traditional social interactions, but created by the postmodern culture. borderline personality is fragmented at its unconscious core of internalized object relations, resulting in specific borderline psychopathologies or a "fragmented personality." drs. svrakic and jovanovic analyze the impact of recent dramatic social transitions on adaptive tasks, personality and psychopathology. they introduce the concepts of monothematic self of the conservative era and the multi-thematic self of the postmodern era and discuss their relevance to the changing concepts of psychopathology. the authors argue that the conservative society, with strong nuclear family and strict ethical and religious norms, favored the psychopathology of neuroses centered around guilt, including guilt for not fitting the preapproved social norms. with the liberalization of normative pressures in the postmodern period, the adaptive task has changed into "what to choose" among many accepted alternatives, creating uncertainty of choice. this uncertainty, together with the non-directive society, favors the psychopathology of personality disorder, and indeed, the prevalence of personality disorder has increased in the postmodern period. in addition to discussing their conceptual model, the authors provide detailed practical guidelines for the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment when using their model in the management of personality disorder. they answer practical questions that clinicians frequently ask about etiology, psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy of personality disorder. the authors also detail reconstructive interpersonal therapy (rit), their variant of interpersonal psychotherapy which integrates humanistic and psychoanalytical paradigms in the treatment of personality disorder.

Rethinking Psychiatry

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Author by : Arthur Kleinman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 237
Isbn : 9781439118580
Identifier : 1439118582
Release : 2008-06-30
Publisher by : Simon and Schuster
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Rethinking Psychiatry by Arthur Kleinman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this book, kleinman proposes an international view of mental illness and mental care. arthur kleinman, m.d., examines how the prevalence and nature of disorders vary in different cultures, how clinicians make their diagnoses, and how they heal, and the educational and practical implications of a true understanding of the interplay between biology and culture.

The Rise and Fall of the Biopsychosocial Model Reconciling Art and Science in Psychiatry

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Author by : S. Nassir Ghaemi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 253
Isbn : 0801893909
Identifier : 9780801893902
Release : 2010
Publisher by : JHU Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now The Rise And Fall Of The Biopsychosocial Model by S. Nassir Ghaemi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. developed in the twentieth century as an outgrowth of psychosomatic medicine, the biopsychosocial model is seen as an antidote to the constraints of the medical model of psychiatry. nassir ghaemi details the origins and evolution of the bps model and explains how, where, and why it fails to live up to its promises. he analyzes the works of its founders, george engel and roy grinker sr., traces its rise in acceptance, and discusses its relation to the thought of william osler and karl jaspers.