The Complexity Of Cooperation Agent Based Models Of Competition And Collaboration Agent Based Models Of Competition And Collaboration

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The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration

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Author by : Robert Axelrod
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn : 1400822300
Identifier : 9781400822300
Release : 1997-08-18
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Complexity Of Cooperation Agent Based Models Of Competition And Collaboration by Robert Axelrod and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. robert axelrod is widely known for his groundbreaking work in game theory and complexity theory. he is a leader in applying computer modeling to social science problems. his book the evolution of cooperation has been hailed as a seminal contribution and has been translated into eight languages since its initial publication. the complexity of cooperation is a sequel to that landmark book. it collects seven essays, originally published in a broad range of journals, and adds an extensive new introduction to the collection, along with new prefaces to each essay and a useful new appendix of additional resources. written in axelrod's acclaimed, accessible style, this collection serves as an introductory text on complexity theory and computer modeling in the social sciences and as an overview of the current state of the art in the field. the articles move beyond the basic paradigm of the prisoner's dilemma to study a rich set of issues, including how to cope with errors in perception or implementation, how norms emerge, and how new political actors and regions of shared culture can develop. they use the shared methodology of agent-based modeling, a powerful technique that specifies the rules of interaction between individuals and uses computer simulation to discover emergent properties of the social system. the complexity of cooperation is essential reading for all social scientists who are interested in issues of cooperation and complexity.

Generative Social Science: Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling

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Author by : Joshua M. Epstein
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 384
Isbn : 1400842875
Identifier : 9781400842872
Release : 2012-01-02
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Generative Social Science Studies In Agent Based Computational Modeling by Joshua M. Epstein and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. in generative social science, joshua epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. after elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. in elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation. this book represents a powerful consolidation of epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and robert axtell's landmark volume, growing artificial societies. beautifully illustrated, generative social science includes a cd that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.

Agent-Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation

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Author by : K. Arai
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 180
Isbn : 9784431294276
Identifier : 4431294279
Release : 2006-10-10
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Agent Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation by K. Arai and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection of excellent papers cultivates a new perspective on agent-based social system sciences, gaming simulation, and their hybridization. most of the papers included here were presented in the special session titled agent-based modeling meets gaming simulation at isaga2003, the 34th annual conference of the international simulation and gaming association (isaga) at kazusa akademia park in kisarazu, chiba, japan, august 25–29, 2003. this post-proceedings was supported by the twenty-?rst century coe (centers of excellence) program creation of agent-based social systems sciences (absss), established at the tokyo institute of technology in 2004. the present volume comprises papers submitted to the special session of isaga2003 and provides a good example of the diverse scope and standard of research achieved in simulation and gaming today. the theme of the special session at isaga2003 was agent-based modeling meets gaming simulation. nowadays, agent-based simulation is becoming very popular for modeling and solving complex social phenomena. it is also used to arrive at practical solutions to social problems. at the same time, however, the validity of simulation does not exist in the magni?cence of the model. r. axelrod stresses the simplicity of the agent-based simulation model through the “keep it simple, stupid” (kiss) principle: as an ideal, simple modeling is essential.

Ways of Knowing in HCI

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Author by : Judith S. Olson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 472
Isbn : 1493903780
Identifier : 9781493903788
Release : 2014-04-19
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business
Category : Computers
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Description : Read Now Ways Of Knowing In Hci by Judith S. Olson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this textbook brings together both new and traditional research methods in human computer interaction (hci). research methods include interviews and observations, ethnography, grounded theory and analysis of digital traces of behavior. readers will gain an understanding of the type of knowledge each method provides, its disciplinary roots and how each contributes to understanding users, user behavior and the context of use. the background context, clear explanations and sample exercises make this an ideal textbook for graduate students, as well as a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners. 'it is an impressive collection in terms of the level of detail and variety.' (m. sasikumar, acm computing reviews #cr144066)

Complexity in World Politics Concepts and Methods of a New Paradigm

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Author by : Neil E. Harrison
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 220
Isbn : 0791481492
Identifier : 9780791481493
Release : 2012-02-01
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Complexity In World Politics by Neil E. Harrison and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. demonstrates that world politics is more complex than conventional models can account for.

Cooperation A Philosophical Study

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Author by : R. Tuomela
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 436
Isbn : 9401595941
Identifier : 9789401595940
Release : 2013-06-29
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Cooperation by R. Tuomela and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in cooperation, a philosophical study, tuomela offers the first comprehensive philosophical theory of cooperation. he builds on such notions a collective and joint goals, mutual beliefs, collective commitments, acting together and acting collectively. the book analyzes the varieties of cooperation, making use of the crucial distinction between group-mode and individual-mode cooperation. the former is based on collective goals and collective commitments, the latter on private goals and commitments. the book discusses the attitudes and the kinds of practical reasoning that cooperation requires and investigate some of the conditions under which cooperation is likely, rationally, to occur. it also shows some of the drawbacks of the standard game-theoretical treatments of cooperation and presents a survey of cooperation research in neighbouring fields. readership: essential reading for researchers and graduate students in philosophy. also of interest to researchers int he social sciences and ai.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Science

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Author by : Robert E. Goodin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1312
Isbn : 0191619795
Identifier : 9780191619793
Release : 2011-07-07
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now The Oxford Handbook Of Political Science by Robert E. Goodin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. drawing on the rich resources of the ten-volume series of the oxford handbooks of political science, this one-volume distillation provides a comprehensive overview of all the main branches of contemporary political science: political theory; political institutions; political behavior; comparative politics; international relations; political economy; law and politics; public policy; contextual political analysis; and political methodology. sixty-seven of the top political scientists worldwide survey recent developments in those fields and provide penetrating introductions to exciting new fields of study. following in the footsteps of the new handbook of political science edited by robert goodin and hans-dieter klingemann a decade before, this oxford handbook will become an indispensable guide to the scope and methods of political science as a whole. it will serve as the reference book of record for political scientists and for those following their work for years to come.

Lectures on Behavioral Macroeconomics

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Author by : Paul De Grauwe
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 152
Isbn : 1400845378
Identifier : 9781400845378
Release : 2012-10-14
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Lectures On Behavioral Macroeconomics by Paul De Grauwe and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in mainstream economics, and particularly in new keynesian macroeconomics, the booms and busts that characterize capitalism arise because of large external shocks. the combination of these shocks and the slow adjustments of wages and prices by rational agents leads to cyclical movements. in this book, paul de grauwe argues for a different macroeconomics model--one that works with an internal explanation of the business cycle and factors in agents' limited cognitive abilities. by creating a behavioral model that is not dependent on the prevailing concept of rationality, de grauwe is better able to explain the fluctuations of economic activity that are an endemic feature of market economies. this new approach illustrates a richer macroeconomic dynamic that provides for a better understanding of fluctuations in output and inflation. de grauwe shows that the behavioral model is driven by self-fulfilling waves of optimism and pessimism, or animal spirits. booms and busts in economic activity are therefore natural outcomes of a behavioral model. the author uses this to analyze central issues in monetary policies, such as output stabilization, before extending his investigation into asset markets and more sophisticated forecasting rules. he also examines how well the theoretical predictions of the behavioral model perform when confronted with empirical data. develops a behavioral macroeconomic model that assumes agents have limited cognitive abilities shows how booms and busts are characteristic of market economies explores the larger role of the central bank in the behavioral model examines the destabilizing aspects of asset markets

The Structure and Dynamics of Networks:

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Author by : Mark Newman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 582
Isbn : 0691113572
Identifier : 9780691113579
Release : 2006-05-07
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Mathematics
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Description : Read Now The Structure And Dynamics Of Networks by Mark Newman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. from the internet to networks of friendship, disease transmission, and even terrorism, the concept--and the reality--of networks has come to pervade modern society. but what exactly is a network? what different types of networks are there? why are they interesting, and what can they tell us? in recent years, scientists from a range of fields--including mathematics, physics, computer science, sociology, and biology--have been pursuing these questions and building a new "science of networks." this book brings together for the first time a set of seminal articles representing research from across these disciplines. it is an ideal sourcebook for the key research in this fast-growing field. the book is organized into four sections, each preceded by an editors' introduction summarizing its contents and general theme. the first section sets the stage by discussing some of the historical antecedents of contemporary research in the area. from there the book moves to the empirical side of the science of networks before turning to the foundational modeling ideas that have been the focus of much subsequent activity. the book closes by taking the reader to the cutting edge of network science--the relationship between network structure and system dynamics. from network robustness to the spread of disease, this section offers a potpourri of topics on this rapidly expanding frontier of the new science.

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

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Author by : Rhona C. Free
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1000
Isbn : 1412961424
Identifier : 9781412961424
Release : 2010-05-14
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now 21st Century Economics A Reference Handbook by Rhona C. Free and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. interest in economics is at an all-time high. among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st century economics: a reference handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. and economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. to make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. it is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.

Evolution, Money, War, and Computers Non-Traditional Applications of Computational Statistical Physics

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Author by : Paulo Murilo C. de Oliveira
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 156
Isbn : 3322910091
Identifier : 9783322910097
Release : 2013-04-17
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Technology & Engineering
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Description : Read Now Evolution Money War And Computers by Paulo Murilo C. de Oliveira and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book for physicists, biologists, computer scientists, economists or social scientists shows in selected examples how computer simulation methods which are typical to statistical physics have been applied in other areas outside of physics. our main part deals with the biology of ageing, while other examples are the functioning of the immune system, the structure of dna, the fluctuations on the stock market, theories for sociology and for world war ii. are leaky water faucets similar to our heartbeats? throughout the book we emphasize microscopic models dealing with the action of individuals, whether they are cells of the immune system or traders speculating on the currency market. complete computer programs are given and explained for biological ageing. the references try to introduce the expert from the covered other fields to the relevant physics literature; and they also show the physicists the way into the biological literature on ageing.

Getting Even The Truth About Workplace Revenge--And How to Stop It

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Author by : Thomas M. Tripp
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 240
Isbn : 9780470484999
Identifier : 0470484993
Release : 2009-01-06
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Getting Even by Thomas M. Tripp and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. tripp and bies educate employees and managers about the right and wrong ways to deal with workplace conflict, specifically revenge. the authors have amassed dozens of lively stories, insights and counter-intuitive truths to bring to the book. not only will managers and employees find this information useful and entertaining, but most readers will find applications in their home lives as well as in their work lives. the core argument is that revenge is about justice. avenging employees are not unprofessional, out-of-control employees; rather, they are victims of offenses who feel compelled to seek justice on their own. the authors address specific questions, such as: what kinds of offenses result in revenge? why do some victims respond more aggressively to harm than others? what role does the organization play in how victims respond to offenses? what's the best advice for managers who wish to prevent their employees from seeking revenge? most employees experience the desire for revenge, and are ready to settle their own scores at work when management won't enforce justice. this book offers a model that sequences avengers' thoughts and behaviors, from the beginning of the conflict to its end. the model is grounded in scientific research and organizes disparate findings into a whole.