Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine The Origins Of Psychopathology

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Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine The Origins of Psychopathology

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 448
Isbn : 0198717946
Identifier : 9780198717942
Release : 2015-10-29
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Evolutionary psychology
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Description : Read Now Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the textbook of evolutionary psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine updates and expands on the original textbook of evolutionary psychiatry (oup, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. it explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of how people try to attain important biosocial goals pertaining to one's status in society,mating, eliciting and providing care, and maintaining rewarding relationships.

The Evolution of Psychopathology

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Author by : Todd K. Shackelford
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 228
Isbn : 3319605763
Identifier : 9783319605760
Release : 2017-08-01
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now The Evolution Of Psychopathology by Todd K. Shackelford and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this review of recent evolutionary theories on psychopathology takes on controversies and contradictions both with established psychological thought and within the evolutionary field itself. opening with the ancestral origins of the familiar biopsychosocial model of psychological conditions, the book traces distinctive biological and cultural pathways shaping human development and their critical impact on psychiatric and medical disorders. analyses of disparate phenomena such as jealousy, social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and antisocial behavior describe adaptive functions that have far outlasted their usefulness, or that require further study and perhaps new directions for treatment. in addition, the book’s compelling explorations of violence, greed, addiction, and suicide challenge us to revisit many of our assumptions regarding what it means to be human. included in the coverage: · evolutionary foundations of psychiatric compared to non-psychiatric disorders. · evolutionary psychopathology, uncomplicated depression, and the distinction between normal and disordered sadness. · depression: is rumination really adaptive? · a cbt approach to coping with sexual betrayal and the green-eyed monster. · criminology’s modern synthesis: remaking the science of crime with darwinian insight. · anthropathology: the abiding malady of the species. with its wealth of interdisciplinary viewpoints, the evolution of psychopathology makes an appropriate supplementary text for advanced graduate courses in the evolutionary sciences, particularly in psychology, biology, anthropology, sociology, and philosophy.

Evolutionary Psychiatry A new beginning

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Author by : Anthony Stevens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 1317580486
Identifier : 9781317580485
Release : 2015-12-14
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychiatry by Anthony Stevens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. evolutionary psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. this ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. a comprehensive introduction to the science of darwinian psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. anthony stevens and john price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. particularly important are the theories stevens and price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, evolutionary psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.? this classic edition of the book includes a new preface by anthony stevens and a foreword by paul gilbert.

Maladapting Minds Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory

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Author by : Pieter R. Adriaens
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 0199558663
Identifier : 9780199558667
Release : 2011-03-10
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Maladapting Minds by Pieter R. Adriaens and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ever since darwin, psychiatrists have been tempted to put evolutionary theory to use in their efforts to understand and explain mental disorders. varying in success, scope and scientific rigour, these attempts have often caught the attention of philosophers. there are many studies about how the philosophy of psychiatry has been informed by twentieth-century 'continental' philosophy (in focusing on topics such as embodiment, narrativity and gender) as well as 'analytic' philosophy (in focusing on more conceptual issues). thus far, however, there are simply no studies about how philosophical issues in psychiatric theory and practice can be, and have been informed by evolutionary theory. maladapting minds explores the relationship between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. in particular, it discusses a number of reasons why philosophers of psychiatry should take an interest in evolutionary explanations of mental disorders, and, more generally, in evolutionarythinking. the many chapters deal with evolutionary accounts of various mental disorders, including phobias, fetishism, developmental disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. written by both world-class philosophers, psychologists and evolutionary psychiatrists, this volume illustrates that many debates in contemporary philosophy of psychiatry are profoundly influenced by evolutionary approaches to mental disorders. in doing so, it represents the very first attempts to critically explore the interface between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. it is important reading for psychiatrists, philosophers of mind, and evolutionary psychologists.

Neuroimaging and Neurophysiology in Psychiatry

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Author by : Professor of Translational Neuroscience David Linden
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 192
Isbn : 0198739605
Identifier : 9780198739609
Release : 2016-05-24
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Nervous system
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Description : Read Now Neuroimaging And Neurophysiology In Psychiatry by Professor of Translational Neuroscience David Linden and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an introduction to neuroimaging and neurophysiology in psychiatry, this book explains the basic physics and physiology behind the main techniques of neuroimaging, including mri and pet, and non-invasive neurophysiology. this title covers all the clinically relevant aspects of neuroimaging and neurophysiology methods. it includes individual chapters on techniques, diagnostic disease markers, and neurophysiological treatments to ensure psychiatrists are familiar with the clinical relevance of reported abnormalities. with the latest research, neuroimaging and neurophysiology in psychiatry is an invaluable and easy-to-read reference that will help practising psychiatrists in the evaluation of the use of neuroimaging methods in clinical, research, and forensic settings.

Geriatric Psychiatry A Case-Based Textbook

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Author by : Ana Hategan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 735
Isbn : 3319675559
Identifier : 9783319675558
Release : 2018-04-03
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Geriatric Psychiatry by Ana Hategan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this textbook presents real-world cases and discussions that introduce the various mental health syndromes found in the aging population before delving into the core concepts covered by geriatric psychiatry curricula. the text follows each case study with the vital information necessary for physicians in training, including key features of each disorder and its presentation, practical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment, clinical pearls, and other devices that are essential to students of geriatric psychiatry. with the latest dsm-5 guidelines and with rich learning tools that include key points, review questions, tables, and illustrations, this text is the only resource that is specifically designed to train both american and canadian candidates for specialty and subspecialty certification or recertification in geriatric psychiatry. it will also appeal to audiences worldwide as a state-of-the-art resource for credentialing and/or practice guidance. the text meets the needs of the future head on with its straightforward coverage of the most frequently encountered challenges, including neuropsychiatric syndromes, psychopharmacology, eldercare and the law, substance misuse, mental health following a physical condition, medical psychiatry, and palliative care. written by experts in the field, geriatric psychiatry: a case-based textbook is the ultimate resource for graduate and undergraduate medical students and certificate candidates providing mental health care for aging adults, including psychiatrists, psychologists, geriatricians, primary care and family practice doctors, neurologists, social workers, nurses, and others.

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 992
Isbn : 9780198789666
Identifier : 0198789661
Release : 2019-02
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Oxford Handbook Of Evolutionary Medicine by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. medicine is grounded in the natural sciences, among which biology stands out with regard to the understanding of human physiology and conditions that cause dysfunction. ironically though, evolutionary biology is a relatively disregarded field. one reason for this omission is that evolution is deemed a slow process. indeed, macroanatomical features of our species have changed very little in the last 300,000 years. a more detailed look, however, reveals that novel ecological contingencies, partly in relation to cultural evolution, have brought about subtle changes pertaining to metabolism and immunology, including adaptations to dietary innovations, as well as adaptations to the exposure to novel pathogens. rapid pathogen evolution and evolution of cancer cells cause major problems for the immune system to find adequate responses. in addition, many adaptations to past ecologies have turned into risk factors for somatic disease and psychological disorder in our modern worlds (i.e. mismatch), among which epidemics of autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and obesity, as well as several forms of cancer stand out. in addition, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric conditions add to the list. the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine is a compilation of cutting edge insights into the evolutionary history of ourselves as a species, and how and why our evolved design may convey vulnerability to disease. written in a classic textbook style emphasising physiology and pathophysiology of all major organ systems, the oxford handbook of evolutionary medicine will be valuable for students as well as scholars in the fields of medicine, biology, anthropology and psychology.

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry The Origins of Psychopathology

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Author by : Martin Brüne
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 385
Isbn : 9780199207688
Identifier : 0199207682
Release : 2008
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry by Martin Brüne and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the past couple of decades, studies investigating the genetic background of psychiatric disorders have mushroomed. research into the brain mechanisms and regions of the brain involved in certain dysfunctions have greatly improved our knowledge of the relationship between brain pathology and psychopathology. by contrast, we know far less about 'why' certain individuals remain vulnerable to psychiatric disease at all, and whether they were selected by evolutionary forces or simply by-products of other species-specific characteristics. this comprehensive book presents a new integrative approach to understanding psychopathological conditions - an approach that embraces cognition, emotion, behaviour, and their nature-nurture interactions. central to this approach is the introduction of human evolution into the psychiatric model - psychiatrists need to know why the human mind and brain evolved in the way it did. in three parts, the book presents a comprehensive account of human brain evolution in terms of physical features and function, showing how these relate to our current understanding of psychopathology. accessibly written, the book shows how a consideration of evolutionary factors in psychiatry can improve our understanding and treatment of specific disorders such as suicidal behaviour, anorexia, and depression.

Darwinian Psychiatry

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Author by : Michael McGuire
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 360
Isbn : 9780195353747
Identifier : 0195353749
Release : 1998-04-16
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Darwinian Psychiatry by Michael McGuire and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. for years, psychiatry has operated without a unified theory of behavior; instead, it has spawned a pluralism of approaches--including biomedical, psychoanalytic, behavioral, and sociocultural models--each with radically different explanations for various clinical disorders. in darwinian psychiatry, michael t. mcguire and alfonso troisi provide a conceptual framework for integrating many features of prevailing models. based on darwinian theory rather than traditional approaches, the book offers clinicians a fundamentally new perspective for looking at the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of psychiatric disorders. writing from this innovative theoretical position, the authors discuss the origin of pathological conditions, the adaptation of symptoms and syndromes, the biological basis of social relations, and many other key concepts. this groundbreaking book will introduce those who study and are involved in the alleviation of mental suffering to an approach that will lead to radical changes in clinical practice. the authors suggest that when making diagnostic assessments, psychiatrists should evaluate not only the patients' symptoms but also their functional capacities, and that therapeutic interventions should work toward the achievement of biological goals. providing an essential framework for understanding both everyday human behavior and a range of mental disorders, darwinian psychiatry will appeal to all mental health professionals and general readers interested in human psychology and behavior.

Handbook of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

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Author by : Hoyle Leigh
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 420
Isbn : 0387781285
Identifier : 9780387781280
Release : 2008-03-05
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of Consultation Liaison Psychiatry by Hoyle Leigh and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. consultation-liaison psychiatry interfaces between psychiatry and the rest of medicine as well as psychology, social work, nursing, and other behavioral science disciplines. this is a practical, up-to-date handbook providing a biopsychosocial, integrative perspective and drawing of the expertise of two renowned psychiatrists in the field. the book offers five major sections addressing the fundamentals of the field as well as an assessment the current status of the field.

Evolutionary Psychopathology A Unified Approach

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Author by : Marco Del Giudice
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 0190670142
Identifier : 9780190670146
Release : 2018-07-06
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Evolutionary Psychopathology by Marco Del Giudice and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. mental disorders arise from neural and psychological mechanisms that have been built and shaped by natural selection across our evolutionary history. looking at psychopathology through the lens of evolution is the only way to understand the deeper nature of mental disorders and turn a mass of behavioral, genetic, and neurobiological findings into a coherent, theoretically grounded discipline. the rise of evolutionary psychopathology is part of an exciting scientific movement in psychology and medicine -- a movement that is fundamentally transforming the way we think about health and disease. evolutionary psychopathology takes steps toward a unified approach to psychopathology, using the concepts of life history theory -- a biological account of how individual differences in development, physiology and behavior arise from tradeoffs in survival and reproduction -- to build an integrative framework for mental disorders. this book reviews existing evolutionary models of specific conditions and connects them in a broader perspective, with the goal of explaining the large-scale patterns of risk and comorbidity that characterize psychopathology. using the life history framework allows for a seamless integration of mental disorders with normative individual differences in personality and cognition, and offers new conceptual tools for the analysis of developmental, genetic, and neurobiological data. the concepts presented in evolutionary psychopathology are used to derive a new taxonomy of mental disorders, the fast-slow-defense (fsd) model. the fsd model is the first classification system explicitly based on evolutionary concepts, a biologically grounded alternative to transdiagnostic models. the book reviews a wide range of common mental disorders, discusses their classification in the fsd model, and identifies functional subtypes within existing diagnostic categories.

Intergroup Conflicts and Their Resolution A Social Psychological Perspective

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Author by : Daniel Bar-Tal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 1136847901
Identifier : 9781136847905
Release : 2011-01-26
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Mathematics
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Description : Read Now Intergroup Conflicts And Their Resolution by Daniel Bar-Tal and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book provides a framework that sheds an illuminating light into the psyche of people involved in macro-level destructive intergroup conflicts, involving societies and ethnic groups, that take place continuously in various parts of the globe. it focuses on the socio-psychological repertoire that evolves in these societies or groups and which plays a determinative role in its dynamics. specifically, this repertoire influences the nature of social reality about the conflict that society members construct, the involvement with and mobilization of society members for the conflict, the sense of solidarity and unity they experience, the conformity expected from society members, the pressure exerted on leaders, and the direction of action taken by the leadership. in addition, the book describes the changes in the socio-psychological repertoire that are necessary to ignite the peace process. finally, it elaborates on the nature and the processes of peace building, including conflict resolution and reconciliation. the proposed conception assumes that although each conflict has its unique context and characteristics, the socio-psychological foundations and dynamics are similar. it offers a holistic and comprehensive outlook on the dynamics that characterize each stage and aspect of intractable conflicts. each chapter systematically elucidates a particular part of the cycle, describing the theoretical frameworks and concepts, as well as presenting empirical data that was accumulated. the volume is an important contribution for all those who study intergroup conflicts and want to understand their dynamics. in addition, the book will interest the many people attempting to settle conflicts peacefully and who need knowledge about the socio-psychological vectors that influence their course and resolution.