That Complex Whole Culture And The Evolution Of Human Behavior

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That complex whole culture and the evolution of human behavior

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Author by : Lee Cronk
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 160
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015047562379
Release : 1999
Publisher by : Westview Pr
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now That Complex Whole by Lee Cronk and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a lively discussion of the relationship between culture and biology in the evolution of human behavior.

Friendship Development, Ecology, and Evolution of a Relationship

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Author by : Daniel J. Hruschka
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 383
Isbn : 0520265467
Identifier : 9780520265462
Release : 2010
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Friendship by Daniel J. Hruschka and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "hruschka's integrative approach provides a robust, and accessible, view of the complexities of making, having, and being friends. this kind of inquiry is at the forefront of modern biocultural anthropology."--agustin fuentes, author of evolution of human behavior "despite its importance to human happiness and well-being, friendship has long been a puzzle--largely a neglected one--for evolutionary scholars. daniel hruschka's book is a long overdue remedy to this situation. through a deft combination of rigorous analysis and fine writing, hruschka provides a thorough examination of friendship across the full range of human societies, past and present. his book will be an essential starting point for future work on this important topic."--lee cronk, author of that complex whole: culture and the evolution of human behavior "with friendship, dan hruschka uses evolutionary science to breathe new life into a topic that is vastly important and woefully misunderstood. remarkable for its scope, insightfulness, and clarity, this book will change how we think about friendship for years to come."--michael mccullough, author of beyond revenge: the evolution of the forgiveness instinct

Meeting at Grand Central Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

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Author by : Lee Cronk
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 246
Isbn : 0691154953
Identifier : 9780691154954
Release : 2013
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
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Description : Read Now Meeting At Grand Central by Lee Cronk and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "meeting at grand central brings together insights from evolutionary biology, political science, economics, anthropology, and other fields to explain how the interactions between our evolved selves and the institutional structures we have created make cooperation possible. the book begins with a look at the ideas of mancur olson and george williams, who shifted the question of why cooperation happens from an emphasis on group benefits to individual costs. it then explores how these ideas have influenced our thinking about cooperation, coordination, and collective action. the book persuasively argues that cooperation and its failures are best explained by evolutionary and social theories working together. selection sometimes favors cooperative tendencies, while institutions, norms, and incentives encourage and make possible actual cooperation."--publisher's website.

Adaptation and Human Behavior An Anthropological Perspective

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Author by : Lee Cronk
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 512
Isbn : 9780202020440
Identifier : 0202020444
Release : 2000
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Adaptation And Human Behavior by Lee Cronk and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this volume presents state-of-the-art empirical studies working in a paradigm that has become known as human behavioral ecology. the emergence of this approach in anthropology was marked by publication by aldine in 1979 of an earlier collection of studies edited by chagnon and irons entitled evolutionary biology and human social behavior: an anthropological perspective. during the two decades that have passed since then, this innovative approach has matured and expanded into new areas that are explored here. the book opens with an introductory chapter by chagnon and irons tracing the origins of human behavioral ecology and its subsequent development. subsequent chapters, written by both younger scholars and established researchers, cover a wide range of societies and topics organ-ized into six sections. the first section includes two chapters that provide historical background on the development of human behavioral ecology and com-pare it to two complementary approaches in the study of evolution and human behavior, evolutionary psychology, and dual inheritance theory. the second section includes five studies of mating efforts in a variety of societies from south america and africa. the third section covers parenting, with five studies on soci-eties from africa, asia, and north america. the fourth section breaks somewhat with the tradition in human behavioral ecology by focusing on one particularly problematic issue, the demographic transition, using data from europe, north america, and asia. the fifth section includes studies of cooperation and helping behaviors, using data from societies in micronesia and south america. the sixth and final section consists of a single chapter that places the volume in a broader critical and comparative context. the contributions to this volume demonstrate, with a high degree of theoretical and methodological sophistication--the maturity and freshness of this new paradigm in the study of human behavior. the volume will be of interest to anthropologists and other professions working on the study of cross-cultural human behavior. lee cronk is associate professor of anthropology at rutgers university. napoleon chagnon is professor of anthropology, emeritus at the university of california, santa barbara. william irons is professor of anthropology at northwestern university, evanston illinois.

Cultural Evolution How Darwinian Theory Can Explain Human Culture and Synthesize the Social Sciences

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Author by : Alex Mesoudi
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 0226520455
Identifier : 9780226520452
Release : 2011-07-30
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Cultural Evolution by Alex Mesoudi and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. charles darwin changed the course of scientific thinking by showing how evolution accounts for the stunning diversity and biological complexity of life on earth. recently, there has also been increased interest in the social sciences in how darwinian theory can explain human culture. covering a wide range of topics, including fads, public policy, the spread of religion, and herd behavior in markets, alex mesoudi shows that human culture is itself an evolutionary process that exhibits the key darwinian mechanisms of variation, competition, and inheritance. this cross-disciplinary volume focuses on the ways cultural phenomena can be studied scientifically—from theoretical modeling to lab experiments, archaeological fieldwork to ethnographic studies—and shows how apparently disparate methods can complement one another to the mutual benefit of the various social science disciplines. along the way, the book reveals how new insights arise from looking at culture from an evolutionary angle. cultural evolution provides a thought-provoking argument that darwinian evolutionary theory can both unify different branches of inquiry and enhance understanding of human behavior.

Culture Evolves

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Author by : Andrew Whiten
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 454
Isbn : 0199608962
Identifier : 9780199608966
Release : 2012
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Culture Evolves by Andrew Whiten and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. culture and cultural evolution are uniquely significant phenomena in evolutionary biology: they are products of biological evolution, yet they supplement genetic transmission with social transmission, thus achieving a certain independence from natural selection. however, cultural evolution nevertheless expresses key darwinian processes itself and also interacts with genetic evolution. just how culture fits into the grander framework of evolution is a big issuethough, yet one that has received relatively little scientific attention compared to, for example, genetic evolution. culture evolves is the outcome of a major interdisciplinarymeeting held by the royal society and the british academy which explored new discoveries and controversies regarding cultural evolution - from the roots of culture in the animal kingdom to investigations of the cognitive adaptations shaping our special cultural nature. the book contains papers writeen by leading experts from the fields of ethology, behavioural ecology, primatology, comparative psychology, archaeology, anthropology, evolutionary biology and developmental psychology.

Beyond War The Human Potential for Peace

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Author by : Douglas P. Fry
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 0199885869
Identifier : 9780199885862
Release : 2007-02-16
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Beyond War by Douglas P. Fry and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a profoundly heartening view of human nature, beyond war offers a hopeful prognosis for a future without war. douglas p. fry convincingly argues that our ancient ancestors were not innately warlike--and neither are we. he points out that, for perhaps ninety-nine percent of our history, for well over a million years, humans lived in nomadic hunter-and-gatherer groups, egalitarian bands where warfare was a rarity. drawing on archaeology and fascinating recent fieldwork on hunter-gatherer bands from around the world, fry debunks the idea that war is ancient and inevitable. for instance, among aboriginal australians, warfare was an extreme anomaly. fry also points out that even today, when war seems ever present, the vast majority of us live peaceful, nonviolent lives. we are not as warlike as we think, and if we can learn from our ancestors, we may be able to move beyond war to provide real justice and security for the world.

Evolution of Human Behavior

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Author by : Agustin Fuentes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9780195333596
Identifier : 0195333594
Release : 2009
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Evolution Of Human Behavior by Agustin Fuentes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "author agustin fuentes incorporates recent innovations in evolutionary theory with emerging perspectives from genomic approaches, the current fossil record, and ethnographic studies. he examines basic assumptions about why humans behave as they do, the facts of human evolution, patterns of evolutionary change in a global environmental-temporal context, and the interconnected roles of cooperation and conflict in human history. the net result is a text that moves toward a more holistic understanding of the patterns of human evolution and a more integrated perspective on the evolution of human behavior."--book jacket.

Not By Genes Alone How Culture Transformed Human Evolution

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Author by : Peter J. Richerson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 342
Isbn : 9780226712130
Identifier : 0226712133
Release : 2008-06-20
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Not By Genes Alone by Peter J. Richerson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. humans are a striking anomaly in the natural world. while we are similar to other mammals in many ways, our behavior sets us apart. our unparalleled ability to adapt has allowed us to occupy virtually every habitat on earth using an incredible variety of tools and subsistence techniques. our societies are larger, more complex, and more cooperative than any other mammal's. in this stunning exploration of human adaptation, peter j. richerson and robert boyd argue that only a darwinian theory of cultural evolution can explain these unique characteristics. not by genes alone offers a radical interpretation of human evolution, arguing that our ecological dominance and our singular social systems stem from a psychology uniquely adapted to create complex culture. richerson and boyd illustrate here that culture is neither superorganic nor the handmaiden of the genes. rather, it is essential to human adaptation, as much a part of human biology as bipedal locomotion. drawing on work in the fields of anthropology, political science, sociology, and economics—and building their case with such fascinating examples as kayaks, corporations, clever knots, and yams that require twelve men to carry them—richerson and boyd convincingly demonstrate that culture and biology are inextricably linked, and they show us how to think about their interaction in a way that yields a richer understanding of human nature. in abandoning the nature-versus-nurture debate as fundamentally misconceived, not by genes alone is a truly original and groundbreaking theory of the role of culture in evolution and a book to be reckoned with for generations to come. “i continue to be surprised by the number of educated people (many of them biologists) who think that offering explanations for human behavior in terms of culture somehow disproves the suggestion that human behavior can be explained in darwinian evolutionary terms. fortunately, we now have a book to which they may be directed for enlightenment . . . . it is a book full of good sense and the kinds of intellectual rigor and clarity of writing that we have come to expect from the boyd/richerson stable.”—robin dunbar, nature “not by genes alone is a valuable and very readable synthesis of a still embryonic but very important subject straddling the sciences and humanities.”—e. o. wilson, harvard university

A Cooperative Species Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

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Author by : Samuel Bowles
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 280
Isbn : 9781400838837
Identifier : 1400838835
Release : 2011-05-31
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now A Cooperative Species by Samuel Bowles and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded behavior is widespread and cannot be explained simply by far-sighted self-interest or a desire to help close genealogical kin. in a cooperative species, samuel bowles and herbert gintis--pioneers in the new experimental and evolutionary science of human behavior--show that the central issue is not why selfish people act generously, but instead how genetic and cultural evolution has produced a species in which substantial numbers make sacrifices to uphold ethical norms and to help even total strangers. the authors describe how, for thousands of generations, cooperation with fellow group members has been essential to survival. groups that created institutions to protect the civic-minded from exploitation by the selfish flourished and prevailed in conflicts with less cooperative groups. key to this process was the evolution of social emotions such as shame and guilt, and our capacity to internalize social norms so that acting ethically became a personal goal rather than simply a prudent way to avoid punishment. using experimental, archaeological, genetic, and ethnographic data to calibrate models of the coevolution of genes and culture as well as prehistoric warfare and other forms of group competition, a cooperative species provides a compelling and novel account of how humans came to be moral and cooperative.

The evolution of human sociality a Darwinian conflict perspective

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Author by : Stephen K. Sanderson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 393
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015050770844
Release : 2001
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Evolution Of Human Sociality by Stephen K. Sanderson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book attempts a broad theoretical synthesis within the field of sociology and its closely allied sister discipline of anthropology. it draws together what the author considers the best of these disciplineso theoretical approaches into a synthesized theory called darwinian conflict theory. this theory, in the most general sense, is a synthesis of the tradition of economic and ecological materialism and conflict theory stemming from marx, marvin harris, and the tradition of biological materialism deriving from darwin. the first half of the book is taken up with critiques of existing theoretical approaches; this then leads to the full elaboration, in formal propositional form, of synthetic theory. the second half of the book lays out the large amount of evidence, both qualitative and quantitative, that supports the synthesized theory.

Cultural Evolution Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

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Author by : Peter J. Richerson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 504
Isbn : 026231830X
Identifier : 9780262318303
Release : 2013-11-01
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Cultural Evolution by Peter J. Richerson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the past few decades, a growing body of research has emerged from a variety of disciplines to highlight the importance of cultural evolution in understanding human behavior. wider application of these insights, however, has been hampered by traditional disciplinary boundaries. to remedy this, in this volume leading researchers from theoretical biology, developmental and cognitive psychology, linguistics, anthropology, sociology, religious studies, history, and economics come together to explore the central role of cultural evolution in different aspects of human endeavor.the contributors take as their guiding principle the idea that cultural evolution can provide an important integrating function across the various disciplines of the human sciences, as organic evolution does for biology. the benefits of adopting a cultural evolutionary perspective are demonstrated by contributions on social systems, technology, language, and religion. topics covered include enforcement of norms in human groups, the neuroscience of technology, language diversity, and prosociality and religion. the contributors evaluate current research on cultural evolution and consider its broader theoretical and practical implications, synthesizing past and ongoing work and sketching a roadmap for future cross-disciplinary efforts.contributorsquentin d. atkinson, andrea baronchelli, robert boyd, briggs buchanan, joseph bulbulia, morten h. christiansen, emma cohen, william croft, michael cysouw, dan dediu, nicholas evans, emma flynn, pieter françois, simon garrod, armin w. geertz, herbert gintis, russell d. gray, simon j. greenhill, daniel b. m. haun, joseph henrich, daniel j. hruschka, marco a. janssen, fiona m. jordan, anne kandler, james a. kitts, kevin n. laland, laurent lehmann, stephen c. levinson, elena lieven, sarah mathew, robert n. mccauley, alex mesoudi, ara norenzayan, harriet over, ju ̈rgen renn, victoria reyes-garcía, peter j. richerson, stephen shennan, edward g. slingerland, dietrich stout, claudio tennie, peter turchin, carel van schaik, matthijs van veelen, harvey whitehouse, thomas widlok, polly wiessner, david sloan wilson.