The Complexity Of Cooperation Agent Based Models Of Competition And Collaboration

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The Complexity of Cooperation Agent-based Models of Competition and Collaboration

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Author by : Robert Axelrod
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 232
Isbn : 9780691015675
Identifier : 0691015678
Release : 1997-09-07
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Complexity Of Cooperation by Robert Axelrod and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. robert axelrod is widely known for his groundbreaking work in game theory and complexity theory. he is a leader in applying computer modeling to social science problems. his book the evolution of cooperation has been hailed as a seminal contribution and has been translated into eight languages since its initial publication. the complexity of cooperation is a sequel to that landmark book. it collects seven essays, originally published in a broad range of journals, and adds an extensive new introduction to the collection, along with new prefaces to each essay and a useful new appendix of additional resources. written in axelrod's acclaimed, accessible style, this collection serves as an introductory text on complexity theory and computer modeling in the social sciences and as an overview of the current state of the art in the field. the articles move beyond the basic paradigm of the prisoner's dilemma to study a rich set of issues, including how to cope with errors in perception or implementation, how norms emerge, and how new political actors and regions of shared culture can develop. they use the shared methodology of agent-based modeling, a powerful technique that specifies the rules of interaction between individuals and uses computer simulation to discover emergent properties of the social system. the complexity of cooperation is essential reading for all social scientists who are interested in issues of cooperation and complexity.

The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration

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Author by : Robert Axelrod
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 1400822300
Identifier : 9781400822300
Release : 1997-08-18
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Complexity Of Cooperation Agent Based Models Of Competition And Collaboration by Robert Axelrod and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. robert axelrod is widely known for his groundbreaking work in game theory and complexity theory. he is a leader in applying computer modeling to social science problems. his book the evolution of cooperation has been hailed as a seminal contribution and has been translated into eight languages since its initial publication. the complexity of cooperation is a sequel to that landmark book. it collects seven essays, originally published in a broad range of journals, and adds an extensive new introduction to the collection, along with new prefaces to each essay and a useful new appendix of additional resources. written in axelrod's acclaimed, accessible style, this collection serves as an introductory text on complexity theory and computer modeling in the social sciences and as an overview of the current state of the art in the field. the articles move beyond the basic paradigm of the prisoner's dilemma to study a rich set of issues, including how to cope with errors in perception or implementation, how norms emerge, and how new political actors and regions of shared culture can develop. they use the shared methodology of agent-based modeling, a powerful technique that specifies the rules of interaction between individuals and uses computer simulation to discover emergent properties of the social system. the complexity of cooperation is essential reading for all social scientists who are interested in issues of cooperation and complexity.

The Evolution of Cooperation Revised Edition

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Author by : Robert Axelrod
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 0786734884
Identifier : 9780786734887
Release : 2009-04-29
Publisher by : Hachette UK
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Evolution Of Cooperation by Robert Axelrod and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a famed political scientist's classic argument for a more cooperative world we assume that, in a world ruled by natural selection, selfishness pays. so why cooperate? in the evolution of cooperation, political scientist robert axelrod seeks to answer this question. in 1980, he organized the famed computer prisoners dilemma tournament, which sought to find the optimal strategy for survival in a particular game. over and over, the simplest strategy, a cooperative program called tit for tat, shut out the competition. in other words, cooperation, not unfettered competition, turns out to be our best chance for survival. a vital book for leaders and decision makers, the evolution of cooperation reveals how cooperative principles help us think better about everything from military strategy, to political elections, to family dynamics.

Generative Social Science: Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling

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Author by : Joshua M. Epstein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 1400842875
Identifier : 9781400842872
Release : 2012-01-02
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Generative Social Science Studies In Agent Based Computational Modeling by Joshua M. Epstein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. in generative social science, joshua epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. after elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. in elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation. this book represents a powerful consolidation of epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and robert axtell's landmark volume, growing artificial societies. beautifully illustrated, generative social science includes a cd that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.

Harnessing Complexity Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier

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Author by : Michael D Cohen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 0743203739
Identifier : 9780743203739
Release : 2000-05-12
Publisher by : Simon and Schuster
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Harnessing Complexity by Michael D Cohen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. recent advances in the study of complexity have given scientists profound new insights into how natural innovation occurs and how its power can be exploited. now two pioneers in the field, robert axelrod and michael d. cohen, provide leaders in business and government with a guide to complexity that will help them make effective decisions in a world of rapid change. building on evolutionary biology, computer science, and social design, axelrod and cohen have constructed a unique framework for improving the way people work together. their approach to management is based on the concept of the complex adaptive system, which can describe everything from rain forests to the human gene pool, and from automated software agents to multinational companies. the authors' framework reveals three qualities that all kinds of managers must cultivate in their organization: variation what is the best way to manage the development of software? should the problem be broken up into small pieces for programmers working independently, thus enhancing variation, or should there be a centralized hierarchy of programmers ruled by a chain of command? the authors show how the decentralized creation of variation combined with the centralized maintenance of standards was the key to the success of the linux "open source software" project, which brought together thousands of volunteers in cyberspace to produce an operating system that can outperform microsoft's. interaction why did northern italy prosper while southern italy remained poor? recognizing the internal interactions of a complex adaptive system -- be it a national region, a company, or a nonprofit group -- reveals vital networks of trust. axelrod and cohen explain that in successful adaptive systems, rich networks of horizontal linkages foster cooperation and provide an advantage over other less cooperatively networked groups. in the case of italy, voluntary associations created networks of trust in the middle ages that became northern italy's critical advantage over the south. selection is a pulitzer prize better than a national book award? how can foundations and corporations design competitions that have a positive effect on the evolution of excellence? the authors' framework makes clear that the worst selection processes are mired in orthodox standards that have not adapted to a new environment. the best selection processes, on the other hand, are created and run by leaders who understand how the standards they use can transform their organization and its environment. this simple, paradigm-shifting analysis of how people work together will transform the way we think about getting things done in a group. harnessing complexity is the essential guide to creating wealth, power, and knowledge in the 21st century.

Agent-Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation

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Author by : K. Arai
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 180
Isbn : 9784431294276
Identifier : 4431294279
Release : 2006-10-10
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation by K. Arai and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection of excellent papers cultivates a new perspective on agent-based social system sciences, gaming simulation, and their hybridization. most of the papers included here were presented in the special session titled agent-based modeling meets gaming simulation at isaga2003, the 34th annual conference of the international simulation and gaming association (isaga) at kazusa akademia park in kisarazu, chiba, japan, august 25–29, 2003. this post-proceedings was supported by the twenty-?rst century coe (centers of excellence) program creation of agent-based social systems sciences (absss), established at the tokyo institute of technology in 2004. the present volume comprises papers submitted to the special session of isaga2003 and provides a good example of the diverse scope and standard of research achieved in simulation and gaming today. the theme of the special session at isaga2003 was agent-based modeling meets gaming simulation. nowadays, agent-based simulation is becoming very popular for modeling and solving complex social phenomena. it is also used to arrive at practical solutions to social problems. at the same time, however, the validity of simulation does not exist in the magni?cence of the model. r. axelrod stresses the simplicity of the agent-based simulation model through the “keep it simple, stupid” (kiss) principle: as an ideal, simple modeling is essential.

Agent-Based Computational Demography Using Simulation to Improve Our Understanding of Demographic Behaviour

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Author by : Francesco C. Billari
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 210
Isbn : 3790827150
Identifier : 9783790827156
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Computational Demography by Francesco C. Billari and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. agent-based computational demography (abcd) aims at starting a new stream of research among social scientists whose interests lie in understanding demographic behaviour. the book takes a micro-demographic (agent-based) perspective and illustrates the potentialities of computer simulation as an aid in theory building. the chapters of the book, written by leading experts either in demography or in agent-based modelling, address several key questions. why do we need agent-based computational demography? how can abcd be applied to the study of migrations, family demography, and historical demography? what are the peculiarities of agent-based models as applied to the demography of human populations? abcd is of interest to all scientists interested in studying demographic behaviour, as well as to computer scientists and modellers who are looking for a promising field of application.

Agent-Based Models in Economics A Toolkit

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Author by : Domenico Delli Gatti
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1108414990
Identifier : 9781108414999
Release : 2018-02-28
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Models In Economics by Domenico Delli Gatti and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the first step-by-step introduction to the methodology of agent-based models in economics, their mathematical and statistical analysis, and real-world applications.

Simulating Social Phenomena

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Author by : Rosaria Conte
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 536
Isbn : 3662033666
Identifier : 9783662033661
Release : 2013-06-29
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Simulating Social Phenomena by Rosaria Conte and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this book experts from quite different fields present simulations of social phenomena: economists, sociologists, political scientists, psychologists, cognitive scientists, organisational scientists, decision scientists, geographers, computer scientists, ai and al scientists, mathematicians and statisticians. they simulate markets, organisations, economic dynamics, coalition formation, the emergence of cooperation and exchange, bargaining, decision making, learning, and adaptation. the history, problems, and perspectives of simulating social phenomena are explicitly discussed.

Social Self-Organization Agent-Based Simulations and Experiments to Study Emergent Social Behavior

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Author by : Dirk Helbing
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 341
Isbn : 3642240046
Identifier : 9783642240041
Release : 2012-05-05
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Social Self Organization by Dirk Helbing and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. what are the principles that keep our society together? this question is even more difficult to answer than the long-standing question, what are the forces that keep our world together. however, the social challenges of humanity in the 21st century ranging from the financial crises to the impacts of globalization, require us to make fast progress in our understanding of how society works, and how our future can be managed in a resilient and sustainable way. this book can present only a few very first steps towards this ambitious goal. however, based on simple models of social interactions, one can already gain some surprising insights into the social, ``macro-level'' outcomes and dynamics that is implied by individual, ``micro-level'' interactions. depending on the nature of these interactions, they may imply the spontaneous formation of social conventions or the birth of social cooperation, but also their sudden breakdown. this can end in deadly crowd disasters or tragedies of the commons (such as financial crises or environmental destruction). furthermore, we demonstrate that classical modeling approaches (such as representative agent models) do not provide a sufficient understanding of the self-organization in social systems resulting from individual interactions. the consideration of randomness, spatial or network interdependencies, and nonlinear feedback effects turns out to be crucial to get fundamental insights into how social patterns and dynamics emerge. given the explanation of sometimes counter-intuitive phenomena resulting from these features and their combination, our evolutionary modeling approach appears to be powerful and insightful. the chapters of this book range from a discussion of the modeling strategy for socio-economic systems over experimental issues up the right way of doing agent-based modeling. we furthermore discuss applications ranging from pedestrian and crowd dynamics over opinion formation, coordination, and cooperation up to conflict, and also address the response to information, issues of systemic risks in society and economics, and new approaches to manage complexity in socio-economic systems. selected parts of this book had been previously published in peer reviewed journals.

Growing Artificial Societies Social Science from the Bottom Up

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Author by : Joshua M. Epstein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 9780262050531
Identifier : 0262050536
Release : 1996
Publisher by : Brookings Institution Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Growing Artificial Societies by Joshua M. Epstein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. ""growing artificial societies" is a milestone in social science research. it vividly demonstrates the potential of agent-based computer simulation to break disciplinary boundaries. it does this by analyzing in a unified framework the dynamic interactions of such diverse activities as trade, combat, mating, culture, and disease. it is an impressive achievement." -- robert axelrod, university of michigan how do social structures and group behaviors arise from the interaction of individuals? "growing artificial societies" approaches this question with cutting-edge computer simulation techniques. fundamental collective behaviors such as group formation, cultural transmission, combat, and trade are seen to "emerge" from the interaction of individual agents following a few simple rules. in their program, named sugarscape, epstein and axtell begin the development of a "bottom up" social science that is capturing the attention of researchers and commentators alike. the study is part of the 2050 project, a joint venture of the santa fe institute, the world resources institute, and the brookings institution. the project is an international effort to identify conditions for a sustainable global system in the next century and to design policies to help achieve such a system. "growing artificial societies" is also available on cd-rom, which includes about 50 animations that develop the scenarios described in the text. "copublished with the brookings institution"

Complexity in World Politics Concepts and Methods of a New Paradigm

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Author by : Neil E. Harrison
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 220
Isbn : 0791481492
Identifier : 9780791481493
Release : 2012-02-01
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Complexity In World Politics by Neil E. Harrison and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. demonstrates that world politics is more complex than conventional models can account for.