The Complexity Of Cooperation Agent Based Models Of Competition And Collaboration

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The Complexity of Cooperation Agent-based Models of Competition and Collaboration

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Author by : Robert Axelrod
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 9780691015675
Identifier : 0691015678
Release : 1997-09-07
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Complexity Of Cooperation by Robert Axelrod and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. robert axelrod is widely known for his groundbreaking work in game theory and complexity theory. he is a leader in applying computer modeling to social science problems. his book the evolution of cooperation has been hailed as a seminal contribution and has been translated into eight languages since its initial publication. the complexity of cooperation is a sequel to that landmark book. it collects seven essays, originally published in a broad range of journals, and adds an extensive new introduction to the collection, along with new prefaces to each essay and a useful new appendix of additional resources. written in axelrod's acclaimed, accessible style, this collection serves as an introductory text on complexity theory and computer modeling in the social sciences and as an overview of the current state of the art in the field. the articles move beyond the basic paradigm of the prisoner's dilemma to study a rich set of issues, including how to cope with errors in perception or implementation, how norms emerge, and how new political actors and regions of shared culture can develop. they use the shared methodology of agent-based modeling, a powerful technique that specifies the rules of interaction between individuals and uses computer simulation to discover emergent properties of the social system. the complexity of cooperation is essential reading for all social scientists who are interested in issues of cooperation and complexity.

Generative Social Science Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling

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Author by : Joshua M. Epstein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 1400842875
Identifier : 9781400842872
Release : 2012-01-02
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Generative Social Science by Joshua M. Epstein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. in generative social science, joshua epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. after elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. in elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation. this book represents a powerful consolidation of epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and robert axtell's landmark volume, growing artificial societies. beautifully illustrated, generative social science includes a cd that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.

The Evolution of Cooperation Revised Edition

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Author by : Robert Axelrod
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0786734884
Identifier : 9780786734887
Release : 2009-04-29
Publisher by : Hachette UK
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Evolution Of Cooperation by Robert Axelrod and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a famed political scientist's classic argument for a more cooperative world we assume that, in a world ruled by natural selection, selfishness pays. so why cooperate? in the evolution of cooperation, political scientist robert axelrod seeks to answer this question. in 1980, he organized the famed computer prisoners dilemma tournament, which sought to find the optimal strategy for survival in a particular game. over and over, the simplest strategy, a cooperative program called tit for tat, shut out the competition. in other words, cooperation, not unfettered competition, turns out to be our best chance for survival. a vital book for leaders and decision makers, the evolution of cooperation reveals how cooperative principles help us think better about everything from military strategy, to political elections, to family dynamics.

Agent-Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation

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Author by : K. Arai
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 180
Isbn : 9784431294276
Identifier : 4431294279
Release : 2006-10-10
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation by K. Arai and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection of excellent papers cultivates a new perspective on agent-based social system sciences, gaming simulation, and their hybridization. most of the papers included here were presented in the special session titled agent-based modeling meets gaming simulation at isaga2003, the 34th annual conference of the international simulation and gaming association (isaga) at kazusa akademia park in kisarazu, chiba, japan, august 25–29, 2003. this post-proceedings was supported by the twenty-?rst century coe (centers of excellence) program creation of agent-based social systems sciences (absss), established at the tokyo institute of technology in 2004. the present volume comprises papers submitted to the special session of isaga2003 and provides a good example of the diverse scope and standard of research achieved in simulation and gaming today. the theme of the special session at isaga2003 was agent-based modeling meets gaming simulation. nowadays, agent-based simulation is becoming very popular for modeling and solving complex social phenomena. it is also used to arrive at practical solutions to social problems. at the same time, however, the validity of simulation does not exist in the magni?cence of the model. r. axelrod stresses the simplicity of the agent-based simulation model through the “keep it simple, stupid” (kiss) principle: as an ideal, simple modeling is essential.

Ways of Knowing in HCI

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Author by : Judith S. Olson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 472
Isbn : 1493903780
Identifier : 9781493903788
Release : 2014-04-19
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Ways Of Knowing In Hci by Judith S. Olson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this textbook brings together both new and traditional research methods in human computer interaction (hci). research methods include interviews and observations, ethnography, grounded theory and analysis of digital traces of behavior. readers will gain an understanding of the type of knowledge each method provides, its disciplinary roots and how each contributes to understanding users, user behavior and the context of use. the background context, clear explanations and sample exercises make this an ideal textbook for graduate students, as well as a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners. 'it is an impressive collection in terms of the level of detail and variety.' (m. sasikumar, acm computing reviews #cr144066)

Complexity in World Politics Concepts and Methods of a New Paradigm

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Author by : Neil E. Harrison
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 220
Isbn : 0791481492
Identifier : 9780791481493
Release : 2012-02-01
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Complexity In World Politics by Neil E. Harrison and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. demonstrates that world politics is more complex than conventional models can account for.

Agent-Based Computational Modelling Applications in Demography, Social, Economic and Environmental Sciences

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Author by : Francesco C. Billari
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 226
Isbn : 9783790816402
Identifier : 379081640X
Release : 2006-03-13
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Computational Modelling by Francesco C. Billari and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the present book describes the methodology to set up agent-based models and to study emerging patterns in complex adaptive systems resulting from multi-agent interaction. it offers the application of agent-based models in demography, social and economic sciences and environmental sciences. examples include population dynamics, evolution of social norms, communication structures, patterns in eco-systems and socio-biology, natural resource management, spread of diseases and development processes. it presents and combines different approaches how to implement agent-based computational models and tools in an integrative manner that can be extended to other cases.

Harnessing Complexity Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier

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Author by : Michael D Cohen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 0743203739
Identifier : 9780743203739
Release : 2000-05-12
Publisher by : Simon and Schuster
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Harnessing Complexity by Michael D Cohen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. recent advances in the study of complexity have given scientists profound new insights into how natural innovation occurs and how its power can be exploited. now two pioneers in the field, robert axelrod and michael d. cohen, provide leaders in business and government with a guide to complexity that will help them make effective decisions in a world of rapid change. building on evolutionary biology, computer science, and social design, axelrod and cohen have constructed a unique framework for improving the way people work together. their approach to management is based on the concept of the complex adaptive system, which can describe everything from rain forests to the human gene pool, and from automated software agents to multinational companies. the authors' framework reveals three qualities that all kinds of managers must cultivate in their organization: variation what is the best way to manage the development of software? should the problem be broken up into small pieces for programmers working independently, thus enhancing variation, or should there be a centralized hierarchy of programmers ruled by a chain of command? the authors show how the decentralized creation of variation combined with the centralized maintenance of standards was the key to the success of the linux "open source software" project, which brought together thousands of volunteers in cyberspace to produce an operating system that can outperform microsoft's. interaction why did northern italy prosper while southern italy remained poor? recognizing the internal interactions of a complex adaptive system -- be it a national region, a company, or a nonprofit group -- reveals vital networks of trust. axelrod and cohen explain that in successful adaptive systems, rich networks of horizontal linkages foster cooperation and provide an advantage over other less cooperatively networked groups. in the case of italy, voluntary associations created networks of trust in the middle ages that became northern italy's critical advantage over the south. selection is a pulitzer prize better than a national book award? how can foundations and corporations design competitions that have a positive effect on the evolution of excellence? the authors' framework makes clear that the worst selection processes are mired in orthodox standards that have not adapted to a new environment. the best selection processes, on the other hand, are created and run by leaders who understand how the standards they use can transform their organization and its environment. this simple, paradigm-shifting analysis of how people work together will transform the way we think about getting things done in a group. harnessing complexity is the essential guide to creating wealth, power, and knowledge in the 21st century.

Knowledge Networks: The Social Software Perspective The Social Software Perspective

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Author by : Lytras, Miltiadis D.
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 422
Isbn : 1599049775
Identifier : 9781599049779
Release : 2008-11-30
Publisher by : IGI Global
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Knowledge Networks The Social Software Perspective by Lytras, Miltiadis D. and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "this book concentrates on strategies that exploit emerging technologies for the knowledge effectiveness in social networks"--provided by publisher.

Cooperation A Philosophical Study

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Author by : R. Tuomela
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 436
Isbn : 9401595941
Identifier : 9789401595940
Release : 2013-06-29
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Cooperation by R. Tuomela and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in cooperation, a philosophical study, tuomela offers the first comprehensive philosophical theory of cooperation. he builds on such notions a collective and joint goals, mutual beliefs, collective commitments, acting together and acting collectively. the book analyzes the varieties of cooperation, making use of the crucial distinction between group-mode and individual-mode cooperation. the former is based on collective goals and collective commitments, the latter on private goals and commitments. the book discusses the attitudes and the kinds of practical reasoning that cooperation requires and investigate some of the conditions under which cooperation is likely, rationally, to occur. it also shows some of the drawbacks of the standard game-theoretical treatments of cooperation and presents a survey of cooperation research in neighbouring fields. readership: essential reading for researchers and graduate students in philosophy. also of interest to researchers int he social sciences and ai.

Complex Adaptive Systems An Introduction to Computational Models of Social Life

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Author by : John H. Miller
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 9781400835522
Identifier : 1400835526
Release : 2009-11-28
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Complex Adaptive Systems by John H. Miller and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, complex adaptive systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. it provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. it also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. john miller and scott page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. they also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

Agent-Based Computational Demography Using Simulation to Improve Our Understanding of Demographic Behaviour

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Author by : Francesco C. Billari
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 210
Isbn : 3790827150
Identifier : 9783790827156
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Computational Demography by Francesco C. Billari and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. agent-based computational demography (abcd) aims at starting a new stream of research among social scientists whose interests lie in understanding demographic behaviour. the book takes a micro-demographic (agent-based) perspective and illustrates the potentialities of computer simulation as an aid in theory building. the chapters of the book, written by leading experts either in demography or in agent-based modelling, address several key questions. why do we need agent-based computational demography? how can abcd be applied to the study of migrations, family demography, and historical demography? what are the peculiarities of agent-based models as applied to the demography of human populations? abcd is of interest to all scientists interested in studying demographic behaviour, as well as to computer scientists and modellers who are looking for a promising field of application.